CBC Television is a Canadian English-language broadcast television network, owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster. The network began operations on September 6, 1952, its French-language counterpart is Ici Radio-Canada Télé. Headquartered at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto, CBC Television is available throughout Canada on over-the-air television stations in urban centres and as a must-carry station on cable and satellite television. All of the CBC's programming is produced in Canada. Although CBC Television is supported by public funding, commercial advertising revenue supplements the network, in contrast to CBC Radio and public broadcasters from several other countries, which are commercial-free. CBC Television provides a complete 24-hour network schedule of news, sports and children's programming. On October 9, 2006 at 6:00 a.m. the network switched to a 24-hour schedule, becoming one of the last major English-language broadcasters to transition to such a schedule.
Most CBC-owned stations signed off the air during the early morning hours. Instead of the infomercials aired by most private stations, or a simulcast of CBC News Network in the style of BBC One's nightly simulcast of BBC News Channel, the CBC uses the time to air repeats, including local news, primetime series and other programming from the CBC library, its French counterpart, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, which continued to sign off every night for several years thereafter, now broadcasts a simulcast of its sister news network Ici RDI after regular programming ends for the night until the next programming day begins. While there has been room for regional differences in the schedule, as there is today, for CBC-owned stations, funding has decreased to the point that most of these stations no longer broadcast any significant local programming beyond local newscasts and an edition of the summer regional documentary series Absolutely Canadian; until 1998, the network carried a variety of American programs in addition to its core Canadian programming, directly competing with private Canadian broadcasters such as CTV and Global.
Since it has restricted itself to Canadian programs, a handful of British programs, a few American films and off-network repeats. Since this change, the CBC has sometimes struggled to maintain ratings comparable to those it achieved before 1995, although it has seen somewhat of a ratings resurgence in recent years. In the 2007–08 season, popular series such as Little Mosque on the Prairie and The Border helped the network achieve its strongest ratings performance in over half a decade. In 2002, CBC Television and CBC News Network became the first broadcasters in Canada that are required to provide closed captioning for all of their programming. On those networks, only outside commercials need not be captioned, though a bare majority of them are aired with captions. All shows, billboards and other internal programming must be captioned; the requirement stems from a human rights complaint filed by deaf lawyer Henry Vlug, settled in 2002. Under the CBC's current arrangement with Rogers Communications for National Hockey League broadcast rights, Hockey Night in Canada broadcasts on CBC-owned stations and affiliates are not technically aired over the CBC Television network, but over a separate CRTC-licensed part-time network operated by Rogers.
This was required by the CRTC as Rogers exercises editorial control and sells all advertising time during the HNIC broadcasts though the CBC bug and promos for other CBC Television programs appear throughout HNIC. The CBC's flagship newscast, The National, airs Sunday through Fridays at 10:00 p.m. local time and Saturdays at 6:00 p.m. EST; until October 2006, CBC owned-and-operated stations aired a second broadcast of the program at 11:00 p.m.. This second airing was replaced with other programming, as of the 2012-13 television season, was replaced on CBC's major market stations by a half-hour late newscast. There is a short news update, at most, on late Saturday evenings. During hockey season, this update is found during the first intermission of the second game of the doubleheader on Hockey Night in Canada; the show is simultaneously broadcasts rolling coverage from CBC News Network from noon to 1 p.m. local time in most time zones. In addition to the mentioned late local newscasts, CBC stations in most markets fill early evenings with local news programs from 5:00 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. while most stations air a single local newscast on weekend evenings.
Weekly newsmagazine the fifth estate is a CBC mainstay, as are documentary series such as Doc Zone. One of the most popular shows on CBC Television is the weekly Saturday night broadcast of NHL hockey games, Hockey Night in Canada, it has been televised by the network since 1952. During the NHL lockout and subsequent cancellation of the 2004-2005 hockey season, CBC instead aired various recent and classic films, branded as Movie Night in Canada, on Saturday nights. Many cultural groups criticized this and suggested the CBC air games from minor hockey leagues.
Paslode Impulse is a trademarked name for a cordless nail gun. Cordless nail guns do not need an air compressor, manufactured by Paslode. Instead they use what its maker calls a "fuel cell": this is not what is called a fuel cell, but a small metal can filled with pressurized, flammable gas. There is a battery pack and a high-voltage power supply to deliver a spark; the design resembles a small two stroke engine. The combustion chamber is in two parts and is open to the atmosphere; when the contact tip is pushed onto a piece of work, the lower piston chamber is pushed into the upper part, sealing it. A metered amount of fuel is squirted into the chamber from the fuel cell; when the trigger is pulled, a spark plug ignites the fuel charge, pushes the piston and connected drive pin to the bottom of the chamber, drives a nail. A small amount of combustion gas is stored in a side chamber and is used to push the piston back into the ready position after the nail is driven. After the contact tip is lifted from the work, the combustion chamber opens and a small fan blows away the exhaust gas.
Pressing the contact tip to the work without pulling the trigger uses one of the metered fuel charges. The unburned fuel is blown away by the exhaust fan when the contact tip is removed from the work; these is where these tools are most common. Paslode Impulse guns are available as framing and finish nailers using a variety of nail types and lengths, they are well known by tradesmen for the smell of the emitted spent gas, which some may find offensive. The fuel is a mixture of propane; the fuel cells are designed to last for 2,000 rounds each, which makes them desirable for heavy duty projects where thousands of nails/staples are needed
Frank Joseph Zirbel is an American musician, composer and self-taught artist. His work looks at the darker side of being human, satirizing the human condition while celebrating it at the same time. In 1978, he learned to this day continues to make prints. In 1979, he became the bass player for Bohemia; the band went on to tour the United States playing various sized clubs in 1983 and the first half of 1984. He wrote many of Bohemia's more notable songs on their five vinyl releases, including "Automatic Mind," "Empty Room," "No Ordinary Moon," and "Love Turns to Stone." The Beatles, The Chicago blues had a big impact on his writing style. For instance, "Love Turns to Stone," is based on only one chord. After Bohemia broke up in mid 1984, Zirbel waited a year and in 1985 started his own label, Pteranodon Ltd. Editions, began releasing his own material over the next decades, including "Anatomy of a Pig,", "Skull Tracks,", "Two-Headed Fly", "Live at the Big Horse Lounge". Several Chicago blues and jazz musicians appeared on his "Skull Tracks" CD, including Sunnyland Slim, Carey Bell, Barrett Deems, Howard Levy.
Since the early 1970s he has directed several short films and rock videos. He did his own camera work and editing. Gene Siskel took notice of his film, "Duck Eggs and the Miniature Rooster," and interviewed Zirbel live during the first showing of the film on Night Watch in 1977 on Chicago's PBS channel, his film "She-Wolf" was shown at the Chicago Underground Film Festival in 2000 and at the Stuttgart Film Festival in 2001. Zirbel's most recent movie, "Reptilian Calculations," received its world premier at the Paris Short Film Festival in May 2018. It's the fifth episode from the 46 minute compilation, "Seven Gnarled Tales of the Unholy." His drawings on found paper may be one of his most noted series along with the "Asylum" drawings which he did while working at a mental hospital in the mid 1970s. In 1985, he went on a trip to New York to promote his art; the first East Village gallery he approached, Eastman Wahmendorf, placed him in a show and subsequently others. In late November 1986 with the promptings of his gallery, he moved to New York and took up residence at the Times Square Motor Hotel where he resided until moving back to Chicago in mid-1987.
Zirbel has forty years of print making experience. In 2018, he was invited to exhibit multiple states of his etchings at the Jinling Art Museum, in Nanjing, China. In addition to creating etchings, Zirbel paints and sculpts. Frank Joseph Zirbel was born in Green Bay, Wisconsin in 1947. In 1970, he graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, with a bachelor of arts degree in Philosophy, his first group show dates back to 1973 at Edgewood Orchard Gallery in Wisconsin. More than 70 group and several one-man shows have followed. Since 1977, he has made Chicago his home base. Zirbel moved to New York in November, 1986. In New York, he resided in the Times Square Hotel, 255 W.43rd St. While in New York he struck up a friendship with the N. Y. artist Chaim Koppleman who let him start using his Soho etching studio as a place to work. In mid-summer 1987, Zirbel returned to Chicago. Zirbel’s art uses representational imagery within the stylistic modes of figurative expressionism and classical surrealism.
He started drawing as a child and is self-taught. His first etchings date to 1978, he started showing art in New York’s East Village in 1985 and for many years thereafter, with twelve N. Y. shows in the late 1980s. Zirbel started oil painting and working in color during this time period, encouraged to do so by his New York dealer who invited him to be in a 1986 exhibition of paintings. Zirbel has claimed that his initial drawing style came together in the second half of the 1970s while he was working the midnight shift in admissions at the Elgin Mental Health Center, Illinois. Here, having worked on all the various wards, with extra time on his hands between admissions, he created unique black-and-white ink drawings inspired by the psychotic and the insane. During his employ at the hospital, Zirbel made a 16mm documentary film titled "Duck Eggs and the Miniature Rooster" containing an interview with Hermine Pakrovsky, one of the hospital's revolving-door patients; the film made its television debut on Chicago's local PBS affiliate in 1977.
Zirbel's dark novel "The Idiot's Grasp" was inspired by his work at the hospital. The novel is now housed in the Museum of Modern Art's artists book collection. In late 1998, Tennessee art dealer Angela Usrey discovered these works and consigned a few, awarding Zirbel a show at her gallery. In January, 1999, she exhibited these works at New York’s Outsider Art Fair. Usrey named them the "Asylum Drawings." Her Tanner Hill Gallery continued exhibiting this series at the N. Y. Outsider art fair through 2012. Zirbel has worked in series-related art. One such series, "The Messenger Street Drawing Series" was inspired by the urban images he saw while working as a bicycle messenger in Chicago. In November 1995, a month after Zirbel quit being a messenger, the Chicago photographer, Mark Debernardi, did a raw video interview with him in his studio reflecting on Zirbel's five year stint on the street. Included in the piece are some works from the messenger drawing series itself. A 1997 exhibition of these drawings at the Judith Racht Gallery, garnered Zirbel Chicago Magazine’s selection as Chicago’s best undiscovered artist for that year.
Another set of works revolving around a single theme, Zirbel's "Influencing Artists Series