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Camelopardalis is a large but faint constellation of the northern sky representing a giraffe. The constellation was introduced in 1613 by Petrus Plancius; some older astronomy books give Camelopardalus or Camelopardus as alternative spellings of the name, but the official version recognized by the International Astronomical Union is Camelopardalis. First attested in English in 1785, the word camelopardalis comes from Latin, it is the romanization of the Greek "καμηλοπάρδαλις" meaning "giraffe", from "κάμηλος", "camel" + "πάρδαλις", "leopard", because it has a long neck like a camel and spots like a leopard. Although Camelopardalis is the 18th largest constellation, it is not a bright constellation, as the brightest stars are only of fourth magnitude. In fact, it only contains four stars below magnitude 5.0. Α Cam is a blue-hued supergiant star of magnitude 4.3, over 6,000 light-years from Earth. It is one of the most distant stars visible with the naked eye. Β Cam is the brightest star in Camelopardalis with an apparent magnitude of 4.03.

This star is a double star, with components of magnitudes 4.0 and 8.6. The primary is a yellow-hued supergiant 1000 light-years from Earth. 11 Cam is a star of 650 light-years from Earth. It appears without intense magnification close to magnitude 6.1 12 Cam, at about the same distance from us, but the two are not a true double star. Σ 1694 is a binary star 300 light-years from Earth. Both components have a blue-white hue. CS Cam is the second brightest star, it is of magnitude 4.21 and is variable. Z Cam is observed as part of a program of AAVSO, it is the prototype of Z Camelopardalis variable stars. Other variable stars are U Camelopardalis, VZ Camelopardalis, Mira variables T Camelopardalis, X Camelopardalis, R Camelopardalis. RU Camelopardalis is one of the brighter Type II Cepheids visible in the night sky. In 2011 a supernova was discovered in the constellation. Camelopardalis is in the part of the celestial sphere facing away from the galactic plane. Accordingly, many distant galaxies are visible within its borders.

NGC 2403 is a galaxy in the M81 group of galaxies, located 12 million light-years from Earth with a redshift of 0.00043. It is classified as being between an elliptical and a spiral galaxy because it has faint arms and a large central bulge. NGC 2403 was first discovered by the 18th century astronomer William Herschel, working in England at the time, it has an integrated magnitude of 8.0 and is 0.25° long. NGC 1502 is a magnitude 6.9 open cluster about 3,000 light years from Earth. It has about 45 bright members, features a double star of magnitude 7.0 at its center. NGC 1502 is associated with Kemble's Cascade, a simple but beautiful asterism appearing in the sky as a chain of stars 2.5° long, parallel to the Milky Way and is pointed towards Cassiopeia. * NGC 1501 is a planetary nebula located 1.4° south of NGC 1502. Stock 23 is an open star cluster at the southern part of the border between Camelopardalis and Cassiopeia, it is known as Pazmino's Cluster. It could be categorized as an asterism because of the small number of stars in it.

IC 342 is one of the brightest two galaxies in the IC 342/Maffei Group of galaxies. The dwarf irregular galaxy NGC 1569 is a magnitude 11.9 starburst galaxy, about 11 million light years away. NGC 2655 is a large lenticular galaxy with visual magnitude 10.1. UGC 3697 is known as the Integral Sign Galaxy. MS0735.6+7421 is a galaxy cluster with a redshift of 0.216, located 2.6 billion light-years from Earth. It is unique for its intracluster medium, which emits X-rays at a high rate; this galaxy cluster features two cavities 600,000 light-years in diameter, caused by its central supermassive black hole, which emits jets of matter. MS0735.6 +7421 is one of the most distant examples of this phenomenon. Tombaugh 5 is a dim open cluster in Camelopardalis, it is located 5,800 light-years from Earth. It is a Shapley class c and Trumpler class III 1 r cluster, meaning that it is irregularly shaped and appears loose. Though it is detached from the star field, it is not concentrated at its center at all, it has more than 100 stars which do not vary in brightness being of the 15th and 16th magnitude.

NGC 2146 is an 11th magnitude barred spiral starburst galaxy conspicuously warped by interaction with a neighbour. MACS0647-JD, one of the possible candidates for the farthest known galaxies in the universe, is in Camelopardalis; the annual May meteor shower Camelopardalids from comet 209P/LINEAR have a radiant in Camelopardalis. The space probe Voyager 1 is moving in the direction of this constellation, though it will not be nearing any of the stars in this constellation for many thousands of years, by which time its power source will be long dead. Camelopardalis is not one of Ptolemy's 48 constellations in the Almagest, it was created by Petrus Plancius in 1613. It first appeared in a globe produced by Pieter van den Keere. One year Jakob Bartsch featured it in his atlas. Johannes Hevelius depicted this constellation in his works which were so influential that it was referred to as Camelopardali Hevelii or abbreviated as Camelopard. Hevel. Part of the constellation was hived off to form the constellation Sciurus Volans, the Flying Squirrel, by William Croswell in 1810.

However this was not taken up by later

Ginebra–Shell rivalry

The Ginebra–Shell rivalry is the early 1990s PBA rivalry that followed the San Miguel–Purefoods rivalry and Añejo–Purefoods rivalry and the decades' best rivalry before Sunkist and Alaska battled in the PBA championship for three straight conferences in the mid-1990s. The two teams played in the PBA championship in the first conference of the 1990 and 1991 season, Shell won their first title and prevailed in six games when Ginebra Añejo Rum 65, walked out in the second quarter of Game Six of the 1990 First Conference finals; the following year in the same conference, Ginebra San Miguel exact revenge, coming back from a 1-3 series deficit and won in Game Seven on Rudy Distrito's difficult drive to the basket in the last five seconds of their epic encounter. The 1996 knockout match between Shell and Ginebra for the right to play Alaska Milk in the finals of the Commissioners Cup remains the most-talked about playoff matches among old-school PBA fans; the Zoom Masters won that game on import Kenny Redfield's three-point shot at the buzzer.

Two years before in the 1994 PBA Governor's Cup, Shell knock Ginebra in a playoff for the last semifinals berth. Ginebra and Shell would renew their rivalry during the semifinal series of the 1999 PBA All-Filipino Cup; the Ginebras, now known as Barangay Ginebra Kings and coming off an upset win over top-seeded Mobiline Phone Pals, lost to Shell in the best-of-five series via 3-0 sweep. The series win by the Zoom Masters, earn the team their first All-Filipino finals appearance since their maiden year in 1985. Shell defeated Ginebra in a knockout game that time to make it to the finals. Two year in the 2001 PBA All-Filipino Cup, Barangay Ginebra this time won over Shell in the best-of-five semifinal series, three games to two, for their first finals stint since 1997; the Gin Kings' victory enabled Jun Limpot to play in his PBA finals after 8 seasons. Vergel Meneses will be making his first finals trip in five years since his Sunkist Orange Juicers days. In the two teams' first meeting in the 1986 Third Conference, Ginebra playing coach Sonny Jaworski got into an exchange of words with Shell forward Rey Lazaro during a play involving Shell import Dexter Shouse.

Shell coach Edgardo Ocampo rushed to the court to confront the Big J until cooler heads intervene. In the 1987 Third Conference during their semifinals game, Ginebras' Joey Loyzaga threw a punch on Shell's Rey Lazaro, after he got elbowed in the stomach earlier, brother Chito Loyzaga come into Joey's aid and a fight ensued; the battle for third place in the deciding fifth game of the series in the 1989 PBA All-Filipino Conference, emotions run high with only five seconds remaining of the fought game when Añejo's Rey Cuenco and Shell's Romy dela Rosa, who were earlier involved in a trade, exchange blows after a heated scramble for possession, resulting in a free-for-all and both benches emptied. In 1992 First Conference, the two protagonist of the PBA Open finals during the past two seasons, were pitted early in their third outing. Both teams were part of player transfers during the off-season where three former Ginebra cagers are now playing for Shell. New Ginebra recruit Pido Jarencio and ex-Gin Rey Cuenco were thrown out of the game after a fistfight.

Ginebra playing coach Sonny Jaworski and Shell rookie Mulong Orillosa were earlier involved in an argument. The worst brawl between these two teams took place in Game two of the 1999 PBA All-Filipino Cup semifinal series. Shell's Jay Mendoza was singled out as the instigator of the melee when he elbowed Barangay Ginebra forward Wilmer Ong. A total of P235,000 fines and suspensions were handed out among those involved in the free-for-all. There are a number of players that don the Ginebra and Shell jersey, including Crispa greats Philip Cezar and Freddie Hubalde, Toyota stars Arnie Tuadles, Terry Saldaña and Ricky Relosa. Ginebra's top centers during the 1980s, Romulo Mamaril and Ed Ducut, ended their playing careers with Shell. Joey Loyzaga and Leo Isaac would transfer to Shell at some time. Rey Cuenco and Manny Victorino played for Shell before Ginebra acquired the two center-forwards in 1989 and 1993 respectively. Among the national team members of the 1980s and 1990s, Paul Alvarez, Jolly Escobar and Victor Pablo would play for these two teams.

And during the 2000 era, Ronald Tubid and Billy Mamaril Shell's first coach Freddie Webb resigns as head coach after Shell lost to Ginebra in their second semifinal outing in the 1986 First Conference. Robert Jaworski's coaches with the famed Toyota Super Corollas, Ed Ocampo and Dante Silverio, would take turns to handle the Shell ballclub in the late 1980s. Ginebra assistant coach Rino Salazar would become Shell's head coach beginning the 1991 Third Conference. Shell's erstwhile coach Arlene Rodriguez would sit on the Ginebra bench as assistant coach and replacement for Salazar on that same conference. Shell's tower of power Benjie Paras, at one time in the franchise' lowest point during the first four months of the 1993 PBA season, wanted out of Shell and has express his desire to transfer to Ginebra. Ginebra's last game with playing coach and then-senator Sonny Jaworski under contract with the La Tondeña ballcub before he tendered his resignation in December 1998, was against Shell on November 6

Margaret Boden (artist)

Margaret Boden was a Scottish artist known for her portraiture. She worked with her husband Leonard Boden on many of his prestigious commissions. Margaret Tulloch was born in Ecclesmachan, a village in West Lothian, Scotland to Catherine Tulloch and her husband Rev A. P. S. Tulloch, a missionary in India, she had two brothers who were educated at boarding school, while Maragaret Tulloch was taught at home as the family could not afford her tuition fees. Boden met her future husband, Leonard Boden when they both studied at the Glasgow School of Art and they married in 1937; the couple had the renowned concert harpist, Daphne Boden. In her years she suffered from Alzheimer's disease. Boden attended the Glasgow School of Art from the age of 15, she moved to London to study at Heatherley’s School of Fine Art. Boden worked on her husband's canvases, but was not recognised for her contributions. In 1957, Boden supported her husband's painting of Pope Pius XII, now in the Vatican. During the 1930s, both Boden and her husband worked as illustrators.

For around fifty years, Boden exhibited at the Royal Society of Portrait Painters. She exhibited at the Royal Scottish Academy and the Royal Glasgow Institute. Boden was an honorary member of the Society of Women Artists. Boden was commissioned by Elizabeth II to paint the Royal corgis. Other portrait commissions included Beryl Grey, Irene Joyce, Laurence Verney, Baroness Young and the Forte family, Boden completed her final commissioned work at the age of 87. Boden painted artworks of animals dogs, including works she exhibited with the Society of Women Artists in the 1980s. Margaret Boden has paintings held in several public collections including the following, 4 paintings by or after Margaret Boden at the Art UK site


Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 166 is a United States Marine Corps tiltrotor squadron consisting of MV-22 Osprey transport aircraft. The squadron, known as the "SeaElk", is based at California. Activated in 1985, HMM-166 was the youngest CH-46 helicopter squadron in the Marine Corps; the squadron was redesignated as a tiltrotor squadron on June 23, 2010. The squadron was activated on September 13, 1985 at Marine Corps Air Station Tustin and assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 16, they relocated during 1995 to Marine Corps Air Station El Toro and again during 1999 to MCAS Miramar, California. They participated in the following operations: 1990 - Operation Desert Shield 1991 - Operation Desert Storm 1994 - Operation Support Hope 1994 - Operation Restore Hope 1998 - Operation Southern Watch 2004 - Operation Iraqi FreedomIn 2004, HMM-166 deployed as the aviation combat element of the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. During this deployment they participated in the Battle of Najaf.

On November 5, 2007, the squadron deployed to the Western Pacific as the aviation combat element of the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit. From December 4 to 6, as part of the 11th MEU, HMM-166 flew 29 humanitarian assistance missions over Bangladesh to transport more than 54,165 pounds of food and supplies and 1875 gallons of water to the people most affected by Tropical Cyclone Sidr. On 5 May 2009, a SuperCobra belonging to the squadron crashed at 1154 hrs PST into the Cleveland National Forest, California; the crash resulted in the fatalities of the aircraft's two pilots, Jessica Conkling, 27, Aaron Cox, 26. The SuperCobra had departed Naval Air Facility El Centro 30–40 minutes earlier for Marine Corps Air Station Miramar; the cause of the crash was an improperly secured transmission cover which came off in flight and struck the tail rotor. In September 2009, HMM-166 again deployed as the aviation combat element of the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit, they participated in exercises in East Timor, United Arab Emirates and Djibouti.

They returned from the deployment in April 2010. The squadron was redesignated as VMM-166 on June 2010 as they transitioned to the MV-22 Osprey. A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. HMM-166 has been presented with the following awards: United States Marine Corps Aviation Organization of the United States Marine Corps List of active United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps

Myoxocephalus aenaeus

Myoxocephalus aenaeus. Commonly known as the grubby, or little sculpin, is a species of sculpin in the fish family Cottidae; the species is native to the northwest Atlantic, with a range extending from Belle Isle and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to New Jersey. Spawning season for the grubby extends into spring. Spawning begins in coastal waters and occurs in offshore oceanic waters; the spawning in coastal waters has been reported to occur only in early spring. Parts of the central Atlantic only allow for spawning times between February and May, but judging by larval presence in the Middle Atlantic Blight, spawning occurs there from March until June. Myoxocephalus aenaeus at the Encyclopedia of Life

Otan Tragoudo

Otan tragoudo is the name of a studio album by popular Greek singer Tolis Voskopoulos. It was released in November, 1976 by Minos EMI in Greece and it went gold selling over 50,000 units. Side One."Ego agapo mia" – – 2:36 "Na'tan Thee mou" feat. Marinella – – 2:48 "Ine kati teties nichtes" – – 3:27 "Den katalaves kardia mou" feat. Marinella – – 3:09 "Parakalo" – – 2:26 "Spoudei anthropi" – – 2:03Side Two."Otan tragoudo" – – 3:13 "Giati tin agapo" – – 3:34 "Irthe i ora" – – 3:22 "Anazitiste tin" – – 2:51 "Me vrikes se adynati stigmi" – – 2:33 "Yirna piso agapimeni" – – 2:41 Tolis Voskopoulos - vocals, background vocals Marinella - background vocals Achilleas Theofilou - producer Kostas Klavvas - arranger, conductor on tracks 3, 4, 6, 8, 9 and 12 Nikos Ignatiadis - arranger and conductor on tracks 1, 5, 7 and 11 Spyros Papavasiliou - arranger and conductor on tracks 2 and 10 Yiannis Smyrneos - recording engineer Alinta Mavrogeni - photographer