Calvin and Hobbes is a daily American comic strip created by cartoonist Bill Watterson, syndicated from November 18, 1985 to December 31, 1995. Cited as "the last great newspaper comic", Calvin and Hobbes has enjoyed broad and enduring popularity, influence and philosophical interest. Calvin and Hobbes follows the humorous antics of the title characters: Calvin, a precocious and adventurous six-year-old boy. Set in the contemporary suburban United States, the strip depicts Calvin's frequent flights of fancy and friendship with Hobbes, it examines Calvin's relationships with family and classmates the love/hate relationship between him and his classmate Susie Derkins. Hobbes' dual nature is a defining motif for the strip: to Calvin, Hobbes is a living anthropomorphic tiger, while all the other characters see Hobbes as an inanimate stuffed toy. Though the series does not mention specific political figures or contemporary events, it does explore broad issues like environmentalism, public education, philosophical quandaries and the flaws of opinion polls.
At the height of its popularity and Hobbes was featured in over 2,400 newspapers worldwide. In 2010, reruns of the strip appeared in more than 50 countries, nearly 45 million copies of the Calvin and Hobbes books had been sold worldwide. Calvin and Hobbes was conceived when Bill Watterson, while working in an advertising job he detested, began devoting his spare time to developing a newspaper comic for potential syndication, he explored various strip ideas but all were rejected by the syndicates. United Feature Syndicate responded positively to one strip called The Doghouse, which featured a side character who had a stuffed tiger. United identified these characters as the strongest, encouraged Watterson to develop them as the centre of their own strip. Though United Feature rejected the new strip as lacking in marketing potential, Universal Press Syndicate took it up; the first strip was published on November 1985 in 35 newspapers. Watterson was warned by the syndicate not to give up the day job yet, but it was not long before the series had become a hit.
Within a year of syndication, the strip was published in 250 newspapers and was proving to have international appeal with translation and wide circulation outside the United States. Although Calvin and Hobbes would undergo continual artistic development and creative innovation over the period of syndication, the earliest strips demonstrate a remarkable consistency with the latest. Watterson introduced all the major characters within the first three weeks, made no changes to the central cast over the 10 years of the strip's history. By April 5, 1987, Watterson was featured in an article in The Los Angeles Times. Calvin and Hobbes earned Watterson the Reuben Award from the National Cartoonists Society in the Outstanding Cartoonist of the Year category, first in 1986 and again in 1988, he was nominated another time in 1992. The Society awarded him the Humor Comic Strip Award for 1988. Calvin and Hobbes has won several more awards; as his creation grew in popularity, Watterson underwent a long and draining battle with his syndicate editors over his refusal to license his characters for merchandising.
By 1991, Watterson had achieved his goal of securing a new contract that granted him legal control over his creation and all future licensing arrangements. Having achieved his objective of creative control, Watterson's desire for privacy subsequently reasserted itself and he ceased all media interviews, relocated to New Mexico, disappeared from public engagements, refusing to attend the ceremonies of any of the cartooning awards he won; the pressures of the battle over merchandising led to Watterson taking an extended break from May 5, 1991, to February 1, 1992, a move, unprecedented in the world of syndicated cartoonists. During Watterson's first sabbatical from the strip, Universal Press Syndicate continued to charge newspapers full price to re-run old Calvin and Hobbes strips. Few editors approved of the move, but the strip was so popular that they had no choice but to continue to run it for fear that competing newspapers might pick it up and draw its fans away. Watterson returned to the strip in 1992 with plans to produce his Sunday strip as an unbreakable half of a newspaper or tabloid page.
This made him only the second cartoonist since Garry Trudeau to have sufficient popularity to demand more space and control over the presentation of his work. Watterson took a second sabbatical from April 3 through December 31, 1994; when he returned, he had made the decision to end the strip. In 1995, Watterson sent a letter via his syndicate to all editors whose newspapers carried his strip announcing his plans to end the strip by the end of the year. Stating his belief that he had achieved everything that he wanted to within the medium, he announced his intention to work on future projects at a slower pace with fewer artistic compromises; the final strip ran on Sunday, December 31, 1995. It depicted Calvin and Hobbes outside in freshly fallen snow, reveling in the wonder and excitement of the winter scene. "It's a magical world, Hobbes, ol' buddy... Let's go exploring!" Calvin exclaims as they zoom off over the snowy hills on their sled, according to one critic ten years "a hole in the comics page that no strip has been able to fill."
Syndicated comics were published five times a week in black and white, with a Sunday supplement version in a larger, full colour format. This larger format version of the strip was constrained by mandatory layout requirements that made it possible for newspaper editors to format the strip for different page sizes and l
Kim Bong-han is a North Korean medical surgeon at Pyongyang Medical University and Kyung-Rak institute. He is known for his research on a proposed mechanism for acupuncture, not accepted by the mainstream medical community that has come to be called the "primo-vascular system", he received the People's Prize for his research. The primo vascular system was claimed to be scientifically confirmed in 2002, but the matter remains controversial. In 1966 the Kyung-Rak institute was closed, Kim disappeared. Kim Bong-han was born in 1916, he obtained his medical degree from Seoul National University in 1946. After the Korean War broke out, a physiologist based in South Korea, crossed over to North Korea, leaving his family behind. Prior to his arrival in North Korea, Kim was affiliated with the Korea Democratic Party. Kim claimed the existence of the Chin-Lo or Kyungrak system, a system of pathways which he proposed form a basis for acupuncture points and meridians, which he called the "primo-vascular system".
There is no credible evidence. While working as director of North Korea's Kyung-Rak institute from 1962 to 1965, Kim published five articles in the Journal of Jo Sun Medicine, about acupuncture, the Kyungrak system, the "Sanal" theory; these articles form the basis of the proposed primo-vascular system, which attracted some interest as late as in the early 2010s. The North Korean government supported Kim's research by supplying his team with various analytical instruments such as microscopes and radioactive tracers, most of which were imported from Eastern Europe, he was awarded the People's Prize for his work on 2 February 1962. Kim's book On the Kyungrak system was simultaneously published in Korean and Chinese languages in 1963. In 1966, the Kyung-Rak research institute was shut down; as of 2011, Kim has not been found. Kim, Bong-han. Great discovery in biology and medicine: substance of Kyungrak. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 500017964. —. On the Kyungrak system. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House.
OCLC 299812660. List of people who disappeared Traditional Korean medicine
The 1952 Salad Bowl was a college football postseason bowl game between the Houston Cougars and the Dayton Flyers. The Cougars finished 4th in the Missouri Valley Conference in their first season and earned a trip to their first bowl game; the Flyers were an independent school. Bobby Recker gave Dayton a 7–0 lead on his touchdown run. With:10 remaining in the first quarter, Gene Shannon rushed for a touchdown to narrow the lead to 1. Recker caught a 25-yard pass from Frank Siggins to give Dayton a 14–6 lead. Less than five minutes Shannon rushed for his second touchdown to narrow the lead once again. Dayton increased their lead on Siggins' pass to Jim Currin to take a 21–13 lead with:44 remaining in the half. After halftime, the Cougars limited the Flyers to five rushing yards in the second half while forcing three turnovers. Shannon narrowed the lead once again on a 1-yard touchdown run to make it 21–20. Less than two minutes Shannon's 10-yard run with 7:50 in the third proved to be the go-ahead touchdown as the two teams failed to score in the fourth quarter, giving Houston their first bowl win.
Shannon rushed for 175 yards on 28 carries with four touchdowns, including 129 yards in the first half. The Cougars wound up winning the conference the next year, finishing at #19 in the polls, though they would not play another bowl game until 1962. Dayton soon dropped down below Division I, now in the Football Championship Subdivision. After this Salad Bowl, the opponents would consist of high school teams and All-Stars, not involving college teams
The First Moroccan Crisis was an international crisis between March 1905 and May 1906 over the status of Morocco. Germany wanted to challenge France's growing control over Morocco, aggravating France and the United Kingdom, but the crisis was resolved by a conference of European countries that affirmed French control; the crisis worsened German relations with both France and the United Kingdom, helped enhance the new Anglo-French Entente. On March 31, 1905, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany arrived at Tangier and conferred with representatives of Sultan Abdelaziz of Morocco; the Kaiser toured the city on the back of a white horse. The Kaiser declared he had come to support the sovereignty of the Sultan—a statement which amounted to a provocative challenge to French influence in Morocco; the Sultan subsequently rejected a set of French-proposed governmental reforms and issued invitations to major world powers to a conference which would advise him on necessary reforms. Germany sought a multilateral conference where the French could be called to account before other European powers.
The French foreign minister, Théophile Delcassé, took a defiant line, holding that there was no need for such a conference. Count Bernhard von Bülow, the German Chancellor, threatened war over the issue; the crisis peaked in mid-June. The French cancelled all military leave and Germany threatened to sign a defensive alliance with the Sultan. French Premier Maurice Rouvier refused to risk war with Germany over the issue. Delcassé resigned. On July 1, France agreed to attend the conference; the crisis continued to the eve of the conference at Algeciras, with Germany calling up reserve units and France moving troops to the German border. The Algeciras Conference was called to settle the dispute, lasting from January 16 to April 7, 1906. Of the 13 nations present, the German representatives found that their only supporter was Austria-Hungary. A German attempt at compromise was rejected by all but Austria-Hungary. France had firm support from Britain, Italy and the United States; the Germans decided to accept a face-saving compromise agreement, signed on March 31, 1906 Although the Algeciras Conference temporarily solved the First Moroccan Crisis, it only worsened the tensions between the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente that led to the First World War.
The First Moroccan Crisis showed that the Entente Cordiale was strong, as Britain had defended France in the crisis. The crisis can be seen as a reason for the Anglo-Russian Entente and the Anglo-Franco-Spanish Pact of Cartagena being signed the following year. Kaiser Wilhelm II was angry at being humiliated and was determined not to back down again, which led to the German involvement in the Second Moroccan Crisis. Perdicaris affair Esthus, Raymond A. Theodore Roosevelt and the International Rivalries pp 66–111. Gifford and Alison Smith, eds. Britain and Germany in Africa: imperial rivalry and colonial rule ch 7
KOKO-FM is a radio station licensed to Kerman, California. Owned by Art Laboe's Big Broadcasting, it broadcasts a rhythmic oldies format targeting Fresno. KOKO-FM signed on the air as country station KTAA during the early 1980s. In the early 1990s, the station flipped to a short-lived hip-hop format as Jammin 94, before flipping to regional Mexican La Fiesta. In 1997, the station was acquired by Victor Brown, flipped to a rhythmic format as 94.3 The Party. In 1998, Art Laboe acquired the station and it was rebranded as Power 94, Hit Radio 94.3 in August 2001. This was followed by a Rhythmic AC format. On June 28, 2012, KOKO-FM flipped to classic hits. On November 27, 2018, KOKO-FM again changed formats, this time to rhythmic oldies as Jammin' 94.3. Official website Query the FCC's FM station database for KOKO Radio-Locator information on KOKO Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KOKO
Emery Oakland Barnes, OBC was a Canadian professional football player and politician. Born in Louisiana and raised in Oregon, Barnes was a gifted athlete, was an alternate high jumper for the 1952 US Olympic Track and Field team, he played football at the University of Oregon and was selected by the National Football League's Green Bay Packers in the 1954 NFL Draft He played two games for the Packers in 1956, but had much more success in the Canadian Football League with the B. C. Lions, he played 3 years, from 1962 to 1964, for a total of 30 games and was champion in 1964 He received a Bachelor of Social Work degree from the University of British Columbia. Barnes worked as a social worker before entering politics. First elected to the British Columbia legislature in 1972, re-elected four consecutive times, he served the people of British Columbia until 1996. Barnes and fellow NDP MLA Rosemary Brown were the first black politicians elected to a legislative office in British Columbia in the 20th century.
He was concerned with issues relating to social justice, human rights, poverty. Elected Speaker of the Legislature in 1994, he was the first black person to hold this position in any Canadian province; the city of Vancouver has named a park after him in his memory: Emery Barnes Park at 1100 Seymour Street. Barnes was appointed to the Order of British Columbia in 1995, he is buried in Coquitlam, British Columbia. The headstone shows his full name as "Emery Oakland Barnes." Constance Barnes, a daughter of his, was an elected member of the Vancouver Park Board and stood for the 2015 federal election with the NDP in the riding of Vancouver Centre. Detailed Biography of Emery Barnes from University of Washington Gail Ito, Emery at blackpast.org