Camelon

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Camelon
Camelon swing bridge over the Forth & Clyde Canal at Camelon lock.
Camelon swing bridge over the Forth and Clyde Canal at Camelon lock.
Camelon is in the west of the Falkirk council area in the Central Belt of the Scottish mainland.
Camelon is in the west of the Falkirk council area in the Central Belt of the Scottish mainland.
Camelon
Camelon shown within the Falkirk council area
Population 4,508 [1] (2001 census)
OS grid reference NS867805
• Edinburgh 24.7 mi (39.8 km) ESE
• London 346 mi (557 km) SSE
Civil parish
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FALKIRK
Postcode district FK1
Dialling code 01324
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
Website falkirk.gov.uk
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°00′17″N 3°49′03″W / 56.004596°N 3.817454°W / 56.004596; -3.817454Coordinates: 56°00′17″N 3°49′03″W / 56.004596°N 3.817454°W / 56.004596; -3.817454

Camelon (/ˈkmələn/; Scots: Caimlan, Scottish Gaelic: Camlann)[2] is a large settlement within the Falkirk council area, Scotland. The village is in the Forth Valley, 1.3 miles (2.1 km) west of Falkirk, 1.3 miles (2.1 km) south of Larbert and 2.6 miles (4.2 km) east of Bonnybridge. The main road through Camelon is the A803 road which links the village to Falkirk. At the time of the 2001 census, Camelon had a population of 4,508.[1]

History[edit]

"Roman" Monument - believed to be a 19th century forgery.[3]

Human activity at Camelon pre-dates the Romans as Bronze Age items[4] have been recovered from graves in the area.[5]

Camelon is the site of a series of Roman fortifications built sometimes between 80 and 83 AD.[6] Camelon has been suggested as the southern fort of the Roman Gask Ridge separating the Highlands from the Lowlands. The Roman fort was under a mile north of the Antonine Wall.[7] A Roman altar was found at Bogton Farm under a kilometer west of the fort.[8] A Samian ware platter, possibly also associated with the site was found and can now be viewed at the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow.[9] There are a lot of mythical stories about Camelon sometimes linking it with Camelot[10] and Arthur's O'on.[11] Hector Boece was the first historian to mention Camelon[12] in his History of Scotland of 1522.[13] Stories of a legendary Roman harbour at Camelon first appeared in 1695.[13] The legend of Camelon's twelve brass gates was also widespread albeit dubious.[14] More mundane items like leather shoes were found when Tesco's supermarket was being constructed.[15]

Camelon developed when the canals were built in the 18th and 19th centuries. Much of the Forth and Clyde Canal opened in the 1770s over a decade after the Carron Iron Works were established. The Union Canal opened in 1822 and brought traffic from Edinburgh to Port Downie where the canals met.[16] A couple of decades later saw the coming of the railways. In 1831 the village was described as having a population of 809 with 250 men and boys employed in nail making.[17] Historical industries included nail making,[18] a tar processing plant and other chemical works,[19] a shipbuilding business near Lock Sixteen[20] and a distillery at Rosebank.[21] In the early 20th century W. Alexander & Sons set up a bus service and coachbuilders in Camelon. A flight of locks which joined the Union Canal with the Forth and Clyde Canal brought business to the village. This was replaced in 2002 with the Falkirk Wheel, a rotating boat lift.

The Union Inn, named for the Union Canal, reflected in the canal

Mariners[edit]

People from Camelon are known locally as Mariners.[22] The name is probably best remembered by the Mariner Leisure Centre and in Mariners' Day. Mariners' Day is an annual children's fayre held on the second Saturday in June. It includes a parade and a crowning ceremony of the Queen along with fun and games for the children of Camelon.[23]

Transport[edit]

Camelon has good access for a village of its size with Camelon railway station lying on the Cumbernauld Line and the Edinburgh to Dunblane line. Next to the station there are amenities including the Mariner Leisure Centre. The main road through Camelon is the A803 road which provides access to Falkirk.

Sport[edit]

Camelon is home to the junior football club Camelon Juniors, founded in 1920, who currently compete in the East of Scotland Football League (Conference C).

See also[edit]

War Memorial - opened 23rd April 2016[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b No 3 - 2001 Census Population of settlements and wards
  2. ^ List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic – NewsNetScotland Archived January 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Carved Stone (Period Unassigned)". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  4. ^ Breeze, David J.; Rich-Gray, Denise. "'Fire pits' at Camelon, Stirlingshire" (PDF). archaeologydataservice. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  5. ^ Callander, J. Graham (1923). Proceedings Of The Society Of Antiquaries Of Scotland 1922-1923 Vol.57. Edinburgh: Neill and Son Ltd. pp. 243–250. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Falkirk, Camelon". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 2017-11-18.
  7. ^ "Camelon Antonine Fort & Marching Camps". Roman Britain. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Altar, Camelon". Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Samian Ware Platter, Camelon". Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  10. ^ Gibb, Alexander (1904). The Stirling Antiquary: Reprinted from "The Stirling Sentinel," 1888-[1906]. Stirling: Cook & Wylie. pp. 349–365. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  11. ^ Rohl, Darrell, Jesse. "More than a Roman Monument: A Place-centred Approach to the Long-term History and Archaeology of the Antonine Wall" (PDF). Durham Theses. Durham University. Available at Durham E-Theses Online ref: 9458. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  12. ^ Stewart, William (1858). The buik of the croniclis of Scotland : or, A metrical version of the History of Hector Boece. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts. p. 42. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  13. ^ a b Christison, David (1901). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Edinburgh: Printed for the Society by Neill and Company. pp. 329–417. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  14. ^ Skene, William Forbes (1868). The four ancient books of Wales : containing the Cymric poems attributed to the bards of the sixth century. Edinburgh: Edmonston. p. 411. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  15. ^ "Roman artefacts found at Camelon Tesco site". bbc. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  16. ^ Scott, Ian (17 October 2015). "Camelon was the 'ancient metropolis of the Picts'". The Falkirk Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  17. ^ The new statistical account of Scotland. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons. 1845. pp. 18–23. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  18. ^ Gillespie, Robert (1879). Round about Falkirk : with an account of the historical and antiquarian landmarks of the counties of Stirling and Linlithgow. Glasgow: Dunn & Wright. pp. 60–80. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  19. ^ Villages of Falkirk - Camelon www.electricscotland.com. Retrieved 2011-05-08
  20. ^ "OS 25 inch 1892-1949". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  21. ^ Scott, Ian (25 November 2017). "Rosebank announcement raises whisky fans' spirits". Falkirk Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  22. ^ Scott, Ian. "Camelon". Falkirk Local History Society. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  23. ^ Jill Buchanan (25 October 2014). "Camelon Mariners may be on the march again". Falkirk Herald.
  24. ^ Buchanan, Jill (25 April 2016). "Crowds turn out for war memorial dedication". The Falkirk Herald. Retrieved 10 February 2018.

External links[edit]