Camberwell is a district of South London, within the London Borough of Southwark. It is located 2.7 miles southeast of Charing Cross. Camberwell was first a village associated with the church of St Giles and a common of which Goose Green is a remnant; this early parish included the neighbouring hamlets of Peckham, Dulwich and part of Herne Hill. Until 1889, it was part of the county of Surrey. In 1900 the original parish became the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell. In 1965, most of the Borough of Camberwell was merged into the London Borough of Southwark. To the west, part of both West Dulwich and Herne Hill come under the London Borough of Lambeth; the place now known known as Camberwell covers a much smaller area than the ancient parish, it is bound on the north by Walworth. Camberwell appears in the Domesday Book as Cambrewelle; the name may derive from the Old English Cumberwell or Comberwell, meaning'Well of the Britons', referring to remaining Celtic inhabitants of an area dominated by Anglo-Saxons.

An alternative theory suggests the name may mean'Cripple Well', that the settlement developed as a hamlet where people from the City of London were expelled when they had a contagious disease like leprosy, for treatment by the church and the clean, healing waters from the wells. Springs and wells are known to have existed on the southern slope of Denmark Hill around Grove Park, it was a substantial settlement with a church when mentioned in the Domesday Book, was the parish church for a large area including Dulwich and Peckham. It was held by Haimo the Sheriff, its Domesday assets were: 1 virgate. It rendered £14. Up to the mid-19th century, Camberwell was visited by Londoners for its rural tranquillity and the reputed healing properties of its mineral springs. Like much of inner South London, Camberwell was transformed by the arrival of the railways in the 1860s. Camberwell Green is now a small area of common land. Camberwell St Giles is the name given to an ancient, civil, parish in the Brixton hundred of Surrey.

The parish covered 4,570 acres in 1831 and was divided into the liberty of Peckham to the east and the hamlet of Dulwich to the southwest, as well as Camberwell proper. The parish tapered in the south to form a point in. In 1801, the population was 7,059 and by 1851 this had risen to 54,667. In 1829, it was included in the Metropolitan Police District and in 1855 it was included in the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works, with Camberwell Vestry nominating one member to the board. In 1889 the board was replaced by the London County Council and Camberwell was removed administratively from Surrey to form part of the County of London. In 1900, the area of the Camberwell parish became the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell. In 1965, the metropolitan borough was abolished and its former area became the southern part of the London Borough of Southwark in Greater London; the western part of the area is situated in the adjacent London Borough of Lambeth. The area has been home to many factories, including R. White's Lemonade, which originated in Camberwell, as well as Dualit toasters.

Neither of these companies is now based in the area. Wilson's School was founded in 1615 in Camberwell by Royal Charter by Edward Wilson, vicar of the Parish of Camberwell; the charter was granted by James I. The school moved to its current site in Croydon in 1975. A school for girls, Mary Datchelor Girl's School, was established in Camberwell in 1877, it was built on two houses at 15 and 17 Grove Lane, the location of a former manor house. All except one of its 30 pupils came from the parish of St Andrew Undershaft in the City of London; the funding for the school came from a bequest from Mary Datchelor. Proceeds of a property in Threadneedle Street used as a coffee-house were used to pay for apprenticeships for the poor boys of the parish, but as demographics in the City changed, it was decided to set up a school. By the 1970s, the school was receiving funding from the Clothworkers' Company and the Inner London Education Authority funded teaching posts; the school came under pressure from ILEA to become comprehensive.

Faced with this choice or becoming private, the school's governors instead decided to close in 1981. The school buildings were used as offices for the charity Save the Children but have now been converted to flats. Camberwell Collegiate School was an independent school located on the eastern side of Camberwell Grove, directly opposite the Grove Chapel; the Collegiate College had some success for a while, led to the closure for some decades of the Denmark Hill Grammar School. However it had difficulty competing with other nearby schools including Dulwich College, was closed in 1867; the land was sold for building. Camberwell today is a mixture of well preserved Georgian and 20th-century housing, including a number of tower blocks. Camberwell Grove, Grove Lane and Addington Square have some of London's most elegant and well-preserved Georgian houses; the Salvation Army's William Booth Memorial Training College, designed by Giles Gilbert Scott, was completed in 1932: it towers over South London from Denmark Hill.

It has a similar monumental impressiveness to Gilbert Scott's other local buildings, Battersea Power Station and the Tate Modern, although its simplic

Orlando Brandes

Orlando Brandes is a Brazilian prelate of the Catholic Church who has served as the Archbishop of Aparecida since 2017. He was Bishop of Joinville from 1994 to 2006 and Archbishop of Londrina from 2006 to 2016. Brandes was born on 13 April 1944 in Brazil, he completed his secondary studies in Urubici and Lages. He studied Philosophy in Curitiba did his theological studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, he did post-graduate studies in moral theology in Rome. Brandes was ordained priest on 6 July 1974 in Francisco Beltrão; as a priest, he exercised the following duties: Professor of Theology at the Institute of Theology of Santa Catarina. On 9 March 1994, Pope John Paul II appointed Brandes Bishop of Joinville, he received his episcopal ordination there on 5 June 1994 from Bishops João Oneres Marchiori, Eusebio Oscar Scheid, SCI and Gregório Warmeling. He was secretary of the south region of the National Conference of Bishops of Brazil. On 10 May 2006, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Brandes as Archbishop of Londrina.

Where he was installed on 23 July. On 16 November 2016, Pope Francis appointed him Archbishop of Aparecida, he was installed as Archbishop of Aparecida on 21 January 2017. In October 12 2019, during the Amazon Synod, he drew national attention for giving a sermon in Aparecida in a Morning Mass condemning what he saw as an "violent" and "unjust" right wing ideology, a "dragon of traditionialism" which he saw as "firing on the Pope, on the Synod, the Second Vatican Council" a few hours the President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro, known for being Political right, went to Mass in the National Shrine of Aparecida at 4 pm and read the biblical text as Reader. "Arquidiocese – Arcebispo". Archdiocese of Aparecida. 31 January 2017

Lubiń, Kościan County

Lubiń is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Krzywiń, within Kościan County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, in west-central Poland. It lies 6 kilometres east of Krzywiń, 22 km south-east of Kościan, 49 km south of the regional capital Poznań. Lubiń is the site of the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; the present structure dates from the 18th century but rests on 12th century Romanesque foundations, other Gothic structural elements. A number of sarcophagi are incorporated in the nave and nave chapel, notably the tombs of Władysław III Spindleshanks and the abbot Bernard Wąbrzeźno; the Baroque decor includes stalls with integrated work by Jan Jerzy Urbański. The church is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments as designated December 12, 2009, tracked by the National Heritage Board of Poland