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CHCH-DT, virtual channel 11, is an independent television station licensed to Hamilton, Canada. The station is owned by Channel Zero. CHCH's studios are located near the corner of Jackson and Caroline Streets in downtown Hamilton, with additional offices at the Marriott on the Falls in Niagara Falls, Ontario, its transmitter is located at 481 First Road West in Stoney Creek. On cable, the station is available on Cogeco Cable channel 12 in Hamilton and Niagara Region, channel 10 in Halton Region, Rogers Cable channels 11 and 121 in the Greater Toronto Area. There is a high definition feed on Cogeco digital channel 707 in Hamilton and Niagara, Rogers Cable digital channel 521 in the Greater Toronto Area, on Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 36 and advanced lineup channel 536. On satellite, the station is available nationwide on Shaw Direct classic lineup channel 345 and advanced lineup channel 41, on Bell TV on channels 211 and 1057. CHCH streams all of its local programming and a limited amount of syndicated programming live on the Internet, with no provider restrictions.

From 2007 to 2009, it was the flagship station for the E! television system. The station signed on the air on June 7, 1954, operating as an affiliate of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, its studios at 163 Jackson Street West were used by CJSH-FM. After CJSH's shutdown, its studios were converted for CHCH, it is the oldest owned television station in the Hamilton-Toronto area. At the time, all owned television stations in Canada were required to be CBC affiliates. CHCH-TV was founded by Ken Soble, a leader of Hamilton's urban renewal movement, owner of radio station CHML. In 1961, CHCH became an independent station. There were three reasons for disaffiliating from CBC: Hamilton is part of the Toronto market, Toronto-based CBLT provided full network service to some of CHCH's viewing area. CHCH became the first television station in Canada not to be affiliated with any network, as the other private stations that were not affiliated with the CBC had formed the CTV network in October 1961. In the mid-1960s, CHCH was the lead station in United Program Purchase, a consortium of Canadian television stations which began purchasing some programming rights separately from the CTV and CBC networks.

By 1966, UPP was attracting media coverage as the potential foundation for a third Canadian television network. In the fall of that year, Soble's Niagara Television, the licensee of CHCH, put forward a proposal for a network to be branded as NTV. In the original plan, CHCH would have served as the network's flagship station for the Greater Toronto Area. However, the application faced numerous regulatory hurdles and delays, its main financial backer, Power Corporation of Canada, backed out in 1969. By 1970, the network application was revived by former CHCH executive Al Bruner's new Global Communications corporation, with Niagara Television and CHCH no longer involved in the bid. Despite the station's lack of success in becoming a full-fledged network, it did become one of Canada's most prominent syndicators of non-network programming in the 1970s and 1980s, with many of its locally produced entertainment programs airing on television stations across Canada and sometimes internationally. CHCH became a national superstation on January 1, 1982, when Cancom began carrying the station and three others to cable television providers in remote regions of the country that otherwise only had access to the CBC.

In 1990, Western International Communications purchased CHCH. Although the station had been available on cable television in many Ontario markets for years, its broadcast signal coverage was expanded throughout Ontario in 1997 with the launch of several rebroadcasters, in an effort to compete with the reach of Global's Ontario station CIII, with the Baton Broadcast System, a group of CTV-affiliated stations that served most of the province. In turn, WIC rebranded the station as "ONtv", in line with the branding conventions of many of the company's other stations, such as CHAN-TV in Vancouver, CITV-TV in Edmonton, CHCA-TV in Red Deer, Alberta. Local news programming shifted focus from the station's core market, the Hamilton area, toward Ontario as a whole, in an attempt to challenge what was a regional news service provided by Global. However, with Hamilton now being an afterthought, other local stations strong in the ratings, the shift was unsuccessful, CHCH's ratings decreased. During the ONtv years, the station aired WIC's nightly Canada Tonight newscast.

In 2000, Canwest purchased WIC's television assets. Since Global had served the Hamilton area through flagship station CIII-TV's transmitter in Paris, Canwest rebranded the station "CH" on February 12, 2001 and launched the CH television system in September of that

Hiram Burnham

Hiram Burnham was an officer in the Union Army who commanded a regiment and a brigade in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War. He was killed in battle while assaulting Confederate positions near Richmond, during the Battle of Chaffin's Farm. Hiram Burnham was born in Narraguagus Cherryfield, Maine, in 1814, he formed and led a militia company as its captain in the Aroostook War of 1839. He subsequently owned a sawmill. Active in local politics, he held public office as a coroner. Burnham is described as a burly man with a strong voice, able to make himself heard on a battlefield, he was born in Maine the son of John & Elizabeth Burnham. He moved to Cherryfield in the early 1830s. Early in the war Burnham became lieutenant colonel of the 6th Maine Infantry on July 16, 1861, he was promoted to the rank of colonel on December 12 of that year. He served with the Army of the Potomac in the Peninsula Campaign, starting out in Brig. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock's brigade in a division of the IV Corps under Brig. Gen. William F. Smith.

This division became part of the VI Corps. At the Battle of Crampton's Gap and the Battle of Antietam, Burnham led his regiment in the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, VI Corps under Hancock, he led the same regiment under Brig. Gen. Calvin E. Pratt at the Battle of Fredericksburg, where the brigade was only engaged. In 1863, a "Light Division" of VI Corps, composed of five regiments, was organized under General Pratt, it was to be able to move rapidly. Instead of wagons, supplies were to be carried on mules. However, Pratt resigned his post and Burnham led the division from May 3 to May 11, including at the Second Battle of Fredericksburg, where he was wounded, temporarily relinquishing command; the Light Division was among the first VI Corps units to cross the Rappahannock River on May 1, 1863 to draw Confederate attention away from the main crossing points of the Army of the Potomac upstream. The Light Division made up the rightmost column in Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick’s attack on Marye’s Heights on May 3.

Although Burnham spoke "cheerfully" to his troops before they attacked, casualties were heavy — an estimated 30%. Burnham's Light Division was the right flank anchor of Sedgwick's line when VI Corps stood on the defensive during the stages of the Battle of Salem Church. Only engaged, Burnham was able to send two regiments to help repel a Confederate attack on the left flank; the 6th Maine of Burnham's command was one of the rearguard units when the corps retreated across the Rappahannock River. The Light Division was dissolved after the Battle of Chancellorsville, Burnham's regiment joined the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, VI Corps under Brig. Gen. David Allen Russell. In that capacity he was present in reserve behind Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg. A monument to the regiment stands on Howe Avenue behind the Round Top. Burnham was absent from Russell’s brigade at the beginning of the Overland Campaign. Having been promoted to the rank of brigadier general on April 26, 1864, he was assigned command of a brigade in the first Division of the XVIII Corps, Army of the James on April 28 of that year.

General Burnham led the brigade until July 31, again from September 27 to September 29 during the Siege of Petersburg. He commanded the 1st Division in between. Burnham was killed at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm on September 29, 1864, his brigade had routed Confederate skirmishers from a cornfield on the Varina Road and pursued toward the Confederate earthworks. In preparation for the planned assault on Fort Harrison, the division’s commander, Brig. Gen. George J. Stannard, deployed Burnham’s brigade in the front of his column. Burnham was hit in the intestines by a bullet shortly after his brigade penetrated into the fort, he died shortly thereafter. General Burnham was buried in Pine Grove Cemetery in Cherryfield; the U. S. Army renamed the captured Fort Harrison as Fort Burnham in his honor. List of American Civil War generals Bigelow, John, Jr; the Campaign of Chancellorsville: A Strategic and Tactical Study, Norwalk, CT: The Eaton Press, 1991. Eicher, John H. and Eicher, David J. Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3 Mundy, James H.

No Rich Men's Sons: The Sixth Maine Volunteer Infantry, Cape Elizabeth: Harp Publications, 1994. Parsons, Philip W. "The Union Sixth Army Corps in the Chancellorsville Campaign", North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 2006. ISBN 0-7864-2521-0 Sears, Stephen W. Chancellorsville, Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996. ISBN 0-395-63417-2 Sommers, Richard J. Richmond Redeemed: The Siege at Petersburg, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1981. ISBN 0-385-15626-X Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Blue, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-3149-0 Winslow, Richard Elliott, General John Sedgwick: The Story of a Union Corps Commander, Presidio Press 1982. "Hiram Burnham". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-12-31. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, J. G.. "Hiram Burnham". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton

Edwina Palmer

Edwina Palmer is former Associate Professor of Japanese Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Palmer was born in Chelmsford, United Kingdom in 1955, she studied at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, graduating with a PhD in Geography and a BA in Japanese language and literature. She lectured at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand from 1984 to 2010, before joining Victoria University in Wellington. Palmer has written many articles on Japanese culture, focusing on humor and hidden meaning in traditional Japanese texts, she has worked on the eighth-century document Harima no Kuni Fudoki, analyzing the stories it contains from the perspective of archaeology and orality and hidden meaning. In 2012, Palmer won the 6th Inoue Yasushi Award for her article, A Poem to Carp About: Poem 16–3828 of the Man'yōshū Collection; the article examined what was thought to be a nonsense poem and the satirical social message of the poem was found to be hidden in double entendre and puns.

She is the first New Zealander to have received the award. In 2018, Palmer was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Rosette by the Government of Japan, for her "contributions towards promoting the understanding and appreciation of the Japanese language and culture in New Zealand and overseas.

Daniel Dunglas Home

Daniel Dunglas Home was a Scottish physical medium with the reported ability to levitate to a variety of heights, speak with the dead, to produce rapping and knocks in houses at will. His biographer Peter Lamont opines. Harry Houdini described him as "one of the most conspicuous and lauded of his type and generation" and "the forerunner of the mediums whose forte is fleecing by presuming on the credulity of the public." Home conducted hundreds of séances. There have been eyewitness accounts by séance sitters describing conjuring methods and fraud that Home may have employed. Daniel Home's mother, Elizabeth Home was known as a seer in Scotland, as were many of her predecessors, like her great uncle Colin Uruqhart, her uncle Mr. McKenzie; the gift of second sight was seen as a curse, as it foretold instances of tragedy and death. Home's father, William Home, was the illegitimate son of the 10th Earl of Home. Evidence supports the elder Home's illegitimacy, as various payments meant for William were made by the 10th Earl.

Elizabeth and William were married when he was 19 years old, found employment at the Balerno paper mill. The Homes moved in Currie. William was described as a "bitter and unhappy man" who drank, was aggressive towards his wife. Elizabeth had eight children while living in the mill house: six sons and two daughters, although their lives were not recorded; the eldest, John worked in the Balerno mill and managed a paper mill in Philadelphia, Mary drowned in a stream at the age of 12 years in 1846, Adam died at sea at the age of 17 while en route to Greenland, which Home says he saw in a vision and confirmed five months later. Daniel Home was Elizabeth's third child, was born on 20 March 1833, he was baptised by the Reverend Mr. Somerville three weeks after his birth at Currie Parish Church on 14 April 1833; the one-year-old Home was deemed a delicate child, having a "nervous temperament", was passed to Elizabeth's childless sister, Mary Cook. She lived with her husband in the coastal town of Portobello, 3 miles east of Edinburgh.

According to Home, his cradle rocked by itself at the Cooks' house, he had a vision of a cousin's death, who lived in Linlithgow, to the west of Edinburgh. Sometime between 1838 and 1841, Home's aunt and uncle decided to emigrate to the United States with their adopted son, sailing in the cheapest class of steerage as they could not afford a cabin. After landing in New York, the Cooks travelled near Norwich, Connecticut; the red-haired and freckled Home attended school in Greeneville, where he was known as "Scotchy" by the other students. The 13-year-old Home did not join in sports games with other boys, preferring to take walks in the local woods with a friend called Edwin; the two boys read the Bible to each other and told stories, made a pact stating that if one or the other were to die, they would try to make contact after death. Home and his aunt soon moved to Troy, NY, about 155 miles from Greeneville, although Home in his own book stated it was 300 miles away. Home lost contact with Edwin until one night when Home, according to Lamont, saw a brightly lit vision of him standing at the foot of the bed, which gave Home the feeling that his friend was dead.

Edwin made three circles in the air before disappearing, a few days a letter arrived stating that Edwin had died of malignant dysentery three days before Home's vision. A few years Home and his aunt returned to Greeneville, Elizabeth Home emigrated from Scotland to America with the surviving members of the family to live in Waterford, 12 miles away from the Cook's house. Home and his mother's reunion was short-lived, as Elizabeth appeared to foretell her own death in 1850. Home said he saw his mother in a vision saying, "Dan, 12 o'clock", the time of her death. After Elizabeth's death Home turned to religion, his aunt was a Presbyterian, held the Calvinist view that one's fate has been decided, so Home embraced the Wesleyan faith, which believed that every soul can be saved. Home's aunt resented Wesleyans so much that she forced Home to change to Congregationalist, not to her liking, but was more in line with her own religion; the house was disturbed by rappings and knocking similar to those that had occurred two years earlier at the home of the Fox sisters.

Ministers were called to the Cooks' house: a Baptist, a Congregationalist, a Wesleyan minister, who all believed that Home was possessed by the Devil, although Home believed it was a gift from God. According to Home, the knocking did not stop, a table started to move by itself though Home's aunt put a bible on it and placed her full body weight on it. According to Lamont, the noises did not stop and were attracting the unwanted attention of Cook's neighbours, so Home was told to leave the house; the 18-year-old Home stayed with a friend in Willimantic and Lebanon, Connecticut. Home held his first séance in March 1851, reported in a Hartford newspaper managed by W. R. Hayden, who wrote that the table moved without anyone touching it, kept moving when Hayden physically tried to stop it. After the newspaper report, Home became well known in New England, travelling around healing the sick and communicating with the dead, although he wrote that he was not prepared for this sudden change in his life because of his supposed shyness.

Home never directly asked for money, although he lived

Yamagata Masakage

Yamagata Masakage was a Japanese samurai warrior of the Sengoku period. He is known as one of the "Twenty-Four Generals of Takeda Shingen", he was famous for his red armour and skill in battlefield, was a personal friend of Takeda Shingen. He was the younger brother of Obu Toramasa, a retainer of Shingen leading the famous "red fire unit". After his brother committed Seppuku as a cover for Takeda Yoshinobu's failed rebellion, Masakage took the red fire unit title and outfitted his cavalry in bright red armor, it was said. Yamagata was a fierce warrior, given a fief in Shinano, he was present at the Battle of Mimasetoge in 1569 and captured Yoshida Castle, a Tokugawa possession, during the Mikatagahara Campaign. He was present for the following Battle of Mikatagahara, his last campaign was in the ill-fated Battle of Nagashino in 1575, in which he tried to persuade Katsuyori to honorably withdraw. Ii Naomasa from the Tokugawa clan was inspired by Yamagata's red colour. Yamagata is one of the main characters in Akira Kurosawa's epic film Kagemusha.

"Legendary Takeda's 24 Generals" at Samurai-archives The armor of red's preparation

1978 New England Patriots season

The 1978 New England Patriots season was the franchise's 9th season in the National Football League and 19th overall. They finished the season with a record of eleven wins and five losses, tied for first in the AFC East, had the tiebreaker over the Miami Dolphins. New England set a NFL record in 1978 for most rushing yards in a single season, with 3,165 yards on the ground, they had four players who rushed for more than 500 yards each: running back Sam "Bam" Cunningham, 768. The team picked up an NFL-record 181 rushing first-downs. Following a preseason hit in Oakland that paralyzed popular receiver Darryl Stingley for life, the Patriots staggered to a 1–2 start before upsetting the Oakland Raiders on the road. From there the Patriots stormed to win nine of their next 12 games, establishing an NFL record for rushing yards at 3,165; the Patriots clinched their first division title with a 26–24 win over the Buffalo Bills with one game remaining. Tragedy blackened a 21–7 Patriots win over the Raiders when, late in the second quarter, Darryl Stingley jumped after a Steve Grogan throw and was crushed in the jaw by Jack Tatum of the Raiders.

The hit paralyzed Stingley for life. The tragedy was a turning point in Chuck Fairbanks' relationship with the Sullivan family. Fairbanks, according to Hannah, "was livid, he decided right that he wouldn't stay with an organization that treated its folks like that." Hosting the Colts on Monday Night Football at a rain-soaked Schaefer Stadium the Patriots were downed 34–27 on a one-man scoring rampage by the Colts' Joe Washington, who threw a 54-yard touchdown to Roger Carr, caught a 23-yard score from Bill Troup, after a game-tying Sam Cunningham touchdown run in the fourth returned the ensuing kick 90 yards for the game-winning touchdown. Returning to Oakland nearly six weeks after Darryl Stingley's near-fatal injury, the Patriots rallied from a 14–0 second-quarter gap by forcing three Ken Stabler interceptions and scoring 21 unanswered points by Russ Francis, Horace Ivory, Sam Cunningham; the team visited Stingley in the Oakland-area hospital where he was still staying and his jovial banter with the team warmed their spirits enormously.

In a bizarre harbinger of Spygate, the Patriots exploded for eight touchdowns – Steve Grogan threw to Harold Jackson twice, Stanley Morgan, Russ Francis, two rushing scores apiece by Horace Ivory and James McAlister – in a 55–21 slaughter of the Jets. Jets coach Walt Michaels suspected the Patriots were deciphering his coaching staff's codes and that a rival team had tipped off the Patriots to these codes – "This will never happen to us again", Michaels stewed afterward. "I know what they did, but by the time we figured it out, it was too late." The Patriots' seven-game winning streak crashed to a halt as they stormed to a 23–0 lead in the second quarter but surrendered four unanswered Houston touchdowns and a 26–23 Houston win. The Patriots crushed the Colts 35–14, sacking Bill Troup eight times while snatching two Troup interceptions for good measure. Harold Jackson, Andy Johnson, Sam Cunningham rushed in touchdowns while Stanley Morgan caught a 75-yard touchdown strike from Steve Grogan.

Playing in a snowstorm, the Patriots needed a win to clinch the AFC East. They trailed for most of this game as Roland Hooks and Terry Miller of the Bills scored on the ground and Frank Lewis caught a 21-yard touchdown from Joe Ferguson; the Patriots suffered when linebackers Steve Zabel and Steve Nelson were injured. They rallied, behind rushing scores by Sam Cunningham, Steve Grogan, Horace Ivory and a safety when Tim Fox ran Bills punter Rusty Jackson out of the endzone. In the game's final eight seconds the Bills led 24–23 but David Posey kicked the winning field goal from 21 yards out, clinching a 26–24 win; the celebration of the AFC East title was wiped out when coach Chuck Fairbanks, who'd been negotiating a head coaching position with the University of Colorado all season, was suspended just before New England's regular-season wrapup in Miami on Monday Night Football. Coordinators Hank Bullough and Ron Erhardt took over as co-head coaches for the game; the suspension of Fairbanks and elevation of Bullough and Erhardt took the team, radioman Gil Santos, the ABC Network's Howard Cosell by surprise.

The Patriots were crushed 23–3 by the Dolphins. Despite the loss the Patriots won the division on tie-breakers over the 11–5 Dolphins and secured a playoff bye. To the surprise of everyone, Chuck Fairbanks was reinstated as head coach for the playoffs, but by he had lost the respect of the locker room, in their first home playoff game the Patriots were massacred by the Oilers 31–14 behind three Dan Pastorini touchdown throws and an Earl Campbell rushing score. Steve Grogan, unable to push off on his injured knee, threw two interceptions and was knocked out of the game.