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Cairns Army Airfield

Cairns Army Airfield is a military airport forming a part of Fort Rucker, in Dale County, Alabama, USA and is owned by the United States Army. The airfield is south of the town of Daleville, which sits between the main post. In September 1942, 1,259 acres south of Daleville were acquired for the construction of an airfield to support the training camp, it was a training airfield as part of the United States Army Air Forces Third Air Force during World War II placed on inactive status with the war's end. Needing a location to shoot all takeoffs and landings for the 1949 film Twelve O'Clock High, including the spectacular B-17 Flying Fortress belly landing sequence early in the film, director Henry King selected Ozark since its dark runways more matched wartime bases in England as opposed to the light-colored runways at nearby Eglin Air Force Base, the primary shoot location. Since the field had been allowed to overgrow during its inactive status, it was an ideal location for the character Harvey Stovall to post-war reminisce about his World War II service before the crew mowed and dressed the field to start the rest of shooting.

Released by the U. S. Air Force as excess, the field was subsequently acquired by the U. S. Army as part of the Fort Rucker complex in 1952, it was known as Ozark Army Air Field until January 1959, when the name was changed to Cairns Army Air Field, named for U. S. Army Major General Bogardus Snowden "Bugs" Cairns, killed when his H-13 Sioux helicopter crashed minutes after take off in dense woods northwest of the Fort Rucker, Alabama headquarters on 9 December 1958, he was en route to Matteson Range to observe a firepower rehearsal in preparation for a full-scale armed helicopter display. He was Commandant of the Aviation School. Fort Rucker is the Home of Army Aviation, where the US Army's aviators as well as many international and civilian personnel begin their helicopter flight training. Cairns is the busiest airfield in the Army, training large numbers of Army aviators both day and night with an average annual traffic count of 240,000 movements. In addition, Cairns AAF hosts the 23d Flying Training Squadron, which trains United States Air Force pilots in the TH-1H.

Cairns AAF has two asphalt paved runways: 6/24 is 4,546 by 150 feet and 18/36 is 5,025 by 150 feet. In 2012 the controllers handled 245,000 aircraft movements without incident. In an average day tower operators handle 800 to 1,000 movements. What makes Cairns unique is the density in which it operates; the airfield may be launching 70 to 120 aircraft in the morning and afternoon, 50 or 60 at night for training. Alabama World War II Army Airfields Fort Rucker, located at 31°20′37″N 85°42′29″W Lowe Army Heliport, located at 31°21′21″N 085°45′04″W Hanchey Army Heliport, located at 31°20′46″N 085°39′16″W This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Fort Rucker, official site U. S. Army Aviation Technical Test Center, official site Cairns Army Airfield at GlobalSecurity.org Airfield photos for KOZR from Civil Air Patrol Aerial image as of 18 February 1997 from USGS The National Map FAA Airport Diagram, effective February 27, 2020 FAA Terminal Procedures for OZR, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this U.

S. military airport: FAA airport information for OZR AirNav airport information for KOZR ASN accident history for OZR NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart for KOZR

Miss World 1993

Miss World 1993, the 43rd edition of the Miss World pageant, was held on 27 November 1993 at the Sun City Entertainment Centre in Sun City, South Africa. The pageant attracted 81 contestants from all over the world; this is the second consecutive staging of the pageant in Sun City. The winner was Lisa Hanna of Jamaica, she was crowned by Julia Kourotchkina of Russia. Eric Morley Frederick Forsyth Grace Jones Vanessa Williams Louis Gossett Jr. Christie Brinkley Jackie Chan Russia – Anna Baychik - Unable to compete internationally due underage

Chang Jin

Chang Jin is a Chinese astronomer and the current director of Purple Mountain Observatory. Chang was born in Taixing, Jiangsu in July 1966, he graduated from the University of Technology of China. In August 1992 he joined the Purple Mountain Observatory, where he was promoted to associate research fellow in August 1999 and to research fellow in March 2002, he joined the Communist Party of China in April 1995. He served as deputy director of the Purple Mountain Observatory from February 2014 to February 2019. In February 2019 he was appointed director of the Purple Mountain Observatory, he is the chief scientist of China's Dark Matter Particle Explorer. 8 November 2018 Science and Technology Award of the Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation 22 November 2019 Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences