James C. Flood Mansion
The James C. Flood Mansion is a historic mansion at 1000 California Street, atop Nob Hill in San Francisco, California, USA. Now home of the Pacific-Union Club, it was built in 1886 as the townhouse for James C. Flood, a 19th-century silver baron, it was the first brownstone building west of the Mississippi River, the only mansion on Nob Hill to structurally survive the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1966; the Flood Mansion occupies an entire city block on Nob Hill, bounded by California, Taylor and Sacramento Streets. The block is fenced on three sides by bronze fencing installed at the time of the mansion's construction, it is a large masonry structure, three stories in height, its exterior finished in brownstone quarried in Portland and shipped around Cape Horn. It is an elaborate expression of Classical Revival architecture, with corner quoining, a balustraded roof edge, windows framed by pilasters and elaborate pediments; the main entrance, facing California Street, is sheltered by a broad and deep three-bay portico supported by clustered square columns.
The mansion was built by James C. Flood, who made his fortune in the silver mines of Nevada, his inspiration for the building were the Gilded Age mansions he saw on the East Coast of the United States, so he commissioned one from architect Augustus Laver. Completed in 1888, it was one of his homes until his death in 1889, was occupied by his daughter when it was gutted during the 1906 earthquake and fire, she sold the shell of the building to the Pacific-Union Club, which contemplated tearing it down. It ended up commissioning William Polk to design alterations including a third floor and a new interior; these alterations included the use of additional brownstone, furnished from the same quarries as the original material. The mansion is one of the only ones on Nob Hill to survive the 1906 fire. List of San Francisco Designated Landmarks List of National Historic Landmarks in California National Register of Historic Places listings in San Francisco Historic American Buildings Survey No. CA-1230, "James Clair Flood Mansion, 1000 California Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA", 3 photos, supplemental material
580 California Street
580 California Street is a high rise office building completed in 1987 in the Financial District of San Francisco, California. The postmodern, 107 m, 23 story tower is bordered by Kearny Street and California Street, is topped with three faceless, twelve foot tall statues, on each side of the building on the twenty-third floor; the art installation is entitled "The Corporate Goddesses" by Muriel Castanis, the late designer and creator of the sculptures. Akin, Strauss, Hauer & Feld, LLP Blurb, Inc. CEB Consulate General of Canada Huron Consulting Group Motive Medical Intelligence Northern Trust Corporation State Farm Insurance Welocalize Wetherby Asset Management Oppenheimer & Co. Inc Troutman Sanders LLP Recommind San Francisco's tallest buildings 580 California project page at Philip Johnson · Alan Ritchie Architects 580 California Street at Hines Interests Limited Partnership
San Francisco Ferry Building
The San Francisco Ferry Building is a terminal for ferries that travel across the San Francisco Bay, a food hall and an office building. It is located on The Embarcadero in California. On top of the building is a 245-foot-tall clock tower with four clock dials, each 22 feet in diameter, which can be seen from Market Street, a main thoroughfare of the city. Designed in 1892 by American architect A. Page Brown in the Beaux Arts style, the ferry building was completed in 1898. At its opening, it was the largest project undertaken in the city up to that time. Brown designed the clock tower after the 12th-century Giralda bell tower in Seville and the entire length of the building on both frontages is based on an arched arcade. With decreased use since the 1950s, after bridges were constructed carry transbay traffic and most streetcar routes were converted to buses, the building was adapted to office use and its public spaces broken up. In 2002, a restoration and renovation were undertaken to redevelop the entire complex.
The 660-foot-long Great Nave was restored, together with its height and materials. A marketplace was created on the former baggage handling area; the second and third floors were adapted for office and Port Commission use. During daylight, on every full and half-hour, the clock bell chimes portions of the Westminster Quarters; the ferry terminal is a designated San Francisco landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Opened in 1898, the building replaced a wooden predecessor constructed on the same site in 1875; the well built reinforced building with its arched arcades survived both the 1906 and the 1989 earthquakes with little damage. It served as the destination for commuters to San Francisco from the East Bay, who rode the ferry fleets of the Southern Pacific and the Key System. In the afternoon, they caught ferries returning across the bay. A loop track in front of the building enabled convenient transfers to streetcars. A large pedestrian bridge spanned the Embarcadero in front of the Ferry building to facilitate safe crossing of the busy plaza and transit hub.
In the 1940s, the bridge was dismantled to supply scrap metal for the Second World War. Until the completion of the Bay Bridge and Golden Gate Bridge in the 1930s, the Ferry Building was the second busiest transit terminal in the world, second only to London's Charing Cross Station. After the bridges opened, the new Key System trains began running to the East Bay from the Transbay Terminal in 1939, passenger ferry use fell sharply. In the second half of the 20th century, although the Ferry Building and its clock tower remained a part of the San Francisco skyline, the condition of the building interior declined with changes. Beginning in the 1950s, unsympathetic renovations installed a mezzanine level, broke up the grand space of the Great Nave, partitioned the ticketing counters and waiting room areas into office space; the grand public space was reduced to a narrow and dark corridor, through which travelers passed en route to the piers. Passengers were made to wait for ferries on outdoor benches, the ticketing booths were moved to the pier.
In the late 1950s, the Embarcadero Freeway was built, which passed right in front of the Ferry Building, views of the once-prominent landmark were obscured from Market Street. Pedestrian access was treated as an afterthought, the public was cut off from the waterfront. Market Street Railway services terminated at a loop in front of the building prior to the construction of the Transbay Terminal; the last streetcars ran on July 2, 1949. With the structural failure of the Embarcadero Freeway during the October 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, San Francisco was offered the choice of whether to rebuild it or remove the freeway and reconnect the city with the eastern waterfront and the historic Ferry Building; as part of the larger rejection of the 1950s comprehensive freeway plan as unsympathetic to the city's character, the general unpopularity of the freeway, Mayor Art Agnos led the charge to remove the Embarcadero freeway entirely. It was replaced with a ground-level boulevard, which reconnected a significant portion of San Francisco's waterfront and the rest of the city.
Access was restored to Justin Herman Plaza and the foot of Market Street, of which the Ferry Building had been an integral part for so many decades. By 1992, the freeway had been removed and San Francisco began to create a comprehensive port development plan that would revitalize the newly cleared space, create public access, reintroduce the ferry service; as the most iconic element of the waterfront, the Ferry Building was central to the aesthetic and the overall success of the development plan, its status as a historic landmark for both architecture and engineering made a sympathetic restoration essential. The 1903 Ferry Building was a symbol of San Francisco's history as a bustling port city, but with the redevelopment plan, the city was choosing to make the structure a symbol of San Francisco's future; the vastness of the project resulted in the selection of a group of firms that could each focus on a key aspect of the redevelopment plan. ROMA Design Group—site design architects—designed the bayside and cityside promenades and plazas and reoriented the public spaces of the area to the building and to the bay.
ROMA Design Group designed new ferry terminals and the main historic streetcar stop that re-established the area as a multi-modal transit hub and gateway into the city. Simon Martin-Vegue Winkelstein Moris Architects, founded by Cathy Simon, created an overall plan for the building.
Van Ness Avenue
Van Ness Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare in San Francisco, California. Named Marlette Street, the street was renamed Van Ness Avenue in honor of the city's seventh mayor, James Van Ness; the main part of Van Ness Avenue runs from Market Street near the Civic Center north to Bay Street at Fort Mason. South Van Ness Avenue is the portion of Van Ness south of Market Street, continuing through the city's South of Market and Mission districts to end at Cesar Chavez Street; this southern segment was a continuation of Howard Street, having been renamed by resolution of the Board of Supervisors on August 22, 1932. The route is designated US 101 from the Central Freeway at the convergence of South Van Ness, Howard Street, 13th Street, north to Lombard Street. Of the more striking landmarks along the route are the San Francisco City Hall, the War Memorial Opera House, Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall. A quiet residential neighborhood of mansions, the street was used as a firebreak by the U. S. Army during the 1906 earthquake and fire that destroyed most of San Francisco.
Many of the buildings were dynamited along the street by soldiers in an successful attempt to prevent the firestorm from spreading west to the entire city. Following the quake, Van Ness served as the temporary commercial center and main thoroughfare of San Francisco, as it evolved into a busy commercial district in its own right, attracting many car dealerships that exist to this day as the majority of the city's car and scooter dealerships line the street, it still remains a upscale area with large and grand apartment buildings and movie theaters. Streetcar service started on Van Ness in 1915 for the opening of the Panama–Pacific International Exposition; the rail lines were replaced with a tree-lined median. DREADFUL ACCIDENT: Wm. P. Slocomb, a young man about 18 years old, son of R. W. Slocomb, of the Tenth District, met with a terrible accident yesterday, he was riding home on horseback, when about Bush Street and Van Ness Avenue, met a milk team running away. The team struck the horse young Slocomb was riding, knocked down horse and rider.
His foot caught in the stirrup, animal ran away, dragging the boy for some distance, breaking his skull. The Academy of Art University owns and operates several buildings on the street for housing and academic purposes; the entire route is within the borders of San Francisco. Van Ness Bus Rapid Transit
Bank of America
The Bank of America Corporation is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina with central hubs in New York City, Hong Kong and Toronto. Bank of America was formed through NationsBank's acquisition of BankAmerica in 1998, it is the second largest banking institution in the United States, after JP Morgan Chase. As a part of the Big Four, it services 10.73% of all American bank deposits, in direct competition with Citigroup, Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase. Its primary financial services revolve around commercial banking, wealth management, investment banking. Founded as the Bank of Italy by Amadeo Pietro Giannini in 1904, it provided Italian immigrants who faced service discrimination various banking options. Headquartered in San Francisco, Giannini renamed his bank Banca d'America e d'Italia in 1922, expanded further into California; the passage of landmark federal banking legislation facilitated rapid growth in the 1950s establishing a prominent market share.
After suffering a significant loss after the 1998 Russian bond default, BankAmerica, as it was known, was acquired by the Charlotte-based NationsBank for US$62 billion. Following what was the largest bank acquisition in history, the Bank of America Corporation was founded. Through a series of mergers and acquisitions, it built upon its commercial banking business by establishing Merrill Lynch for wealth management and Bank of America Merrill Lynch for investment banking in 2008 and 2009, respectively. Since both divisions carry the "Merrill Lynch" signage, the former is referred to as "Merrill Lynch Wealth Management" to differentiate itself from the latter. Both Bank of America Merrill Lynch and Merrill Lynch Wealth Management retain large market shares in their respective offerings; the investment bank is considered within the "Bulge Bracket" as the third largest investment bank in the world, as of 2018. Its wealth management side manages US$1.081 trillion in assets under management as the second largest wealth manager in the world, after UBS.
In commercial banking, Bank of America operates—but does not maintain retail branches–in all 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia and more than 40 other countries. Its commercial banking footprint encapsulates 46 million consumer and small business relationships at 4,600 banking centers and 15,900 automated teller machines; the bank's large market share, business activities, economic impact has led to numerous lawsuits and investigations regarding both mortgages and financial disclosures dating back to the 2008 financial crisis. Its corporate practices of servicing the middle class and wider banking community has yielded a substantial market share since the early 20th century; as of August 2018, Bank of America has a $313.5 billion market capitalization, making it the 13th largest company in the world. As the sixth largest American public company, it garnered $102.98 billion in sales as of June 2018. Bank of America was ranked #24 on the 2018 Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
Bank of America was named the "World's Best Bank" by the Euromoney Institutional Investor in their 2018 Awards for Excellence. The Bank of America name first appeared with the formation of Bank of America, Los Angeles. In 1928, it was acquired by Bank of Italy of San Francisco, which took the Bank of America name two years later; the eastern portion of the Bank of America franchise traces its roots to 1792, with the founding of the Providence Bank in Providence, Rhode Island–the earliest forerunner of FleetBoston. In 1874, Commercial National Bank was founded in Charlotte; that bank merged with American Trust Company in 1958 to form American Commercial Bank. Two years it became North Carolina National Bank when it merged with Security National Bank of Greensboro. In 1991, it merged with C&S / Sovran Corporation of Norfolk to form NationsBank; the central portion of the franchise dates to 1910, when Commercial National Bank and Continental National Bank of Chicago merged in 1910 to form Continental & Commercial National Bank, which evolved into Continental Illinois National Bank & Trust.
The history of Bank of America dates back to October 17, 1904, when Amadeo Pietro Giannini founded the Bank of Italy in San Francisco. The Bank of Italy served the needs of many immigrants settling in the United States at that time, providing services denied to them by the existing U. S. banks which discriminated against them and denied service to all but the wealthiest. Giannini was raised by his mother and stepfather Lorenzo Scatena after his father was fatally shot over a pay dispute with an employee; when the 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck, Giannini was able to save all deposits out of the bank building and away from the fires. Because San Francisco's banks were in smoldering ruins and unable to open their vaults, Giannini was able to use the rescued funds to commence lending within a few days of the disaster. From a makeshift desk consisting of a few planks over two barrels, he lent money to those who wished to rebuild. In 1922, Bank of America, Los Angeles was established with Giannini as a minority investor.
This bank was headed by Orra E. Monnette. Between 1923 and 1930, when the two organizations operated separately. Giannini established Bank of Italy. In 1986, Deutsche Bank AG acquired 100% of Banca d'America e d'Italia, a bank established in Naples in 1917 following the name-change of Banca dell'Italia Meridionale with the latter established in 1918. In 1918 another corporation, Bancitaly Corporation, was organized by A. P. Giannini, the largest stockholder of which was
345 California Center
345 California Center is a 48-story office tower in the financial district of San Francisco, California. Completed in 1986, the 211.8 m tower is the fifth tallest in the city after the Salesforce Tower, Transamerica Pyramid, 181 Fremont, 555 California Street if the spires are included. It was proposed to be 30 m taller; the building was developed by Norland Properties, a private real estate investment firm led by Hany Ben-Halim. 345 California is in the middle of a block with historic buildings on each of the four corners. Planned as condominiums, the top 11 floors of the building are the Loews Regency San Francisco hotel, located in twin towers set at 45-degree angles to the rest of the building. Several glass skybridges offer views of the San Francisco Bay Area; the Loews Regency has the street address 222 Sansome, with a different entrance. The floors of the building are used as follows: 38F - 48F: Loews Regency San Francisco 4F - 36F: Offices 2F - 3F: Retail and Restaurants 1F: Lobby Entrance to the Office and Hotel B2F-B1F: Parking Space List of tallest buildings in San Francisco Lloyd, Peter.
San Francisco: A Guide To Recent Architecture. Cologne: Könnemann. Pp. 94–95. ISBN 3-89508-643-6. Mandarin Oriental, San Francisco official website
United Airlines, Inc. referred to as just United, is a major American airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. United operates a large domestic and international route network, with an extensive presence in the Asia-Pacific region. United is a founding member of the Star Alliance, the world's largest airline alliance with a total of 28 member airlines. Regional service is operated by independent carriers under the brand name United Express. United was established by the amalgamation of several airlines in the late 1920s, the oldest of these being Varney Air Lines, founded in 1926. United has seven hubs, with Chicago–O'Hare being its largest in terms of passengers carried and the number of departures; the company employs over 86,000 people while maintaining its headquarters in Chicago's Willis Tower. Through the airline's parent company, United Continental Holdings, it is publicly traded under NYSE: UAL with a market capitalization of over US$21 billion as of January 2018. United traces its roots to Varney Air Lines, which Walter Varney founded in 1926 in Idaho.
Continental Airlines is the successor to Speed Lanes, which Varney had founded by 1932 and whose name changed to Varney Speed Lines in 1934. VAL flew the first contracted air mail flight in the U. S. on April 6, 1926. In 1927, William Boeing founded Boeing Air Transport to operate air mail routes under contract with the United States Post Office Department. In 1929, Boeing merged his company with Pratt & Whitney to form the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation which set about buying, in the space of just 28 months, Pacific Air Transport, Stout Air Services, VAL, National Air Transport, as well as numerous equipment manufacturers at the same time. On March 28, 1931, UATC formed United Air Lines, Inc. as a holding company for its airline subsidiaries. In late 2006, Continental Airlines and United had preliminary merger discussions. On April 16, 2010, those discussions resumed; the board of directors of Continental and UAL Corporation agreed on May 2, 2010, to combine operations, contingent upon shareholder and regulatory approval.
On October 1, 2010, the UAL Corporation changed its name to Inc.. The carriers planned to begin merging their operations in 2011; the merged airline began operating under a single air operator's certificate from the Federal Aviation Administration on November 30, 2011. On March 3, 2012, United and Continental merged their passenger service systems, frequent-flier programs, websites, which eliminated the Continental brand with the exception of its logo. United operates to 231 destinations and 125 international destinations in 48 countries across five continents. United operates seven hubs. Chicago–O'Hare – United's largest hub and its hub for the Midwest. United flies 36 million passengers through O'Hare every year, about 99,000 people per day, making it the busiest airline at the airport. United's corporate headquarters are in Chicago. Denver – United's hub for the central and western United States. In 2017, United flew 25.9 million passengers through DIA or about 71,000 people per day. As of December 2017, United has about 42% of the market share at DIA making it the airport's largest airline.
Houston–Intercontinental – United's hub for the Southern United States and primary gateway to Latin America. About 33.5 million passengers fly through Houston on United every year, or about 91,000 people per day. United has about 78% of the seat share at Bush, making it the airport's largest tenant. Los Angeles – United's secondary hub for the West Coast and gateway to Asia and Australia. About 10 million passengers fly through LAX on about 28,000 people per day. United has 15% of the market share at LAX, making it the third-biggest carrier at the airport. Newark – United's primary hub for the East Coast and a gateway to Europe, Latin America and Asia. About 28.5 million passengers fly on United through Newark every year, or about 78,000 people per day. United controls about 81% of the slots at Newark and carries about 68% of all passengers at the airport. United uses part of Terminal A for United Express Flights. San Francisco – United's primary hub for the West Coast and gateway to Asia and Australia.
About 22 million passengers pass through SFO every year on United, about 60,000 people per day. United has about 46% of the market share at San Francisco International, making it the biggest airline at the airport. Washington–Dulles – United's secondary hub for the East Coast and gateway to Europe. United has about 65% of the market share at Washington Dulles, making it the largest airline at the airport. About 14 million passengers fly through Dulles every year on United, about 38,465 people per day. United Airlines is a member of the Star Alliance and has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: In addition to the above codeshares, United has entered into joint ventures with the following airlines: Air Canada Air New Zealand All Nippon Airways Austrian Airlines Brussels Airlines Lufthansa Swiss International Air Lines As of March 2019, United Airlines operated a fleet of 778 aircraft. On July 20, 2011, American Airlines announced an order for 460 narrowbody jets, including 260 Airbus A320s.
The order broke Boeing's monopoly with the airline and forced Boeing into the re-engined 737 MAX. This sale included a Most-Favoured-Customer Clause, which requires Airbus to refund to American any difference between the price paid by American and a lower price paid by United or another airline; this perpetuates United's having a Boeing-skewed fleet. On September 22, 2012, United became the first American airline to take delivery of Boeing 787 aircraft. Un