The Russ Building is a Neo-Gothic office tower located in the Financial District of San Francisco, California. The 133-metre building was completed in 1927 and had 32 floors as well as the city's first indoor parking garage, it was the tallest building in San Francisco from 1927 to 1964 and one of the most prominent, along with its 133-metre "twin", the PacBell Building to the south. Upon completion, the building was iconic enough that Architect and Engineer wrote, “In nearly every large city there is one building that because of its size, beauty of architectural design and character of its use and occupancy, has come to typify the city itself... Today the Russ Building takes this place in San Francisco. By its size and location and by the character of its tenants the building becomes indeed—'The Center of Western Progress'.”However, Manhattanization from 1960 to 1990 has shrouded the tower in a shell of skyscrapers, removing the tower's prominence. The San Francisco Chronicle's architecture critic John King described the Russ Building as "the embodiment of Jazz Age romance, a full block of ornate Gothic-flavored masonry that ascends in jagged stages from Montgomery Street with a leap and a scramble to a central crown".
The tower is a California Historical Landmark. Until the emergence of Sand Hill Road in the 1980s, many of the largest venture capital firms held offices in the Russ Building. Eliel Saarinen's Tribune Tower design PacBell Building List of tallest buildings in San Francisco Woodbridge, Sally B.. San Francisco Architecture. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. P. 27. ISBN 0-87701-897-9; the Russ Building at Shorenstein Properties The Russ Building's Tenant Handbook The Russ Building at The Swig Company
California's 17th State Assembly district
California's 17th State Assembly district is one of 80 California State Assembly districts. It is represented by Democrat David Chiu of San Francisco; the district encompasses the eastern 58.1% of the consolidated city-county of San Francisco, including its central financial and governmental core. This district is a major focus of the San Francisco Bay Area. California State Assembly California State Assembly districts Districts in California District map from the California Citizens Redistricting Commission
Salesforce.com, Inc. is an American cloud-based software company headquartered in San Francisco, California. Though the bulk of its revenue comes from a customer relationship management product, Salesforce sells a complementary suite of enterprise applications focused on customer service, marketing automation and application development. Salesforce was ranked first in Fortune's 100 Best Companies to Work For in 2018; the company was founded in 1999 by former Oracle executive Marc Benioff, Parker Harris, Dave Moellenhoff, Frank Dominguez as a company specializing in software as a service. Harris and Dominguez, three software developers at consulting firm Left Coast Software, were introduced to Benioff through a friend and former Oracle colleague Bobby Yazdani. Harris and team wrote the initial sales automation software, which launched to its first customers during Sept-Nov 1999. In June 2004, the company's initial public offering was listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the stock symbol CRM and raised US$110 million.
Early investors include Larry Ellison, Magdalena Yesil, Halsey Minor, Stewart Henderson, Mark Iscaro, Igor Sill of Geneva Venture Partners, as well as Nancy Pelosi. In July 2012 Salesforce applied to trademark the term "Social enterprise" in the US, EU and Jamaica where the term was in widespread use to describe businesses with a social purpose; this was challenged by a campaign called #notinourname, launched by Social Enterprise UK resulting in Salesforce.com withdrawing their trademark application and agreeing not to use the term in their future marketing. In October 2014, Salesforce announced the development of its Customer Success Platform to tie together Salesforce's services, including sales, marketing, analytics and mobile apps. In October 2017, Salesforce launched a Facebook Analytics tool for B2B marketers. In September 2018, Salesforce partnered with Apple intended on improving apps for businesses. For the fiscal year 2018, Salesforce reported earnings of US$127 million, with an annual revenue of US$10.480 billion, an increase of 24.9% over the previous fiscal cycle.
Salesforce's shares traded at over $131 per share, its market capitalization was over US$102.5 billion in October 2018. Salesforce ranked 285 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States companies by revenue. Salesforce.com's customer relationship management service is broken down into several broad categories: Commerce Cloud, Sales Cloud, Service Cloud, Data Cloud, Marketing Cloud, Community Cloud, Analytics Cloud, App Cloud, IoT with over 100,000 customers. Salesforce is the primary enterprise offering within the Salesforce platform, it provides companies with an interface for case management and task management, a system for automatically routing and escalating important events. The Salesforce customer portal provides customers the ability to track their own cases, includes a social networking plug-in that enables the user to join the conversation about their company on social networking websites, provides analytical tools and other services including email alert, Google search, access to customers' entitlement and contracts.
Community Cloud provides Salesforce customers the ability to create online web properties for external collaboration, customer service, channel sales, other custom portals in their instance of Salesforce. Integrated to Sales Cloud, Service Cloud, App Cloud, Community Cloud can be customized to provide a wide variety of web properties. Work.com Rypple, is a social performance management platform that helps managers and employees improve work performance through continuous coaching, real-time feedback, recognition. It is marketed as a solution for sales performance, customer service, as a service that can be employed by human resource departments. Work.com known as "Rypple", was founded by Daniel Debow and David Stein, who wanted to create a simple way of asking for feedback anonymously at work. The company was formed in May 2008 and their client list included Mozilla, LinkedIn and the Gilt Groupe. Rypple "'reverses the onus on the demand for more feedback' by getting employees to build and manage their own coaching networks".
In September 2011, Rypple announced that they had hired Bohdan Zabawskyj as its Chief Technology Officer. In 2011, Rypple developed a more formalized management methodology called OKR
Yerba Buena, California
Yerba Buena was the original name of the settlement that became San Francisco, California. Located near the northeastern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, between the Presidio of San Francisco and the Mission San Francisco de Asís, it was intended as a trading post for ships visiting San Francisco Bay; the settlement was arranged in the Spanish style around a plaza that remains as the present day Portsmouth Square. The name of the town was taken from native to the pueblo site. Franciscan missionary Pedro Font, accompanying the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition of 1775-76, applied the Spanish name to the common native herb he found abundant in the landscape; the plant's common name, yerba buena, the same in English and Spanish, is an alternate form of the Spanish hierba buena. The earliest report of the use of Yerba Buena as a place name comes from the log of George Vancouver, who in 1792 sailed his ship HMS Discovery into San Francisco Bay and anchored "about a league below the Presidio in a place they called Yerba Buena".
The Spanish Portolá expedition, led by Don Gaspar de Portolá arrived overland from Mexico on November 2, 1769. It was the first documented European visit by land to the San Francisco Bay Area, claiming it for Spain as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. A second group of soldiers, this time accompanied by settlers, arrived in June 1776, led by the Spanish explorer Juan Bautista De Anza. One of De Anza's officers, José Joaquín Moraga, was given the task of building a Spanish mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís and a military fort, the Presidio of San Francisco. Moraga chose a location halfway between the two sites to build housing for the workers, which became known as Yerba Buena. A supply ship arrived about two months and the settlers began building. In 1804 Las Californias province was split into Alta California province and Baja California province, both still within the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Spain. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the territory of Alta California became part of Mexico, but the faraway Mexican government paid little attention to Yerba Buena.
Over the years the area between the port facilities at Yerba Buena Cove and the housing area of Yerba Buena filled in. The old plaza is today's Portsmouth Square. In 1835, Englishman William A. Richardson erected a homestead near the boat anchorage of Yerba Buena Cove. Together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, which retained the name Yerba Buena. In early 1841 James Douglas of the Hudson's Bay Company, operating on the Pacific coast from Fort Vancouver, went to Yerba Buena to establish an HBC trading post. A large building on the water's edge was purchased; the HBC post had several purposes. It operated as a wholesale store, selling goods exported from Fort Vancouver such as salmon and British manufactures in exchange for hides and tallow; the post improved diplomatic relations between the British HBC and the Mexican government of California, making the HBC's fur trapping expeditions into California's Central Valley politically acceptable. Despite the mercantile potential of the HBC store in Yerba Buena, in 1842 it was ordered to be closed by George Simpson as part of Simpson's general reorganization of the HBC's Columbia District.
The HBC store in Yerba Buena was sold in 1846, two years before the California Gold Rush transformed Yerba Buena into the major city on the North American west coast. On July 7, 1846, US Navy Commodore John D. Sloat, in the Battle of Yerba Buena, claimed Alta California for the United States during the Mexican-American War, US Navy Captain John Berrien Montgomery and US Marine Second Lieutenant Henry Bulls Watson of the USS Portsmouth arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days by raising the American flag over the town plaza, now Portsmouth Square in honor of the ship. Henry Bulls Watson was placed in command of the garrison there. On July 31, 1846, Yerba Buena doubled in population when about 240 Mormon migrants from the East coast arrived on the ship Brooklyn, led by Sam Brannan. In August 1846, Lt. Washington Allon Bartlett was named alcalde of Yerba Buena. On January 30, 1847, Lt. Bartlett's proclamation changing the name Yerba Buena to San Francisco took effect; the city and the rest of Alta California became a United States military territory in 1848 by the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican-American War.
California was admitted for statehood to the United States on September 9, 1850. The State soon chartered San Francisco as a County. History of San Francisco List of pre-statehood mayors of Yerba Buena−San Francisco American conquest of California Category:Conquest of California — in the Mexican-American War. Yerba Buena Cove — map from 1851–1852 showing Yerba Buena Cove. View of San Francisco Yerba Buena, in 1846-7 before the discovery of gold — A panoramic map of Yerba Buena Cove and early San Francisco.
In United States local government, a consolidated city-county is a city and county that have been merged into one unified jurisdiction. As such it is a city, a municipal corporation, a county, an administrative division of a state, it has the responsibilities of both types of entities. A consolidated city-county is different from an independent city, although the latter may result from consolidation of a city and a county and may have the same powers as a consolidated city-county. An independent city is a city not deemed by its state to be located within the boundary of any county and recognized by its state as a legal territorial entity separate from surrounding or adjoining counties. A consolidated city-county differs from an independent city in that the city and county both nominally exist, although they have a consolidated government, whereas in an independent city, the county does not nominally exist. Not considering Hawaii, which has no independent cities, the Midwest and Upper South have the highest concentration of large consolidated city-county governments in the United States, including Indianapolis, Indiana.
The largest consolidated city-county in the United States by population is Philadelphia, while the largest by land area is Sitka, Alaska. In Louisiana, consolidated-city counties are called city-parish consolidated governments. New Orleans City-Parish is one example. According to information compiled by former Albuquerque mayor David Rusk, 105 referenda were held in the United States between 1902 and 2010 to consider proposals to consolidate cities and counties. Only 27 of these proposals were approved by voters. Wyandotte County, uses the term "unified government" to refer to its consolidation with Kansas City and most of the towns within the county boundaries in which some cities and towns remain separate jurisdictions within the county. Individual sections of a metropolitan or regional municipality may retain some autonomous jurisdiction apart from the citywide government. In place of another level of government, local governments form councils of governments – governmental organizations which are not empowered with any law-making or law enforcement powers.
This is the case in the Atlanta metropolitan area, where the Atlanta Regional Commission studies and makes recommendations on the impact of all major construction and development projects on the region, but cannot stop them. The Georgia Regional Transportation Authority is a true government agency of the state of Georgia, does control some state transportation monies to the cities and counties, but otherwise has little authority beyond this small power of the purse; the case of New York City is unique, in that the city consists of five boroughs, each of, co-extensive with a county. Each borough, being coterminous with a county, has its own district attorney; the city, as constituted, was created in 1898 when the city of New York annexed Kings County, Queens County, Richmond County as the boroughs of Brooklyn and Staten Island, respectively. Similar arrangements exist in other countries. England has six "metropolitan counties" created in 1974: Greater Manchester, South Yorkshire and Wear, West Midlands, West Yorkshire.
From 1986, these metropolitan counties do not have county councils but rather joint boards for certain functions. Modern unitary authorities are similar, are known as county boroughs in Wales. In Scotland, Dundee and Glasgow are functionally "independent cities", though the term is not used. London is unique however, being a ceremonial county containing the ancient City of London and 32 London boroughs; the single square mile that comprises the City of London is only a tiny part of the London as a capital city, which takes up 607 square miles. In the Canadian province of Ontario, there exist several single-tier municipalities which serve the same sort of functions as American consolidated city-counties. One example of this is the City of Toronto, created in 1998 from the amalgamation of the central government and the six constituent municipalities of the Metropolitan Municipality of Toronto, created in 1954. In Germany and Hamburg are both cities and states. Nearly every larger city in Germany is a consolidated city-county, like Frankfurt, Munich or Dresden.
Additionally, the Australian Capital Territory government in Australia performs all municipal functions of the city of Canberra, thus functions as an integrated city-territory. The City of Tokyo merged with the prefecture to form Tokyo metropolis in 1943. In nine consolidated city-county governments in the United States, the independent incorporated places maintain some governmental powers. In these cities, which the United States Census Bureau calls "consolidated cities", statistics are recorded both for the entire consolidated government and for the c
San Francisco Transbay development
The San Francisco Transit Center District Plan is a massive redevelopment plan for the neighborhood surrounding the Salesforce Transit Center site, South of Market near the Financial District in San Francisco. The new Salesforce Transit Center has replaced the since-demolished San Francisco Transbay Terminal, new skyscrapers, such as Salesforce Tower, take advantage of the height increases allowed through the Transit Center District Plan; the sale of several land parcels owned by the state and given to the managing Transbay Joint Powers Authority helped finance the construction of the Transit Center. The original Transbay Terminal opened in 1939 as the San Francisco terminus for the Key System and other commuter trains that travelled across the new San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge to the East Bay. Train service to San Francisco was discontinued in 1958 and the Transbay Terminal was reconfigured for buses. Transbay train service would resume in 1974 with the opening of BART and the Transbay Tube, but the BART tracks were routed under Market Street, bypassing the Transbay Terminal.
By the end of the 20th century, the Transbay Terminal was underused and rundown, handling an average of about 20,000 commuters per day. In 1985, San Francisco adopted the Downtown Plan, which slowed development in the Financial District north of Market Street and directed it to the area South of Market around the Transbay Terminal. In the early 1990s, the Embarcadero Freeway was demolished following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, freeing up numerous city blocks for development south of the Transbay Terminal. In 1995, Caltrain agreed to study extending its commuter rail service from its Fourth and King terminus closer to the Financial District, including whether the obsolete Transbay Terminal should be removed, remodeled, or rebuilt, it was decided that the Transbay Terminal should be rebuilt, with the rail extension entering the Terminal under Second Street. In 1996, then-San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown issued the idea of redeveloping the earthquake-damaged Transbay Transit Center. To that end, Brown tapped his then-new deputy Mayor Maria Ayerdi Kaplan to head the project.
Kaplan created, became executive director of, the Transbay Joint Powers Authority in 2008. To finance the projects and promote development in the area, the Transbay Redevelopment Plan was adopted by the City of San Francisco in June 2005. By raising a number of building height limits and selling former freeway parcels, the plan envisions the development of over 2,500 new homes, 3 million square feet of new office and commercial space, 100,000 square feet of retail. Designed by Pelli Clarke Pelli, the new Salesforce Transit Center replaced the former Transbay Terminal at a cost of $2 billion USD and has been dubbed the "Grand Central Station of the West" by proponents; the new center is planned to include an extension of Caltrain into the station from the current Caltrain Depot at 4th and King Streets in Mission Bay via tunnels which would carry the Bay Area segment of the future California High-Speed Rail and terminate at the station, as mandated by California voters in Proposition 1A, the ballot measure authorizing CAHSR construction.
This extension would cost an additional $2-4 billion and is unfunded. The Transit Center has three levels plus a 5.4-acre public rooftop park. The ground level is the street entrance to the Transit Center. Above that are administrative offices, retail shops and the Amtrak/Greyhound waiting room; the final indoors level services Transbay buses from San Francisco's Muni, the East Bay's AC Transit, WestCAT, as well as long-distance buses operated by Greyhound and Amtrak Thruway. Future Caltrain and HSR service would utilize two underground levels, the lower of which would house the tracks and platforms, the upper of which would house a retail concourse and waiting areas. Adjacent to the Transit Center and at the center of the redevelopment effort is a signature skyscraper at First and Mission Streets; the proposal featured plans from several major architecture firms including Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Richard Rogers Partnership, Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects. The plan from Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects was picked.
The original plans from Pelli Clark Pelli Architects called for a 1,200-foot tower as the main tower and a massive three-block-long Transbay Center. However, due to considerations about how the tower would cast a shadow over some of the city's parks, the height was reduced to 1,070 feet; the designs to the supertall tower changed during its planning phase, its final design incorporates slits at each side of its angular top along with an altered terminal station design. However some of the original design cues were restored and reincorporated due to complaints about the design modifications; the tower and the new terminal is now under construction with groundbreaking on March 27, 2013. With the adoption of the Transit Center District Plan in 2012, height limits were raised for several parcels in the vicinity of the Transit Center. Among the parcels zoned for taller buildings are 50 First Street, 181 Fremont Street, 350 Mission Street, Golden Gate University's campus at 536 Mission Street, the proposed Palace Hotel Residential Tower, the Salesforce Tower site.
Following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, the Embarcadero Freeway was torn down, opening up a number of blocks for development. Several other parcels, near Beale and Howard streets, were used for the East Loop Ramp of the Transbay Terminal and are not needed for the new Transit Center. In 2007, the state of California agreed to transfer the state-owned parcels to the City and County of San Franc