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In Gaelic mythology the Cailleach is a divine hag, a creator deity, a weather deity, an ancestor deity. In modern Scotish folklore studies she is known as Beira, Queen of Winter; the word means "old woman, hag", is found with this meaning in modern Irish and Scottish Gaelic, has been applied to numerous mythological figures in Ireland and the Isle of Man. Cailleach comes from the Old Gaelic Caillech, an adjectival form of caille, an early loan from Latin pallium, "woollen cloak"; the Cailleach is referred to as the Cailleach Bhéara (in Scottish Gaelic Cailleach Bheurra or A' Chailleach Bheurrach or variations thereof. Gearóid Ó Crualaoich attributes twin meanings to the name; the 8th/9th-century Irish poem The Lament of the Old Woman says that the Cailleach's name is Digdi or Digde. In The Hunt of Slieve Cuilinn she is called sister of Áine. In the tale of the Glas Gaibhnenn she is called Biróg. Elsewhere, she is called Bua. In Manx Gaelic she is known as the Caillagh; the plural of cailleach is cailleacha in Irish, cailleachan in Scottish Gaelic and caillaghyn in Manx.

The word is found as a component in terms like the Gaelic cailleach-dhubh and cailleach-oidhche, as well as the Irish cailleach feasa and cailleach phiseogach. Related words include the Gaelic caileag and the Irish cailín, the diminutive of caile "woman" and the Lowland Scots carline/carlin. A more obscure word, sometimes interpreted as "hag" is the Irish síle, which has led some to speculate on a connection between the Cailleach and the stonecarvings of Sheela na Gigs. In Scotland, where she is known as Beira, Queen of Winter, she is credited with making numerous mountains and large hills, which are said to have been formed when she was striding across the land and accidentally dropped rocks from her creel or wicker basket. In other cases she is said to have built the mountains intentionally, to serve as her stepping stones, she carries a hammer for shaping the hills and valleys, is said to be the mother of all the goddesses and gods. The Cailleach displays several traits befitting the personification of winter: she herds deer, she fights spring, her staff freezes the ground.

In partnership with the goddess Brìghde, the Cailleach is seen as a seasonal deity or spirit, ruling the winter months between Samhainn and Bealltainn, while Brìghde rules the summer months between Bealltainn and Samhainn. Some interpretations have the Cailleach and Brìghde as two faces of the same goddess, while others describe the Cailleach as turning to stone on Bealltainn and reverting to humanoid form on Samhainn in time to rule over the winter months. Depending on local climate, the transfer of power between the winter goddess and the summer goddess is celebrated any time between Là Fhèill Brìghde at the earliest, Latha na Cailliche, or Bealltainn at the latest, the local festivals marking the arrival of the first signs of spring may be named after either the Cailleach or Brìghde. Là Fhèill Brìghde is the day the Cailleach gathers her firewood for the rest of the winter. Legend has it that if she intends to make the winter last a good while longer, she will make sure the weather on 1 February is bright and sunny, so she can gather plenty of firewood to keep herself warm in the coming months.

As a result, people are relieved if Là Fhèill Brìghde is a day of foul weather, as it means the Cailleach is asleep, will soon run out of firewood, therefore winter is over. On the Isle of Man, where She is known as Caillagh ny Groamagh, the Cailleach is said to have been seen on St. Bride's day in the form of a gigantic bird, carrying sticks in her beak. In Scotland, the Cailleachan are known as The Storm Hags, seen as personifications of the elemental powers of nature in a destructive aspect, they are said to be active in raising the windstorms of spring, during the period known as A' Chailleach. On the west coast of Scotland, the Cailleach ushers in winter by washing her great plaid in the Gulf of Corryvreckan; this process is said to take three days, during which the roar of the coming tempest is heard as far away as twenty miles inland. When she is finished, her plaid is pure white and snow covers the land. In Scotland and Ireland, the first farmer to finish the grain harvest made a corn dolly, representing the Cailleach, from the last sheaf of the crop.

The figure would be tossed into the field of a neighbor who had not yet finished bringing in their grain. The last farmer to finish had the responsibility to take in and care for the corn dolly for the next year, with the implication they'd have to feed and house the hag all winter. Competition was fierce to avoid having to take in the Old Woman; some scholars believe the Old Irish poem, "The Lament of the Old Woman of Beara" is about the Cailleach.


Bamzooki is a British children's television game show, which featured a computer-generated toolkit developed by Gameware Development. The first series was presented by Jake Humphrey, it has occasionally featured specials with Sophie McDonnell. The toolkit allowed children to construct digital mobile creatures known as "Zooks", which compete in a variety of computer-generated games; the games took place on a table using augmented reality technology. Each series was composed in a tournament format; the original series lasted until 2006. In July 2008, it was announced. A new thirteen-part series began in November 2009 and was now hosted by Barney Harwood and Gemma Hunt; the show was retitled "Bamzooki: Street Rules" and featured a dramatic change in the appearance, a revamped toolkit with improved physics and graphics and a "Zook Doctor". However, no series of Bamzooki has been aired since. A Zook is an autonomous creature designed by contestants in the gameshow. Created using 3D primitives, Zooks move autonomously based on IK points that the designer assigns to them.

Using nature as inspiration, contestants design Zooks to compete against other Zooks in a variety of competitions. The tool kit for designing Zooks is offered for download on the show's website. More two new Zook-Kit features have been released that allow users to simulate the TV contests and replay their Zooks' performances from multiple angles. Gameware's Creature Labs team uses artificial life programming techniques to provide the Zooks' autonomous movement and behaviour and integrates this with the BBC's virtual studio system to enable real-time visualisations in a studio setting; the toolkit, the Bamzooki Zook Kit, enables users to build virtual creatures and test them in a real time physically simulated environment. Kids used this software to build Zooks which were submitted to the BBC. Teams were invited into the studio to enter their Zooks in various contests; the new series'Bamzooki: Street Rules' which aired in November 2009 features interactive contests, where the participants direct their Zooks by shouting instructions as well as contests set on the streets and rooftops.

36 teams were selected to take part in the championships, with 9 heats, a semi final, a final. The software was available from the BBC site along with the manual. Although designed to be easy enough to be used by kids, it is flexible and versatile. Zooks are built from the bottom-up with elementary component parts that the user shapes and sticks together. Users are not restricted to particular body designs or topologies, although the control system uses a standard Braitenberg architecture; the BBC's Virtual Studio technology was used to enable real time composition of the 3D rendered graphics with live camera feeds. Each studio camera has a dedicated render PC to render the virtual scene from that camera's perspective. To know what a studio camera's perspective is, each camera is fitted with a second'Free-D' camera which points towards the ceiling. On the ceiling are reflective, circular bar codes; the 3-D camera data is fed to a computer system that identifies the targets on the ceiling and calculates that camera's position and orientation, 50 times a second.

Series 4 adopted vinten tracking peds instead of FREE-D as an alternative approach. The contest runs in real time on a networked PC. All the clients receive contest scene information and render their scene from their studio camera's point of view. A bank of chromakey boxes composite the virtual and the live feed together to provide a real time composite; this video stream can be sent to the studio camera monitors so that camera operators can view the composite and hence follow the action in real time. There is a non-children's user-base establishing itself; the show itself has now been considered by the government as if it were an illegal combat sport, have been trying to shut down the underground organisation since. There are now four teams in each episode with one zook each, they take part in a street race at the beginning of each show, the winning team gets to pick an opponent in the next game. The two losing zooks take part in another challenge called pressure pusher with the zook that loses it being destroyed.

The final three do a time-trial challenge, again the losing zook is destroyed. The last two compete in a rooftop assault course; the winner of this goes through to the next stage, as do the three losers who were fastest in the street race. There are more house zooks too, a total of nine, These house zooks are called Mimi, The Beast, Derek, Centi and Punkalicious and Mean Green; the new series finished on 3 February 2010. A popular aim in Bamzooki is to get a Zook onto the galleries or leagues as they are the most viewed and downloaded Zooks. To get onto the leagues you have to make a maxed out Zook on a specific event, these events are sprint, block push, high jump and lap; every month the CBBC Bamzooki site releases a new gallery based on a topic like space Zooks or spooky Zooks, for every gallery there are 16 spaces and the Zook moderators choose the best loo

Charles-Edmond Duponchel

Charles-Edmond Duponchel was a French military officer accountant, in which capacity he served in Spain and Algeria. In addition, he studied architecture, he has been confused by writers with his contemporary Henri Duponchel, at one time director of the Paris Opera, who studied architecture and has erroneously been referred to under Charles-Edmond Duponchel's name. Charles-Edmond Duponchel was one of two sons of Marie-Joseph-Désirée Ravet and entomologist Philogène-Auguste Duponchel. In 1823 he entered the École des Beaux-Arts, where he studied with the architects Pierre-Théodore Bienaimé and Léon Vaudoyer, he joined the military in 1823 and served in the Spanish campaign that year. On 26 December 1855, in recognition of his long career in military service, he became a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Charles-Edmond Duponchel authored a number of works which have been misattributed to the former director of the Opera. For instance, in 1860 he wrote several documents under the name Edmond Duponchel which concerned the relocation of the Paris Opera.

In these he explained his reasoning and mentions that for practical advice he had gone to see "M. Duponchel, former director of the Opera and the man most competent at this juncture in matters concerning theatre construction, considering that he is at the same time a great administrator and a great artist", he prepared documents dealing with the Algerian question and proposals for barracks to accommodate troops, which have been misattributed to the director of the Opera. Charles-Edmond's brother Auguste was chief medical officer of the École Polytechnique, he edited and wrote an introduction for the 12-volume Nouvelle bibliothèque des voyages anciens et modernes contenant la relation complète ou analysée des voyages de Christophe Colomb, Fernand Cortez..., published in 1842. He died than a year after the death of their father. Notes SourcesDelaire, E.. 1793–1907: Les Architectes élèves de l'école des Beaux-Arts, second edition. Paris: Librairie de la Construction moderne. View at Google Books.

Dion-Tenenbaum, Anne. "Multiple Duponchel", in Revue de l'Art, vol 116, pp. 66–75. ISSN 0035-1326. Duponchel, Edmond. Déplacement de l'Opéra. Contre-projet par Edmond Duponchel, chevalier de la Légion d'honneur. Paris: Lévy fils. Notice bibliographique at BnF. Duponchel, Edmond. 100,000 hommes en Algérie, projet de colonisation militaire, solution économique et pratique de la question algérienne, par un vieil Africain. Paris: W. Remquet. Notice bibliographique at BnF. View at Gallica. "Duponchel, Philogène Auguste Joseph et son fils Auguste". L'École des hautes études sciences sociales. Retrieved 16 March 2012. Guest, Ivor. Fanny Cerrito: The Life of a Romantic Ballerina. London: Phoenix House. OCLC 4506387. Guest, editor. Letters from a Ballet-Master: The Correspondence of Arthur Saint-Léon. London: Dance Books. ISBN 9780903102582. Huebner, Steven. "Duponchel, Charles" in Sadie 1992, vol. 1, p. 1279. Kelly, Thomas Forrest. First Nights at the Opera. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300100440. Larousse, Pierre.

Grand dictionnaire universel du XIXe vol. 6. Paris. View at Internet Archive. Sadie, editor; the New Grove Dictionary of Opera. London: Macmillan. ISBN 9781561592289. Smith, William. Nouvelle bibliotheque des voyages anciens et modernes, contenant la relation complète ou analysee des voyages de Christophe Colomb, Fernand Cortez, Anson, Bougainville, Cook.... Paris: P. Duménil. OCLC 84584017. Notice bibliographique at BnF. Vapereau, G.. Dictionnaire universel des contemporains. Paris: Hachette. View at Internet Archive. "Duponchel, Charles-Edmond", Union List of Artist Names, Getty Research Institute


Babe, stylized "BaBe", was a Japanese pop duo, composed of Tomoko Kondo and Yukari Nikaido. They debuted in February 1987 with "Give Me Up", a cover of Michael Fortunati's original song. From February 1987 to February 1990 they had several hits including "I Don't Know", "Somebody Loves You", "Get a Chance!". Their highest single ranking on the Oricon charts was # 4 in 1987, they sang "Get A Chance!" as the end theme and post-credits music video in the third Project A-ko anime and the television adaptation of Hana no Asuka-gumi!. They sang an all English song, "Love in the First Degree", they disbanded in February 1990 because of Yukari's pregnancy. Tomoko Kondo was born on February 1968 in Tokyo, Japan. Yukari Nikaido was born on August 1967 in Tokyo, Japan. Bravo! - June 21, 1987 Nice! - December 5, 1987 Good! - January 5, 1988 Fight - June 21, 1988 Brand New - April 21, 1989 Contrast - February 22, 1990 The Best of BaBe - May 21, 1990 BaBe Best - March 20, 2002 "Give Me Up" - February 21, 1987 "I Don't Know!"

- May 2, 1987 "Somebody Loves You" - September 10, 1987 "Hold Me" - October 21, 1987 "Tonight" - January 21, 1988 "Get a Chance" - May 11, 1988 "Wake Up!" - August 31, 1988 "She Has a Dream" - March 1, 1989 BaBe Archives Encyclopedia Idollica Images

North Bay station

North Bay station is located in the city of North Bay, Canada. It was designed and laid out as an intermodal station, serving both passenger trains and intercity buses. Station amenities include an indoor waiting area, parcel shipping and receiving, ticket vending, Wi-Fi; the outdoor bus platform features seating. As well, the Northgate Shopping Centre is situated across the railway tracks from the station and is accessible via a pedestrian tunnel; the head office of the Ontario Northland Transportation Commission is located in the city, west of the railway station and south of the municipal bus terminal. Ontario Northland motor coach routes which stop at the terminal include: Schedule 100-200: Toronto – Barrie – BracebridgeHuntsville – North Bay Schedule 670-680: Hearst – Sault Ste. MarieSudbury – North Bay – Ottawa Schedule 695-697: Sudbury – Manitoulin Island – Sudbury – North Bay Schedule 700-800: North Bay – Matheson – Timmins – Cochrane – Hearst The station was once a major component of the Ontario Northland Railway, being served by the Northlander and Dream Catcher Express intercity passenger trains.

Both services were cancelled in 2012 and it is inactive as a passenger railway station. The most direct local transit connections are North Bay Transit's 5 Graniteville and 7 Birchhaven/Trout Lake bus routes. Additionally, North Bay Transit's 2 Marshall Park and 3 Ski Club/Pinewood bus routes serve the nearby Northgate Shopping Centre, which can be reached via an underground pedestrian tunnel from the station; the local transit hub in North Bay is the downtown Peter Reid Bus Terminal, located to the west of the station. It is aligned with a different rail corridor: the CPR line leading to Sudbury, it is, connected to the intercity station via bus. ONTC Terminal - North Bay Station

Alexandra Oquendo

Alexandra Oquendo is a Puerto Rican female volleyball player who represented her home country at the 2016 Summer Olympics. She was part of the Puerto Rico women's national volleyball team at the 2014 FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship in Italy, she participated at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. Oquendo played for Leonas de Ponce in 2015 and Lancheras de Cataño for the 2016 Puerto Rican league season; when her club moved to Aibonito, she stayed with this club Polluelas de Aibonito. Criollas de Caguas Leonas de Ponce Lancheras de Cataño Polluelas de Aibonito FIVB Profile Alexandra Oquendo at Olympics at