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Cabinet of curiosities

Cabinets of curiosities were notable collections of objects. The term cabinet described a room rather than a piece of furniture. Modern terminology would categorize the objects included as belonging to natural history, ethnography, religious or historical relics, works of art, antiquities; the classic cabinet of curiosities emerged in the sixteenth century, although more rudimentary collections had existed earlier. In addition to the most famous and best documented cabinets of rulers and aristocrats, members of the merchant class and early practitioners of science in Europe formed collections that were precursors to museums; the earliest pictorial record of a natural history cabinet is the engraving in Ferrante Imperato's Dell'Historia Naturale. It serves to authenticate its author's credibility as a source of natural history information, in showing his open bookcases at the right, in which many volumes are stored lying down and stacked, in the medieval fashion, or with their spines upward, to protect the pages from dust.

Some of the volumes doubtless represent his herbarium. Every surface of the vaulted ceiling is occupied with preserved fishes, stuffed mammals and curious shells, with a stuffed crocodile suspended in the centre. Examples of corals stand on the bookcases. At the left, the room is fitted out like a studiolo with a range of built-in cabinets whose fronts can be unlocked and let down to reveal intricately fitted nests of pigeonholes forming architectural units, filled with small mineral specimens. Above them, stuffed birds stand against panels inlaid with square polished stone samples, doubtless marbles and jaspers or fitted with pigeonhole compartments for specimens. Below them, a range of cupboards contain covered jars. In 1587 Gabriel Kaltemarckt advised Christian I of Saxony that three types of item were indispensable in forming a "Kunstkammer" or art collection: firstly sculptures and paintings; when Albrecht Dürer visited the Netherlands in 1521, apart from artworks he sent back to Nuremberg various animal horns, a piece of coral, some large fish fins and a wooden weapon from the East Indies.

The characteristic range of interests represented in Frans II Francken's painting of 1636 shows paintings on the wall that range from landscapes, including a moonlit scene—a genre in itself—to a portrait and a religious picture intermixed with preserved tropical marine fish and a string of carved beads, most amber, both precious and a natural curiosity. Sculpture both classical and secular on the one hand and modern and religious are represented, while on the table are ranged, among the exotic shells: portrait miniatures, gem-stones mounted with pearls in a curious quatrefoil box, a set of sepia chiaroscuro woodcuts or drawings, a small still-life painting leaning against a flower-piece and medals—presumably Greek and Roman—and Roman terracotta oil-lamps, a Chinese-style brass lock, curious flasks, a blue-and-white Ming porcelain bowl; the Kunstkammer of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, housed in the Hradschin at Prague, was unrivalled north of the Alps. Rudolf's uncle, Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria had a collection, with a special emphasis on paintings of people with interesting deformities, which remains intact as the Chamber of Art and Curiosities at Ambras Castle in Austria.

"The Kunstkammer was regarded as a microcosm or theater of the world, a memory theater. The Kunstkammer conveyed symbolically the patron's control of the world through its indoor, microscopic reproduction." Of Charles I of England's collection, Peter Thomas states succinctly, "The Kunstkabinett itself was a form of propaganda.". Two of the most famously described seventeenth-century cabinets were those of Ole Worm, known as Olaus Wormius, Athanasius Kircher; these seventeenth-century cabinets were filled with preserved animals, tusks, minerals, as well as other interesting man-made objects: sculptures wondrously old, wondrously fine or wondrously small. They would contain a mix of fact and fiction, including mythical creatures. Worm's collection contained, for example, what he thought was a Scythian Lamb, a woolly fern thought to be a plant/sheep fabulous creature; however he was responsible for identifying the narwhal's tusk as coming from a whale rather than a unicorn, as most owners of these believed.

The specimens displayed were collected during exploring expeditions and trading voyages. In the second half of the 18th century, Belsazar Hacquet operated in Ljubljana the capital of Carniola, a natural history cabinet, appreciated throughout Europe and was visited by the highest nobility, including the Holy Roman Emperor, Joseph II, the Russian grand duke Paul and Pope Pius VI, as well as by famous naturalists, such as Francesco Griselini and Franz Benedikt Hermann, it included a number of minerals, including speci

See Me (novel)

See Me is the nineteenth novel by American novelist Nicholas Sparks. It was published on October 2015, by Grand Central Publishing. Colin is a troubled young man with a history of anger problems that stem from him being mercilessly bullied at the various military schools he's attended throughout the years and from parents who have little interest in parenting their child; these issues lead to repeated interactions with the police, to the point where Colin's parents have had enough and throw him out of the house. Maria, on the other hand, has always grown up in a warm and nurturing environment where people have supported her throughout her law career. Maria and Colin meet one another and begin dating, she believes that she knows, sending the messages, causing her to fear for her and Colin's well-being. The Washington Post panned See Me, criticizing the book's romance as "ho hum" and the reviewer stated that she "found wondering what was so mysterious about a workmanlike romance novel." The Deccan Herald was mixed, as they enjoyed the See Me's romance and thrills but felt that "Colin’s workouts and fighting encounters tend to make the book bulkier, a tad boring."In contrast, the Salt Lake Tribune praised the book and wrote that "Sparks takes readers on a roller-coaster ride of emotions, from the soft tone of a love story to the adrenaline rush of a thriller."

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Lenny Taylor

Lenny Taylor is a former wide receiver in the National Football League and the Arena Football League. Taylor was born Leonard Moore Taylor on February 15, 1961 in Florida. Taylor was drafted by the Green Bay Packers in the twelfth round of the 1984 NFL Draft and played with the team that season. After sitting out for two seasons, Taylor played for the Washington Commandos of the Arena Football League. After two seasons away from the NFL, he played with the Atlanta Falcons during the 1987 NFL season as a scab during the 1987 NFL strike. Taylor joined the Detroit Drive in 1988, helping the team win ArenaBowl II, he played at the collegiate level at the University of Tennessee. List of Green Bay Packers players