The California Institute of Technology is a private doctorate-granting research university in Pasadena, California. It was founded as a preparatory and vocational school by Amos G. Throop in 1891 and began attracting influential scientists such as George Ellery Hale, Arthur Amos Noyes and Robert Andrews Millikan in the early 20th century; the vocational and preparatory schools were disbanded and spun off in 1910 and the college assumed its present name in 1920. In 1934, Caltech was elected to the Association of American Universities, the antecedents of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which Caltech continues to manage and operate, were established between 1936 and 1943 under Theodore von Kármán; the university is one among a small group of institutes of technology in the United States, devoted to the instruction of pure and applied sciences. Caltech has six academic divisions with strong emphasis on science and engineering, managing $332 million in 2011 in sponsored research, its 124-acre primary campus is located 11 mi northeast of downtown Los Angeles.
First-year students are required to live on campus and 95% of undergraduates remain in the on-campus House System at Caltech. Although Caltech has a strong tradition of practical jokes and pranks, student life is governed by an honor code which allows faculty to assign take-home examinations; the Caltech Beavers compete in 13 intercollegiate sports in the NCAA Division III's Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. As of November 2019, Caltech alumni and researchers include 74 Nobel Laureates, 4 Fields Medalists, 6 Turing Award winners. In addition, there are 56 non-emeritus faculty members who have been elected to one of the United States National Academies, 4 Chief Scientists of the U. S. Air Force and 71 have won the United States National Medal of Technology. Numerous faculty members are associated with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute as well as NASA. According to a 2015 Pomona College study, Caltech ranked number one in the U. S. for the percentage of its graduates who go on to earn a PhD.
Caltech started as a vocational school founded in Pasadena in 1891 by local businessman and politician Amos G. Throop; the school was known successively as Throop University, Throop Polytechnic Institute and Throop College of Technology before acquiring its current name in 1920. The vocational school was disbanded and the preparatory program was split off to form an independent Polytechnic School in 1907. At a time when scientific research in the United States was still in its infancy, George Ellery Hale, a solar astronomer from the University of Chicago, founded the Mount Wilson Observatory in 1904, he joined Throop's board of trustees in 1907, soon began developing it and the whole of Pasadena into a major scientific and cultural destination. He engineered the appointment of James A. B. Scherer, a literary scholar untutored in science but a capable administrator and fund raiser, to Throop's presidency in 1908. Scherer persuaded retired businessman and trustee Charles W. Gates to donate $25,000 in seed money to build Gates Laboratory, the first science building on campus.
In 1910, Throop moved to its current site. Arthur Fleming donated the land for the permanent campus site. Theodore Roosevelt delivered an address at Throop Institute on March 21, 1911, he declared: I want to see institutions like Throop turn out ninety-nine of every hundred students as men who are to do given pieces of industrial work better than any one else can do them. In the same year, a bill was introduced in the California Legislature calling for the establishment of a publicly funded "California Institute of Technology", with an initial budget of a million dollars, ten times the budget of Throop at the time; the board of trustees offered to turn Throop over to the state, but the presidents of Stanford University and the University of California lobbied to defeat the bill, which allowed Throop to develop as the only scientific research-oriented education institute in southern California, public or private, until the onset of the World War II necessitated the broader development of research-based science education.
The promise of Throop attracted physical chemist Arthur Amos Noyes from MIT to develop the institution and assist in establishing it as a center for science and technology. With the onset of World War I, Hale organized the National Research Council to coordinate and support scientific work on military problems. While he supported the idea of federal appropriations for science, he took exception to a federal bill that would have funded engineering research at land-grant colleges, instead sought to raise a $1 million national research fund from private sources. To that end, as Hale wrote in The New York Times: Throop College of Technology, in Pasadena California has afforded a striking illustration of one way in which the Research Council can secure co-operation and advance scientific investigation; this institution, with its able investigators and excellent research laboratories, could be of great service in any broad scheme of cooperation. President Scherer, hearing of the formation of the council offered to take part in its work, with this object, he secured
Birtles & Goble was an Australian pop music duo composed of Beeb Birtles and Graeham Goble. Although they were both full-time members of Little River Band, they released an album and three singles as a duo. Birtles and Goble had worked together since 1972, first in the band Mississippi and in Little River Band. LRB had an abundance of songwriters, with Birtles, Glenn Shorrock and David Briggs all contributing hit songs. Birtles and Goble were prolific songwriters so, despite contributing to four LRB albums by 1978, they had a wealth of material left over. Birtles noted that "we had so many good songs left over which the guys thought were unsuitable for Little River Band, that we decided to approach Glenn Wheatley with the idea of recording a duo album using our unwanted songs"; the Last Romance was recorded with numerous musicians including current and future members of Little River Band. Birtles and Goble each wrote three of the songs, three songs were co-compositions and one track was written by Randy Newman.
The first single "I'm Coming Home" was a top ten hit in Australia and sold over 100 000 copies in The Philippines. Birtles & Goble performed the song live on television programs such as The Don Lane Show and The Paul Hogan Show; the song earned Birtles and Goble a nomination for Best Recorded Songwriters at the 1979 Australian Pop Music Awards. Goble believes that the duo suffered from a lack of promotion: "If The Last Romance album had been successful, I expect that Beeb and I would have left Little River Band and recorded as a duo, e.g.'Hall & Oates'. Our record company were concerned about this possibility and so our album received little support, it was a great experience to record The Last Romance and it remains one of my favorite recordings."Birtles and Goble did not record again as a duo. Songs from The Last Romance were recorded subsequently by other artists: Mark Holden had an Australian top ten hit with the song "Last Romance", The Imperials recorded "Into My Life"; the third single from The Last Romance, Birtles' paean to his country of birth, subsequently appeared in demo form as a bonus track on the 1997 re-release of the Little River Band album No Reins, showing just how close the song came to being released by LRB.
All tracks are written except where noted. Side 1 "Lonely Lives" – 3:31 "Last Romance" – 3:02 "I'm Coming Home" – 3:50 "I Didn't Stand a Chance" – 3:07 "He Gives Us All His Love" – 4:56Side 2 "The Netherlands" – 5:02 "Into My Life" – 5:39 "You'll Never Change Your Mind" – 4:07 "How I Feel Tonight" – 3:25 "Whales" – 3:57 AlbumThe Last Romance – May 1980Singles"I'm Coming Home" / "You'll Never Change Your Mind" – 1979 AUS #6 "Lonely Lives" / "Megan" – 1979 "How I Feel Tonight" / "The Netherlands" – 1980
Puerto Ayacucho is the capital and largest city of Amazonas State in Venezuela. Puerto Ayacucho is located across the Orinoco River from the Colombian village of Casuarito; the city was founded to facilitate the transport of goods past the Atures Rapids on the Orinoco River in the late 19th century. Now the economy is supported by both international tourism. Based here is the Venezuelan army and navy, conducting a continuous low level campaign against incursions and drug-runners from nearby Colombia; the climate is equatorial and the surrounding rainforests are some of the world's least explored and most untouched. The nearby forested mountains contain some of the world's least investigated microsystems. 200 km to the south is one of the natural world's great wonders, the Casiquiare canal, a waterway that links South America's two greatest river systems, the Amazon and the Orinoco. This was first reported in the 17th century and explored in 1800 by naturalist Alexander von Humboldt, who commented on the recent extinction of the Aturès Indians for whom the Atures Rapids had been named.
The water in the Casiquiare flows from the Orinoco River into the Rio Negro, tributary of the Amazon, though much more is gathered en route from numerous tributaries. Nowadays tourists can organise a trip along it from Puerto Ayacucho. 90 km to the east is the second highest waterfall in the 2,200 ft Yutaje Falls. Nearby is the Yutaje Tourist Lodge with its own airstrip in the jungle. Walks and river trips can be undertaken from here in the nearby selva. Of note is the large population of greenwing macaws, Ara chloroptera. There are jaguars, pink river dolphins, numerous monkeys and other bird life; the inhabitants are mestizo – mixed indigenous and Spanish blood. There are a number of local indigenous tribes including the Yanomami, the Panare, the Bari and Guajibo. There is little traffic on the river these days. There is a range of medium and low cost hotels. While the city itself is not considered attractive, most visitors agree that the surrounding country is magnificent. Puerto Ayacucho has a tropical monsoon climate with a short dry season from December to March.
The complex politics of global warming results from numerous cofactors arising from the global economy's dependence on carbon dioxide emitting fossil fuels. Implications to all aspects of a nation-state's economy: The vast majority of the world economy relies on energy sources or manufacturing techniques that release greenhouse gases at every stage of production, storage, delivery & disposal while a consensus of the world's scientists attribute global warming to the release of CO2 and other greenhouse gases; this intimate linkage between global warming and economic vitality implicates every aspect of a nation-state's economy. Without adequate and cost effective post-hydrocarbon energy sources, it is unlikely the countries of the developed or developing world would accept policies that would materially affect their economic vitality or economic development prospects. Without access to cost effective and abundant energy sources many developing countries see climate change as a hindrance to their unfettered economic development.
The release of CO2 has not been among all nation-states, nation-states have challenges with determining who should restrict emissions and at what point of their industrial development they should be subject to such commitments. All parties that engage in such acts add to the politicization of the science of global warming; the result is a clouding of the reality of the global warming problem. The focus areas for global warming politics are Adaptation, Finance and Losses which are well quantified and studied but the urgency of the global warming challenge combined with the implication to every facet of a nation-state's economic interests places significant burdens on the established largely-voluntary global institutions that have developed over the last century. Developing countries which see traditional energy sources as a means to fuel their development, well funded environmental lobbying groups and an established fossil fuel energy paradigm boasting a mature and sophisticated political lobbying infrastructure all combine to make global warming politics polarized.
Distrust between developed and developing countries at most international conferences that seek to address the topic add to the challenges. Further adding to the complexity is the advent of the Internet and the development of media technologies like blogs and other mechanisms for disseminating information that enable the exponential growth in production and dissemination of competing points of view which make it nearly impossible for the development and dissemination of an objective view into the enormity of the subject matter and its politics. Traditional environmental challenges involve behavior by a small group of industries which create products or services for a limited set of consumers in a manner that causes some form of damage to the environment, clear; as an example, a gold mine might release a dangerous chemical byproduct into a waterway that kills the fish there: a clear environmental damage. By contrast, CO2 is a occurring colorless odorless trace gas, essential to the biosphere.
Carbon dioxide is produced by all animals and utilized by plants and algae to build their body structures. Plant structures buried for tens of millions of years sequester carbon to form coal and gas which modern industrial societi
Vaglio Basilicata is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is bounded by the comuni of Albano di Lucania, Brindisi Montagna, Pietragalla, Potenza and Tricarico, it is home to the Museo delle Antiche Genti di Lucania, which houses the Lucan portrait of Leonardo da Vinci, an alleged portrait of Leonardo da Vinci discovered in 2008. In the municipal territory is Archaeological Park "Serra di Vaglio", with remains of a Lucan town from the 5th-3rd centuries BC. At Rossano di Vaglio are the remains of the federal sanctuary of the Lucani and dedicated to the goddess Mefitis. Reconstructions of the settlement and the sanctuary are in the Museo delle Antiche Genti, while most of the material excavated are in the Museo archeologico nazionale della Basilicata at Potenza. Official website
VIVA College is an institute in Virar, India, affiliated to the University of Mumbai, offering undergraduate degrees in Science and Arts. and post graduate degrees in Management and Information Technology. It is a group of 3 colleges together namely, Bhaskar Waman Thakur; this colleges is best for the students. It is better provide education to students qualified teachers, it is best colleges in virar. The Vishnu Waman Thakur Charitable Trust presided by Hitendra Thakur, the M. L. A. of Vasai-Virar region, established the Utkarsha junior College in 1991 to promote the cause of higher education in Virar and its adjoining Rural & Adivasi Backward area which has a population of over 1.5 Lac. The Junior College is affiliated to Maharashtra Board of Higher Secondary Education. In the year 2000-2001, the VIVA College was established with affiliation to the University of Mumbai giving out undergraduate courses in Arts and Science; the college is in Virar at a distance of about 1 km from Virar Railway Station.
It started with F. Y. B. Com course with an intake of just 148 students in 2000-2001. By 2011, it not only has all the 3 basic faculties of Arts and Science, but offers Career Oriented Professional Courses such as - BMM, BMS, B. Sc. B. Sc. B. Sc. Bio-Technology, B. Com in Accounts & Finance, B. Com in Banking & Insurance and Hotel Management. Under the name of VIVA IMS, the Trust has now started the Master of Management Studies, a post graduate degree affiliated to University of Mumbai. Presently, the approximate total Student Strength of the college stands around 7000, Faculty strength of 150 and Non-Teaching and Supporting staff strength of 50; the college infrastructural facilities are well developed and all courses are conducted on No-Grant basis with financial support from the Trust only. The VIVA College Library contains over 15000 text and Reference books on various subjects for Junior and Senior College students, as well as rare volumes and manuscripts, it has many rare books not available in similar libraries.
The library subscribes to over 64 magazines including 15 news papers. It has a spacious and an airy reading hall, which provides seating accommodation for 150 students at a time