Somerset County, Pennsylvania
Somerset County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,742, its county seat is Somerset. The county was created from part of Bedford County on April 17, 1795, named after the county of Somerset in England. Somerset County comprises the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Johnstown–Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area. Southwestern Pennsylvania began; as population increased, the area was split into smaller counties. Bedford County was formed from part from Cumberland in 1771 and is referred to as "Old Bedford County" and contained what are now 20 smaller counties. In 1773 part of Bedford County was split off to form Westmoreland County. In 1787 Bedford County was split in half with northern part becoming Huntingdon County and southern part remained as a smaller Bedford County. Somerset County was split off from western part Bedford County 17 April 1795. In 1804 the northern half of Somerset County was split off to form Cambria County.
No further splits from Somerset County occurred since 1804. George Washington passed through the area of Somerset County in 1753 on a scouting expedition at the beginning of the French-Indian War; the Forbes Road cuts through Somerset County. This 200-mile stretch from Carlisle to what is now Pittsburgh was created by Brigadier General John Forbes in the British Expedition of 1758 to Fort Duquesne. Forbes Ford was one of two great western land routes cut through the wilderness to create supply lines from the east, it was the primary route of pioneers travelling to Ohio Country. Fur trappers and hunters were first to stay in the region; the earliest permanent white settlement in what is now Somerset County is a region known as Turkeyfoot. People of "The Jersey Settlement" emigrated from Essex and Morris Counties, New Jersey about 1770. Somerset County gained worldwide attention in 2001 when a hijacked airliner, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed in Stonycreek Township, near the town of Shanksville as part of the September 11 attacks.
The first confirmed report of the plane's crash came from Somerset County Airport as reported on NBC's The Today Show. The most target of this flight was the U. S. Capitol in Washington, D. C; the terrorists' plans for this plane were thwarted by the actions of crew. Their bravery is honored and the crash site, the final resting place of the passengers and crew, is now protected as part of the Flight 93 National Memorial, under the care of the National Park System. See USS Somerset, a U. S. Navy warship, named in commemoration of the Flight 93 tragedy. In July 2002, Somerset County again made worldwide news when nine coal miners were rescued from several hundred feet underground at the Quecreek mine after an intense multi-day struggle. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,081 square miles, of which 1,074 square miles is land and 6.6 square miles is water. Somerset County is one of the far southern counties of Pennsylvania, along its straight southern edge; the county borders Garrett and Allegany Counties in Maryland, the Pennsylvania counties of Fayette, Westmoreland and Bedford.
Somerset County along with Garrett County is one of the snowiest inhabited locations in the United States, with the highest elevations of the county averaging 150+ inches of snow each winter. The county's elevation and general proximity to both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean causes snow from both Nor'easters and lake effect upslope snow events to fall from late October through early April. Snow has been recorded in Somerset County in every month except July, although local lore has it that July saw snow in 1816, "the year without a summer." Mount Davis, the highest natural point in the state of Pennsylvania at 3,213 feet, is located in the southern part of the County. Cambria County Bedford County Allegany County, Maryland Garrett County, Maryland Fayette County Westmoreland County Flight 93 National Memorial Kooser State Park Laurel Hill State Park Laurel Mountain State Park Laurel Ridge State Park Somerset County is situated along the eastern border of the Allegheny Plateau physiographic province, characterized by folded to flat-lying sedimentary rocks of middle to late Paleozoic age.
The eastern border of the county is at the Allegheny Front, a geological boundary between the Allegheny Plateau and the Ridge and Valley Province. The stratigraphic record of sedimentary rocks within the county spans from the Devonian Scherr Formation to the Pennsylvanian Monongahela Formation. Most of these rocks are clastics, there is little or no limestone exposed at the surface. No igneous or metamorphic rocks of any kind exist within the county. Structurally, Somerset County has many gentle folds, the axes of which trend north-northeast. Synclines include the Youghiogheny Syncline, New Lexington/Johnstown Syncline, Somerset Syncline, Berlin Syncline, Wellersburg Syncline; the southern end of Wilmore Syncline is at the town of Windber. Anticlines include the Laurel Hill Anticline, Centerville Dome, Boswell Dome, Negro Mountain Anticline, an unnamed anticline between the Berlin and Wellersburg Synclines; the primary mountains within the county are Laurel Hill, Negro Mountain, Meadow Mountain, Savage Mountain, Allegheny Mountain.
Negro Mountain includes Mount Davis, the highest peak in Pennsylvania. Each mountain trends northeast. Al
Allegheny Portage Railroad
The Allegheny Portage Railroad was the first railroad constructed through the Allegheny Mountains in central Pennsylvania, United States. 36 miles long overall, both ends connected to the Pennsylvania Canal, the system was used as a portage railway, haulting river boats and barges over the divide between the Ohio and the Susquehanna Rivers. The railroad was authorized as part of the Main Line of Public Works legislation in 1824, it had five inclines on either side of the drainage divide running athwart the ridge line from Blair Gap through along the kinked saddle at the summit into Cresson, Pennsylvania. The endpoints connected to the Canal at Johnstown on the west through the relative flats to Hollidaysburg on the east; the Railroad utilized cleverly designed wheeled barges to ride a narrow-gauge rail track with steam-powered stationary engines lifting the vehicles. The roadbed of the railroad did not incline monotonically upwards, but rose in long, saw-toothed stretches of slightly-sloped flat terrain suitable to animal powered towing, alternating with steep cable railway inclined planes using static steam engine powered windlasses, similar to mechanisms of modern ski lifts.
Except for peak moments of severe storms, it was an all-seasons operation. Along with the rest of the Main Works, it cut transport time from Philadelphia to the Ohio River from weeks to just 3–5 days. Considered a technological marvel in its day, it played a critical role in opening the interior of the United States beyond the Appalachian Mountains to settlement and commerce, it included the first railroad tunnel in the United States, the Staple Bend Tunnel, its inauguration was marked with great fanfare. Construction of the Old Portage Railroad from Hollidaysburg to Johnstown, thirty six miles long, began in 1831 and took three years to complete, it included a tunnel 900 feet long as well as a viaduct over the Little Conemaugh River upstream from Johnstown. The vertical ascent from Johnstown was 1,172 feet; the vertical ascent from Hollidaysburg was 1,399 feet. The project was financed by the State of Pennsylvania as a means to compete with the Erie Canal in New York and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in Maryland.
The work was done through private contractors. The railroad utilized eleven grade lines and ten cable inclined planes, five on either side of the summit of the Allegheny Ridge to carry loaded canal boats on flatbed railroad cars. Trains of two-three cars were pulled on grade lines by mules. On incline planes, stationary steam engines pulled up and lowered down cars by hemp ropes switching to wire ropes in 1842; the entire Main Line system connecting Philadelphia and Pittsburgh via the Philadelphia-Columbia railroad, the Columbia-Hollidaysburg canal, the Portage railroad linking Hollidaysburg to Johnstown, a canal from Johnstown to Pittsburgh, was 400 miles long. A typical ride took 4 days instead of the former 23-day horse-wagon journey; the Old Portage Railroad was in operation for twenty years being considered "the wonder of America." Charles Dickens wrote a contemporary account of travel on the railroad in Chapter 10 of his American Notes. In the 1850s, the Main Line of Public Works and its portage railroad was rendered obsolete by the advance of railway technology and railroad engineering.
Early in 1846 the Legislature chartered the Pennsylvania Railroad to cross the entire state in response to plans by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad to reach the Ohio Valley through Virginia. In December 1852 trains started to run between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh shortening the travel time from 4 days to 13 hours. Construction on the New Portage Railroad, a 40-mile realignment to cross the Allegheny Ridge bypassing inclines, started in 1851 and cost $2.14 million. The PRR raised sufficient investment and had enough quick success that they bought the existing Portage railroad and other parts of the Main Line of Public Works from the state on July 31, 1857; the PRR used the rest as local branches. The line reopened as a freight bypass line in 1904. Pennsylvania Railroad successor Conrail abandoned this line to Hollidaysburg and most of the branch trackage along the Juniata River in 1981 and removed the rails. Today, the remains of the railroad are preserved within the Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site operated by the National Park Service.
The site was established on 1,296 acres in 1964 and is about 12 miles west of Altoona, in Blair and Cambria counties. The park service operates a visitor center with interpretive exhibits near the old line. Nearby is the Samuel Lemon House, a tavern located alongside the railroad near Cresson, a popular stop for railroad passengers; the NPS maintains a length of reconstructed track, an engine house with exhibits, a picnic area, hiking trails. A skew arch bridge, a masterwork of cut stone construction, is another feature of the site near the Lemon House; the bridge is 60.4 feet long on the south elevation, 54.9 feet long on the north elevation, 22.2 feet high. It was the only bridge on the line, built to carry a road; the Staple Bend Tunnel is preserved in a separate unit of the historic site, 5 miles e
Pennsylvania Route 53
Pennsylvania Route 53 is an 83-mile-long state highway located in central Pennsylvania. The southern terminus of the route is at U. S. Route 219 near the borough of Summerhill; the northern terminus is at PA 144 in the Snow Shoe Township community of Moshannon. PA 53 begins at an interchange with the US 219 freeway in Croyle Township, Cambria County, heading east-northeast on four-lane divided Railroad Street; the road narrows into a two-lane undivided road as it heads through wooded areas to the south of Norfolk Southern's Pittsburgh Line, crossing the Little Conemaugh River into Summerhill. The route passes homes and a few businesses, heading northeast and crossing the river again before curving east and crossing back into Croyle Township. PA 53 becomes Portage Street and runs through more woodland to the south of the railroad tracks, crossing the Little Conemaugh River twice; the road heads into Summerhill Township and heads across the river again as it passes through farm fields and turns to the north, becoming the border between Summerhill Township to the west and Wilmore to the east.
The route heads into wooded areas again and crosses under the Pittsburgh Line, turning northeast to enter Wilmore and pass near residences. PA 53 intersects PA 160 and passes homes and businesses before heading back into Summerhill Township. Here, the road runs through wooded areas with a few residences; the route becomes the border between Portage Township to the north and Portage to the south as it heads into commercial areas, gaining a center left-turn lane. PA 53 intersects PA 164 and forms a short concurrency with that route entering Portage Township before PA 164 splits to the north; the road becomes two lanes again and heads northeast into woods, turning to the southeast as it passes through the residential community of Jamestown. The route heads into woods again and crosses under the Pittsburgh Line, turning north and crossing the former Bens Creek Culvert of the Allegheny Portage Railroad before entering Washington Township. PA 53 winds northeast through more woodland with some homes, passing through Plane Bank before heading into Lilly.
Here, the route heads into residential areas, crossing the former Lilly Culvert of the Allegheny Portage Railroad before turning west onto Cleveland Street and turning north onto Main Street. PA 53 splits northwest onto Evergreen Street and curves to the north, crossing back into Washington Township; the road heads into woodland, curving northeast and continuing into Cresson Township, becoming West 2nd Street. The route widens into a divided highway. PA 53 heads into residential areas as a two-lane undivided road and crosses into Cresson at the Admiral Peary Highway intersection. Here, the road passes through commercial areas; the route passes through residential areas before crossing back into Cresson Township and becoming Gallitzin Road, passing through more developed areas. PA 53 turns northeast and heads into Gallitzin Township, passing over the Norfolk Southern line and heading through woods, curving north; the road heads northwest through more forests, crossing a R. J. Corman Railroad line and passing through Syberton.
The route winds north-northeast through more rural areas with occasional homes a short distance to the west of the railroad tracks, running through Amsbry. PA 53 continues into Ashville and becomes West Main Street, passing homes as it comes to an intersection with PA 36. At this point, the route turns southeast to join that route on Liberty Street, passing residences and businesses as it crosses the R. J. Corman Railroad line. PA 53 splits from PA 36 by turning northeast onto Clearfield Valley Boulevard, crossing into Dean Township and heading through forested areas with some homes to the southeast of the railroad tracks and Clearfield Creek; the road passes through Dysart before turning north-northeast and running through Tippletown and Dean. The route crosses into Reade Township and becomes Glendale Valley Boulevard, running through more forests with sparse fields and residences and turning northwest through Frugality before heading north again. In Van Ormer, PA 53 intersects the southern terminus of PA 253 and continues north-northwest through more rural areas, passing through Fallen Timber.
The road continues northwest through wooded areas with some fields and homes, with the railroad line following the road ending before it heads through Flinton. PA 53 enters Beccaria Township in Clearfield County and becomes North Glendale Boulevard, heading north through more forests to the east of Clearfield Creek; the road intersects the northern terminus of PA 865, where it crosses into Coalport and becomes Main Street, passing homes and businesses. The route heads back into Beccaria Township and continues into the community of Blain City, turning east and north along Dorsey Avenue. PA 53 heads northwest through wooded areas with some homes, crossing into Irvona; the road crosses Clearfield Creek and runs north through residential and commercial areas before turning east. The route reenters Beccaria Township and becomes Glen Hope Boulevard, heading into forested areas with some homes and turning north. PA 53 turns east and north again through more woods with some fields and residences, continuing into Glen Hope.
The road heads northeast into residential areas, crossing PA 729. The route heads back into rural areas and crosses into Bigler Township, becoming Main Street and continuing to the northwest of Clearfield Creek. PA 53 comes to an intersection with PA 453 and forms a concurrency with that route, crossing the creek and heading into the residential community of Madera, where PA 453 splits to the south; the road heads east into farmland with some woods and homes, becoming Green Acre Ro
Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania
Huntingdon County is a county located in the center of the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,913, its county seat is Huntingdon. The county was created on September 20, 1787 from the north part of Bedford County, plus an addition of territory on the east from Cumberland County. Huntingdon County comprises PA Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 889 square miles, of which 875 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water. Raystown Lake Tussey Mountain Centre County Mifflin County Juniata County Franklin County Fulton County Bedford County Blair County As of the census of 2010, there were 45,913 people and 17,280 households within the county; the population density was 52 people per square mile. There were 22,365 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.50% White, 5.21% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races.
1.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.9 % were of 17.1 % American, 11.1 % Irish, 7.5 % English and 5.7 % Italian ancestry. There were 16,759 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.60% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 21.70% under the age of 18, 10.10% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 109.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.20 males. Everyone that lives in Huntingdon County speaks English as their first language; the dominant form of speech in Huntingdon County is the Central Pennsylvania accent of English.
In some areas of the county, such as Kishacoquillas Valley, where many Amish and Mennonite people live, a dialect of German known as Pennsylvania Dutch is spoken. The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Huntingdon County as the Huntingdon, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census the micropolitan area ranked 11th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 249th most populous in the United States with a population of 45,913. Mark Sather Scott Walls Jeffrey Thomas John H. Eichelberger Jr. Republican, Pennsylvania's 30th Senatorial District Jake Corman, Pennsylvania's 34th Senatorial District Rich Irvin, Pennsylvania's 81st Representative District John Joyce, Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district Pat Toomey, Republican Bob Casey, Jr. Democrat Huntingdon Area School District Juniata Valley School District Mount Union Area School District Southern Huntingdon County School District Tussey Mountain School District Tyrone Area School District Huntingdon County Career and Technology Center: Mill Creek Tuscarora Intermediate Unit 11 New Day Charter School: Huntingdon Stone Valley Community Charter School: McAlevy's Fort Calvary Christian Academy: Huntingdon Class School: Mill Creek Grier School: Birmingham Huntingdon Christian Academy: Huntingdon Huntingdon County Child & Adult Development Center Meadow Green Mennonite School: Three Springs Shavers Creek Christian School: Petersburg Tiny Tots Childcare and Learning Center: Shade Gap West Penn F Grace Brethren: Saxton Woodcock Valley Center on Children: Huntingdon Juniata College, a small, independent liberal arts college, is located in the county seat of Huntingdon.
DuBois Business College, Huntingdon County campus, located in the former Huntingdon High School building in the borough of Huntingdon. Pennsylvania Highlands Community College, Huntingdon center Huntingdon County Library Memorial Public Library of the Borough of Alexandria Mount Union Community Library ESPN RADIO 1150 AM: Huntingdon WIEZ 670 AM: Lewistown WMAJ 1450 AM: State College WVAM 1430 AM: Altoona WFBG 1290 AM: Altoona WKMC 1370 AM: Roaring Spring WRTA 1240 AM: Altoona WRSC 1390 AM: State College WBLF 970 AM: Bellefonte WPHB 1260 AM: Philipsburg WKVA 920 AM: Burnham WHP 580 AM: Harrisburg KDKA 1020 AM: Pittsburgh WWVA 1170 AM: Wheeling, West Virginia- WGY 810 AM: Schenectady, New York WHUN 106.3 FM: Huntingdon WLAK 103.5 FM: Huntingdon WKVR 92.3 FM: Huntingdon W273BE 102.5 FM: Huntingdon WFGY 98.1 FM: Altoona WFGE 101.1 FM: Tyrone WBUS 93.7 FM: State College WWOT 100.1 FM: Altoona WJOW 105.9 FM: Philipsburg WSKE 104.3 FM: Everett WJSM 92.7 FM: Martinsburg WHPA 93.5 FM: Gallitzin WBRX 94.7 FM: Cresson WRXV 89.1 FM: State College WTLR 89.9 FM: State College WRKY 104.9 FM: Hollidaysburg WRKW 99.1 FM: Ebensburg WFGI 95.5 FM: Johnstown WVNW 96.7 FM: Burnham WCHX 105.5 FM: Burnham WQ
Bedford County, Pennsylvania
Bedford County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,762; the county seat is Bedford. In 1750 Robert MacRay, a Scots-Irish immigrant, opened the first trading post in Raystown on the land, now Bedford County; the early Anglo-American settlers had a difficult time dealing with raids from Native Americans. In 1754 fierce fighting erupted as Native Americans became allied with the British or French in the North American front, known as the French and Indian War, of the Seven Years' War between those nations in Europe. In 1759, after the capture of Fort Duquesne in Allegheny County, on the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, English colonists built a road between the fort to the newly built Fort Bedford in Raystown; the English defeated the French in the war and took over their territories in North America east of the Mississippi River. Treaties with the Indians opened more land for future peaceful settlement; this road improved on ancient Indian trails.
In years it was widened and paved as "Forbes Road". When the Pennsylvania Turnpike was built, this interstate toll road became the main highway through Bedford County. Bedford County was created on 9 March 1771 from part of Cumberland County and named in honor of Fort Bedford; the 1767 Mason-Dixon Line had stabilized the southern border with Maryland. In the aftermath of the American Revolution, the population increased due to emigration. Within a lifetime Old Bedford County was reduced from its original boundaries. Huntingdon County was created on 20 September 1787 from the north part of Bedford County, plus an addition of territory on the east from Cumberland County. Somerset County was created from part of Bedford County on 17 April 1795. Centre was created on 13 February 1800 from parts of Huntingdon, Lycoming and Northumberland counties. Cambria County was created on 26 March 1804 from parts of Bedford and Somerset Counties. Blair County was created on February 1846 from parts of Huntingdon and Bedford Counties.
Fulton County was created on 19 April 1850 from part of Bedford County, setting the county at its current boundaries. The land was developed into lush farms with woodlands, it was developed as a trading center on the way to Pittsburgh and farther west of Pennsylvania. In 1794 President George Washington came to the county in response to the Whiskey Rebellion. In the late 19th century, the Bedford Springs Hotel became an important site for wealthy vacationers, it was built near natural springs, important to the Native Americans for hundreds of years. During the administration of President James Buchanan, he moved much of his administration to the hotel, which became the informal summer White House; the U. S. Supreme Court met at the hotel once, it was the only time. During the late 19th century, the county had a population boom, with the number of people doubling between 1870 and 1890. Railroads constructed through the town connected the county with the mining industry; the story of the Lost Children of the Alleghenies originates from Blue Knob State Park in the county.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,017 square miles, of which 1,012 square miles is land and 4.6 square miles is water. Evitts Mountain Morrison Cove Tussey Mountain Blue Knob, highest mountain in the county at 3,120 feet Blair County Huntingdon County Fulton County Allegany County, Maryland Somerset County Cambria County Bedford County is situated along the western border of the Ridge and Valley physiographic province, characterized by folded and faulted sedimentary rocks of early to middle Paleozoic age; the northwestern border of the county is at the Allegheny Front, a geological boundary between the Ridge and Valley Province and the Allegheny Plateau. The stratigraphic record of sedimentary rocks within the county spans from the Cambrian Warrior Formation to the Pennsylvanian Conemaugh Group. No igneous or metamorphic rocks of any kind exist within the county; the primary mountains within the county extend from the southern border with Maryland to the northeast into Blair County, are held up by the Silurian Tuscarora Formation, made of quartz sandstone and conglomerate.
Chestnut Ridge is a broad anticline held up by the Devonian Ridgeley Member of the Old Port Formation made of sandstone and conglomerate. Broad Top, located north of Breezewood, is a plateau of flat-lying rocks that are stratigraphically higher, thus younger, than most of the other rocks within the county. Broad Top extends into Huntingdon County to Fulton County to the east; the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River is the main drainage in the northern two-thirds of the county. The river flows to the east through the mountains within the county through several water gaps caused by a group of faults trending east–west through the central part of the county; the river turns north and flows into Raystown Lake in Huntingdon County. The southern third of the county is drained by several tributaries of the Potomac River. Both the Potomac and Juniata rivers are part of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Several limestone quarries exist in Bedford County, most of which are owned and operated by New Enterprise Stone and Lime Company.
Pennsylvania Route 36
Pennsylvania Route 36 is a 151.12 mi long state highway located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. The southern terminus is at Pennsylvania Route 26 near the Hopewell Township community of Yellow Creek; the northern terminus is at Pennsylvania Route 227 in Pleasantville. One of the longest and oldest highways in the commonwealth, PA 36 serves as a major connector between South Central and Northwestern Pennsylvania. In 1955, the highway was designated as the Colonel Drake Highway in honor of Edwin Drake. PA 36 begins in the Bedford County hamlet of Yellow Creek at PA 26 along the Tussey Mountain range; the distance in Bedford County is brief as the highway enters Blair County and proceeds northward as the Woodbury Pike, intersecting several 800-series state highways like: PA 866, PA 868, PA 869. A short distance between Roaring Spring and the hamlet of McKee, PA 36 overlaps the east–west running PA 164. North of McKee, PA 36 becomes Catfish Ridge Road paralleling the Frankstown Branch Juniata River to the west, the Interstate 99–U.
S. Route 220 overlap to the east along the Brush Mountain range. Just south of Hollidaysburg, PA 36 has the only interchange with Smith Road. North of Smith Road, PA 36 enters the borough as Logan Boulevard and intersects U. S. Route 22 in downtown at Blair Street. North of Hollidaysburg, PA 36 as Logan Boulevard becomes a major 4-lane divided arterial, serving the southern suburbs of Altoona. North of the I-99/US 220 underpass, PA 36 enters the city of Altoona; the route overlaps U. S. Route 220 Business along West Plank Road. North of the overlap, PA 36 traverses the downtown areas of the city via Union Avenue and 18th street. Running on a west direction, 18th Street leads PA 36 out of Altoona, into the Appalachian Mountains and rural areas. Near the Cambria County line, PA 36 has the first of five wrong-way concurrencies with PA 53 for a block in the hamlet of Ashville. West of the hamlet, PA 36 proceeds on a northwest direction into Clearfield County. Between the county line and the village of Mahaffey, PA 36 runs parallel on the eastern banks of the Chest Creek.
From Mahaffey to McGees Mills, PA 36 is overlapped with U. S. Route 219 along the northern banks of the West Branch Susquehanna River; the highway runs through Indiana County, passing through its far northeastern portion, for less than one mile. After entering Jefferson County, PA 36 takes a predominantly western course. PA traverses the borough of Punxsutawney as Main and Mahoning Streets while intersecting the Buffalo-Pittsburgh highway and PA 436, a spur of 36. Outside the borough, PA 36 intersects another spur, PA 536, before taking a more northern alignment. In Brookville, PA 36 has a three-route concurrency with U. S. Route PA 28 along Main Street. North of the overlap, PA 36 becomes Allegheny Boulevard while interchanging Interstate 80 at exit 78. North of Brookville, PA 36 runs on a northern course. In the northwestern sections of the county, the road intersects PA 949 in Sigel and PA 899 near Clear Creek State Park. PA 36 exits the county running west along the southern tips of the Clarion River in Cook Forest State Park.
PA 36 enters Clarion County running westward. In the town of Leeper, the route intersects PA 66. Past Leeper, the highway runs northwest, intersecting PA 208, exiting the county. In Forest County, PA 36 has a short overlap with U. S. Route 62, in the borough of Tionesta along the Allegheny River. In Venango County, PA 36 runs northwest before reaching the northern terminus at PA 27 and PA 227 in Pleasantville. PA 36 was designated from Pleasant Valley Boulevard in Altoona to PA 66 in Clarion County. From the original northern terminus to Tionesta, the highway was signed as PA 66, from Tionesta to the current terminus, it was signed as PA 227. From Roaring Spring to the current southern terminus, it was designated as PA 426. By 1940, the northern terminus was moved to its current location. By this time, the southern terminus was extended south to U. S. Route 30 west of Everett along what is today Church View Road. By 1950, the current southernmost segment of PA 36 between PA 26 and Loysburg was redesignated as PA 868.
On December 21, 1955, the route was designated as the "Col. Drake Highway" in honor of Edwin L. Drake, the first to drill for oil in the United States. By 1980, the southern terminus was moved to its current location. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government