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Cadmus

In Greek mythology, was the founder and first king of Thebes. Cadmus was the first Greek hero and, alongside Perseus and Bellerophon, the greatest hero and slayer of monsters before the days of Heracles. A Phoenician prince, son of king Agenor and queen Telephassa of Tyre and the brother of Phoenix and Europa, he was sent by his royal parents to seek out and escort his sister Europa back to Tyre after she was abducted from the shores of Phoenicia by Zeus. In early accounts and Europa were instead the children of Phoenix. Cadmus founded the Greek city of Thebes, the acropolis of, named Cadmeia in his honour. Cadmus was credited by the ancient Greeks with introducing the original Phoenician alphabet to the Greeks, who adapted it to form their Greek alphabet. Herodotus estimates that Cadmus lived sixteen hundred years before his time, which would be around 2000 BC. Herodotus had seen and described the Cadmean writing in the temple of Apollo at Thebes engraved on certain tripods, he estimated. On one of the tripods there was this inscription in Cadmean writing, which, as he attested, resembled Ionian letters: Ἀμφιτρύων μ᾽ ἀνέθηκ᾽ ἐνάρων ἀπὸ Τηλεβοάων.

Although Greeks like Herodotus dated Cadmus's role in the founding myth of Thebes to well before the Trojan War, this chronology conflicts with most of what is now known or thought to be known about the origins and spread of both the Phoenician and Greek alphabets. The earliest Greek inscriptions match Phoenician letter forms from the late 9th or 8th centuries BC—in any case, the Phoenician alphabet properly speaking was not developed until around 1050 BC; the Homeric picture of the Mycenaean age betrays little awareness of writing reflecting the loss during the Dark Age of the earlier Linear B script. Indeed, the only Homeric reference to writing was in the phrase "γράμματα λυγρά", grámmata lygrá "baneful drawings", when referring to the Bellerophontic letter. Linear B tablets have been found in abundance at Thebes, which might lead one to speculate that the legend of Cadmus as bringer of the alphabet could reflect earlier traditions about the origins of Linear B writing in Greece, but such a suggestion, however attractive, is by no means a certain conclusion in light of available evidence.

The connection between the name of Cadmus and the historical origins of either the Linear B script or the Phoenician alphabet, if any, remains elusive. However, in modern-day Lebanon, Cadmus is still revered and celebrated as the'carrier of the letter' to the world. According to Greek myth, Cadmus's descendants ruled at Thebes on and off for several generations, including the time of the Trojan War; the etymology of Cadmus' name remains uncertain. Possible connected words include the Semitic triliteral root qdm signifies "east", in Arabic, the verb “qdm” means “to come”, the Greek kekasmai "to shine". Therefore, the complete meaning of the name might be: "He who excels" or "from the east". After his sister Europa had been carried off by Zeus from the shores of Phoenicia, Cadmus was sent out by his father to find her, enjoined not to return without her. Unsuccessful in his search—or unwilling to go against Zeus—he came to Samothrace, the island sacred to the "Great Gods" or the Kabeiroi, whose mysteries would be celebrated at Thebes.

Cadmus did not journey alone to Samothrace. An identically composed trio had other names at Samothrace, according to Diodorus Siculus: Electra and her two sons and Eetion or Iasion. There was a fourth figure, Electra's daughter, whom Cadmus took away as a bride, as Zeus had abducted Europa; the wedding was the first celebrated on Earth to which the gods brought gifts, according to Diodorus and dined with Cadmus and his bride. Cadmus came in the course of his wanderings to Delphi, he was ordered to give up his quest and follow a special cow, with a half moon on her flank, which would meet him, to build a town on the spot where she should lie down exhausted. The cow was given to Cadmus by Pelagon, King of Phocis, it guided him to Boeotia, where he founded the city of Thebes. Intending to sacrifice the cow to Athena, Cadmus sent some of his companions and Seriphus to the nearby Ismenian spring for water, they were slain by the spring's guardian water-dragon, in turn destroyed by Cadmus, the duty of a culture hero of the new order.

He was instructed by Athena to sow the dragon's teeth in the ground, from which there sprang a race of fierce armed men, called the Spartoi. By throwing a stone among them, Cadmus caused them to fall upon one another until only five survived, who assisted him to build the Cadmeia or citadel of Thebes, became the founders of the noblest families of that city; the dragon had been sacred to Ares, so the god made Cadmus do penance for eight years by serving him. According to Theban tellings, it was at the expiration of this period that the gods gave him Harmonia as wife. At Thebes, Cadmus and Ha

Bonn UN Campus station

Bonn UN Campus station is a railway station in the town of Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The station lies on the West Rhine Railway, its name is derived from the UN Bonn. The station is located on the border between the districts Gronau and Kessenich on the Left Rhine line between Bonn Hauptbahnhof and Bonn-Bad Godesberg; the aim of the construction project was the better connection to the northern part of the federal district. It was implemented at Genscherallee, not far from the Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland and the Kunstmuseum Bonn; the name UN Campus refers to the center of the 19 United Nations organizations based in Bonn and is one of the city's biggest focal points of employment. However, the station will not only prove beneficial for visitors to UN organizations, but for commuters from other companies such as Deutsche Telekom and Deutsche Post

Rhodonia

Rhodonia is a fungal genus in the family Fomitopsidaceae. It is a monotypic genus. A brown rot species, R. placenta is found in China and North America, where it grows on decaying conifer wood. The genus was circumscribed by Finnish mycologist Tuomo Niemelä in 2005 to contain the single species Rhodonia placenta; this crust fungus has undergone several changes in generic placement since it was described as a species of Polyporus by Elias Magnus Fries in 1861. Although placed in Oligoporus or Postia, molecular analysis has revealed that this species is phylogenetically distant from those genera, appearing instead in a separate clade near Antrodia. Rhodonia placenta has acquired an extensive synonymy in its taxonomic history. In addition to having been transferred to several polypore genera, it is considered to be the same species as Poria incarnata described by Christian Hendrik Persoon in 1794, as well as Petter Karsten's Bjerkandera roseomaculata, Physisporus albolilacinus. Other taxonomic synonyms include William Alphonso Murrill's Poria monticola, Dow Baxter's Poria carnicolor, Lee Oras Overholts' Poria microspora.

Polyporus placenta Fr. Physisporus placenta P. Karst. Poria placenta Cooke Leptoporus placenta Pat. Ceriporiopsis placenta Domański Tyromyces placenta Ryvarden Oligoporus placenta Gilb. & Ryvarden Postia placenta M. J. Larsen & Lombard Poria incarnata Pers. Boletus incarnatus Pers. Polyporus incarnatus Fr. Physisporus incarnatus Gillet Caloporus incarnatus P. Karst. Caloporia incarnata P. Karst. Ceriporia incarnata Bondartsev Bjerkandera roseomaculata P. Karst. Polyporus roseomaculatus Sacc. Ceriporiopsis placenta f. roseomaculata Domański Physisporus albolilacinus P. Karst. Poria albolilacina Sacc. Poria monticola Murrill Poria placenta f. monticola Domański Poria carnicolor D. V. Baxter Poria microspora Overh. Ceriporiopsis placenta f. microspora Domański The Rhodonia fruit body is spread out on its substrate, poroid thick and soft, with a pale rose or white colouring. It has a monomitic hyphal system, the hyphae have clamp connections; these hyphae are thin-walled but become thick-walled in mature fruit bodies.

The spores are cylindric. Rhodonia placenta had its sequenced genome published in 2009, it has an "unusual repertoire" of extracellular glycoside hydrolases—secreted enzymes that break down the complex sugars found in lignocellulose