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Cammell Laird

Cammell Laird is a British shipbuilding company. The company came about following the merger of Laird Brothers of Birkenhead and Johnson Cammell & Co. of Sheffield at the turn of the twentieth century. The company built railway rolling stock until 1929, when that side of the business was separated and became part of the Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon Company; the Laird company was founded by William Laird, who had established the Birkenhead Iron Works in 1824. When he was joined by his son, John Laird in 1828, their first ship was an iron barge. John realised; the company soon became pre-eminent in the manufacture of iron ships and made major advances in propulsion. In 1860, John Laird was joined in the business by his three sons, renaming it John Sons & Co.. The sons continued the business after their father's death in 1874 as Laird Brothers. Johnson Cammell & Co. was founded by Charles Cammell and Henry and Thomas Johnson: it made, amongst many other metal products, iron wheels and rails for Britain's railways and was based in Sheffield.

In 1903 the businesses of Messrs. Cammell and Laird merged to create a company at the forefront of shipbuilding; the company built a number of vehicles for the London Underground. An order was placed for 20 trailer cars and 20 control trailer cars in 1919, which were known as 1920 Stock, were the first tube cars to be built with doors operated by compressed air, they ran with converted French motor cars built in 1906. The doors were fitted with a sensitive edge, designed to re-open the door if someone became trapped in it, but the mechanism was too sensitive, was removed after an initial trial period; the cars continued in operation until 1938, eight years after the motor cars were withdrawn, but following withdrawal, five cars became a mobile training school. Cammell Laird built a number of Standard Stock vehicles for the Underground, they were one of five builders approached to build a sample car to a general specification, which were put into service in February 1923, three of the builders subsequently built production runs.

The company supplied 41 motor cars and 40 trailer cars in 1923, 25 control trailers in 1924, a further 48 motor cars in 1925. In 1927, they built 160 passenger coaches for use in India. To transport them, Cammell Laird asked Watsons of Gainsborough to build five dumb barges; the coaches were loaded onto the barges at Clifton, near Nottingham on the River Trent, towed in pairs downriver by a twin-screwed tug named Motorman, built by Henry Scarr of Hessle in 1925. They were taken to Hull for export. In 1929, the railway rolling stock business of Cammell Laird was spun off and merged to become Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon Company Ltd. Between 1829 and 1947, over 1,100 vessels of all kinds were launched from the Cammell Laird slipways into the River Mersey. Among the many famous ships made by the companies were the world's first steel ship, the Ma Roberts, built in 1858 for Dr. Livingstone's Zambezi expedition, CSS Alabama, built in 1862 for the Confederate States of America, HMS Caroline that holds the record fastest build time of any significant warship, the first all-welded ship, the Fullagar built in 1920, Cunard's second RMS Mauretania, the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal the battleship HMS Prince of Wales and the largest vessel to have been built for the Royal Navy up to that time, HMS Ark Royal.

In 1898, Cammell provided the half-inch armour plate used to fabricate the four Fowler Armoured Road Trains built during the Second Anglo-Boer War. The armoured road train was the first self-propelled, free-roaming, armoured military land vehicle built, predating the tanks of World War One by nearly two decades; the company was nationalised along with the rest of the British shipbuilding industry as British Shipbuilders in 1977. In 1986, it returned to the private sector as part of Barrow-in-Furness-based Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering. VSEL and Cammell Laird were the only British shipyards capable of producing nuclear submarines. In 1993, it completed HMS Unicorn – now HMCS Windsor. After the end of the Upholder-class submarine building programme in 1993, the owners of Cammell Laird, VSEL, announced the yard's closure; this was opposed by the workforce through trade union campaigners including the GMB, led by communist firebrand official Barry Williams, a point noted in his obituary in the Liverpool Daily Post.

Part of the shipyard site was leased by the Coastline Group as a ship repair facility. Coastline bought part of the shipyard and adopted the Cammell Laird name, before floating on the London stock exchange in 1997 and acquiring dockyards at Teesside and Gibraltar. After experiencing financial difficulties due to the late withdrawal from a £50 million refit contract for the cruise ship Costa Classica cruise ship by Costa Crociere, the company was forced to enter receivership in April 2001, the Birkenhead and Tyneside shipyards owned by Cammell Laird shiprepair were acquired by the A&P Shiprepair Group in 2001. Cammell Laird Gibraltar, the Royal Dockyard facility in Gibraltar, was disposed of through a local management buyout. A&P Group sold its Birkenhead subsidiary to Northwestern Shiprepairers & Shipbuilders in 2005. Peel Holdings, owners of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Company and 50% owners of Northwestern Shiprepairers & Shipbuilders, purchased the Cammell Laird shipyard site and surrounding land in January 2007, to facilitate the proposed Wirral Waters development, although Northwestern Shiprepairers & Shipbuilders continue to maintain a long-term lease on the shipyard facilities, which will form an integ

Jorge Obeid

Jorge Alberto Obeid was an Argentine Justicialist Party politician, a member of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies and former governor of Santa Fe Province. Obeid was born in Diamante, Entre Ríos, to Edi D'Acierno, of Italian descent, Juan Obeid, of Lebanese descent, he enrolled at the National University of the Littoral, in Santa Fe, graduated with a degree in chemical engineering. He taught there from 1972 to 1976, became a Peronist Youth activist at the time; this forced him to leave the country following the March 1976 coup, returning from exile in Peru in 1977 to visit family in Diamante he was detained. Following the return of democracy in 1983, Obeid worked as a chemist in a polyurethane plant, he remained active in Peronist politics, in 1987 was elected to the Santa Fe City Council. He became President of the Council in 1989, when Mayor Carlos Aurelio Martínez resigned that year, he succeeded him as mayor, he married Elba Inés Kemer, they had five children. Obeid was elected mayor in his own right in 1991, served as President of Argentine Federation of Cities and as representative for Santa Fe Province in the 1994 Constitutional Convention.

He was elected governor of the province for the first time in 1995, winning an election, fraught with problems, including a breakdown in the computer system counting the ballots that forced a recount to be done by hand. Obeid was declared the winner after 37 days, subsequent to charges of manipulation, he was backed by outgoing governor Carlos Reutemann and Buenos Aires Province Governor Eduardo Duhalde, narrowly defeating Alliance candidate Horacio Usandizaga and an alternative Peronist candidate backed by President Carlos Menem, Rosario Mayor Héctor Cavallero. He served until 1999, when former Governor Reutemann was returned by voters to a second four-year term; the provincial constitution of Santa Fe does not allow for reelection of a governor, Obeid was elected to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies in 1999. He was returned by voters as governor for a second, non-consecutive term in 2003. Under his administration, following his initiative, the provincial legislature repealed the controversial electoral law called Ley de Lemas, which had allowed Obeid to twice win the governorship after obtaining fewer votes than his closest opponent.

Termed out of office, Obeid headed the Front for Victory Santa Fe party list for seats in the Chamber of Deputies. His term as governor ended in December 2007 and he was succeeded by the Socialist Mayor of Rosario, Hermes Binner, he served one more full term as Congressman from 2007 to 2011, returned to Congress in 2013. Obeid died the following month, however, of a pulmonary embolism.

Saint Charles

Saint Charles may refer to: Charles I, Count of Flanders, Blessed Charles the Good, count of Flanders, 1119–1127 Charles, Duke of Brittany, Saint Charles de Châtillon Saint Charles Borromeo and archbishop of Milan, 1564–1584 Blessed Charles Spinola, Italian Jesuit missionary martyred in Japan King Charles the Martyr, Anglican martyr, king of England and Ireland, 1625–1649 Saint Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary martyred in Canada Saint Charles of Sezze, Italian friar of the Franciscan Order Saint Charles-Joseph-Eugène de Mazenod, French Catholic clergyman Saint Charles of Mount Argus, Dutch Passionist priest who worked in Ireland Saint Charles Lwanga, Ugandan Catholic martyr Port Saint Charles, luxury marina within the parish of Saint Peter Saint-Charles, New Brunswick, settlement in Kent County St. Charles, town in the Sudbury District St. Charles, city ward of Winnipeg, Manitoba Saint-Charles-sur-Richelieu, municipality in La Vallée-du-Richelieu Regional County Municipality Pointe-Saint-Charles, neighborhood in Le Sud-Ouest, Quebec Saint-Charles-de-Percy, merged into Valdallière commune in Calvados department, Normandy region Marseille-Saint-Charles Station, main railway station and intercity bus station, Bouches-du-Rhône St. Charles, town in Arkansas County Saint Charles Reservoir, in Pueblo County, Colorado Saint Charles River, in Colorado Saint Charles, Georgia St. Charles, city in Bear Lake County St. Charles, city in DuPage and Kane counties St. Charles, city in Madison County St. Charles, city in Hopkins County St. Charles Parish, parish in New Orleans metropolitan area St. Charles, planned community in Charles County St. Charles, village in Saginaw County St. Charles, city in Winona County St. Charles County, county in eastern Missouri St. Charles, Missouri and county seat Saint Charles, unincorporated community in Butler County St. Charles, South Dakota, census-designated place in Gregory County St. Charles, town in Lee County Saint Charles Preparatory School, Catholic high school in Columbus, United States St. Charles Parish Public School System, public school district headquartered in Luling, Louisiana St. Charles Borromeo School, private catholic school in Destrehan, Louisiana St. Charles Borromeo High School, former private high school in Destrehan, Louisiana St. Charles Catholic High School, private high school in the Archdiocese of New Orleans St. Charles Community Schools, school district in St. Charles, Michigan St. Charles East High School, public high school in St. Charles, Illinois St. Charles Garnier College, private secondary school in Quebec City, Quebec St. Charles, screw-driven steamboat on the upper Peace River, Canada, 1903–1916 St. Charles Streetcar Line, Louisiana, U.

S. St. Charles Avenue, Louisiana, U. S. Place St. Charles, skyscraper St. Charles Parkway, Maryland, U. S. St. Charles' Church St. Charles College St. Charles High School St. Charles Township Charles Borromeo Church Saint Charles Borromeo Seminary San Carlo Karlskirche

Yasuoka, Nagano

Yasuoka is a village located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the village had an estimated population of 1,622 in 688 households, a population density of 25 persons per km²; the total area of the village is 64.59 square kilometres. Yasuoka is located in mountainous far south of Nagano Prefecture; the Tenryū River runs through the northern portion of the village. Nagano Prefecture Iida Anan Tenryū Shimojō Per Japanese census data, the population of Yasuoka has declined in recent years; the town has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, cold winters. The average annual temperature in Yasuoka is 11.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1904 mm with September as the wettest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.8 °C, lowest in January, at around 0.3 °C. The area of present-day Yasuoka was part of ancient Shinano Province; the village of Yasuoka established on April 1, 1889 by the establishment of the modern municipalities system. In the late 1930s, a large number of inhabitants from Yasuoka were settled in Manchukuo.

Yasuoka has one public elementary school and one public middle school operated by the village government. The village does not have a high school. JR TōkaiIida Line Nukuta - Tamoto - Kadoshima - Karakasa - Kinno The village is not served by any national highway Media related to Yasuoka, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons Official Website

Estradiol-containing birth control pill

Combined birth control pills that contain natural estradiol or an estradiol ester include: Estradiol valerate and cyproterone acetate – introduced in Finland in 1993 Estradiol valerate and dienogest – introduced in Europe in 2009 and the U. S. in 2010 Estradiol and nomegestrol acetate – introduced in Europe in 2011Estradiol as esters including estradiol valerate, estradiol cypionate, estradiol enanthate, is the exclusive estrogen used in combined injectable contraceptives. Birth control pills containing estradiol have less impact on liver protein synthesis than ethinylestradiol-containing birth control pills, it is thought that for this reason, they may pose less of a risk of venous thromboembolism. In accordance, although birth control pills containing estradiol valerate/dienogest are associated with a increased risk of VTE, they are associated with a lower risk of venous thromboembolism than birth control pills containing ethinylestradiol and a progestin. Incidence of irregular vaginal bleeding may be higher with estradiol-containing birth control pills in relation to the fact that estradiol is a weaker estrogen than ethinylestradiol in the endometrium.

The pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of estradiol in the context of use in birth control pills have been studied and reviewed. Experimental estradiol-containing birth control pills that were studied but never marketed include: Estradiol/norethisterone Estradiol/estriol/norethisterone Estradiol/estriol/norethisterone acetate Estradiol/desogestrel Estradiol cyclooctyl acetate/desogestrel Estradiol/ethinylestradiol/dienogest Birth control pill formulations

Cal Poly Pomona academics

The California State Polytechnic University, Pomona is organized into seven academic colleges, one extension college, one professional school. These units provide 20 master's degree programs and 13 teaching credentials/certificates. College of Agriculture: The College of Agriculture offers instruction in 12 majors and 11 options leading to the bachelor of science degree. Over 700 acres of university-owned land are available for pastures, crops and ornamental plantings; the university shares with the University of California, the distinction of having the only agriculture programs in Southern California. Farmlands flank the campus. College of Business Administration: Cal Poly Pomona is one of the 500 institutions worldwide that are accredited by Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business at both graduate and undergraduate levels. College of Education and Integrative Studies. College of Engineering: The College of Engineering has the largest engineering and computer science programs in California.

The college was established in 1957 and has an active enrollment of 4,500 students in seven academic departments. The college graduates one of every fourteen engineers in the state; each year, nearly 700 engineers obtain degrees in the various disciplines. Cal Poly Pomona has the second largest civil engineering department in the United States with over 1,000 undergraduates enrolled in that major alone. In 2010, the Cal Poly Pomona's College of Engineering was ranked 5th in the nation by U. S. News & World Report based on peer assessment, student selectivity, financial resources, other factors in the “Universities-Master’s” category for public universities; the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering was formed in 1972 and is accredited by ABET, Inc. and by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. College of Environmental Design: The planning programs at Cal Poly Pomona evolved from the undergraduate landscape architecture program, part of the School of Agriculture. After approval of the creation of a new School of Environmental Design, the landscape and urban planning programs moved into their current building in January 1971.

The Department of Urban Planning was soon after a Department of Architecture. Department of Urban Planning was renamed "Department of Urban and Regional Planning" in 1983 to reflect an expanded program; the School was renamed the "College of Environmental Design" in 1988. The Department of Art was transferred to Environmental Design from the College of Arts in 1992. Cal Poly Pomona is one of four NAAB-accredited public architecture universities in California along with California Polytechnic State University, University of California and University of California Los Angeles; the Architecture undergraduate program was ranked 15th nationally by the journal DesignIntelligence in 2008 in its annual edition of "America's Best Architecture & Design Schools." Unlike rankings for other programs which compare Cal Poly Pomona to other masters universities, DesignIntelligence ranked all national and research universities. In 2002 the department admitted 15 percent of undergraduate applicants, as of 2006, the department received nearly 2,000 applicants for just 100 spots making it the most selective program of the university.

College of Letters and Social Sciences: The College of Letters and Social Sciences provides academic work in more than 20 degree and certificate programs. College of Science: The College of Science offers majors in nine fields leading to bachelor of science degree. College of the Extended University: The College of the Extended University delivers programs to the community in and around the university campus.. The Collins College of Hospitality Management: The college was founded in 1973 being the first and largest four-year hospitality management degree program in California. According to the magazine Diverse Issues in Higher Education, Cal Poly Pomona is ranked 15th in the nation in awarding master's degrees to minorities in Agriculture, Agricultural Operations and Related Sciences among both private and public universities; the Princeton Review lists Cal Poly Pomona's college of business administration among the best in the country for both private and public universities on its “Best 296 Business Schools” publication.

In addition, Diverse Issues in Higher Education places Cal Poly Pomona 6th in the nation in awarding bachelor's degrees to minorities in Business, Management and Related Fields. Cal Poly Pomona is ranked and tied for 11th overall for top undergraduate engineering programs in the Regional University category in the country according to U. S. News & World Report. Cal Poly Pomona's civil engineering program is ranked 7th overall in the nation among top undergraduate programs, 10th for electrical engineering, 8th for mechanical engineering. In addition, the college of engineering places 8th in the nation for top 10 Automotive Colleges and Universities in the U. S. according to automotive information provider Edmunds.com. Cal Poly Pomona's college of engineering places 5th in the nation in awarding bachelor's degrees to minorities in engineering amongst all private and public schools, 34th for awarding master's to Hispanic students according to Diverse Issues in Higher Education. According to Planetizen, Cal Poly Pomona's Urban and Regional Planning Programs ranks 2nd in the nation for non-Ph.

D. Programs, as the university's highest offered degrees ar