SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Cabiria

This article is about Giovanni Pastrone's 1914 silent film. Cabiria is a 1914 Italian epic silent film, shot in Turin; the film is set in ancient Sicily and Cirta during the period of the Second Punic War. It follows a melodramatic main plot about an abducted little girl and features an eruption of Mt. Etna, heinous religious rituals in Carthage, the alpine trek of Hannibal, Archimedes' defeat of the Roman fleet at the Siege of Syracuse and Scipio maneuvering in North Africa. Apart from being a classic on its own terms, the film is notable for being the first film in which the long-running film character Maciste makes his debut. According to Martin Scorsese, in this work Pastrone invented the epic movie and deserves credit for many of the innovations attributed to D. W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille. Among those was the extensive use of a moving camera, thus freeing the feature-length narrative film from "static gaze"; the historical background and characters in the story are taken from Livy's Ab Urbe Condita.

In addition, the script of Cabiria was based on Gustave Flaubert's 1862 novel Salammbo and Emilio Salgari's 1908 novel Cartagine in fiamme. Batto and his young daughter, live in a lavish estate in the shadow of Mount Etna, at Catana, on the island of Sicily. Cabiria plays with dolls with Croessa; when the volcanic Etna erupts violently, Batto prays to the god Pluto for deliverance but receives only a brief respite before his home and gardens are destroyed. While attempting to escape, servants discover a secret stairway leading underground. Taking advantage of the chaos and plundering Batto's hidden underground treasure, the servants, along with Croessa and Cabiria, flee to the countryside. Batto and his wife mourn the loss of Cabiria; the fugitive servants divide up the treasure and make for the sea but soon run afoul of Phoenician pirates who take Croessa and Cabiria to Carthage, where the little girl is sold to Karthalo, the High Priest. He intends to sacrifice her to the great god Moloch. In Carthage are two Roman spies: Fulvius Axilla, a Roman patrician, Maciste, his huge, muscular slave.

The innkeeper, welcomes Fulvius and Maciste to his Inn of the Striped Monkey. Croessa tries to prevent the sacrifice of Cabiria by pretending that the child is ill, but Croessa is whipped for her deception, she chances upon Fulvius and Maciste. Recognizing them as fellow countrymen, she implores them to assist her; the entrance to the huge Temple of Moloch is a gigantic three-eyed head, with the mouth as portal. One hundred young children are to perish as offerings. Inside the temple are frenzied devotees, the colossal seated statue of the winged god Moloch is a hollow bronze furnace; the great chest opens for each victim, when a youngster is slid into the inferno, the door closes and the open mouth belches flame. Croessa and Maciste sneak into the temple, the slave boldly snatches Cabiria away from the priest. Pursued by a frenzied mob, they make their way up to the roof, down the gargantuan façade, back to the inn. However, Croessa pays a fatal price for the rescue. Meanwhile and his troops make their way across the snow-laden Alps towards Rome.

Soldiers and other animals pick their way through the passes. Learning of the military events, Fulvius resolves to flee back to Rome after further intimidating the innkeeper to ensure silence. Numidian King Massinissa is visiting Carthage, Hasdrubal, brother of Hannibal, promises him his beautiful daughter, Sophonisba, in marriage. In a great audience hall with two huge elephantine columns, Massinissa dispatches gifts and a message to meet secretly to Sophonisba, who, on receiving them, is giddy with anticipation. Bodastoret, the innkeeper, sneaks into the Temple of Moloch and for a reward betrays the Romans' whereabouts and intentions. Fulvius and Cabiria are ambushed by the Priest's henchmen as they attempt to flee the city the next morning, but Fulvius escapes by leaping spectacularly from a high precipice and swimming away. Maciste and Cabiria flee with henchmen hard on their heels to the cedar garden of Hasdrubal and encounter Massinissa and Sophonisba just as their secret tryst is commencing.

Maciste implores the aristocratic couple, who have both concealed their true identities, to rescue Cabiria. Amid the chaos, Cabiria, a servant run away while Massinissa falsely denies to the Priest's men that he has seen any little girl. Maciste, however, is captured and chained to a great millstone, which he must turn, but he can still manage to intimidate everyone around him; the Roman navy has besieged Syracuse, a Greek ally of Carthage, Fulvius is now participating in the fighting. The Romans, are frustrated by a giant array of mirrors, producing a heat ray, deployed by the great inventor Archimedes to set fire to the ships' sails; the Roman fleet is spectacularly destroyed. Fulvius, still bearing the ring Croessa had given him, is cast adrift and soon rescued. Although his rescuers rob the unconscious Fulvius, one of them recognizes the ring on his finger, he is carried to Batto's house, rebuilt; the parents are overjoyed to learn. As he takes his leave, Fulvius vows to seek Cabiria if he should return to Carthage.

An intertitle relates that Syphax, King of Cirta, a rival desert kingdom, has deposed Massinissa and caused him to disappear into the desert. Hasdrubal now gives Sophonisba to the victor instead to strengthen his new alliance against Rome. Sopho

Adhyatmik Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya

The Adhyatmik Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya claims itself to be a reformative splinter group within the Brahma Kumaris religious movement. Followers of the Adhyatmik Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya refer to themselves as the Prajapita Brahma Kumaris or Advance Party; the AIVV sees itself and the Brahma Kumaris Organization as two halves of the same spiritual family who will re-unite to transform this world from hell into heaven, although the BKWSU does not share the same belief. The organisation is based in Kampil, Uttar Pradesh, India Central to the PBKs' beliefs is that at the beginning of the movement, there was a different medium, Dada Lekhraj's business partner, who died in 1942, reincarnated as the AIVV's leader Virender Dev Dixit and has, since Lekhraj Kripalani's death, become once again the authoritative medium of God through whom he speaks clarifying the earlier teachings; the PBKs accuse the BKWSU's hierarchy of "censoring or altering" the spiritualistic messages called "Murlis". They consider that the Brahma Kumaris misunderstood their predictions.

PBKs refer to the Brahma Kumaris' teachings as ‘Basic Knowledge’ and message presented by Shiva through Dixit as the ‘Advance knowledge’. The PBKs claim that God is now manifesting himself through a different medium to interpret the original teachings and reject the Brahma Kumaris belief that God and their deceased founder Dada Lekhraj is being channelled via an elderly woman called Hiradaya Mohini or "Dadi Gulzar". Shivbaba is now giving the advanced knowledge i.e.. He is clarifying the true meaning of those murlis, to the AIVV Prajapita Brahma Kumar/Kumaris; the group is made up of predominantly disaffected ex-members of the BKWSU University, some of whom had conflict with the BKWSU's local representative. Walliss identifies the Advance Party as radically re-interpreting the millenarianism of the BKSWU to regain its "true" original form; as a result, they set a specific date of 2008 as that expected for the destruction of the world and the emergence of the millennial kingdom in 2036. Within the Brahma Kumaris movement, the term "Advance Party" is used for the group of deceased Brahma Kumaris followers who they claim reincarnate back into the world at this time in order to physically prepare the paradisical heaven on earth, called the Golden Age.

The breakaway group's use of the name is seen within the BKWSU as impertinent and they therefore refer to them as the'Shankar Party'. In December 2017, Indian police raided the group's ashrams to free hundreds of female followers said to be being kept in terrible conditions. 250 women and 48 girls were released many of whom, it was alleged by Swati Maliwal the city's commissioner for women, appeared to be drugged. According to a lawsuit lodged at Delhi's High Court, the leader of the group Virendra Dev Dixit had sexually assaulted multiple women and keeps residents confined in conditions “worse than farm animals”. New religious movement End times Channeling Meditation http://www.adhyatmik-university.com/ - Official Website http://www.pbks.info - PBK website http://vimeo.com/advanceknowledge - Vimeo channel

Börsenstraße 2–4

Börsenstraße 2–4 is an 8-story low-rise neoclassical building in Frankfurt, Germany. It directly faces the Börsenstraße and the Freßgass to the west, the Börsenplatz and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange to the north, the Biebergasse and the Rathenauplatz to the south; the Hauptwache is located fifty metres down the Biebergasse in the eastern direction. It thus occupies a central position in the Frankfurt central city district; the building was completed in 1913, was built for the lace and tulle merchant Sigmund Strauss and designed by the architects Wilhelm Schmitt and Hermann Ritter. It is a listed cultural heritage site; the interior of the building was renovated in 1995. The building is owned by Commerzbank and its main tenants are international financial institutions the German branch of the investment bank N M Rothschild & Sons; the ground floor is occupied by smaller upmarket stores. Until the early 2000s, the main tenant was the German office of JPMorgan. Börsenstraße 2–4 was also the seat of the Frankfurt Oberjustizkasse and of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung newspaper until 1961.

It was the seat of the Bizonal Economic Council, the first de facto West German parliament and the immediate predecessor of the Bundestag. N M Rothschild & Sons JPMorgan Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Frankfurt Oberjustizkasse Bizonal Economic Council Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames