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Camden County, New Jersey

Camden County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Jersey. Its county seat is Camden; as of the 2018 Census estimate, the county's population was 507,078, making it the state's 8th-largest county, representing a 0.7% decrease from the 513,657 enumerated at the 2010 Census, in turn having increased by 4,725 from the 508,932 counted in the 2000 Census. The most populous place was Camden, with 77,344 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Winslow Township covered 58.19 square miles, the largest total area of any municipality. The county was formed on March 1844, from portions of Gloucester County; the county was named for Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, a British judge, civil libertarian, defender of the American cause. The county is part of the Camden, NJ Metropolitan Division of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD / Delaware Valley Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 227.293 square miles, including 221.263 square miles of land and 6.030 square miles of water.

Located in a coastal / alluvial plain, the county is uniformly low-lying. The highest points are a survey benchmark near the Burlington County line at 219 feet above sea level; the low point is sea level, along the Delaware River. The county borders the following counties: Burlington County – northeast Atlantic County – southeast Gloucester County – southwest Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania – northwest Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Camden have ranged from a low of 26 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −11 °F was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 106 °F was recorded in August 1918. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.75 inches in February to 4.35 inches in July. The county has a humid subtropical climate. Average monthly temperatures in Chesilhurst range from 33.1 °F in January to 76.4 °F in July. While many of its municipalities are working class, Camden County has many contrasts in its demographics.

Most of Camden and parts of Lindenwold are considered impoverished, while Cherry Hill, Voorhees Township, Haddon Heights and Haddonfield have upper-income enclaves. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 513,657 people, 190,980 households, 129,866.400 families living in the county. The population density was 2,321.5 per square mile. There were 204,943 housing units at an average density of 926.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 65.29% White, 19.55% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 5.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 7.08% from other races, 2.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.24% of the population. There were 190,980 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.22. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 89.7 males. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 508,932 people, 185,744 households, 129,835 families residing in the county; the population density was 2,289 people per square mile. There were 199,679 housing units at an average density of 898 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.88% White American, 18.09% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.09% from other races, 1.93% from two or more races. 9.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 20.6% of residents were of Irish, 18.2% Italian, 15.7% German and 8.1% English ancestry.

There were 185,744 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.1% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.23. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,097, the median income for a family was $57,429. Males had a median income of $41,609 versus $30,470 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,354. About 8.1% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Based on data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Camden County had a gross domestic product of $23.8 billion in 2018, ranked 11th in the state and represented an increase of 2.5% from the previous year. The county is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members chosen at-large in partisan elect

The Secret of Saturn's Rings

The Secret of Saturn's Rings is a science-fiction novel by Donald A. Wollheim and was first published in the United States by the John C. Winston Company in 1954; this is the first of three novels that Wollheim wrote for the Winston Company, the other two being The Secret of the Martian Moons and The Secret of the Ninth Planet. This is one of the thirty-five juvenile novels that comprise the Winston Science Fiction set, which novels were published in the 1950s for a readership of teen-aged boys; the typical protagonist in these books was a boy in his late teens, proficient in the art of electronics, a hobby, available to the readers. It was his proficiency in that art that enabled Bruce Rhodes to detect an act of sabotage on his father's rocket ship. On the day of his graduation from high school Bruce Rhodes finds his classmates shunning him, he discovers that his father, Dr. Emanuel Rhodes, who has worked for the Terraluna Corporation for thirty years, most of that time as head of research, has been fired and the corporation is now smearing him.

With a borrowed United Nations exploration ship, Dr. Rhodes intends to lead an expedition to Saturn, farther from Earth than anyone has gone. Dr. Rhodes explains that he has discovered that a nuclear-explosion-driven mining machine that he invented for Terraluna will blast the moon apart, sending debris raining down onto Earth and destroying civilization. Terraluna's executives had dismissed him as a crackpot, so he went to the United Nations. Requiring additional proof of his hypothesis, the United Nations has loaned him a ship so that he can go to Saturn to determine whether the planet's rings are the remains of an exploded moon. With the other three members of the crew – able spaceman Arpad Benz, astrogator Frank Garcia, pilot Kurt Jennings – Bruce and his father board the ship and prepare for liftoff; the ship is launched up the side of a mountain, much of the initial boost being provided by a series of magnetic rings. Soon they're on their way to the moon to top off their fuel tanks, knowing that Terraluna intends to use every filthy, vile trick in the corporate playbook to stop them.

In spite of those tricks, they land on Mimas, Saturn's innermost moon, set up camp. Dr. Rhodes takes one of the rocketship's two lifeboats and flies it into the rings. Radio contact is lost. While waiting for radio contact to resume and the others find artefacts, signs that an alien city once occupied the ground on which they stand and has since crumbled into the gravel on which their ship and camp sit; when radio contact still has not been reestablished and only one day remains before the expedition must leave Saturn to return to Earth, Bruce takes the other lifeboat and flies into the rings. With some effort and luck he finds his father, whose rocketboat had broken down, the two men return to Mimas just in time to see Garcia and Benz take off in their rocketship and head for Hidalgo. So intent are Garcia and Benz on running the ship that they don't notice the lifeboat landing behind them. Marooned, the Rhodeses decide to write down descriptions of their discoveries for future explorers to find.

While the Rhodeses are exploring, two of the villains arrive, but an old Saturnian cannon destroys their ship and kills them. In the wreckage of the ship Bruce and his father find three fuel tanks and full. With nothing to lose, they blast off. Shedding parts as it goes, the rickety craft gets the men to the asteroid Hidalgo, where Garcia and Benz run to greet them and the four men settle down for a long and successful journey to Earth. 1954, US, John C. Winston Co. Feb 1954, Hardback 1955, Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, Feb 1955, Paperback Digest, as Il Mistero di Saturno 1956, Pabel, Dec 1956, Paperback Digest, as Das Geheimnis der Saturnringe 1958, Wennerberg, Paperback, as Planetringarnas Gåta 1959, US, John C. Winston Co. Jun 1959, Hardback 1960, Les Editions Daniber, Apr 1960, Paperback, as Le Secret des Anneaux de Saturne 1966, US+Canada, Paperback Library, Aug 1966, Paperback 1978, Libra Editrice, Jun 1978, Hardback, as Il Mystero di Saturno The book was reviewed by Groff Conklin at Galaxy Science Fiction The Editor at The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction P. Schuyler Miller at Analog Science Fiction/Science Fact an unnamed reviewer in Library Journal – "excitement and suspense... recommended".

An unnamed reviewer for Kirkus Reviews of 1954 Apr 19. The reviewer wrote:“Another father and son team of scientific superiority, sally to Saturn – to prove their innocence and an old score with a greedy gang who want to blow up the moon for the minerals therein; the secret of Saturn's rings, finds Dr. Rhodes, ousted head of the Terraluna mining operations, is that they were once moons which, blown apart, formed rings just as our own moon would do under the pressure if atomic bombing were used to extract the uranium at its center; the concurrent excitement is commensurate with the plot.” Notes Sources Barron, Neil. Anatomy of Wonder: A Critical Guide to Science Fiction, 5th Edition. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited. Pg 457. ISBN 1-59158-171-0. Tuck, Donald H.. The Encyclopedia of Scien

Hōfuku Maru

The Hofuku Maru known as Hohuku Maru was a Japanese Dai-ichi Taifuku Maru-class cargo ship, sunk on September 21, 1944 by American aircraft, while carrying 1,289 British and Dutch prisoners of war. The Hōfuku Maru was sailing from Singapore to Miri, Borneo as part of convoy SHIMI-05; the convoy consisted of 10 ships, 5 of which carried, in total, 5,000 POWs, all in appalling conditions. At Borneo, the Hōfuku Maru left the convoy with engine problems, sailed on to the Philippines, arriving on July 19, she remained in Manila until mid-September. The POWs remained on board, suffering from disease and thirst. On September 20, 1944, the Hōfuku Maru and 10 other ships formed Convoy MATA-27, sailed from Manila to Japan; the following morning, the convoy was attacked 80 miles north of Corregidor by more than 100 American carrier aircraft. All eleven ships in the convoy were sunk. Of those on the Hōfuku Maru, 1,047 of the 1,289 British and Dutch POWs on board died. Wreck site Jack Earnshaw Roll of Honour

Croxton, Jersey City

Croxton is a section of Jersey City in the New Jersey Meadowlands in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. It is bounded by Secaucus at Penhorn Creek; the Riverbend of the Hackensack River and the Hudson Generating Station and the Marion Section lie to the south and Truck 1-9 and Western Slope to the east. Nearby North Bergen Yard and Croxton Yard are parts of the North Jersey Shared Assets Area; the Yard is known as the North Jersey Intermodal Terminal. The area is informally named Croxton after Croxton Yard on the Norfolk Southern Freight Line. Much of the area is filled with New Jersey Transit commuter lines and freight lines. There are no passenger stations; the area is home to the Metropolitan Bulk Mail Facility for New Jersey. The only major road crossing the district is County Road, which connects Jersey City Heights with Secaucus. In 2005, the New Jersey Turnpike opened Exit 15X to allow access to the newly built Secaucus Junction train station, the access road to which acts like a huge U-turn, dominates the landscape.

The name Croxton was given to the railroad yard after Philip Croxton, the traffic manager for Lorillard Tobacco Company, which opened a factory at 888 Newark Avenue in the nearby Marion Section during his tenure. New Jersey Transit bus route #2 travels along County Avenue from Secaucus Junction to Journal Square. Crescent Corridor List of rail yards New Jersey Meadowlands Commission Hudson Generating Station List of neighborhoods in Jersey City, New Jersey Tonnele Circle Marion Junction Northeast Corridor Pulaski Skyway U. S. Route 1/9 Wittpenn Bridge Main Line Bergen County Line Pascack Valley Line Passaic and Harsimus Line West Hudson Wittpenn Bridge

Veldenz

Veldenz is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is the former main seat of the County of Veldenz, once a prominent principality to which belonged 120 villages and towns now in Rhineland-Palatinate and northern Alsace and Lorraine; the municipality lies in the Middle Moselle region of valley country marked by slopes and former oxbows of the Moselle. Veldenz is found on the Moselle's right bank, but does not lie right at the water's edge, but rather some two kilometres back from the river, under the outermost forests of the Hunsrück. 850 ha of the 1 441 ha municipal area is wooded. About 130 ha is given over to winegrowing. Veldenz belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Bernkastel-Kues. Neighbouring municipalities are, among others, Mülheim; the nearest middle centres are Bernkastel-Kues, some 10 km away, Wittlich, some 17 km away. Trier lies some 45 km away. Veldenz's Ortsteile are Thalveldenz.

Veldenz lies within the temperate zone. In neighbouring Brauneberg on 11 August 1998, a record temperature of 41.2 °C in the shade, the highest air temperature recorded in the Federal Republic, was confirmed. Because of its location alee of the Eifel, precipitation from northwest weather systems is kept away. Ongoing evaporation of water from the Moselle leads to high humidity, which in summer, makes at times for heavy and muggy weather, which brings many storms along with it; as early as 500 BC, the Treveri, a people of mixed Celtic and Germanic stock, from whom the Latin name for the city of Trier, Augusta Treverorum, is derived, settled in Veldenz's fertile valley. After them, from about 50 BC to AD 500 came the Romans. About the year 1129, Gerlach I built a castle, today's Schloss Veldenz. In 1286, Rudolph of Habsburg granted Veldenz market rights. By 1444, the castle and its environs had passed to the Counts of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, or between 1543 and 1694 the Principality of Palatinate-Veldenz.

In 1752, in Burgen near Veldenz, the known robber, Johann Peter Petri known as Schwarzer Peter, was born. From 1777 to 1797, Veldenz belonged to Bavaria. After French rule as part of Sarre department, it was annexed to Prussia in 1815. In 1835 the Veldenz Lion was adopted as the Bavarian Lion in that kingdom's coat of arms. Today, many examples of comital building undertakings from the 18th century can be found, among them the town hall; the council is made up of 12 council members, who were elected at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009. The mayor is Norbert Sproß; the municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results: The municipality's arms might be described thus: Bendy lozengy argent and azure, in dexter chief an inescutcheon of the first charged with a lion rampant of the second armed and langued gules. The lion in the inescutcheon is the heraldic charge once borne by the Counts of Veldenz, the “bendy lozengy” pattern seen on the field is the Wittelsbach dynasty's armorial bearing.

In 1835, this lion was adopted by Ludwig I, King of Bavaria into that kingdom's state coat of arms, where it remained as a charge until the end of the First World War when the last Bavarian king, Ludwig III was forced to abdicate as a result of the November Revolution. In 1993 and 1995, Veldenz won the silver medal of the Federal Republic in the contest Unser Dorf soll schöner werden. In the vineyard locations of Elisenberg, Kirchberg, Mühlberg, Grafschafter Sonnenberg and Carlsberg, there is winegrowing. There still exist today in the municipality about a dozen wineries. Well known points of interest are the Villa Schloss Veldenz. There are other monumental buildings, such as the town hall, a signal tower from the 12th century, a mint, a Celtic wall and museums with various exhibits. Further points of interest are an historical market, a farmer's garden, a wild garden, the Josefinenhöhe, the Pionierfelsen, many ore and slate mines, the Roter Bohles leisure complex and many imposing cliff formations.

Winegrowing and tourism play a prominent rôle. In Veldenz there are two village squares, three community houses, a village hall, several barbecue pits, educational paths dealing with both wine and the forest, a memorial, a graveyard, two churches and a sporting ground. Furthermore, Veldenz has its own primary school, a kindergarten, a youth centre, a football field and four children's playgrounds. In the village is a regional children's and youth home. 45 km of hiking trails lead around the village. Public transport in Veldenz is integrated into the Verkehrsverbund Region Trier, whose fares therefore apply. Ernst Probst: Der Schwarze Peter. Ein Räuber im Hunsrück und Odenwald. Probst, Mainz-Kostheim 2005, ISBN 3-936326-39-8 Theodor Gümbel: Geschichte des Fürstentums Pfalz-Veldenz. E. Grusius, Kaiserslautern 1900. Municipality’s official webpage Schloss Veldenz Sportverein Veldenz

Hold On (Skepta song)

"Hold On" is a song by British MC Skepta. It was released on 1 January 2012, as a digital download on iTunes in the United Kingdom, it didn't take part in any album features. A music video to accompany the release of "Hold On" was first released onto YouTube on 2 October 2011, at a total length of three minutes and fifteen seconds. Skepta performed a live special acoustic version of the song when he visited The Wrap Up at MTV. "Hold on" samples a riff from the song "Jacuzzi Suzy" by the Icelandic rock band Brain Police. According to an interview with Jakob Frímann Magnússon, the head of the Icelandic music composers association, the riff was used without permission and Brain Police´s label, Small Stone Records has their lawyer looking into the matter