The Camargue is a natural region located south of Arles, between the Mediterranean Sea and the two arms of the Rhône delta. The eastern arm is called the Grand Rhône. Administratively it lies within the department of Bouches-du-Rhône, covers parts of the territory of the communes of Arles, Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône. A further expanse of marshy plain, the Petite Camargue, just to the west of the Petit Rhône, lies in the department of Gard. Camargue was designated a Ramsar site as a "Wetland of International Importance" on 1 December 1986. With an area of over 930 km2, the Camargue is western Europe's largest river delta, it is a vast plain comprising large brine lagoons or étangs, cut off from the sea by sandbars and encircled by reed-covered marshes. These are in turn surrounded by a large cultivated area. A third of the Camargue is either lakes or marshland; the central area around the shoreline of the Étang de Vaccarès has been protected as a regional park since 1927, in recognition of its great importance as a haven for wild birds.

In 2008, it was incorporated into the larger Parc naturel régional de Camargue. The Camargue is home to more than 400 species of birds and has been identified as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International, its brine ponds provide one of the few European habitats for the greater flamingo. The marshes are a prime habitat for many species of insects, notably some of the most ferocious mosquitos to be found anywhere in France. Camargue horses roam the extensive marshlands, along with Camargue cattle; the native flora of the Camargue have adapted to the saline conditions. Sea lavender and glasswort flourish, along with reeds. Established as a regional park and nature reserve in 1970, the Parc Naturel Régional de Camargue covers 820 km²; this territory is some of most protected in all of Europe. A roadside museum provides background on flora and the history of the area. Humans have lived in the Camargue for millennia affecting it with drainage schemes, rice paddies and salt pans. Much of the outer Camargue has been drained for agricultural purposes.

The Camargue has the famous white Camarguais. Camargue horses are ridden by the gardians, who rear the region's cattle for fighting bulls for regional use and for export to Spain, as well as sheep. Many of these animals are raised in semi-feral conditions, allowed to roam through the Camargue within a manade, or free-running herd, they are periodically rounded up for medical treatment, or other events. Few towns of any size have developed in the Camargue, its "capital" is Arles, located at the extreme north of the delta where the Rhône forks into its two principal branches. The only other towns of note are along the sea front or near it: Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, about 45 km to the southwest and the medieval fortress-town of Aigues-Mortes on the far western edge, in the Petite Camargue. Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer is the destination of the annual Romani pilgrimage for the veneration of Saint Sarah; the Camargue was exploited in the Middle Ages by Benedictine monks. In the 16th-17th centuries, big estates, known locally as mas, were founded by rich landlords from Arles.

At the end of the 18th century, they had the Rhône diked to protect the town and their properties from flooding. In 1858, the building of the digue à la mer achieved temporary protection of the delta from erosion, but it is a changing landform, always affected by waters and weather; the north of the Camargue is agricultural land. The main crops are cereals and rice. Near the seashore, prehistoric man started extracting salt, a practice. Salt was a source of wealth for the Cistercian "salt abbeys" of Ulmet and Psalmody in the Middle Ages. Industrial salt collection started in the 19th century, big chemical companies such as Péchiney and Solvay founded the'mining' city of Salin-de-Giraud; the boundaries of the Camargue are revised by the Rhône as it transports huge quantities of mud downstream – as much as 20 million m3 annually. Some of the étangs are the remnants of old legs of the river; the general trend is for the coastline to move outwards as new earth is deposited in the delta at the river's mouth.

Aigues-Mortes built as a port on the coast, is now some 5 km inland. The pace of change has been modified in recent years by man-made barriers, such as dams on the Rhône and sea dykes, but flooding remains a problem across the region. Bac du Sauvage Folco de Baroncelli-Javon Camargue cattle Camargue equitation Camargue horse Camargue red rice Gardian Manade Russell, Richard Joel. "Geomorphology of the Rhone Delta". Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 32: 149–255. Doi:10.2307/2561087. Retrieved 9 October 2011. – in jstor

Harry James Angus

Harry James Angus is an Australian singer-songwriter, trumpet player and guitarist. He is one of the lead vocalists in the Melbourne band The Cat Empire along with Felix Riebl, he joined the group in early 2000. He is the nephew of comedian and writer, Mary-Anne Fahey. Angus has been playing trumpet since the age of twelve and learnt to scat from listening to the Jazz greats, he went to primary school at Malvern Primary School, where he would perform as a vocalist at school assemblies. He went to high school at McKinnon Secondary College and was taught by Ian Orr in Melbourne before studying at the Victorian College of the Arts. In 2006, he appeared twice as a panelist on the ABC Australian Music Quiz show Specks. Angus is part of The Conglomerate, a four-piece Melbourne jazz band, he played basketball for the Malvern Tigers Basketball Club, used to wear the club's black and yellow singlet while performing at gigs. He is married to the lead singer of Tinpan Orange, his current side project, Jackson Jackson, is a partnership with producer and film composer Jan Skubiszewski.

"Jackson Jackson and the New Apocalypso Beat" features Melbourne trio "The Genie". His backing singers are known as "The Jackson Jackson 5". Jackson Jackson are signed to EMI and their debut album The Fire Is on the Bird was released in March 2007. Jackson Jackson played shows in Melbourne and Brisbane in mid-March 2007 as part of their "Sneak Preview" tour. In 2008 they released their second album Tools for Survival. Angus is a member of The Conglomerate, plays trumpet on four tracks of the debut album Aroona Palace by Tinpan Orange, which features Ollie McGill, he has released two folk/acoustic solo albums, Live at the Famous Spiegeltent in 2008, Little Stories in 2011. In 2012 Angus wrote the club song for the newest club in the Greater Western Sydney Giants. "The Cat Empire" "Two Shoes" "Cities: The Cat Empire Project" "So Many Nights" "Live on Earth" "Cinema" "Steal the Light" "Rising with the Sun" "Stolen Diamonds" The Fire Is on the Bird Tools For Survival Go to the Beach Hold Your Breath Aroona Palace The Bottom of the Lake Live at the Famous Spiegeltent Little Stories Struggle With Glory The Cat Empire Cat Empire Info Harry Angus – Unofficial fan site


Porpolomopsis is a genus of fungi in the family Hygrophoraceae. It was circumscribed in 2008 by Andreas Bresinsky to contain P. calyptriformis. Bresinsky separated it from the genus Hygrocybe based on its color and the absence of DOPA pigments. P. lewelliniae was transferred to the genus based on morphology. Three undescribed species belong in the genus. Species of Porpolomopsis have formerly been placed in the genus Humidicutis, to which they are related but differ in having narrowly attached or free gills and the shape of the hyphae in their cap. Species of Porpolomopsis are found in Europe, North America, Asia and New Zealand. List of Agaricales genera