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CBS is an American English-language commercial broadcast television and radio network, the flagship property of the CBS Entertainment Group division of ViacomCBS. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's trademark symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.

In 1974 CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000 CBS came under the control of the first Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets, with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation was controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controlled the second Viacom until December 4, 2019, when the two separated companies agreed to re-merge to become the new single entity known as ViacomCBS. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.

While CBS Corporation shareholders own a 72% stake in Entercom, CBS no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations and licenses the rights to use CBS trademarks under a long-term contract. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated, affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest American corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates.

Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out. In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to Alfred H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Corporation for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station.

WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz. The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928 he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932, for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling.

It galvanized Paley and his troops

South Delhi (Lok Sabha constituency)

South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency is one of the seven Lok Sabha constituencies in the Indian National Capital Territory of Delhi. This constituency came into existence in 1966; the seat was a stronghold of the Bharatiya Janata Party for many years but in 2009, after delimitation, INC won this seat. As of 2014, Ramesh Bidhuri of the BJP is the MP representing the constituency. From 1966 to 1993, South Delhi Lok Sabha constituency comprised the following Delhi Metropolitan Council segments: Delhi Cantt Okhla Malviya Nagar R K Puram Hauz Khas Ashok Nagar Tilak Nagar Rajouri GardenFrom 1993 to 2008, it comprised the following Delhi Vidhan Sabha segments: Okhla Kalkaji Malviya Nagar Hauz Khas R K Puram Delhi Cantt Janakpuri Hari Nagar Tilak Nagar Rajouri Garden Sarojini Nagar Gole Market Kasturba Nagar Following the delimitation of the parliamentary constituencies, since 2008, it comprises the following Delhi Vidhan Sabha segments: Bijwasan Palam Mehrauli Chhatarpur Deoli Ambedkar Nagar Sangam Vihar Kalkaji Tughlakabad Badarpur Key BJP INC AAP BJS Janata Party List of Constituencies of the Lok Sabha Outer Delhi

Frederick Starr (reverend)

Frederick Starr was an American clergyman and abolitionist. Starr, the second son of Frederick and Sarah Starr, of Rochester, N. Y. was born in that city, January 23, 1826. He had united, with the First Presbyterian Church in Rochester, he graduated from Yale College in 1846. He turned to preparation for the ministry upon leaving college. After three years in the Auburn Theological Seminary, in 1850 he visited Missouri, laboring for a few weeks in St. Louis as a city missionary, for some months with the Presbyterian Church in Weston. Toward the end of the same year he was ordained pastor of this church, his location, on the western border of the state, but four miles from Fort Leavenworth, exposed him to the agitation concerning the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, the Kansas Border War. After varied persecution, his declared conviction that slavery was morally wrong obliged him to leave the town in the Spring of 1855 to avoid violence; the next seven years he passed in Western New York, as agent of the Western Education Society, of Auburn Theological Seminary.

Resigning the former of these positions in April, 1862, he took charge of the Presbyterian church in Penn Yan, New York, over which he was installed June 12. From April, 1865, until his death, he was pastor of the North Presbyterian Church in St. Louis, he was married, to Helen, daughter of Prof. Henry Mills, D. D. of Auburn. Mr. Starr was the author of a pamphlet, published anonymously, in 1853, entitled Letters for the People, on the Present Crisis, which contained nine letters written from St. Louis, discussing the influence of slavery upon the opening of Nebraska Territory and the building of the Pacific Railroad; this pamphlet had, it is believed, a wide influence. He published a sermon on President Lincoln's death, he died in Mo. of a fever, induced by overwork, January 8, 1867, aged 41 years. This article incorporates public domain material from the Yale Obituary Record. "Frederick Starr: A Missouri Border Abolitionist: The Making of a Martyr", Missouri Historical Review Frederick Starr at Find a Grave

Jason Tougaw

Jason Tougaw is an American author known for his memoir The One You Get and The Elusive Brain, a non-fiction account of neuroscience’s cultural influence. Tougaw was raised in California, he attended San Pasqual High School. He graduated from UCLA, he received a PhD from The CUNY Graduate Center. He teaches literature at Queens College and the CUNY Graduate Center, he has taught at American University and Princeton University. Tougaw’s essays have been published in OUT magazine, DV8, Largehearted Boy, Literary Hub, Electric Literature, Modern Fiction Studies and Medicine, The Quivering Pen, he writes a regular column for Psychology Today. He hosts a weekly music show – The Mixtape – on public radio station WJFF in Jeffersonville, New York; the One You Get tells the story of growing up poor in 1970s Southern California. Tougaw was in the shadow of celebrity, his grandfather, Ralph Neves, was a successful jockey. His parents’ generation “dropped out,” became hippies’ and rejected their parents’ values and lifestyle, just as the family money dried up.

They book chronicles the chaos, domestic abuse and mental illness that shaped Tougaw’s childhood. Like much of his other work, the memoir is the story of what it means—and feels like—to be a human animal, shaped by mysteries of physiology, history and sexuality; the story is punctuated with “neurological vignettes.” Tougaw’s family’s mantra was “there’s something wrong with our blood, it affects their brains.” In his retelling of the family mythology, Tougaw uses his expertise in the science of the brain to explore his family story down to the cellular level. It's 1980s new wave music and culture that saves Tougaw as a teenager, promising a world beyond the chaos of his family or the stifling conformity of his high school. A high school guidance counselor took one look at Tougaw’s dyed hair and makeup and told him he’d never make it to UCLA, dropping him from his college prep courses, it was Tougaw’s love of music and literature that enabled him to achieve his vague teenage goals. The Elusive Brain is the story of neuroscience’s enormous cultural influence during the early part of the twenty-first century.

Focusing on literary responses to neuroscience, Tougaw argues that literature can play with and experiment with the big questions that elude empirical studies: What is the relation between brain and self? How does neurodiversity shape human culture? What accounts for the “explanatory gap” between brain physiology and perceptual experience? He examines these questions at work in neuronovels, brain memoirs, graphic narratives, by writers like Oliver Sacks, Temple Grandin, Siri Hustvedt, Tito Rajarshi Mukhopadhyay, Christopher Haddon, Maud Casey, Jonathan Lethem, Ellen Forney, he discusses the work of philosophers Alva Noë, Catherine Malabou, David Chalmers, Patricia Churchland as well as the research of neuroscientists Joseph Ledoux, Michael Gazzaniga, Antonio Damasio, Sebastian Seung, Stanislas Dehaene. The Elusive Brain was named an Outstanding Academic Title for 2018 by Choice magazine; the Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience The One You Get: Portrait of a Family Organism Strange Cases: The Medical Case History and the British Novel Extremities: Trauma and Community, an anthology co-edited with Nancy K. Miller 2016 Dzanc Prize for Nonfiction, The One You Get.

Choice Magazine Outstanding Academic Title for The Elusive Brain. Mellon Foundation Fellowship in Science Studies, The CUNY Graduate Center 2011. Jason Tougaw's Column on Psychology Today Review of The One You Get on The Guardian Review of The One You Get on Lambda Literary Jason Tougaw's Website

Munchonhang Line

The Munch'ŏnhang Line, or Munch'ŏn Port Line known as the Koam Line, is a non-electrified railway line of the Korean State Railway in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea, connecting Ongp'yŏng on the Kangwŏn Line with Tapchon. The line was opened by the Chosen Anthracite Company on 17 December 1943 as a owned railway from Munch'ŏn Station on the Hamgyŏng Line to Wŏnsanbukhang Station; the line was extended some time after the Korean War from Koam to Sinhŭng-ri. An extension from Sinhŭng-ri to a newly developed fishing community at T'apchol-li on the Sŏngjŏn Peninsula, via a causeway and the 600 m Sŏkchon Bay Bridge, was opened on 25 May 2018; this line serves the May 27 Fishery Station at Koam, the October 3 Factory at Sinhŭng-ri, the fishing community at Tapch'ŏl-li. A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates. Video report on the opening ceremony and inaugural train across the Sŏkchon Bay Bridge

1994 NCAA Division I-AA football season

The 1994 NCAA Division I-AA football season, part of college football in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division I-AA level, began in August 1994, concluded with the 1994 NCAA Division I-AA Football Championship Game on December 17, 1994, at Marshall University Stadium in Huntington, West Virginia. The defending champion Youngstown State Penguins won their third I-AA championship, defeating the Boise State Broncos by a final score of 28−14, it was the fourth consecutive year. Only the top four teams in the bracket were seeded; the site of the title game, Marshall University Stadium, had been determined in March 1994. * By team name denotes host institution * By score denotes overtime periods Source