Cable transport is a broad class of transport modes that have cables. They transport passengers and goods in vehicles called cable cars; the cable may be driven or passive, items may be moved by pulling, sailing, or by drives within the object being moved on cableways. The use of pulleys and balancing of loads moving up and down are common elements of cable transport, they are used in mountainous areas where cable haulage can overcome large differences in elevation. Elevator Rope-drawn transport dates back to 250 BC as evidenced by illustrations of aerial ropeway transportation systems in South China; the first recorded mechanical ropeway was by Venetian Fausto Veranzio who designed a bi-cable passenger ropeway in 1616. The industry considers Dutchman Adam Wybe to have built the first operational system in 1644; the technology, further developed by the people living in the Alpine regions of Europe and expanded with the advent of wire rope and electric drive. The first use of wire rope for aerial tramways is disputed.
American inventor Peter Cooper is one early claimant, constructing an aerial tramway using wire rope in Baltimore 1832, to move landfill materials. Though there is only partial evidence for the claimed 1832 tramway, Cooper was involved in many of such tramways built in the 1850s, in 1853 he built a two-mile-long tramway to transport iron ore to his blast furnaces at Ringwood, New Jersey. World War I motivated extensive use of military tramways for warfare between Austria. During the industrial revolution, new forms of cable-hauled transportation systems were created including the use of steel cable to allow for greater load support and larger systems. Aerial tramways were first used for commercial passenger haulage in the 1900s; the earliest form of cable railway was the gravity incline, which in its simplest form consists of two parallel tracks laid on a steep gradient, with a single rope wound around a winding drum and connecting the trains of wagons on the tracks. Loaded wagons at the top of the incline are lowered down, their weight hauling empty wagons from the bottom.
The winding drum has a brake to control the rate of travel of the wagons. The first use of a gravity incline isn't recorded, but the Llandegai Tramway at Bangor in North Wales was opened in 1798, is one of the earliest examples using iron rails; the first cable-hauled street railway was the London and Blackwall Railway, built in 1840, which used fibre to grip the haulage rope. This caused a series of technical and safety issues, which led to the adoption of steam locomotives by 1848; the first Funicular railway was opened in Lyon in 1862. The Westside and Yonkers Patent Railway Company developed a cable-hauled elevated railway; this 3½ mile long line was proposed in 1866 and opened in 1868. It operated as a cable railway until 1871; the next development of the cable car came in California. Andrew Hallidie, a Scottish emigre, gave San Francisco the first effective and commercially successful route, using steel cables, opening the Clay Street Hill Railroad on August 2, 1873. Hallidie was a manufacturer of steel cables.
The system featured a human-operated grip, able to start and stop the car safely. The rope, used allowed the multiple, independent cars to run on one line, soon Hallidie's concept was extended to multiple lines in San Francisco; the first cable railway outside the United Kingdom and the United States was the Roslyn Tramway, which opened in 1881, in Dunedin, New Zealand. America remained the country. However, in 1890, electric tramways exceeded the cable hauled tramways in mileage and speed; the ski lift was developed by James Curran in 1936. The co-owner of the Union Pacific Railroad, William Averell Harriman owned America's first ski resort, Sun Valley, Idaho, he asked his design office to tackle the problem of lifting skiers to the top of the resort. Curran, a Union Pacific bridge designer, adapted a cable hoist he had designed for loading bananas in Honduras to create the first ski lift. More recent developments are being classified under the type of track that their design is based upon. After the success of this operation, several other projects were initiated in New Zealand and Chicago.
The social climate around pollution is allowing for a shift from cars back to the utilization of cable transport due to their advantages. However, for many years they were a niche form of transportation used in difficult-to-operate conditions for cars. Now that cable transport projects are on the increase, the social effects are beginning to become more significant. In 2018 the highest 3S cablecar has been inaugurated in Zermatt, Switzerland after more than two years of construction; this cablecar is called the "Matterhorn Glacier ride"and it allows passengers to reach the top of the Klein Matterhorn mountain. When compared to trains and cars, the volume of people to transport over time and the start-upcost of the project must be a consideration. In areas with extensive road networks, personal vehicles offer range. Remote places like mountainous regions and ski slopes may be difficult to link with roads, making CTP a much easier approach. A CTP system may need fewer invasive changes to the local environment.
The use of Cable Transport is not limited to such rural locations as skiing resorts. Their uses in urban areas include funicular railways, gondola lifts, aerial tramways. On Wednesday 25 July 2012, passengers of a tour cable car were stuck 90 meters high in the air
Now That's What I Call Music! 53 is the 53rd edition of the Now! Series in the United States, it was released on February 3, 2015. It features 21 tracks including the Billboard Hot 100 number-one hit "Uptown Funk". Now 53 debuted at number 2 on the Billboard 200 chart with 99,000 copies sold in its first week; as of July 2015, the compilation has sold 451,000 copies. It became the first album in history to miss the top position of the Billboard 200 despite being the best-selling album of the week. According to Andy Kellman of AllMusic, the number-one song, "Uptown Funk", leads the way in this compilation of hits from late 2014/early 2015 "followed by a succession of singles that fared either nearly or just as well." Official U. S. Now That's What I Call Music! website "Now 53: That's What I Call Music". Amazon.com. Now That's What I Call Music! 53 on iTunes
Marcus Valdez Pereira Godinho is a Canadian professional soccer player who plays as a right-back for German club FSV Zwickau and the Canadian national team. After spending time with the Toronto FC Academy in the Second Division of the Canadian Soccer League, Godinho signed an Academy Player Agreement with USL club Toronto FC II, he made his professional debut for the club on March 2015 in a 2 -- 0 victory over FC Montreal. After playing with Vaughan Azzurri of League1 Ontario to stay match fit, on June 15, 2016, Godinho signed for Hearts and joined up with the club's development squad ahead of the 2016–17 season. In August 2017, Godinho was loaned to Scottish League Two side Berwick Rangers until January 2018. Godinho signed a contract extension with Hearts until 2020 on February 22, 2018, he made his debut for Hearts in the Scottish Cup against Motherwell on March 4, his league debut the following weekend on March 9 in the Edinburgh derby against Hibernian. He scored his first goal for Hearts against St Johnstone on January 26, 2019.
In July 2019, Godinho joined German 3. Liga side FSV Zwickau on a two-year contract, he made his competitive debut for Zwickau in their season opener against SV Meppen on July 25. Godinho was born in Canada to Portuguese parents, he has represented Canada at the under-20 levels. In August 2016, Godinho was called up to the U-20 team for a pair of friendlies against Costa Rica. Godinho received his first call up to the Canadian senior team on March 12, 2018 for a friendly against New Zealand He made his debut in that match, a 1–0 victory for Canada. In May 2019, Godinho was named to the final 23-man squad for the 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup; as of match played February 22, 2020 As of January 16, 2020 Canada Soccer profile Marcus Godinho at Soccerway