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Christian Thams

Christian Thams was a Norwegian architect, industrialist and diplomat. Christian Marius Thams was born in Sør-Trøndelag, Norway, his parens were Emilie Christine Ullitz. He was educated at a school for boys in Grenchen, Switzerland and at a technical school in Holzminden, Germany. Christian Thams studied at Technikum Winterthur in Zurich, where he graduated in 1886; the following year, he established himself as an architect with practice in Paris. The foundation of the family fortune was Örkedals Mining Company, his grandfather Wilhelm August Thams, together with Norwegian businessman Christian Salvesen, had started Ørkedalens Mining in Meldal in 1867. The acquisition of the Løkken Mine in 1896 marked their dominant position with control of all mines in the region; the Løkken mine was however flooded, in order to extract the pyrite Thams had to empty the mine of water. This was done by constructing a pipeline from nearby lake Bjørnlivatnet to transport water to a power station inside the mine; this power station produced 60 kilowatt to run a pump station mounted on a timber raft.

As the water was pumped out of the mine, the raft sank with the sinking water, in this way the mine was emptied of water in two years. In 1904 Christian Thams founded Orkla Grube-Aktiebolag whose main activity was mining at Løkken Verk. Thams soon realized, he therefore decided to build a hydro electric plant, got a concession to build at Skjenaldfossen waterfall, following his acquisition in 1899 of the rights to utilize the power from the river. This marked the beginning of large-scale production at the mine and an important milestone in the history of the Norwegian industrial conglomerate Orkla. Christian Thams is known for construction of Thamshavnbanen, the first electric railroad in Norway, visited by Norwegian King Haakon VII at its opening on July 10, 1908. Among Thams' other activities was Strandheim Brug, a sawmill and prefabrication of houses business; this production was powered by hydroelectricity. The successful industrialization of the activities in Orkdal coincided with other key entrepreneurial ventures of that time that were all based on the new technology of hydroelectricity.

Most of them are still key players in the Norwegian economy. In addition to Orkla, Norsk Hydro and Hafslund are prominent examples. Christian Trams served as Belgian Consul General in Norway, French vice-consul, Commercial Trade representative for Monaco. Thams received various honors including Gold medal for designing the Norwegian pavilion at the Exposition Universelle, Knight First Class Order of St. Olav, Knight in the Swedish Order of the Polar Star and Knight of the French Legion of Honour, his former residence in the village of Orkanger, Bårdshaug Herregård, was located on the banks of the Orkdalsfjord, an arm of the Trondheimsfjord, at the mouth of the Orklaelva. It is today the site of a historic hotel. Chr. Salvesen & Chr. Thams's Communications Aktieselskab Tokle, Bjørn Communication gjennom 100 år Orkla Industrial Museum Christian Salvesen & Thams Aktieselskab's Communications Bårdshaug Herregård

Neligh, Nebraska

Neligh NEE-lee is a city and county seat in Antelope County, United States. The population was 1,599 at the 2010 census. In 1872, John D. Neligh and a few of his friends took a trip up the Elkhorn River from West Point, Nebraska. Neligh took note of the scenic landscape and thought it would be the ideal setting for a town and the county seat, he left for Omaha to buy 520 acres for the town site. Misunderstanding the prime land he was selling, Omaha banker Herman Kountze sold the land required to develop Neligh, he was not aware it would make the ideal county seat, which Neligh became. The records were moved to Neligh on January 1, 1884. Neligh was platted in 1873 by John Neligh and others, named for him. In May 1877, the Ponca tribe was forced to leave their homeland on the Niobrara River and move to Indian Territory in present-day Oklahoma; the rigors of the journey and resettlement led to the death of one-third of the tribe's population. During the migration, an 18-month-old girl named, her father, Black Elk, asked the townspeople "to respect the grave of my child just as they do the graves of their own dead".

She was buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Neligh, her grave tended by the residents. Shortly after founding the town, John D. Neligh began building the Neligh Mill in the southern part of town; the original two-story mill was built with bricks made by John J. Crawford; the Neligh Mill is a Nebraska State Historical site. Neligh is located at 42°7′48″N 98°1′45″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.11 square miles, of which, 1.10 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Neligh has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,599 people, 707 households, 407 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,453.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 781 housing units at an average density of 710.0 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.2% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population. There were 707 households of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.4% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age in the city was 47.1 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,651 people, 697 households, 443 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,731.7 people per square mile. There were 771 housing units at an average density of 808.7 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the city was 98.97% White, 0.55% from other races, 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population. There were 697 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 24.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,580, the median income for a family was $39,750. Males had a median income of $29,261 versus $16,667 for females.

The per capita income for the city was $17,888. About 10.6% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. There are two media groups in Neligh - Neligh News & Leader. Both are members of the Nebraska Press Association; the Antelope County News was launched in January 2014 as on online-based media from Pitzer Digital, LLC. The company purchased The Orchard News in February 2016 and expanded the content and doubled circulation as The Orchard News/Antelope County News, becoming the first newspaper in the county to publish in color. Besides print and online, the Antelope County News is available on radio station WJAG and on television with partner News Channel Nebraska; the Neligh News & Leader serves all of Antelope County and had a circulation of more than 1,600. John DeCamp - Politician and author of The Franklin Cover-up. Robert A. Harper - Botanist who researched the cytology and development of fungi, slime molds, plants.

Before beginning his career as a botanical researcher, he taught Greek and Latin at Gates College