Willard Mitt Romney is an American politician and businessman serving as the junior United States senator from Utah since January 2019. He served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election. Raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, by his parents and Lenore Romney, he spent two-and-a-half years in France as a Mormon missionary starting in 1966, he married Ann Davies in 1969, they have five sons. By 1971, he had participated in the political campaigns of both parents. Romney earned a Bachelor of Arts in English from Brigham Young University in 1971 and a joint JD–MBA from Harvard University in 1975. Romney became a management consultant and in 1977 secured a position at Company. Serving as Bain's chief executive officer, he helped lead the company out of a financial crisis. In 1984, he co-founded and led the spin-off company Bain Capital, a profitable private equity investment firm that became one of the largest of its kind in the nation.
Active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints throughout his adult life, Romney served as bishop of his ward and as a stake president near Boston. After stepping down from Bain Capital and his local leadership role in the LDS Church, Romney ran as the Republican candidate in the 1994 United States Senate election in Massachusetts. After losing to longtime incumbent Ted Kennedy, he resumed his position at Bain Capital. Years a successful stint as President and CEO of the then-struggling Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the 2002 Winter Olympics led to a re-launch of his political career. Elected Governor of Massachusetts in 2002, Romney helped develop and signed a health care reform law that provided near-universal health insurance access through state-level subsidies and individual mandates to purchase insurance, he presided over the elimination of a projected $1.2–1.5 billion deficit through a combination of spending cuts, increased fees and closing corporate tax loopholes. He did not seek re-election in 2006, instead focusing on his campaign for the Republican nomination in the 2008 U.
S. presidential election. Though he won several primaries and caucuses, Senator John McCain was chosen as the Republican Party's nominee. Romney's considerable net worth, estimated in 2012 at $190–250 million, helped finance his political campaigns prior to 2012. Romney won the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, becoming the first LDS Church member to be a presidential nominee of a major party, he was defeated by incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama in the 2012 presidential election, losing the Electoral College by a margin of 206–332 and the popular vote by a margin of 47%–51%. After re-establishing residency in Utah, Romney announced his campaign for the U. S. Senate seat held by the retiring Orrin Hatch in the 2018 election. In doing so, he became only the third individual to be elected governor of one state and U. S. senator for another state. Romney was sworn in on January 3, 2019. Willard Mitt Romney was born on March 12, 1947, at Harper University Hospital in Detroit, one of four children born to automobile executive George W. Romney and homemaker Lenore Romney.
His mother was a native of Logan and his father was born to American parents in a Mormon colony in Chihuahua, Mexico. Of English descent, he has Scottish and German ancestry. A fifth-generation member of the LDS Church, he is a great-grandson of Miles Park Romney and a great-great-grandson of Miles Romney, who converted to the faith in its first decade. Another great-great-grandfather, Parley P. Pratt, helped lead the early church. Romney has three older siblings, Margo and Scott. Mitt was the youngest by nearly six years, his parents named him after a family friend, businessman J. Willard Marriott, his father's cousin, Milton "Mitt" Romney, a former quarterback for the Chicago Bears. Romney was referred to as "Billy" until kindergarten, when he expressed a preference for "Mitt". In 1953, the family moved from Detroit to the affluent suburb of Bloomfield Hills and his father became the chairman and CEO of American Motors the following year and helped the company avoid bankruptcy and return to profitability.
By 1959, his father had become a nationally known figure in print and on television, Mitt idolized him. Romney attended public elementary schools until the seventh grade, when he enrolled as one of only a few Mormon students at Cranbrook School, a private upscale boys' preparatory school a few miles from his home. Many students there came from backgrounds more privileged than his. Not athletic, he did not distinguish himself academically, he did participate in his father's successful 1962 Michigan gubernatorial campaign, worked as an intern in the Governor's office. Romney took up residence at Cranbrook when his newly elected father began spending most of his time at the state capitol. At Cranbrook, Romney helped manage the ice hockey team, he joined the pep squad. During his senior year, he joined the cross country running team, he belonged to eleven school organizations and school clubs overall, including the Blue Key Club, a booster group that he had started. During his final year there, his academic record fell short of excellence.
Romney was involved in several pranks while attending Cranbrook. He has since apologized for those. In March of his senior year, he began dating Ann Davies.
Oceanside is a coastal city located on California's South Coast. It is the third-largest city in California; the city had a population of 167,086 at the 2010 census. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. Oceanside is located just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. Inhabited by Native Americans, the first European explorers arrived in 1769. Spanish missionaries under Father Junipero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River. In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside; the area—like all of California—was under Spanish rule in 1821 under Mexican rule, the U. S. in 1848. In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County. A native of LaSalle County, Illinois, he lived in San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land, the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government.
It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead; the town post office contains Air Mail, painted in 1937 by Elsie Seeds. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. In the 20th century, Oceanside was a beach town devoted to activities on a 6-mile stretch of beaches. Residential areas like downtown, South Oceanside, developments east of Interstate 5 are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value. Since the establishment of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in 1942, Oceanside has been home to U. S. armed forces personnel, the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city. In 1970, the Census Bureau reported city's population as 91.0 % 5.1 % black and 1.7 % Asian. After 1970, the main focus of Oceanside was suburban development and a choice for newcomers to move into relatively affordable housing.
Oceanside continues to be known for the appreciation as a vacation home market. Oceanside is at 33°12′42″N 117°19′33″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.2 square miles, of which 41.2 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles is water. Traveling north on Interstate 5, Oceanside is the last city before Orange County; as the crow flies, it is the same distance from Aliso Viejo as it is to downtown San Diego. Oceanside experiences a semi-arid climate, tempered by maritime winds and the cool currents off the shoreline; the average high temperatures range from 64 °F to 77 °F, while the average low temperatures range from 45 °F to 64 °F. The 2010 United States Census reported that Oceanside had a population of 167,086; the population density was 3,961.8 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Oceanside was 109,020 White, 7,873 African American, 1,385 Native American, 11,081 Asian, 2,144 Pacific Islander, 25,886 from other races, 9,697 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59,947 persons. The Census reported that 166,150 people lived in households, 802 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 134 were institutionalized. There were 59,238 households, out of which 20,486 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 30,201 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,947 had a female householder with no husband present, 3,111 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,504 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 472 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 14,117 households were made up of individuals and 6,161 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 40,259 families; the population was spread out with 39,817 people under the age of 18, 19,028 people aged 18 to 24, 45,797 people aged 25 to 44, 40,943 people aged 45 to 64, 21,501 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males. There were 64,435 housing units at an average density of 1,527.8 per square mile, of which 34,986 were owner-occupied, 24,252 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%. 97,645 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 68,505 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 161,029 people, 56,488 households, 39,259 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 1,467.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 66.4% White, 6.3% African American, 5.5% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Native American or Alaskan Native, 0.1% from another race alone, 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 30.2%. In 2000, there were 56,488 households out of which 35.0%
San Diego County, California
San Diego County the County of San Diego, is a county in the southwestern corner of the state of California, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,095,313. Making it California's second-most populous county and the fifth-most populous in the United States, its county seat is the eighth-most populous city in the United States. It is the southwesternmost county in the 48 contiguous United States. San Diego County comprises the San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 17th most populous metropolitan statistical area and the 18th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. San Diego is part of the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area shared between the United States and Mexico. Greater San Diego ranks as the 38th largest metropolitan area in the Americas. San Diego County has more than 70 miles of coastline; this forms the most densely populated region of the county, which has a mild Mediterranean to semiarid climate and extensive chaparral vegetation, similar to the rest of the western portion of southern California.
Precipitation and temperature extremes increase to the east, with mountains that receive frost and snow in the winter. These lushly forested mountains receive more rainfall than average in southern California, while the desert region of the county lies in a rain shadow to the east, which extends into the Desert Southwest region of North America. There are 16 naval and military installations of the U. S. Navy, U. S. Marine Corps, the U. S. Coast Guard in San Diego County; these include the Naval Base San Diego, Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, Naval Air Station North Island. From north to south, San Diego County extends from the southern borders of Orange and Riverside Counties to the Mexico-U. S. Border and Baja California. From west to east, San Diego County stretches from the Pacific Ocean to its boundary with Imperial County; the area, now San Diego County has been inhabited for more than 12,000 years by Kumeyaay, Luiseño, Cupeño and Cahuilla Indians and their local predecessors.
In 1542, the explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, who may have been born in Portugal but sailed on behalf of Spain, claimed San Diego Bay for the Spanish Empire, he named the site San Miguel. In November 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more known as San Diego. European settlement in what is now San Diego County began with the founding of the San Diego Presidio and Mission San Diego de Alcalá by Spanish soldiers and clerics in 1769; this county was part of Alta California under the Viceroyalty of New Spain until the Mexican declaration of independence. From 1821 through 1848 this area was part of Mexico. San Diego County became part of the United States as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, ending the Mexican–American War; this treaty designated the new border as terminating at a point on the Pacific Ocean coast which would result in the border passing one Spanish league south of the southernmost portion of San Diego Bay, thus ensuring that the United States received all of this natural harbor.
San Diego County was one of the original counties of California, created at the time of California statehood in 1850. At the time of its establishment in 1850, San Diego County was large, included all of southernmost California south and east of Los Angeles County, it included areas of what are now Inyo and San Bernardino Counties, as well as all of what are now Riverside and Imperial Counties. During the part of the 19th century, there were numerous changes in the boundaries of San Diego County, when various areas were separated to make up the counties mentioned above; the most recent changes were the establishments of Riverside County in 1893 and Imperial County in 1907. Imperial County was the last county to be established in California, after this division, San Diego no longer extended from the Pacific Ocean to the Colorado River, it no longer covered the entire border between California and Mexico. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,526 square miles, of which 4,207 square miles is land and 319 square miles is water.
The county is larger in area than the combined states of Rhode Delaware. San Diego County has a varied topography. On its western side is more than 70 miles of coastline. Most of San Diego between the coast and the Laguna Mountains consists of hills and small canyons. Snow-capped mountains rise with the Sonoran Desert farther to the east. Cleveland National Forest is spread across the central portion of the county, while the Anza-Borrego Desert State Park occupies most of the northeast. Although the county's western third is urban, the mountains and deserts in the eastern two-thirds are undeveloped backcountry. Most of these backcountry areas are home to a native plant community known as chaparral. San Diego County contains more than a million acres of chaparral, twice as much as any other California county. North San Diego County is known as North County; the eastern suburbs are collectively known as East County, though most still lie in the western third of the county. The southern suburbs and southern detached portion of the city of San Diego, extending to the Mexican border, are collectively referred to as South Bay.
Periodically the area has been subject to wildfires th
2010 California gubernatorial election
The 2010 California gubernatorial election was held November 2, 2010 to elect the Governor of California. The primary elections were held on June 8, 2010; because constitutional office holders in California have been prohibited from serving more than two terms in the same office since 1990, incumbent Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger was ineligible to run for re-election for a third term. Former Governor Jerry Brown, to whom the term limits did not apply due to a grandfather clause, defeated Meg Whitman in the general election. Brown was sworn into office on January 3, 2011. Bill Chambers, railroad switchman Douglas Hughes, retired business owner Ken Miller, former broadcast manager Steven Mozena Lawrence Naritelli and controller Robert Newman and farmer Steve Poizner and then-California Insurance Commissioner David Tully-Smith, primary care physician Meg Whitman, former CEO of eBay Richard Aguirre, businessman Jerry Brown, incumbent California Attorney General and former Governor of California Lowell Darling, independent artist Vibert Greene, mechanical engineer and CEO Charles Pineda, parole board judge Peter Schurman, non-profit organization consultant who dropped out of the race Nadia Smalley Joe Symmon, president of a non-profit organization Dianne Feinstein, U.
S. Senator Gavin Newsom, Mayor of San Francisco Chelene Nightingale, business owner Markham Robinson, owner of a software firm S. Deacon Alexander, student Laura Wells, financial systems consultant Jordan Llamas, Doctor of Psychology and Political Science Dale Ogden, business consultant and actuary Stewart Alexander, political consultant and former vice presidential candidate for Socialist Party USA Carlos Alvarez, retail worker Mohammad Arif, businessman Both Whitman and Brown were criticized for negative campaigning during the election. During their final debate at the 2010 Women's Conference a week before the election, moderator Matt Lauer asked both candidates to pull attack ads for the rest of the election, which elicited loud cheers from the audience. Brown agreed and picked one ad each of his and Whitman's that he thought, if Whitman would agree, should be the only ones run, but Whitman, loudly cheered earlier as the prospective first woman governor of the state, was booed when she stated that she would keep "the ads that talk about where Gov. Brown stands on the issues."The Los Angeles Times reported that nearly $250 million was spent on the Governor's race.
At least two spending records were broken during the campaign. Whitman broke personal spending records by spending $140 million of her own money on the campaign, independent expenditures exceeded $31.7 million, with $25 million of that spent in support of Brown. In an interview with CNN, the reporter opined that Whitman was hurt most during the campaign by a matter involving Nicky Diaz, her former Mexican maid, whom Whitman fired after Diaz asked for help as she was an illegal immigrant. Jobs: Meg Whitman 1. Eliminate small business start-up tax 2. Eliminate factory tax 3. Increase R&D tax credit 4. Promote investments in agriculture 5. Eliminate the state tax on capital gains Jerry Brown 1. Stimulate clean energy jobs 2. Invest in infrastructure/construction jobs (federal dollars for projects. Create strike team to focus on job retention 4. Cut regulations (speed up regulatory processes and eliminate duplicative functions. Increase manufacturing jobs 6. Deliver targeted workforce training programs 7.
Invest in education Education: Meg Whitman 1. Direct more money to classroom 2. Reward outstanding teachers 3. Eliminate cap on charter schools 4. Grade public schools A-F 5. Establish fast-track parent process for charter school conversions 6. Invest $1 billion in UC and CSU University systems 7. Utilize alternative paths to the classroom to attract high quality teachers Jerry Brown 1. Higher education 2. Overhaul state testing program 3. Change school funding formulas and consolidate the 62 existing categorical programs 4. Teacher recruitment and training 5. Simplify the Education Code and return more decision-making to local school districts 6. A more balanced and creative school curriculum 7. Place special emphasis on teaching science, technology and math 8. Increase proficiency in English 9. Improve high school graduation rates 10. Charter schools 11. Magnet or theme schools 12. Citizenship and character United States gubernatorial elections, 2010 http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/survey/S_910MBS.pdf California Secretary of State - Elections California State Offices at Project Vote Smart California Governor 2010 from OurCampaigns.com Campaign contributions for 2010 California Governor from Follow the Money 2010 California Gubernatorial General Election: All Head-to-Head Matchups graph of multiple polls from Pollster.com Election 2010: California Governor from Rasmussen Reports 2010 California Governor - Whitman vs. Brown from Real Clear Politics 2010 California Governor's Race from CQ Politics Race Profile in The New York Times 2010 Governor's Race in the Los Angeles Times, endorsement for Brown California Governor Race 2010 in The Sacramento Bee, endorsement for Brown California Elections 2010 in
Vista is a city in Southern California and is located in northwestern San Diego County. Vista is a medium-sized city within the San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Area and has a population of 101,659. Vista's sphere of influence includes portions of unincorporated San Diego County to north and east, with a county island in the central west. Located just seven miles inland from the Pacific Ocean, it has a Mediterranean climate; the lands of Rancho Buena Vista and Rancho Guajome, Vista was founded on October 9, 1882 with the establishment of a post office. It was incorporated on January 28, 1963 and became a charter city on June 13, 2007. Vista has more than 25 educational institutions for youth, a business park home to over 800 companies. Vista is ranked as the 173rd-best place in California out of 240 for families, based on factors such as family life, recreational opportunities, health and affordability in a 2015 review; the Vista area was inhabited by the Luiseño Indians, who lived on the land until the founding of the San Luis Rey Mission in 1798.
The prosperity of the mission-era declined by the 1830s with the independence of Mexico from Spain. The Mexican government began to grant land ownerships to a variety of people, thus beginning the Rancho era of California. Three ranchos were granted in the Vista area: Rancho Guajome, Rancho Buena Vista, Agua Hedionda Y los Manos. In the 1850s the ranchos began to fade due to changing political conditions and the scarcity of water. A growing number of settlers came to the area after California became a state in 1850 and began to create smaller agricultural holdings. One settler in the Vista area, John Frazier, applied to open the first post office and after several attempts to name the city, Frazier chose the name "Vista". With the opening of the first post office in 1882, Vista had arrived. In 1870, Bernard Delpy arrived from France to build what became known as "Delpy Corners" at the intersection of today's East Vista Way and Foothill Drive, his nephew, Jules Jacques Delpy, joined him in 1879 and together they planted several hundred acres of grapes.
In 1886, they built the first successful winery in the country. The winery was shut down by the prohibition era. Inhibited by the lack of water, Vista grew through the early 1910s to less than 1,000 people. With the vote of the people in 1923, the Vista Irrigation District had the necessary funding to construct a new water supply from Lake Henshaw. New buildings in downtown sprang up immediately. Agriculture began to flourish with crops such as tomatoes and citrus fruits; some hillsides were planted for avocados and by 1948, the Vista became the "avocado capital of the world"Following World War II, agriculture declined with an influx of growth of population and housing. The City of Vista was incorporated on January 23, 1963; the frequent housing booms of the 1970s through early 2000s increased the population of Vista. Numerous apartment complexes were built in these booms. Many light manufacturing businesses moved into the Business Park area on the south side, starting in the 1980s. In the 1990s, Wal-Mart and Costco opened large stores.
In 1993, Vista became involved in a national controversy when the Vista Unified School District board unsuccessfully tried to incorporate creationist, anti-evolution views into the biology curriculum. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles, all land. Vista is a hilly city. Most of the businesses are located in the flatter areas, residences climb the hills. In undeveloped areas, the natural vegetation types includes chaparral brushland, oak-sycamore woodland, riparian woodland and oak-grass savanna; the natural vegetation is best seen in natural Buena Vista Park on the south side, in the San Marcos Hills east of the city, in undeveloped pockets on the north side. Climate is temperate. Coastal breezes and foggy overcast keep the late spring/early summer high temperatures below 80 degrees F. on most days. The cool, overcast conditions are called "May gray" and "June gloom" by Vistans. In general, the western side of the city is cooler and more overcast with ocean fog than the eastern side.
It is common in May–June for the western side of Vista to be overcast and cool, while the eastern side basks in clear skies and sunshine. July and September are warmer, as the coastal breezes lessen. High temperatures in excess of 90 degrees F. sometimes occur in late summer. High temperatures accompany dry Santa Ana wind events, which can strike any month, but are most common during fall. On 90% of days, the moderating influence of the nearby Pacific keeps the weather pleasant and temperatures moderate. Frost is quite rare in winter, snowfall unknown. Most of the annual rainfall of 13.24 inches falls between April. Rainfall is higher in the San Marcos Hills on the eastern edge of the city, up to 20 inches per year; the moderate climate has made surrounding areas a center of the plant nursery industry. Avocados and other subtropical plants thrive in the area; the 2010 United States Census reported that Vista had a population of 93,834. The population density was 5,023.7 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Vista was 59,551 White, 3,137 Black, 1,103 Native American, 3,979 Asian, 677 Pacific Islander, 20,423 from other races, 4,964 from two or more rac
2000 United States presidential election in California
The 2000 United States presidential election in California took place on November 7, 2000, as part of the wider United States presidential election of 2000. California was won by the Democratic ticket of Vice President Al Gore of Tennessee and Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut by 11.8 percentage points over the Republican ticket of Texas Governor George W. Bush and former U. S. Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney of Wyoming; the state hosted the 2000 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles and was contested by both candidates due to a large Hispanic population and a large independent and moderate base surrounding San Diego and Sacramento's suburbs. This was the first time since 1880 in which a winning Republican presidential candidate lost California; as of the 2016 presidential election, Bush is the last Republican candidate to carry Alpine and Mono counties in a presidential election. This was the first time since 1976 that California did not back the candidate who won the overall presidential election as well.
California Democratic primary, 2000 California Republican primary, 2000 Vice President Al Gore defeated Texas Governor George W. Bush in California. Bush campaigned several times in California, but it didn't seem to help as Gore defeated Bush by 11.8%. Bush did make substantial headway in Southern California winning in Orange, San Bernardino, San Diego counties, including counties located in the Sierra Nevada region and along the borders of Nevada and Oregon. However, Gore overwhelmingly won Los Angeles County, the most populous county in the state and the country. Gore performed well in the San Francisco Bay Area, though there was a strong third party performance by Green Party candidate Ralph Nader, who broke into double digits in Humboldt and Santa Cruz counties. Notwithstanding Nader's performance, this helped Gore win statewide by a little over 1.3 million votes. California is almost what helped Gore pull ahead in the national popular vote. California was called for Gore, right when the polls closed at 11 P.
M. EST. Gore won 33 of 52 congressional districts. Technically the voters of California cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. California is allocated 54 electors because it has 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 54 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 54 electoral votes, their chosen electors vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector; the electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 18, 2000 to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.
The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All were pledged to and voted for Al Gore and Joe Lieberman: Sunil Aghi Amy Arambula Rachel Binah R. Stephen Bollinger Roberts Braden Laura Karolina Capps Anni Chung Joseph A. Cislowski Sheldon Cohn Thor Emblem Elsa Favila John Freidenrich Cecelia Fuentes Glen Fuller James Garrison Sally Goehring Florence Gold Jill S. Hardy Therese Horsting Georgie Huff Robert Eugene Hurd Harriet A. Ingram Robert Jordan John Koza John Laird N. Mark Lam Manuel M. Lopez Henry Lozano David Mann Beverly Martin R. Keith McDonald Carol D. Norberg Ron Oberndorfer Gerard Orozco Trudy Owens Gregory S. Pettis Flo Rene Pickett Theodore H. Plant Art Pulaski Eloise Reyes Alex Arthur Reza C. Craig Roberts Jason Rodríguez Luis D. Rojas Howard L. Schock Lane Sherman David A. Torres Larry Trullinger Angelo K. Tsakopoulos Richard Valle Karen Waters Don Wilcox William K. Wong Rosalind Wyman