Tehama County, California
Tehama County is a county located in the northern part of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 63,463; the county seat and largest city is Red Bluff. Tehama County comprises the Red Bluff, California micropolitan statistical area, included in the Redding-Red Bluff, California combined statistical area; the county is bisected by the Sacramento River. Tehama County was formed from parts of Butte and Shasta Counties in 1856; the county is named for the City of Tehama. The origin of the name is not known. Suggested possible roots are the Spanish language word tejamanil, or "high water" in the dialect of local Native Americans; the first permanent non-indigenous settlers in the area, now Tehama County were Robert Hasty Thomes, Albert Gallatin Toomes, William George Chard, Job Francis Dye. The four men were each given land grants by the government of Mexico in 1844. Thomes received Rancho Saucos, Toomes received Rancho Rio de los Molinos, Chard received Rancho Las Flores, Dye received Rancho Primer Cañon o Rio de Los Berrendos.
In the same year Josiah Belden received Rancho Barranca Colorado. Famous early figures include Kit Carson, who took part in a fight that gave name to Bloody Island and Battle Creek, Jedediah Smith, John C. Fremont, William B. Ide, the first and only president of the California Republic; the history of Tehama County includes the January 1886 relocation of Red Bluff's Chinese population, followed by the August 1886 torching of Red Bluff's Chinatown by alleged arsonists. The January 29th, 1886 edition of The Daily Alta detailed'The Anti-Coolie Move' and confirms that a secret anti-Chinese meeting was convened in the town of Tehama, an organization established to relocate the estimated 2,000 Chinese in and around Vina. Secret daily anti-Chinese caucuses in Red Bluff were held. According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,962 square miles, of which 2,950 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. Watercourses in Tehama County include Payne's Creek; the county is intersected by Sacramento River.
A small part of Lassen Volcanic National Park extends into the northeast corner of the county. The highest point of the county is Brokeoff Mountain. Shasta County - north Plumas County - northeast Butte County - east Glenn County - south Mendocino County - southwest Trinity County - west Lassen National Forest Lassen Volcanic National Park Mendocino National Forest Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge Shasta–Trinity National Forest Interstate 5 State Route 32 State Route 36 State Route 89 State Route 99 Tehama Rural Area Express operates local service in Red Bluff and service to Los Molinos and Corning. Greyhound buses stop in Red Bluff. Red Bluff Municipal Airport and Corning Municipal Airport are two general aviation airports; the following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense. The 2010 United States Census reported that Tehama County had a population of 63,463; the racial makeup of Tehama County was 51,721 White, 406 African American, 1,644 Native American, 656 Asian, 76 Pacific Islander, 6,258 from other races, 2,702 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,906 persons. As of the census of 2000, there were 56,039 people, 21,013 households, 14,898 families residing in the county; the population density was 19 people per square mile. There were 23,547 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 84.8% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.3% from other races, 3.4% from two or more races. 15.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.4% were of German, 11.0% English, 9.6% Irish and 9.5% American ancestry according to the 2000 United States Census. 86.0% spoke English and 13.0% Spanish as their first language. There were 21,013 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.1% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,206, the median income for a family was $37,277. Males had a median income of $30,872 versus $22,864 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,793. About 13.0% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. Tehama is a Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections; the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. Bill Clinton won a plurality in 1992. In the United States House of Representatives, Tehama County is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa.
In the California State Legislature, the county is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen, the 3rd Assembly District, represented by Republican James Gallagher. On November 4, 2008, Tehama County voted 72.7% for Proposition 8, whic
Sacramento County, California
Sacramento County is a county in the U. S. state of California, State of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,418,788, its county seat is Sacramento, the state capital of California since 1854. Sacramento County is the central county of the Greater Sacramento metropolitan area; the county covers about 994 square miles in the northern portion of the Central Valley, on into Gold Country. Sacramento County extends from the low delta lands between the Sacramento River and San Joaquin River, including Suisun Bay, north to about ten miles beyond the State Capitol and east into the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains; the southernmost portion of Sacramento County has direct access to San Francisco Bay. Sacramento County was one of the original counties of California, which were created in 1850 at the time of statehood; the county was named after the Sacramento River. The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santisimo Sacramento, referring to the Catholic Eucharist.
Alexander Hamilton Willard, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is buried in the old Franklin Cemetery. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 994 square miles, of which 965 square miles is land and 29 square miles is water. Most of the county is at an elevation close with some areas below sea level; the highest point in the county is Carpenter Hill at 828 feet, in the southeast part of Folsom. Major watercourses in the county include the American River, Sacramento River, Cosumnes River, a tributary of the Mokelumne River, Dry Creek, a tributary of the Sacramento River. Sutter County - northwest Placer County - north El Dorado County - northeast Amador County - east San Joaquin County - south Contra Costa County - southwest Solano County - west Yolo County - west Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge California National Historic Trail Pony Express National Historic Trail The 2010 United States Census reported that Sacramento County had a population of 1,418,788.
The racial makeup of Sacramento County was 815,151 White, 200,228 African American, 14,308 Native American, 203,211 Asian, 13,858 Pacific Islander, 131,691 from other races, 93,511 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 306,196 persons; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,223,499 people, 453,602 households, 297,562 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,267 people per square mile. There were 474,814 housing units at an average density of 492/sq mi; the racial makeup of the county was 64.0% White, 10.6% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 13.5% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 7.5% from other races, 5.8% from two or more races. 19.3 % of the population were Latino of any race. 10.2% were of German, 7.0% English, 6.7% Irish and 5.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 75.7% spoke only English at home. There were 453,602 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families.
26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.24. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males. The median income for a household in the county was $43,816, the median income for a family was $50,717. Males had a median income of $39,482 versus $31,569 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,142. About 10.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. The Government of Sacramento County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, the Charter of the County of Sacramento.
Much of the Government of California is in practice the responsibility of county governments such as the Government of Sacramento County, while municipalities such as the city of Sacramento and Folsom provide additional non-essential services. It is composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors, several other elected offices including the Sheriff, District Attorney, Assessor, numerous county departments and entities under the supervision of the County Executive Officer. In addition, several entities of the government of California have jurisdiction conterminous with Sacramento County, such as the Sacramento County Superior Court. Under its foundational Charter, the five-member elected Sacramento County Board of Supervisors is the county legislature; the board operates in a legislative and quasi-judicial capacity. The current members are: Phil Serna, district 1 Patrick Kennedy, district 2 Susan Peters, district 3 Sue Frost, district 4 Don Nottoli, district 5The Sacramento County Code is the codified law of Sacramento County in the form of local ordinances passed by the Board of Supervisors.
The Sacramento County Sheriff provides court protection, jail management, coroner service for the entire county. It provides detective services for the unincorporated areas of the county. Incorporated municipalities within the county that have their own muni
San Bernardino, California
San Bernardino is a city located in the Riverside–San Bernardino metropolitan area and that serves as the county seat of San Bernardino County, United States. As one of the Inland Empire's anchor cities, San Bernardino spans 81 square miles on the floor of the San Bernardino Valley and as of 2017 has a population of 216,995. San Bernardino is the 17th-largest city in California and the 102nd-largest city in the United States. San Bernardino is home to numerous diplomatic missions for the Inland Empire, being one of four cities in California with numerous consulates; the governments of Guatemala and Mexico have established their consulates in the downtown area of the city. California State University, San Bernardino is located in the northwestern part of the city; the university hosts the Coussoulis Arena. Other attractions in San Bernardino include ASU Fox Theatre, the McDonald's Museum, located on the original site of the world's first McDonald's, California Theatre, the San Bernardino Mountains, San Manuel Amphitheater, the largest outdoor amphitheater in the United States.
In addition, the city is home to the Inland Empire 66ers baseball team. In August 2012, San Bernardino became the largest city to file for protection under Chapter 9 of the U. S. Bankruptcy code. San Bernardino's case was filed on August 1. On December 2, 2015, a terrorist attack left 14 people dead and 22 injured; the city of San Bernardino, occupies much of the San Bernardino Valley, which indigenous tribespeople referred to as "The Valley of the Cupped Hand of God". The Tongva Indians called the San Bernardino area Wa'aach in their language. Upon seeing the immense geological arrowhead-shaped rock formation on the side of the San Bernardino Mountains, they found the hot and cold springs to which the "arrowhead" seemed to point. Politana was the first Spanish settlement in the San Bernardino Valley, named for Bernardino of Siena. Politana was established May 20, 1810, as a mission chapel and supply station by the Mission San Gabriel in the ranchería of the Guachama Indians that lived on the bluff, now known as Bunker Hill, near Lytle Creek.
Two years the settlement was destroyed by superstitious local tribesmen, following powerful earthquakes that shook the region. Several years the Serrano and Mountain Cahuilla rebuilt the Politana rancheria, in 1819 invited the missionaries to return to the valley, they established the San Bernardino de Sena Estancia. Serrano and Cahuilla people inhabited Politana until long after the 1830s decree of secularization and the 1842 inclusion into the Rancho San Bernardino land grant of the José del Carmen Lugo family; the city of San Bernardino is one of the oldest communities in the state of California, in its present-day location, was not settled until 1851, after California became a state. The first Anglo-American colony was established by pioneers associated with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints or Mormons. Following the Mormon colonists purchase of Rancho San Bernardino, the establishment of the town of San Bernardino in 1851, San Bernardino County was formed in 1853 from parts of Los Angeles County.
Mormon colonists developed irrigated, commercial farming and lumbering, supplying agricultural produce and lumber throughout Southern California. The city was incorporated in 1857; that year, most of the colonists were recalled by Brigham Young in 1857 due to the Utah War. Once regarded in early California, news of the Mountain Meadows Massacre poisoned attitudes toward the Mormons; some Mormons would stay in San Bernardino and some returned from Utah, but a real estate consortium from El Monte and Los Angeles bought most of the lands of the old rancho and of the departing colonists. They sold these lands to new settlers who came to dominate the culture and politics in the county and San Bernardino became a typical American frontier town. Many of the new land owners disliked the sober Mormons, indulging in drinking at saloons now allowed in the town. Disorder and violence in the vicinity became common, reaching a climax in the 1859 Ainsworth - Gentry Affair. In 1860 a gold rush began in the mountains nearby with the discovery of gold by William F. Holcomb in Holcomb Valley early 1860.
Another strike followed in the upper reach of Lytle Creek. By the 1860s, San Bernardino had became an important trading hub in Southern California; the city on the Los Angeles – Salt Lake Road, became the starting point for the Mojave Road from 1858 and Bradshaw Trail from 1862 to the mines along the Colorado River and within the Arizona Territory in the gold rush of 1862-1864. Near San Bernardino is a formed arrowhead-shaped rock formation on the side of a mountain, it measures 1375 feet by 449 feet. According to the Native American legend regarding the landmark arrowhead, an arrow from Heaven burned the formation onto the mountainside in order to show tribes where they could be healed. During the mid-19th century, "Dr." David Noble Smith claimed that a saint-like being appeared before him and told of a far-off land with exceptional climate and curative waters, marked by a gigantic arrowhead. Smith's search for that unique arrowhead formation began in Texas, ended at Arrowhead Springs in California in 1857.
By 1889, word of the springs, along with the hotel on the site had grown considerably. H
San Joaquin County, California
San Joaquin County the County of San Joaquin is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 685,306; the county seat is Stockton. San Joaquin County comprises the Stockton–Lodi–Tracy metropolitan statistical area within the regional San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland combined statistical area; the county is located in Northern California's Central Valley just east of the highly populated nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region and is separated from the Bay Area by the Diablo Range of low mountains with its Altamont Pass. One of the smaller counties in area in California, it has a high population density and is growing due to overflow from the Bay area's need for housing; the City of San Joaquin, despite sharing its name with the county, is located in Fresno County. San Joaquin County was one of the original United States counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood; the county was named for the San Joaquin River. In the early 19th century Lieutenant Gabriel Moraga, commanding an expedition in the lower great California Central Valley, gave the name of San Joaquin to the San Joaquin River, which springs from the southern Sierra Nevada.
San Joaquin County is the site of the San Joaquin Valley's first permanent residence. Between 1843 and 1846, during the era when California was a province of independent Mexico, five Mexican land grants were made in what would become San Joaquin County: Campo de los Franceses, Pescadero, Sanjon de los Moquelumnes and Thompson, it was developed for agriculture. It attracted more settlers at the time of the California Gold Rush; the Central Pacific Railroad in the 1860s utilized San Joaquin County's exceptionally flat terrain to construct a rail line from Sacramento to Stockton and southwest through Altamont Pass to the San Francisco Bay. In 1909, a second railroad, the Western Pacific, utilized the same route through Stockton to reach the Bay area. In the early 1900s, the Santa Fe Railroad constructed from Bakersfield and Fresno through Stockton north to reach Oakland. Smaller lines constructed at Stockton were the Tidewater Southern to Modesto and the Central California Traction to Sacramento.
Both started. These railroads encouraged the growth of farms and ranches in San Joaquin county and adjacent counties. On August 7, 1998, a tire fire ignited at S. F. Royster's Tire Disposal just south of Tracy on South MacArthur Drive, near Linne Rd; the tire dump held over 7 million illegally stored tires and was allowed to burn for more than two years before it was extinguished. Allowing the fire to burn was considered to be a better way to avoid groundwater contamination than putting it out; the cleanup cost $16.2 million and wound up contaminating local groundwater anyway. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,426 square miles, of which 1,391 square miles is land and 35 square miles is water; the county has a low inland elevation and a flat drainage basin for the San Joaquin River and its numerous tributaries. With the resulting exceptionally high water table, the county is a marshy and swampy delta with a tendency to flood in the Spring melting snow runoff from the Sierra Mountains.
The center of San Joaquin County is near Stockton at about 37°54'N 121°12'W. San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge The 2010 United States Census reported that San Joaquin County had a population of 685,306; the racial makeup of San Joaquin County was 349,287 White, 51,744 African American, 7,196 Native American, 98,472 Asian, 3,758 Pacific Islander, 131,054 from other races, 43,795 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 266,341 persons; the Filipino American population was 46,447, just under half of all Asian Americans in San Joaquin County, as of 1990 have been the largest population of Asian Americans in the county. As of the census of 2000, there were 563,598 people, 181,629 households, 134,768 families residing in the county; the population density was 403 people per square mile. There were 189,160 housing units at an average density of 135 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 58.1% White, 6.7% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 11.4% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 16.3% from other races, 6.1% from two or more races.
30.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.3% were of German, 5.3% Irish and 5.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 66.4% spoke English, 21.3% Spanish, 2.2% Tagalog, 1.8% Mon-Khmer or Cambodian, 1.1% Vietnamese and 1.1% Hmong as their first language. There were 181,629 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.48. In the county, the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,282, the median income for a family was $46,919.
Males had a median income of $39,246 versus $27,507 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,365. About 13.5% of families and 17.7% of the population were below th
Solano County, California
Solano County is a county located in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 413,344; the county seat is Fairfield. Solano County comprises the Vallejo–Fairfield, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area. Solano County is the northeastern county in the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area region. A portion of the South Campus at the University of California, Davis is in Solano County. Solano County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. At the request of General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, the county was named for Chief Solano of the Suisun people, a Native American tribe of the region and Vallejo's close ally. Chief Solano at one time led the tribes between the Sacramento River; the chief was called Sem-Yeto, which signifies "brave or fierce hand." The Chief was given the Spanish name Francisco Solano during baptism at the Catholic Mission, is named after the Spanish Franciscan missionary, Father Francisco Solano.
"Solano" is a common surname in the north of Spain in Navarra, Zaragoza and La Rioja. Travis Air Force Base is located just east of Fairfield. Solano County is the easternmost county of the North Bay; as such, it is sometimes reported by news agencies as being in the East Bay. Additionally, a portion of the county extends into the Sacramento Valley, geographically. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles, of which 822 square miles is land and 84 square miles is water. Solano County has several inactive cinnabar mines including the Hastings Mine and St. John's Mine, both of which are subject to ongoing mercury monitoring; these mines were worked in the first half of the twentieth century. Solano County has a number of rare and endangered species including the beetle Elaphrus viridis, the wildflower Lasthenia conjugens known as Contra Costa goldfields and the annual plant Legenere limosa or False Venus' looking glass. Contra Costa County, California - south Sonoma County, California - west Napa County, California - west Yolo County, California - north Sacramento County, California - east San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge Solano County is served by several transit agencies: SolTrans, formed as a merger between these two existing transit agencies: Vallejo Transit, which used to operate the Baylink Ferry to San Francisco Benicia Breeze San Francisco Bay Ferry, with a terminal in Vallejo Fairfield and Suisun Transit Vacaville City Coach Rio Vista Delta BreezeEach agency interconnects with each other, enabling transit trips throughout the county.
Service connects with BART stations in Contra Costa County. Transit links are provided to Napa and Sacramento counties as well. Greyhound and Amtrak provide long-distance intercity service. General aviation airports in Solano County which are open to the public are the Nut Tree Airport and Rio Vista Municipal Airport; the following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense. A 2014 analysis by The Atlantic found Solano County to be the 5th most racially diverse county in the United States, behind Aleutians West Census Area and Aleutians East Borough in Alaska, Queens County in New York, Alameda County in California; the 2010 United States Census reported that Solano County had a population of 413,344. The racial makeup of Solano County was 210,751 White, 60,750 African American, 3,212 Native American, 60,473 Asian, 3,564 Pacific Islander, 43,236 from other races, 31,358 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 99,356 persons.
At 52,641 Filipinos in the County making up 12% of the population, Solano County has the largest percentage Filipino population of any County in all of the United States. As of the census of 2000, there were 394,542 people, 130,403 households, 97,411 families residing in the county; the population density was 476 people per square mile. There were 134,513 housing units at an average density of 162 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 56.4% White, 14.9% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 12.8% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 8.0% from other races, 6.4% from two or more races. 17.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.5% were of German, 6.4% Irish and 6.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 75.7 % spoke 12.1 % Spanish and 6.6 % Tagalog as their first language. There were 130,403 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.3% were non-families.
19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.33. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $54,099, the median income for a family was $60,597. Males had a median income of $41,787 versus $31,916 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,731. About 6.1% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over. The Government of Solano County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution and
Government of California
The government of California is the governmental structure of the state of California as established by the California Constitution. It is composed of three branches: the executive, consisting of the Governor of California and the other constitutionally elected and appointed officers and offices. There is local government, consisting of counties, special districts, school districts, as well as government entities and offices that operate independently on a constitutional, statutory, or common law basis; the state allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum and ratification. California's elected executive officers are: All offices are elected separately to concurrent four-year terms, each officer may be elected to an office a maximum of two times; the Governor has the powers and responsibilities to: sign or veto laws passed by the Legislature, including a line item veto. The Lieutenant Governor is the President of the California Senate and acts as the governor when the Governor is unable to execute the office, including whenever the Governor leaves the state.
The Governor and Lieutenant Governor serve as ex officio members of the University of California Board of Regents and of the California State University Board of Trustees. Regulatory activity is published in the California Regulatory Notice Register and the general and permanent rules and regulations are codified in the California Code of Regulations. State government is organized into many departments, of which most have been grouped together into several huge Cabinet-level agencies since the administration of Governor Pat Brown; these agencies are sometimes informally referred to as superagencies by government officials, to distinguish them from the general usage of the term "government agency." The Cabinet-level agencies are the: California Business, Consumer Services and Housing Agency California Government Operations Agency California Environmental Protection Agency California Health and Human Services Agency California Labor and Workforce Development Agency California Natural Resources Agency California State Transportation Agency The independently elected officers run separate departments not grouped within the superagencies, there are other Cabinet-level departments: Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation Department of Education Department of Finance Department of Food and Agriculture Department of Insurance Department of Justice Department of the Military There are several state government entities and offices that are supposed to be independent of direct control by the executive and judicial branches of the state government, as well as any local government.
Most of the leaders of these entities are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the state Senate. Examples include the: Regents of the University of California California State University Board of Trustees California Community Colleges Board of Governors California Public Utilities Commission California State Auditor Fair Political Practices Commission The California State Legislature is the state legislature, it is a bicameral body consisting of the California State Assembly, the lower house with 80 members, the California State Senate, the upper house with 40 members. Members of the Assembly serve two-year terms; the Speaker of the California State Assembly presides over the State Assembly. The Lieutenant Governor is the ex officio President of the Senate and may break a tied vote, the President pro tempore of the California State Senate is elected by the majority party caucus; the Legislature meets in the California State Capitol in Sacramento. Its session laws are codified into the 29 California Codes.
The state allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative and recall. The Judiciary of California interprets and applies the law, is defined under the Constitution and regulations; the judiciary has a hierarchical structure with the Supreme Court at the apex. The Superior Courts are the primary trial courts, the Courts of Appeal are the primary appellate courts; the Judicial Council is the rule-making arm of the judiciary. The California Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of six Associate Justices; the Court has original jurisdiction in a variety of cases, including habeas corpus proceedings, has discretionary authority to review all the decisions of the California Courts of Appeal, as well as mandatory review responsibility for cases where the death penalty has been imposed. The Courts of Appeal are the intermediate appellate courts; the state is geographically divided into six appellate districts. Notably, all published California appellate decisions are binding on all Superior Courts, regardless of appellate district.
The California superior courts are the courts of general jurisdiction that hear and decide any civil or criminal action, not specially designated to be heard before some other court or governmental agency. As mandated by the Constitution, each of the 58 counties has a superior court; the superior courts have appellate divisions (superior
Shasta County, California
Shasta County the County of Shasta, is a county in the northern portion of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 177,223; the county seat is Redding. Shasta County comprises California Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county occupies the northern reaches of the Sacramento Valley, with portions extending into the southern reaches of the Cascade Range. Points of interest in Shasta County include Shasta Lake, Lassen Peak, the Sundial Bridge. Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Siskiyou County in 1852, to Tehama County in 1856; the county was named after Mount Shasta. The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established. Mt. Shasta was within the county, but it is now part of Siskiyou County, to the north, its 14,179-foot peak is visible throughout most of Shasta County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,847 square miles, of which 3,775 square miles is land and 72 square miles is water.
Mountains line the county on the east and west. The Sacramento River flows out of the mountains to the north, through the center of the county, toward the Sacramento Valley to the south. According to Willis Linn Jepson the biota of Shasta County were not explored in a scientific manner until just before the year 1900. Up until the 1920s the Southern Pacific Railroad Company owned vast tracts of natural grasslands. Shasta County has extensive forests, which cover over one half the land area with commercially productive forest systems. Common forest alliances include mixed oak woodland and mixed conifer-oak woodland as well as douglas fir forest. Common trees found include California Black Oak and California Buckeye. Siskiyou County - north Modoc County - northeast Lassen County - east Plumas County - southeast Tehama County - south Trinity County - north Shasta-Trinity National Forest Whiskeytown National Recreation Area Shasta at one time favored the Democratic Party in Presidential elections.
It went Democratic in all but one presidential election from 1932 to 1976, was one of the few counties in the state to be won by George McGovern. However, since 1980, it has become one of the most Republican counties in the state in Presidential and congressional elections; the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. In the United States House of Representatives, Shasta County is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. In the California State Legislature, Shasta County is in the 1st Senate District, seat vacant, the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle. Interstate 5 State Route 36 State Route 44 State Route 89 State Route 151 State Route 273 State Route 299 Redding Area Bus Authority provides service in and around Redding. One route operates to Burney via State Route 299. Amtrak's Coast Starlight serves Redding Station once a day in each direction. Redding Municipal Airport has scheduled passenger flights.
Other airports within the county include Benton Field, Fall River Mills Airport, Shingletown Airport. The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense; the 2010 United States Census reported that Shasta County had a population of 177,223. The racial makeup of Shasta County was 153,726 White, 1,548 African American, 4,950 Native American, 4,391 Asian, 271 Pacific Islander, 4,501 from other races, 7,836 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,878 persons; as of the census of 2000, there were 163,256 people, 63,426 households, 44,017 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile. There were 68,810 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.3% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 2.8% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, 3.5% from two or more races. 5.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
15.7% were of German, 12.3% English, 11.2% Irish, 9.9% American and 5.2% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.3% Spanish as their first language. There were 63,426 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,335, the median income for a family was $40,491.
Males had a median income of $35,959 versus $24,773 for females. The per cap