CR Vasco da Gama

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Vasco da Gama
Full nameClub de Regatas Vasco da Gama
Nickname(s)Gigante da Colina (Giant of the Hill)
Almirante (Admiral)
Cruzmaltino (Maltese Cross)
Trem Bala da Colina (Bullet Train of the Hill)
Expresso da Vitória (Victory Express Train)
FoundedAugust 21, 1898; 121 years ago (1898-08-21) (Rowing Club)
November 5, 1915; 103 years ago (1915-11-05) (Football Club)
GroundEstádio São Januário
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
PresidentAlexandre Campello
Head coachVanderlei Luxemburgo
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Carioca
2019Série A, 16th
Carioca, 2nd
WebsiteClub website
Current season
Team photo from the 1934 season

Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈklubi dʒi ʁɛˈgataʃ ˈvaʃku dɐ ˈgɐ̃mɐ]) is a Brazilian sports club that was founded on August 21, 1898 (although the professional football department started on November 5, 1915),[2] by Portuguese immigrants, and still has a strong fanbase among the Portuguese community of Rio de Janeiro. It is one of the most popular clubs in Brazil, with more than 30 million supporters.[3] Although they compete in a number of different sports, Vasco is mostly known for its football team, it plays in the Campeonato Carioca, the state of Rio de Janeiro's premier state league and in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the first tier of Brazilian football league system.

Its statute defines the club as a "sportive, recreative, educational, assistant and philanthropic non-profit organization of public utility".[4]

Their home stadium is São Januário, with a capacity of 21,880,[1] the third biggest in Rio de Janeiro (after Maracanã and Engenhão), but some matches (especially the city derbies) are played at the Maracanã (capacity of about 67,000), they play in black shirts with a white diagonal sash that contains a Cross pattée, black shorts and black socks.

The club is named after the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama.



In the late 19th century rowing was the most important sport in Rio de Janeiro. At this time, four young men – Henrique Ferreira Monteiro, Luís Antônio Rodrigues, José Alexandre d'Avelar Rodrigues and Manuel Teixeira de Souza Júnior – who did not want to travel to Niterói to row with the boats of Gragoatá Club decided to found a rowing club.

On August 21, 1898 in a room of the Sons of Talma Dramatic Society, with 62 members (mostly Portuguese immigrants), the Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama (Vasco da Gama Rowing Club) was born.

Inspired by the celebrations of the 4th centenary of the first sail from Europe to India, the founders chose the name of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama to baptise the new club.

Football was included only with the fusion with Lusitania Clube, other mostly Portuguese immigrants club.[5] Beginning in the smaller leagues, Vasco became champion of the league B in 1922 and ascended to league A. In its first championship in League A – in 1923, Vasco became champion with a team formed by whites, blacks and "mulatto" players of different social classes.

Fight and victory against racism[edit]

Football in Brazil back then was a sport for the elites, and Vasco da Gama's racially diverse squad didn't appease them. In 1924 Vasco da Gama was pressured by the Metropolitan League to ban some players that were not considered adequate to play in the aristocratic league, notably because they were black or mulato and/or poor. After Vasco refused to comply with such a ban, the other big teams, Fluminense, Flamengo and Botafogo, among others, created the Metropolitan Athletic Association and prohibited Vasco from participating unless it complied with the racist demands.

The former President of Vasco, José Augusto Prestes, responded with a letter that became known as the Historic Response (resposta histórica),[6] which revolutionized the practice of sports in Brazil. After a few years, the racism barriers fell. Vasco da Gama had led the move toward a more inclusive football culture, forward-thinking not employed by leaders from Fluminense, Flamengo and Botafogo.

Even though the club was not the first to field black players, it was the first one to win a league with them, which led to an outcry to ban "blue-collar workers" from playing in the league - a move that in practice meant barring blacks from playing.

In 1925 Vasco was readmitted into the "elite" league, with its black and mulatto players. By 1933, when football became professional in Brazil, most of the big clubs had black players in them.

Sporting Achievements[edit]

The Victory Express and the South American Club championship[edit]

Between 1947 and 1952, the club was nicknamed Expresso da Vitória (Victory Express), as Vasco won several competitions in that period, such as the Rio de Janeiro championship in 1945, 1947, 1949, 1950, and 1952, and the South American Club Championship in 1948. Players such as Ademir, Moacyr Barbosa, Bellini and Ipojucan starred in Vasco's colors during that period.

1969 Pelé's 1,000th Goal[edit]

Pelé scored his 1,000th professional goal against Vasco on November 19, 1969, in front of 65,157 spectators;[7] the goal, popularly named O Milésimo (The Thousandth), occurred in a match against Vasco, when Pelé scored from a penalty at the Maracanã Stadium.[8]

1998 Copa Libertadores[edit]

After winning the Campeonato Brasileiro in 1997, beating Palmeiras in the final, Vasco started its Projeto Tóquio, and invested US$10 million to win the 1998 Copa Libertadores. Vasco won the Copa Libertadores, beating Barcelona of Ecuador in the final.

1998 Toyota Intercontinental Cup[edit]

By winning 1998 Copa Libertadores, Vasco da Gama faced the UEFA Champions League winners Real Madrid at 1998 Intercontinental Cup, in Tokyo, Japan, they lost the game 2–1.

2000 FIFA Club World Championship[edit]

By winning the 1998 Copa Libertadores, Vasco entered the inaugural 2000 FIFA Club World Championship held in Brazil, they beat Manchester United, Necaxa and South Melbourne in the group stage to reach the final, it finished 0–0 after extra time in an all-Brazilian clash with Corinthians but lost 3–4 in the penalty shootout.

Copa Mercosul[edit]

Also in 2000, Vasco won the Copa Mercosur against Palmeiras in a historic match. Trailing 3-0 at the end of first-half, with Palmeiras scoring 2 goals in less than a minute, Vasco managed to score 3 goals to level the match at 3–3, with 10 players after one of the players got a red card. In the 93rd minute, Romário scored a decisive goal and Vasco won the match (4-3);[9] the match is still considered one of the best games in Brazilian history.[10]

2000 Copa João Havelange[edit]

Vasco won the Copa João Havelange in 2000. Seen as a controversial competition organized by Clube dos 13 rather than CBF, Vasco took on São Caetano and drew the game 1–1 when disaster struck in São Januário Stadium. Vasco won the second leg 3–1 to lift the trophy.

Vasco shirt

2008 Campeonato Brasileiro[edit]

The team finished the championship in a disastrous 18th place and was relegated to the second division for the first time since its foundation, 110 years before. Up until the relegation, it was one of the only six clubs to have never been relegated from the first division, along with Cruzeiro, Flamengo, Santos and São Paulo,[11] (though the last two didn't participate in the 1979 Brazilian Championship's 1st division,[11] in order to avoid conflicts with Paulista Championship schedule.)

2009 Campeonato Brasileiro[edit]

Vasco secured their return to Serie A at the first time of asking, sealing promotion on November 7 with a 2-1 victory over Juventude at Maracanã.

2011: The Redemption Year[edit]

After failing to win the Copa do Brasil, Vasco da Gama found success in 2011, lifting that year's trophy. Victory came against Coritiba in the 2011 Copa do Brasil final. Vasco came second in the 2011 Brazilian Série A, enjoying an excellent campaign; the club also ended the year as semifinalists in the Copa Sudamericana, a competition that saw the club defeat Palmeiras, Aurora and Universitario in historic fashion before being eliminated by Universidad de Chile. The season was dubbed the "Redemption Year of Vasco da Gama", with many lauding Vasco as one of Brazilian football's elite teams once again.

2012: Campeonato Brasileiro and Libertadores[edit]

In 2012, Vasco was a finalist in the two final rounds of the Campeonato Carioca, after beating Flamengo in the two semifinals. Vasco saved their best performances in that year for the Copa Libertadores. After a good campaign the team was eliminated in the quarterfinals by Corinthians, who landed an 88th minute goal to snatch victory. In the Brazilian Championship, the team set the record for 54 consecutive rounds in the G4 (continuing from the 2011 and 2012 seasons), although they did ultimately did not qualify for the Libertadores the following year.

2013: Campeonato Brasileiro[edit]

After a good season in 2012, Vasco started a 2013 poorly and were hampered by financial issues. By the end of the year, the club had been relegated for the second time.

Other sports[edit]

Although best known as a football, rowing and swimming club, Vasco da Gama is actually a comprehensive sports club, its basketball section, CR Vasco da Gama Basquete (twice Brazilian champion and twice South-American champion) produced current NBA player Nenê. The club is also the first Brazilian club to play against an NBA team. In 1999, the club played the McDonald's Championship final against San Antonio Spurs, its rowing team is one of the best of Brazil. Its swimmers regularly represent Brazil in international competitions. Vasco da Gama also has a women’s soccer team as well.


First team squad[edit]

As of October 10, 2019

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Fernando Miguel
2 Paraguay DF Raúl Cáceres (on loan from Cerro Porteño)
3 Colombia DF Oswaldo Henríquez
4 Brazil DF Breno
5 Brazil DF Leandro Castán (captain)
6 Brazil MF Fellipe Bastos (on loan from Corinthians)
7 Brazil FW Rossi (on loan from Shenzhen)
8 Brazil MF Marquinho
9 Brazil FW Ribamar (on loan from Pyramids)
10 Brazil MF Bruno César
12 Brazil GK Sidão (on loan from Goiás)
13 Colombia MF Fredy Guarín
14 Brazil DF Danilo (on loan from Atlético-MG)
15 Brazil MF Andrey
17 Brazil MF Valdívia (on loan from Internacional)
18 Brazil MF Felipe Ferreira (on loan from Ferroviária)
No. Position Player
19 Brazil MF Marcos Júnior
20 Brazil FW Clayton (on loan from Atlético-MG)
22 Brazil DF Yago Pikachu (vice-captain)
25 Brazil MF Richard (on loan from Corinthians)
27 Brazil FW Tiago Reis
31 Brazil MF Raul
32 Brazil MF Gabriel Pec
33 Brazil DF Ramon
34 Brazil DF Werley
35 Brazil DF Miranda
36 Brazil DF Ricardo Graça
37 Brazil DF Henrique
38 Brazil FW Marrony
41 Brazil MF Bruno Gomes
43 Brazil FW Talles Magno
55 Brazil GK Alexander

Reserve team[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
21 Brazil DF Cláudio Winck
26 Brazil DF Rafael França
28 Brazil MF Dudu
No. Position Player
46 Brazil GK João Pedro
Brazil DF Luan
Brazil FW Moresche

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Gabriel Félix (on loan to São Bento until December 31, 2019)
Brazil GK Jordi (on loan to CSA until December 31, 2019)
Brazil DF Rafael Galhardo (on loan to Grêmio until December 31, 2019)
Brazil DF Jomar (on loan to Oriente Petrolero until December 31, 2019)
Brazil DF Kainandro (on loan to Ittihad Kalba until 30 June, 2020)
Brazil DF Luiz Gustavo (on loan to Guarani until December 31, 2019)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Willian Maranhão (on loan to América-MG until 31 December, 2019)
Brazil MF Bruno Cosendey (on loan to Criciúma until December 31, 2019)
Brazil MF Guilherme Costa (on loan to CRB until December 31, 2019)
Brazil MF Lucas Santos (on loan to CSKA Moscow until December 31, 2019)
Brazil FW Caio Monteiro (on loan to Paraná until December 31, 2019)
Brazil FW Vinícius Araújo (on loan to Avaí until December 31, 2019)


Technical staff[edit]

Position Name
Head coach Vanderlei Luxemburgo
Assistant coach Ramon Menezes
The field manager Paulo César Gusmão


Cscr-featured.png Unbeaten champions

Competition Títles Seasons
Torneio Octogonal Rivadavia Corrêa Meyer 1 1953 Cscr-featured.png

Organized by CBD, authorized FIFA,[12] successor of[13] Copa Rio.[14][15][16][17][18][19]

Competition Títles Seasons
Sulamericano1948.jpg Campeonato Sul-Americano de Campeões[20] 1 1948 Cscr-featured.png
Copa Libertadores da América 1 1998
Copa Mercosul 1 2000
Competition Títles Seasons
Cbf brazilian championship trophy 02.svg Cbf brazilian championship trophy.svg Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 4 1974, 1989, 1997, 2000
CBF Brazilian Cup.png Copa do Brasil 1 2011
B Series Brazilian Championship Trophy.png Campeonato Brasileiro Série B 1 2009
Competition Títles Seasons
Rio-SãoPaulo.png Torneio Rio-São Paulo 3 1958, 1966¹, 1999
(1) - Divided among Botafogo, Corinthians and Santos.
Trophy (transp. Simón Bolívar Cup).png Copa dos Campeões Estaduais Rio-São Paulo 1 1937 Cscr-featured.png
Trophy (transp. Simón Bolívar Cup).png Torneio João Havelange[21][22][23] 1 1993
Competition Títles Seasons
Rio de Janeiro (state) Campeonato Carioca 24 1923, 1924 Cscr-featured.png, 1929, 1934, 1936, 1945 Cscr-featured.png, 1947 Cscr-featured.png, 1949 Cscr-featured.png, 1950, 1952, 1956, 1958, 1970, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1988, 1992 Cscr-featured.png, 1993, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2015, 2016 Cscr-featured.png
Rio de Janeiro (state) Taça Guanabara (edições disputadas como torneio independente do Campeonato Estadual) 1 1965
Rio de Janeiro (state) Copa Rio 2 1992 Cscr-featured.png, 1993
Rio de Janeiro (state) Torneio Início 10 1926, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1942, 1944, 1945, 1948, 1958
Rio de Janeiro (state) Taça Guanabara (edições disputadas como turnos do Campeonato Estadual) 11 1976, 1977, 1986, 1987, 1990 Cscr-featured.png, 1992 Cscr-featured.png, 1994 Cscr-featured.png, 1998, 2000 Cscr-featured.png, 2003, 2016 Cscr-featured.png, 2019 Cscr-featured.png
Rio de Janeiro (state) Taça Rio (segundo turno do Campeonato Estadual) 10 1984, 1988, 1992 Cscr-featured.png, 1993, 1998, 1999 Cscr-featured.png, 2001 Cscr-featured.png, 2003 Cscr-featured.png, 2004, 2017 Cscr-featured.png
Rio de Janeiro (state) Turnos do Campeonato Estadual disputados com outros nomes 9 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1988, 1997
Rio de Janeiro (state) Campeonato Carioca - Série B 1 1922
Rio de Janeiro (state) Campeonatos Cariocas de Aspirantes/Reservas ou Amadores[24][25] 15 1924, 1928, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1960, 1961, 1964, 1966, 1967
Competition Titles Season
Bandeira da cidade do Rio de Janeiro.svg Torneio Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 4 1944, 1945 Cscr-featured.png, 1946, 1947
Bandeira da cidade do Rio de Janeiro.svg Torneio Relâmpago do Rio de Janeiro 2 1944 Cscr-featured.png, 1946
Bandeira da cidade do Rio de Janeiro.svg Torneio Extra[26] 2 1973 Cscr-featured.png, 1990 Cscr-featured.png
Competition Títles Seasons
Brazil Torneio Luís Aranha 1 1940 Cscr-featured.png
Brazil Quadrangular Internacional do Rio de Janeiro 1 1953 Cscr-featured.png
Brazil Troféu IV Centenário da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro 1 1965 Cscr-featured.png
Chile Torneio Triangular Internacional do Chile 1 1957 Cscr-featured.png
Chile Torneio Internacional de Santiago 1 1953 Cscr-featured.png
Spain Troféu Teresa Herrera 1 1957 Cscr-featured.png
Spain Troféu Festa de Elche 1 1979 Cscr-featured.png
Spain Troféu Colombino 1 1980 Cscr-featured.png
Spain Troféu Ramón de Carranza 3 1987 Cscr-featured.png, 1988 Cscr-featured.png, 1989 Cscr-featured.png
Spain Troféu Cidade de Barcelona 1 1993 Cscr-featured.png
Spain Troféu Cidade de Palma de Mallorca 1 1995 Cscr-featured.png
United States Los Angeles Golden Cup 1 1987 Cscr-featured.png
United States Copa TAP 1 1987 Cscr-featured.png
Italy Troféu Bortolotti 1 1997 Cscr-featured.png



Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Brasileiro Série B
Increase Promoted
Decrease Relegated

Former head coaches[edit]

Top scorers[edit]

Updated November 2015

Top scorers
Pos. Player Goals
1 Brazil Roberto Dinamite (1970–79), (1980–89), (1990), (1992–93) 702
2 Brazil Romario (1985–88), (1999–02), (2005–06), (2007) 326
3 Brazil Ademir Menezes (1942–45), (1948–56) 301
4 Brazil Pinga (1953–61) 250
5 Brazil Russinho (1924–34) 225
Brazil Ipojucan (1944–54) 225
7 Brazil Vavá (1951–64) 191
8 Brazil Sabará (1952–64) 165
9 Brazil Lelé (1943–48) 147
10 Brazil Valdir Bigode (1992–95), (2002–04) 143
11 Brazil Edmundo (1992), (1996–97), (1999–00), (2003), (2008) 138
12 Brazil Maneca (1947–55) 137

Most goals in a season[edit]

  1. Romário – 70 goals in 2000
  2. Roberto Dinamite – 61 goals in 1981


CR Vasco da Gama at Estádio São Januário, September 2008

Vasco da Gama's stadium is Estádio São Januário, inaugurated in 1927, with a maximum capacity of 35.000 people. The National Championship games have a maximum capacity of 21.880 people, for security reasons.[1]


Vasco's biggest rivals are from the same city: Fluminense, Botafogo and Flamengo, with the latter being its biggest rival; the games between Vasco and Flamengo ("Millions Derby") are the most watched in Brazil. The matches are usually played in the Maracanã, and reunite two of the biggest crowds of Rio de Janeiro.[27]

Kit evolution[edit]

Vasco da Gama's kit evolution

Vasco da Gama is one of the oldest Brazilian clubs and has had several different kits in its history. Vasco da Gama's first kit, used in rowing, was created in 1898, and was completely black, with a left diagonal sash.

Vasco da Gama's first football kit, created in 1916, was completely black, and was easily identified because of the presence of a white tie and a belt.

In 1929, the club's kit was changed; the tie and the belt were removed. However, the kit remained all-black.

In the 1930s, the home kit's color was changed again; the kit became black with a white right diagonal sash.

In 1945, the kit's color was changed to white, and a black diagonal sash was introduced; the sash was introduced because the club's manager at the time, the Uruguayan Ondino Viera liked the sash used in his previous club's kit, River Plate, of Argentina, and adopted this pattern in Vasco da Gama's away kit. So, both kits had a right diagonal sash.[28]

In 1988, the sash located on the back of the shirt was removed.

In 1998, the kit design was changed again; this kit became very similar to the 1945 one. However, a thin red line was placed around the sash.

Vasco has currently three kits; the home shirt's main color is black with a white sash. The short and the socks are black; the away kit is similar to the home kit, but the main color is white, the sash is black, and the shorts and socks are white. In 2009–10 the third kit was all white, with a red "cross of the Knights Templar". In 2010, the away kit changed to black in honor of 1923's team, which gave up playing for having black players, which were not allowed to play with white players at that time; this was one of the most important steps in the club's history, the fight against racism and discrimination. The current, third kit brings the symbol of an open hand with "Respect & Equality" in the left chest, and "Democracy and Equality" in the shirt collar.[29]

Since July 2009, after breaking the partnership with Champs,[30] the official jerseys are produced by Penalty.[31]

Logo and flag[edit]

The eight stars on the badge and flag signify: 1- South American Championship of Champions: 1948; 2- Copa Libertadores: 1998; 3- Copa Mercosur: 2000; 4- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A: 1974; 5- 1989; 6- 1997; 7- 2000; 8- The Unbeaten Championship of Earth-and-sea of 1945.


Vasco's official anthem was composed in 1918, by Joaquim Barros Ferreira da Silva, it was the club's first anthem.[32] There is another official anthem, created in the 1930s, called "Meu Pavilhão" (meaning My Pavilion), whose lyrics were composed by João de Freitas and music by Hernani Correia; this anthem replaced the previous one. The club's most popular anthem, however, is an unofficial anthem composed by Lamartine Babo in 1942.


Vasco da Gama is the second most supported football club in Rio de Janeiro, and varies between the third and fifth most supported in Brazil; the club's support is very diverse stretching across social class lines, however the core of most Vasco da Gama support lies within the working class of the Northern Zone of Rio de Janeiro and Rio outskirt cities like Niterói. Vasco da Gama have significant support in other regions in Brazil notably the Northeastern and North regions as well as strongholds in southern Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and in Santa Catarina (in South Region). Vasco also have a huge support in Distrito Federal.

Vasco da Gama have many celebrity supporters, including Fátima Bernardes (journalist – TV Globo), Rodrigo Santoro (actor), Eri Johnson (actor), Marcos Palmeira (actor), Juliana Paes (actress), Sérgio Loroza (actor), Paulinho da Viola (singer), Roberto Carlos (singer), Erasmo Carlos (singer), Martinho da Vila (singer), Fernanda Abreu (singer), Viviane Araújo (model), Renata Santos (model), Sergio Cabral Filho (Rio de Janeiro State former governor), Eduardo Paes (Rio de Janeiro mayor), Nelson Piquet (Formula 1 former champion), amongst others.

Vasco da Gama's torcidas organizadas have a strong friendship with torcidas organizadas of Atlético Mineiro, Palmeiras, Grêmio and Bahia; this alliance, having the 25 year friendship of torcidas Força Jovem Vasco, Mancha Verde do Palmeiras and Galoucura do Atlético Mineiro, utilize the code name D.P.A. – Dedos Para o Alto.

  • Torcida Força Jovem Vasco[33]
  • Guerreiros do Almirante
  • Torcida Organizada do Vasco
  • Kamikazes Vascaínos
  • Pequenos Vascaínos
  • Renovascão Vasco Campeão
  • ResenVasco
  • VasBoaVista
  • União Vascaína
  • Ira Jovem Vasco
  • Torcida Expresso da Vitória

Clubs named after Vasco[edit]

Due to Vasco's tradition, several clubs are named after it, including Associação Desportiva Vasco da Gama, of Acre state, founded in 1952, Vasco Esporte Clube, of Sergipe state, founded in 1931, Esporte Clube Vasco da Gama, of Americana, São Paulo state, founded in 1958, Vasco Sports Club, which is an Indian football club founded in 1951, and CR Vasco da Gama Football Club, which is a South African football club founded in 1980. Tomazinho Futebol Clube, from São João de Meriti, Rio de Janeiro state, founded in 1930, has a logo strongly inspired by Vasco's logo, and share the same colors.


  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 1 – Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.
  1. ^ a b c "Vasco x Timão: novo laudo expande capacidade para 21.880 mil pessoas". (in Portuguese). November 13, 2015. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
  2. ^ "Vasco da Gama's official site – The History of CR Vasco da Gama". Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2008.
  3. ^ "Flamengo e Corinthians lideram levantamento de torcidas no país – UOL Esporte". Retrieved March 27, 2008.
  4. ^ UNZELTE, Celso – O Livro de Ouro do Futebol; page 689 (Editora Ediouro, 2002) – ISBN 85-00-01036-3
  5. ^ História 1898–1923
  6. ^ "Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama". Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  7. ^ [Book Almanaque do Santos]
  8. ^ Pelé Eterno [Documentary film]. Brazil: Anima Produções Audiovisuais Ltda.
  9. ^ "oglobo1". Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  10. ^ Melhor Jogo da História - Vasco 4x3 Palmeiras. YouTube. October 7, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Campeonato Brasileiro" (in Portuguese). Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  12. ^ "O Estado de S. Paulo - Acervo Estadão". Acervo. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  13. ^ "Approval for Refereeing Assistance Programme and upper altitude limit for FIFA competitions". December 15, 2007. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  14. ^ "BBC - A Sporting Nation - Hibernian reach the first European Cup semi-finals 1956". Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  15. ^ "BBC - A Sporting Nation - Hibernian reach the first European Cup semi-finals 1956". Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  16. ^ "Hibernian Historical Trust - Football - Hibs History - Hibernian Historical Trust - UK". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  17. ^ "Firsts Section". Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  18. ^ Fundação Mário Soares. "Fundação Mário Soares - DRR - Documentos Ruella Ramos - 06337.058.13703". Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  19. ^ Fundação Mário Soares. "Fundação Mário Soares - DRR - Documentos Ruella Ramos - 06337.058.13703". Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  20. ^ Reconhecido pela Conmebol como antecedente da Copa Libertadores da América. História da Copa Libertadores no site da Conmebol. Acesso em 07/06/2013.
  21. ^ Segundo O Estado de S. Paulo de 18 de agosto de 1993, página 23, o Torneio João Havelange de 1993 foi organizado pela CBF, como comprovado pelo Vasco ter chegado à final após a CBF ter mudado o regulamento do torneio.
  22. ^ RSSSF: Torneio João Havelange 1993 Archived April 27, 2013, at
  23. ^ Não confundir com Copa João Havelange de 2000, o Campeonato Brasileiro realizado no ano 2000.
  24. ^ RSSSF: Sobre o Campeonato Carioca de Aspirantes/Reservas Archived April 27, 2013, at
  25. ^ RSSSF: Sobre o Campeonato Carioca de Amadores Archived January 19, 2010, at
  26. ^ RSSSF: Torneio Extra do Rio de Janeiro Archived March 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ "Vasco e Flamengo iniciam a decisão no Rio". Gazeta Esportiva. Archived from the original on November 5, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  28. ^ "Símbolos" (in Portuguese). Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama official website. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved May 19, 2008.
  29. ^ "Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama". Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  30. ^ "Vasco rescinde contrato com a Champs" (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
  31. ^ "Clube acerta com a Penalty e vai receber R$ 64 milhões em cinco anos" (in Portuguese). Retrieved December 9, 2009.
  32. ^ "Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama". Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  33. ^ Torcida Força Jovem Vasco

External links[edit]