Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns was a French composer, organist and pianist of the Romantic era. His best-known works include Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso, the Second Piano Concerto, the First Cello Concerto, Danse macabre, the opera Samson and Delilah, the Third Violin Concerto, the Third Symphony and The Carnival of the Animals. Saint-Saëns was a musical prodigy. After studying at the Paris Conservatoire he followed a conventional career as a church organist, first at Saint-Merri, Paris and, from 1858, La Madeleine, the official church of the French Empire. After leaving the post twenty years he was a successful freelance pianist and composer, in demand in Europe and the Americas; as a young man, Saint-Saëns was enthusiastic for the most modern music of the day that of Schumann and Wagner, although his own compositions were within a conventional classical tradition. He was a scholar of musical history, remained committed to the structures worked out by earlier French composers; this brought him into conflict in his years with composers of the impressionist and dodecaphonic schools of music.
Saint-Saëns held only one teaching post, at the École de Musique Classique et Religieuse in Paris, remained there for less than five years. It was important in the development of French music: his students included Gabriel Fauré, among whose own pupils was Maurice Ravel. Both of them were influenced by Saint-Saëns, whom they revered as a genius. Saint-Saëns was born in Paris, the only child of Jacques-Joseph-Victor Saint-Saëns, an official in the French Ministry of the Interior, Françoise-Clémence, née Collin. Victor Saint-Saëns was of Norman ancestry, his wife was from an Haute-Marne family. Less than two months after the christening, Victor Saint-Saëns died of consumption on the first anniversary of his marriage; the young Camille was taken to the country for the sake of his health, for two years lived with a nurse at Corbeil, 29 kilometres to the south of Paris. When Saint-Saëns was brought back to Paris he lived with his mother and her widowed aunt, Charlotte Masson. Before he was three years old he enjoyed picking out tunes on the piano.
His great-aunt taught him the basics of pianism, when he was seven he became a pupil of Camille-Marie Stamaty, a former pupil of Friedrich Kalkbrenner. Stamaty required his students to play while resting their forearms on a bar situated in front of the keyboard, so that all the pianist's power came from the hands and fingers rather than the arms, Saint-Saëns wrote, was good training. Clémence Saint-Saëns, well aware of her son's precocious talent, did not wish him to become famous too young; the music critic Harold C. Schonberg wrote of Saint-Saëns in 1969, "It is not realized that he was the most remarkable child prodigy in history, that includes Mozart." The boy gave occasional performances for small audiences from the age of five, but it was not until he was ten that he made his official public debut, at the Salle Pleyel, in a programme that included Mozart's Piano Concerto in B♭, Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto. Through Stamaty's influence, Saint-Saëns was introduced to the composition professor Pierre Maleden and the organ teacher Alexandre Pierre François Boëly.
From the latter he acquired a lifelong love of the music of Bach, little known in France. As a schoolboy Saint-Saëns was outstanding in many subjects. In addition to his musical prowess, he distinguished himself in the study of French literature and Greek, mathematics, his interests included philosophy and astronomy, of which the last, he remained a talented amateur in life. In 1848, at the age of thirteen, Saint-Saëns was admitted to the Paris Conservatoire, France's foremost music academy; the director, Daniel Auber, had succeeded Luigi Cherubini in 1842, brought a more relaxed regime than that of his martinet predecessor, though the curriculum remained conservative. Students outstanding pianists like Saint-Saëns, were encouraged to specialise in organ studies, because a career as a church organist was seen to offer more opportunities than that of a solo pianist, his organ professor was François Benoist, whom Saint-Saëns considered a mediocre organist but a first-rate teacher. In 1851 Saint-Saëns won the Conservatoire's top prize for organists, in the same year he began formal composition studies.
His professor was a protégé of Cherubini, Fromental Halévy, whose pupils included Charles Gounod and Bizet. Saint-Saëns's student compositions included a symphony in A major and a choral piece, Les Djinns, after an eponymous poem by Victor Hugo, he was unsuccessful. Auber believed that the prize should have gone to Saint-Saëns, considering him to have more promise than the winner, Léonce Cohen, who made little mark during the rest of his career. In the same year Saint-Saëns had greater success in a competition organised by the Société Sainte-Cécile, with his Ode à Sainte-Cécile, for which the ju
Ayman Asfari is a Syrian-born British businessman, the chief executive of Petrofac, a Jersey-registered multinational oilfield services company serving the oil and energy production and processing industries. He was raised outside the country, his first job was as a consulting engineer carrying out soil testing. He is a graduate of Villanova University in Pennsylvania in the United States, holds an MSc in Civil and Urban Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania, he attended the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania for his MBA. Before joining Petrofac, Asfari served as the managing director of a major Oman-based civil and mechanical construction business, he joined Petrofac in 1991 when it had one plant in Texas. He bought out the company in 2001, took it public on the London Stock Exchange in 2005. In February 2015, Forbes calculated Asfari's net worth at $1.2 billion. Asfari won the UK category of the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Awards in 2011; the Asfari Foundation is based in London.
It has five trustees. The foundation supports projects that encourage the development of civil society and provide emergency humanitarian relief, offers academic scholarships. In May 2017, Asfari and his wife donated £100,000 to the British Conservative Party election campaign, days before Asfari was scheduled to be interviewed by the Serious Fraud Office relating to its enquiry into Unaoil. In total Ayman and Sawsan Asfari donated £794,000 to the party between 2009 and 2017
Gökhan Zan is a retired Turkish footballer. Due to his frequent injuries at the height of his career, he earned the nickname of "Cam Adam" from the Turkish media. Zan started his career with Hatayspor and moved on to Çanakkale Dardanelspor before joining Beşiktaş in 2003, he needed time to make his mark with the Turkish giants, spent a spell on loan with Gaziantepspor before returning to the İnönü Stadium. Following 2008–09 season-end, Zan could not negotiate a deal with Beşiktaş. On 22 June 2009, it had been announced that Zan made a deal with Galatasaray for a period of 2 years starting from 2009–10 season. In further rumours, it has been written on papers that Zan had never been called by Beşiktaş in order to negotiate after his contract had been expired, dealt for two years within an optional second season. After 20 days with no proposal from the club, Zan have accepted Galatasaray's offer. On 27 June 2011, Zan signed a new contract, with € € 20,000 per game, he scored his first goal for the club on the second half of the 2010–11 Süper Lig season which came in the first half as the game ended in a 1–1 draw against Kayserispor.
Zan played 12 matches on the 2011–12 Süper Lig season and scored 2 goals, one against Eskişehirspor in 2–0 win and the other in a 4–0 win against Ankaragücü. He was part of Galatasaray's champion squad. In early April 2013, his contract was extended for another two-years until 2015. Zan emerged as a key man for Turkey in their Euro 2008 qualifying push, starring in seven games for Fatih Terim's side. At the tournament itself, Zan made three appearances after he was injured in the opening game against Portugal, he has appeared in two qualifying matches for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. A tall, commanding central defender who plays with great pride and muscle but lacks agility and football intelligence. Another fault-line is his fragile physical make-up, but he has still managed to enjoy a fine career for club and country despite his flaws; as of 22 December 2013 BeşiktaşSüper Lig: 2008–09 Türkiye Kupası: 2005–06, 2006–07, 2008–09 Süper Kupa: 2006GalatasaraySüper Lig: 2011–12, 2012–13, 2014–15 Türkiye Kupası: 2013–14 Süper Kupa: 2012, 2013TurkeyUEFA European Championship: Semi-finals: 2008 Profile at Galatasaray.org Gökhan Zan at the Turkish Football Federation Gökhan Zan – UEFA competition record Gökhan Zan – FIFA competition record Gökhan Zan at FootballDatabase.eu Gökhan Zan at National-Football-Teams.com Gökhan Zan at Soccerbase Gökhan Zan on IMDb