Clinton County, Missouri
Clinton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the county had a population of 20,743, the county was organized January 2,1833 and named for Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York. The county seat of Plattsburg derives it name from a town of a name that is the county seat of Clinton County, New York. Clinton County is part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 423 square miles, of which 419 square miles is land and 4.5 square miles is water. The population density was 45 people per square mile, there were 7,877 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96. 58% White,1. 52% Black or African American,0. 34% Native American,0. 17% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,0. 27% from other races, and 1. 12% from two or more races. Approximately 1. 08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,22. 00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10. 50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.59 and the family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was out with 26. 80% under the age of 18,7. 40% from 18 to 24,28. 20% from 25 to 44,23. 50% from 45 to 64. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males, the median income for a household in the county was $41,629, and the median income for a family was $48,244. Males had an income of $36,307 versus $22,991 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,056, about 7. 30% of families and 9. 30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11. 30% of those under age 18 and 12. 70% of those age 65 or over. Democrats hold all but three of the positions in the county. Clinton County is divided into two districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans. Consists of most of the county and includes the communities of Cameron, Holt, Osborne, Trimble. Consists of a part of the county.
All of Clinton County is a part of Missouri’s 12th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Brad Lager
Daviess County, Missouri
Daviess County is a county located in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,433, the county was organized December 29,1836, from Ray County and named for Major Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, a soldier from Kentucky who was killed in 1811 at the Battle of Tippecanoe. The county includes the town of Jamesport, which has the largest Amish community in Missouri, according to LDS tradition, the site is to be a gathering spot prior to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. Joseph Smiths revelation came in 1838, two years after the county was organized, and spurred in an influx of Mormon settlers, non-Mormon residents feared they were going to lose control of the county and attempted to prevent Mormons from voting in the Gallatin election day battle. This was to be the first skirmish in the Mormon War, in which Missouri evicted the Mormons after arresting Joseph Smith, Daviess County played a major role in the history of the outlaw James-Younger Gang. The first confirmed bank robbery involving Jesse James occurred on December 7,1869 at the Daviess County Savings Association in Gallatin.
On July 15,1881, the gang was believed to have responsible for the robbery of the Rock Island Line at Winston in which a conductor. After Jesse James was murdered in St. Joseph, Frank James surrendered in 1882 to face Daviess County charges in connection with the train robbery/murder as well as charges in the 1869 robbery. Frank James was tried from August 20-September 6,1883, interest was so intense that the trial was moved to the Gallatin Opera House to accommodate the crowds. James was found not guilty of involvement in both crimes, charges were made that the jury was filled with Southern sympathizers who refused to convict one of their own. The Daviess County Savings Association and the Gallatin Opera House have since been torn down although the Winston Rock Island Line train station still stands and is used by the historical society, Daviess County has one of only three Rotary Jails still in existence. Also known as the Squirrel Cage Jail, it is now a museum and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 569 square miles. The population density was 15 people per square mile, there were 4,199 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98. 02% White,0. 27% Black or African American,0. 38% Native American,0. 06% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,0. 08% from other races, and 1. 16% from two or more races. Approximately 1. 03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,24. 64% of all households were made up of individuals and 10. 89% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was out with 26. 70% under the age of 18,7. 02% from 18 to 24,21. 81% from 25 to 44,27. 38% from 45 to 64
Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve, according to the creation myth of the Abrahamic religions, were the first man and woman and the ancestors of all humans. It provides the basis for the belief that humanity is in essence a single family, with everyone descended from a single pair of original ancestors. It provides much of the basis for the doctrines of the fall of man and original sin that are important beliefs in Christianity. In the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible, chapters one through five, in the first and Eve are not mentioned. Instead, God created humankind in Gods image and instructed them to multiply, in the second narrative, God fashions Adam from dust and places him in the Garden of Eden. Adam is told that he can till the ground and eat freely of all the trees in the garden, except for a tree of the knowledge of good, Eve is created from one of Adams ribs to be Adams companion. They are innocent and unashamed about their nakedness, however, a serpent deceives Eve into eating fruit from the forbidden tree, and she gives some of the fruit to Adam.
These acts give them additional knowledge, but it gives them the ability to conjure negative and destructive concepts such as shame, God curses the serpent and the ground. God prophetically tells the woman and the man what will be the consequences of their sin of disobeying God, he banishes them from the Garden of Eden. The story underwent extensive elaboration in Abrahamic traditions, and it has been analyzed by modern biblical scholars. The story of Adam and Eve is often depicted in art, the story of the fall of Adam is often understood to be an allegory. There is no evidence that Adam and Eve ever literally existed. In the Book of Genesis, the Genesis creation narrative tells of the creation of the first humans, humankind, in Genesis 1, scholars recognize two separate accounts of the creation in the Old Testament. In the Priestly narrative, God creates the world in six days, culminating in the creation of humanity, here, in the Priestly narrative, the emphasis is on the entirety of the universe and its creation.
Here, in the Jahwist narrative, the emphasis is on the Earth within the universe, and humankinds residence on the Earth. Contrast, for example, the order of terms in Genesis 1,1 where it says that God made the heavens and the Earth with Genesis 2,4 where it says God made the Earth and the heavens. In the Jahwist version of the story, God places the man in a garden in Eden where he is permitted to till the land and tend the garden and animals, Genesis 2, 8–15. But none of the animals are found to be a companion for the man, so God causes the man to sleep
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Kansas /ˈkænzəs/ is a U. S. state located in the Midwestern United States. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita, Kansas is named after the Kansa Native American tribe, which inhabited the area. The tribes name is said to mean people of the wind or people of the south wind. For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous, tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison. When it was opened to settlement by the U. S. Thus, the area was a hotbed of violence and chaos in its early days as these forces collided. The abolitionists eventually prevailed, and on January 29,1861, after the Civil War, the population of Kansas grew rapidly when waves of immigrants turned the prairie into farmland. By 2015, Kansas was one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn and soybeans. Kansas, which has an area of 82,278 square miles is the 15th largest state by area and is the 34th most populous of the 50 United States with a population of 2,911,641, residents of Kansas are called Kansans, officially.
Mount Sunflower is Kansass highest point at 4,041 feet, for a millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. The first European to set foot in present-day Kansas was Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, in 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Southwest Kansas, was still a part of Spain, from 1812 to 1821, Kansas was part of the Missouri Territory. The Santa Fe Trail traversed Kansas from 1821 to 1880, transporting manufactured goods from Missouri and silver and furs from Santa Fe, wagon ruts from the trail are still visible in the prairie today. In 1827, Fort Leavenworth became the first permanent settlement of white Americans in the future state, the Kansas–Nebraska Act became law on May 30,1854, establishing the U. S. territories of Nebraska and Kansas, and opening the area to broader settlement by whites. Kansas Territory stretched all the way to the Continental Divide and included the sites of present-day Denver, Colorado Springs and Arkansas sent settlers into Kansas all along its eastern border.
These settlers attempted to sway votes in favor of slavery, the secondary settlement of Americans in Kansas Territory were abolitionists from Massachusetts and other Free-Staters, who attempted to stop the spread of slavery from neighboring Missouri. Directly presaging the American Civil War, these forces collided, entering into skirmishes that earned the territory the name of Bleeding Kansas, Kansas was admitted to the United States as a free state on January 29,1861, making it the 34th state to enter the Union. He was roundly condemned by both the conventional Confederate military and the partisan rangers commissioned by the Missouri legislature and his application to that body for a commission was flatly rejected due to his pre-war criminal record
Black Hawk War
The Black Hawk War was a brief 1832 conflict between the United States and Native Americans led by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader. Black Hawks motives were ambiguous, but he was hoping to avoid bloodshed while resettling on tribal land that had been ceded to the United States in the disputed 1804 Treaty of St. Louis. US officials, convinced that the British Band was hostile, mobilized a frontier militia, Black Hawk responded by successfully attacking the militia at the Battle of Stillmans Run. He led his band to a location in what is now southern Wisconsin and was pursued by US forces. Meanwhile, other Native Americans conducted raids against forts and settlements largely unprotected with the absence of US troops, some Ho-Chunk and Potawatomi warriors with grievances against European-Americans took part in these raids, although most tribe members tried to avoid the conflict. The Menominee and Dakota tribes, already at odds with the Sauks and Meskwakis, commanded by General Henry Atkinson, the US troops tracked the British Band.
Militia under Colonel Henry Dodge caught up with the British Band on July 21, Black Hawks band was weakened by hunger and desertion and many native survivors retreated towards the Mississippi. On August 2, US soldiers attacked the remnants of the British Band at the Battle of Bad Axe, Black Hawk and other leaders escaped, but surrendered and were imprisoned for a year. The Black Hawk War gave the young captain Abraham Lincoln his brief military service, other participants who became famous included Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, and Jefferson Davis. The war gave impetus to the US policy of Indian removal, in which Native American tribes were pressured to sell their lands and move west of the Mississippi River and stay there. In the 18th century, the Sauk and Meskwaki Native American tribes lived along the Mississippi River in what is now the U. S. states of Illinois, by the time of the Black Hawk War, the population of the two tribes was about 6,000 people. As the United States expanded westward in the early 19th century, the treaty became controversial because the Native leaders had not been authorized by their tribal councils to cede lands.
Historian Robert Owens argued that the chiefs probably did not intend to give up ownership of the land, and that they would not have sold so much valuable territory for such a modest price. Historian Patrick Jung concluded that the Sauk and Meskwaki chiefs intended to cede a little land, according to Jung, the Sauks and Meskwakis did not learn the true extent of the cession until years later. The 1804 treaty allowed the tribes to continue using the land until it was sold to American settlers by the U. S. government. For the next two decades, Sauks continued to live at Saukenuk, their village, which was located near the confluence of the Mississippi. In 1828, the U. S. government finally began to have the land surveyed for white settlement. Indian agent Thomas Forsyth informed the Sauks that they should vacate Saukenuk, the Sauks were divided about whether to resist implementation of the disputed 1804 treaty
Jackson County, Missouri
Jackson County is a county located in the western portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 674,158, making it the second-most populous county in the state. Although Independence retains its status as the county seat, Kansas City serves as a second county seat. The county was organized December 15,1826 and named for President Andrew Jackson, Jackson County is the central county of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area. Jackson County was home to members of the Osage Native American tribe, the first known European explorers were French trappers who used the Missouri River as a highway for explorations and trading with Native American tribes. Jackson County was a part of New France, until the British victory in the French and Indian War in 1763 resulted in the cession of territory to Great Britains ally. Spain was forced by the Third Treaty of San Ildefonso in 1800 to return its Louisiana Territory to France, explorers Merriwether Lewis and William Clark passed through Jackson County on their famous Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804.
Among other items, their report indicated a high, commanding position along the river within the current boundaries of Jackson County that in 1808 became Fort Osage. This stockade and trading post was one of the first U. S. military installations within the Louisiana purchase territory, in 1821, Jackson County became part of the newly admitted state of Missouri. Jackson County was organized on December 15,1826 and named for Andrew Jackson and its county seat was designated as Independence, which was at the time only a minuscule settlement near a spring. With the American Civil War and the coming of the railroads, nearby Kansas City ultimately eclipsed Independence, in 1838, a small piece of land was bought along the Missouri River in northern Jackson County by the Town Company, which established Westport Landing. The area outside of Westport Landing was renamed the Town of Kansas, after the local Kanza Native Americans, the town was chartered by Jackson County in 1850 and incorporated by the State of Missouri as the City of Kansas in 1853.
In 1889, with a population of around 60,000, in 1897, Kansas City annexed Westport. Jackson County figures prominently in the history of the Latter Day Saint movement, traveling to the area in the Summer of 1831, Smith and some associates formally proclaimed Jackson County as the site, in a ceremony in August 1831. Joseph Smith was told that the members of the Church should buy as much land as possible west from Independence up to the line that designated the land of the Native Americans. Learning that Jackson County Missouri was Zion meant much to Joseph Smith, according to Mormon belief, Zion is a place where the pure in heart live. After receiving this revelation, Joseph began making arrangements to build up a city, on August 2,1831, he helped lay the logs for the first house built in Zion. The first log was carried and placed by twelve men to represent the tribes of Israel
Ray County, Missouri
Ray County is a county located in the northwestern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,494, the county was organized November 16,1820 and named for John Ray, a Missouri state legislator and member of the first state Constitutional Convention. Ray County is part of the Kansas City, MO-KS Metropolitan Statistical Area, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 574 square miles, of which 569 square miles is land and 5.4 square miles is water. There were 9,371 housing units at a density of 6/km². The racial makeup of the county was 96. 50% White,1. 46% Black or African American,0. 36% Native American,0. 19% Asian,0. 36% from other races, and 1. 13% from two or more races. Approximately 1. 08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,29. 6% were of American,23. 3% German,11. 5% English and 10. 3% Irish ancestry. 22. 10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county, the population was out with 27. 50% under the age of 18,7. 40% from 18 to 24,28. 30% from 25 to 44,23. 90% from 45 to 64. The median age was 37 years, for every 100 females there were 100.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males, the median income for a household in the county was $41,886, and the median income for a family was $49,192. Males had an income of $36,815 versus $21,684 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,685, about 5. 30% of families and 6. 80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8. 00% of those under age 18 and 7. 80% of those age 65 or over. Republicans making major gains in the past 4 election cycles, going from no representation before 2011 to now holding half of the county offices, most of Ray County is a part of Missouri’s 39th District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is currently represented by Joe Don McGaugh. All of Ray County is a part of Missouri’s 21st District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Bill Stouffer.
All of Ray County is included in Missouri’s 5th Congressional District, prior to redistricting following the 2010 United States Census, all of Ray County was located in Missouris 4th Congressional District. Donald Trump received more votes, a total of 1,565, than any candidate from either party in Ray County during the 2016 presidential primary
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is a Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ. The church is headquartered in Salt Lake City and has established congregations, according to the church, it has over 70,000 missionaries and a membership of over 15 million. It is ranked by the National Council of Churches as the fourth-largest Christian denomination in the United States and it is the largest denomination in the Latter Day Saint movement founded by Joseph Smith during the period of religious revival known as the Second Great Awakening. Adherents, often referred to as Latter-day Saints, or, less formally, view faith in Jesus Christ and his atonement as fundamental principles of their religion. The church has a canon which includes four scriptural texts, the Bible, the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants. The current president is Thomas S. Monson, individual members of the church believe that they can receive personal revelation from God in conducting their lives.
The president heads a hierarchical structure with various levels reaching down to local congregations, drawn from the laity, lead local congregations. Male members, after reaching age 12, may be ordained to the priesthood, Women do not hold positions within the priesthood, but do occupy leadership roles in some church auxiliary organizations. Both men and women may serve as missionaries, and the church maintains a large missionary program which proselytizes, faithful members adhere to church laws of sexual purity, health and Sabbath observance, and contribute ten percent of their income to the church in tithing. The LDS Church was formally organized by Joseph Smith on April 6,1830, Smith intended to establish the New Jerusalem in North America, called Zion. In 1831, the moved to Kirtland and began establishing an outpost in Jackson County, Missouri. However, in 1833, Missouri settlers brutally expelled the Latter Day Saints from Jackson County, the Kirtland era ended in 1838, after a financial scandal rocked the church and caused widespread defections.
Smith regrouped with the church in Far West, Missouri. Believing the Saints to be in insurrection, the Missouri governor ordered that the Saints be exterminated or driven from the State, in 1839, the Saints converted a swampland on the banks of the Mississippi River into Nauvoo, which became the churchs new headquarters. Nauvoo grew rapidly as missionaries sent to Europe and elsewhere gained new converts who flooded into Nauvoo, Smith introduced polygamy to his closest associates. He established ceremonies, which he stated the Lord had revealed to him, to allow people to become gods in the afterlife. He introduced the church to an accounting of his First Vision. This vision would come to be regarded by the LDS Church as the most important event in history since the resurrection of Jesus
Brigham Young was an American leader in the Latter Day Saint movement and a settler of the Western United States. He was the second President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death in 1877 and he founded Salt Lake City and he served as the first governor of the Utah Territory. Young led the foundings of the precursors to the University of Utah, Young was dubbed by his followers the Lion of the Lord for his bold personality and was commonly called Brother Brigham by Latter-day Saints. Young was a polygamist and was involved in controversies regarding black people and the Priesthood, the Utah War, and the Mountain Meadows massacre. Young was born to John Young and Abigail Nabby Howe, a family in Whitingham, Vermont. Young was first married in 1824 to Miriam Angeline Works, though he had converted to the Methodist faith in 1823, Young was drawn to Mormonism after reading the Book of Mormon shortly after its publication in 1830. He officially joined the new church in 1832 and traveled to Upper Canada as a missionary, after his wife died in 1832, Young joined many Mormons in establishing a community in Kirtland, Ohio.
In 1844, while in jail awaiting trial for treason charges, Joseph Smith, several claimants to the role of church president emerged during the succession crisis that ensued. Young opposed this reasoning and motion, the majority in attendance were persuaded that the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was to lead the church with Young as the Quorums president. Many of Youngs followers would reminisce that while Young spoke to the congregation, he looked or sounded exactly like Smith, Young was ordained President of the Church in December 1847, three and a half years after Smiths death. Rigdon became the president of a church organization based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Repeated conflict led Young to relocate his group of Latter-day Saints to the Salt Lake Valley, Young organized the journey that would take the Mormon pioneers to Winter Quarters, Nebraska, in 1846, to the Salt Lake Valley. By the time Young arrived at the destination, it had come under American control as a result of war with Mexico.
Young arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on July 24,1847, Youngs expedition was one of the largest and one of the best organized westward treks. On August 22,29 days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, after three years of leading the church as the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, Young reorganized a new First Presidency and was declared president of the church on December 27,1847. As colonizer and founder of Salt Lake City, Young was appointed the territorys first governor, during his time as prophet, Young directed the establishment of settlements throughout present-day Utah, Arizona, Nevada and parts of southern Colorado and northern Mexico. Young was one of the first to subscribe to Union Pacific stock, Young organized the first legislature and established Fillmore as the territorys first capital. Young organized a Board of Regents to establish a university in the Salt Lake Valley and it was established on February 28,1850, as the University of Deseret, its name was eventually changed to the University of Utah
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States, achieving statehood in 1821. With over six million residents, it is the eighteenth most populous state, the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia. The capitol is in Jefferson City on the Missouri River, the state is the twenty-first most extensive by area and is geographically diverse. The Northern Plains were once covered by glaciers, tallgrass prairie, in the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation. The Mississippi River forms the border of the state, eventually flowing into the swampy Missouri Bootheel. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years, the Mississippian culture built cities and mounds, before declining in the 1300s. When European explorers arrived in the 1600s they encountered the Osage, the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, and founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764, after a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory, many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland, Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch. The Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, as a border state, Missouris role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business, the state is divided into 114 counties and the independent city of St. Louis. Missouris culture blends elements from the Midwestern and Southern United States, the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, and St. Louis Blues, developed in Missouri. The well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, and lesser known St. Louis-style barbecue can be found across the state, St.
Louis is a major center of beer brewing, Anheuser-Busch is the largest producer in the world. Missouri wine is produced in the nearby Missouri Rhineland and Ozarks, Missouris alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the large cities popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, U. S. President Harry S. Truman is from Missouri. Other well known Missourians include Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, some of the largest companies based in the state include Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, and OReilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the Mother of the West and the Cave State, Missouris most famous nickname is the Show Me State, the state is named for the Missouri River, which was named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe