Calascio

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Calascio
Comune
Comune di Calascio
Calascio e la Rocca.jpg
Coat of arms of Calascio
Coat of arms
Calascio is located in Italy
Calascio
Calascio
Location of Calascio in Italy
Coordinates: 42°19′39″N 13°41′53″E / 42.32750°N 13.69806°E / 42.32750; 13.69806
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province / Metropolitan city L'Aquila (AQ)
Frazioni Rocca Calascio
Government
 • Mayor Gianpaolo Gentile
Area
 • Total 39.47 km2 (15.24 sq mi)
Elevation 1,210 m (3,970 ft)
Population (31 December 2013)
 • Total 136
 • Density 3.4/km2 (8.9/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Calascini
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 67020
Dialing code 0862
Patron saint St. Nicholas
Saint day 9 May

Calascio is a comune and village in the province of L'Aquila, in the Abruzzo region of central Italy. It is located in the Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park.

History[edit]

Rocca Calascio

The existence of the village, of Norman origin, is already testified from 816 in a document of Ludwig I as a possession of the "Volturnensi" monks. Later, around the year 1000, it was founded the fortress on the mountain above, originally a simple watchtower; in four the fortress grew in importance and size: moved from Barony of Carapelle (14th century), the Piccolomini family (15th century) and then to the Medici family (16th century), was placed under control of the chiefs of sheep involved in transhumance on the director of the Royal sheep track to Foggia. The structure of the castle was modified and expanded to its slopes and formed a small village, which is also perched.

So for a long period of time there was the coexistence of two villages, Calascio and Rocca Calascio, a different strategic functions being the first place on the mountainsides on the road that leads to Santo Stefano di Sessanio and Aquila, and the second in a dominant position on the whole of Navelli plateau and close to the Campo Imperatore pastures; in 1703 it was devastated by a violent earthquake after which the fortress, heavily damaged, was almost completely abandoned and much of the population moved to the underlying Calascio that from now developed more than the fortress.

Points of interest[edit]