The Camorra is an Italian Mafia-type organized crime syndicate, or secret society, originating in the region of Campania and its capital Naples. It is one of the oldest and largest criminal organizations in Italy, dating back to the 17th century. Unlike the pyramidal structure of the Sicilian Mafia, the Camorra's organizational structure is more horizontal than vertical. Individual Camorra clans act independently of each other, are more prone to feuding among themselves; the Camorra's main businesses are drug trafficking, racketeering and money laundering. Since the early 1980s, the organization has acquired a strong presence in other countries of Europe in Spain, but in South America, due to its involvement in the drug trafficking business. According to Naples public prosecutor Giovanni Melillo during a 2019 speech of the Antimafia Commission, the most powerful groups of the Camorra in the present day are the Mazzarella clan and the Secondigliano Alliance, the latter an alliance of the Licciardi and Mallardo clans.
The origins of the Camorra are not clear. It may date back to the 17th century as a direct Italian descendant of a Spanish secret society, the Garduña, founded in 1417. Officials of the Kingdom of Naples may have introduced the organisation to the area, or it may have grown out of small criminal gangs operating in Neapolitan society near the end of the 18th century. However, recent historical research in Spain suggests that the Garduña never existed and was based on a fictional 19th-century book; the first official use of the word dates from 1735, when a royal decree authorised the establishment of eight gambling houses in Naples. The word is a blend, or portmanteau, of "capo" and a Neapolitan street game, the "morra"; this activity was prohibited by the local government, some people started making the players pay for being "protected" against the passing police. The Camorra first emerged during the chaotic power vacuum in the years between 1799 and 1815, when the Parthenopean Republic was proclaimed on the wave of the French Revolution and the Bourbon Restoration.
The first official mention of the Camorra as an organization dates from 1820, when police records detail a disciplinary meeting of the Camorra, a tribunal known as the Gran Mamma. That year a first written statute, the frieno, was discovered, indicating a stable organisational structure in the underworld. Another statute was discovered in 1842, including initiation rites and funds set aside for the families of those imprisoned; the organization was known as the Bella Società Riformata, Società dell'Umirtà or Onorata Società. The evolution into more organized formations indicated a qualitative change: the Camorra and camorristi were no longer local gangs living off theft and extortion. Another qualitative leap was the agreement of the liberal opposition and the Camorra, following the defeat in the 1848 revolution; the liberals realized. They paid them, the camorristi being the leaders of the city's poor; the new police chief, Liborio Romano, turned to the head of the Camorra, Salvatore De Crescenzo, to maintain order and appointed him as head of the municipal guard.
The Camorra had developed into power brokers in a few decades. In 1869, Ciccio Cappuccio was elected as the capintesta of the Camorra by the twelve district heads, succeeding De Crescenzo after a short interregnum. Nicknamed'The king of Naples' he died in 1892. Following Italian unification in 1861 attempts were made to tackle the Camorra and a series of manhunts were made from 1882 on; the Saredo Inquiry, established to investigate corruption and bad governance in Naples, identified a system of political patronage ran by what the report called the "high Camorra": The original low camorra held sway over the poor plebs in an age of abjection and servitude. There arose a high camorra comprising the most cunning and audacious members of the middle class, they fed off trade and public works contracts, political meetings and government bureaucracy. This high camorra strikes deals and does business with the low camorra, swapping promises for favours and favours for promises; the high camorra thinks of the state bureaucracy as being like a field it has to harvest and exploit.
Its tools are cunning and violence. Its strength comes from the streets, and it is rightly considered to be more dangerous, because it has re-established the worst form of despotism by founding a regime based on bullying. The high camorra has replaced free will with impositions, it has nullified individuality and liberty, it has defrauded the law and public trust; the Inquiry introduced the terminology of "high Camorra", with a bourgeois character, but distinct from the plebeian Camorra proper, although both were in close contact through the figure of the intermediary. From the rich industrialist who wants a clear road into politics or administration to the small shopowner who wants to ask for a reduction of taxes. However, wh
Live Phish Vol. 12 was recorded live at the Deer Creek Music Center in Noblesville, Indiana, on August 13, 1996. The album marked the first time that the songs "Strange Design" and "Sleeping Monkey" had appeared on a commercially released Phish album. Highlights include a mini-acoustic set of songs from the soon-to-be released, critically acclaimed Billy Breathes album, as well as a 22-minute version of the Phish classic "Mike's Song." Of note is an exceptional version of the Rift classic "Fast Enough for You," said by many fans to be one of the best versions of the reflective ballad. The show includes keyboardist Page McConnell performing a solo version of The Wizard of Oz classic "Somewhere over the Rainbow" on a theremin. Bonus tracks include two songs from the night before at the same venue. Set one:"Divided Sky" - 17:01 "Tube" - 3:59 "Tela" - 6:32 "Maze" - 11:08 "Fast Enough for You" - 6:52 "The Old Home Place" - 3:02 "Punch You in the Eye" - 8:01 "Llama" - 5:05 "Glide" - 4:20 "Slave to the Traffic Light" - 12:36 Set two:"AC/DC Bag" - 12:07 "The Lizards" - 10:30 "Mike's Song" - 22:46 "Lifeboy" - 7:56 "Weekapaug Groove" - 8:18 "Somewhere over the Rainbow" - 1:39 Set two, continued:"Waste" - 5:35 "Train Song" - 3:08 "Strange Design" - 3:48 "Sweet Adeline" - 2:30 "David Bowie" - 16:42Encore:"Sleeping Monkey" - 4:55 "Rocky Top" - 3:06Filler:"Ya Mar" - 9:14 "Split Open and Melt" - 12:42 Trey Anastasio - guitars, lead vocals, acoustic guitar on "Waste", "Train Song" and "Strange Design", acapella vocals on "Sweet Adeline" Page McConnell - piano, backing vocals, theremin on "Somewhere Over the Rainbow", lead vocals on "Tela" and "Strange Design", acapella vocals on "Sweet Adeline" Mike Gordon - bass, backing vocals, lead vocals on "Old Home Place", "Mike's Song", "Train Song" and "Ya Mar", acapella vocals on "Sweet Adeline" Jon Fishman - drums, backing vocals, acapella vocals on "Sweet Adeline"'The Helping Phriendly Book' is a detailed setlist archive maintained by fans at phish.net.
Tuesday, 13 August 1996 Deer Creek Music Center, Noblesville, IN SET 1: The Divided Sky, Tela > Maze, Fast Enough for You, The Old Home Place, Punch You In the Eye, Glide, Slave to the Traffic Light SET 2: AC/DC Bag, The Lizards, Mike's Song -> Lifeboy, Weekapaug Groove -> Somewhere Over the Rainbow, Train Song, Strange Design, Sweet Adeline, David Bowie ENCORE: Sleeping Monkey, Rocky Top Notes: Page performed Somewhere Over the Rainbow solo on the theremin. Waste through Strange Design were performed on the acoustic mini-stage
The Blue Raider Network is the sports radio network for the Middle Tennessee State University Athletic teams, the Middle Tennessee Blue Raiders. It broadcasts men's and women's basketball, as well as baseball games; the events are broadcast over six radio stations, a few of the station's translators. The network is a joint unit of Learfield Sports. Chip Walters—Play-by-play commentary Dick Palmer—Play-by-play commentary Kyle Turnham - Color Analyst Dennis Burke - Color Analyst Duane Hickey - Color Analyst In some cases, some MTSU Blue Raiders football and baseball games are shown on Nashville area MyNetworkTV affiliate WUXP-TV; the broadcasts would be either legit from the Blue Raider Network itself, or via the syndicated Conference USA package by the ad hoc American Sports Network, which started operations in late August 2014 by the Sinclair Broadcasting Group
Milton of Crathes railway station is located at Milton of Crathes, three miles east of Banchory, Royal Deeside, Scotland, United Kingdom. Crathes Castle station, located 1⁄4 mile to the east of Milton of Crathes, was opened by the Deeside Railway in 1853 for the private use of the Laird of Crathes. In 1863 Crathes Castle was renamed Crathes and became a public railway station, a role it retained until the closure of the railway in 1966. Crathes station building is now owned and features a replica of the original signalbox, whilst the trackbed is owned by the local estate; the Royal Deeside Railway has no plans to re-use the old station, in a less convenient position for today's tourist market and, separated from the heritage railway by the entrance road to the Milton of Crathes site, a missing overbridge, an embankment. Milton of Crathes station is the headquarters of the Royal Deeside Railway Preservation Society; the station is the start of the rebuilt Royal Deeside Railway which will run for over two miles west into the town of Banchory.
The station itself consists of two tracks. At the east end of the station, the former Oldmeldrum station building is being re-erected and restored by the volunteers of the Royal Deeside Railway Preservation Society. Passenger services are operated using a selection of rolling stock including British Rail Class 03 diesel shunters, three British Rail Mark 2 coaches in BR Crimson and Cream livery and the carriages which form the British Rail BEMU "Gemini" Battery Railcar. Other rolling stock includes a Class 14 diesel locomotive D9551, Barclay 415, a Dogfish ballast hopper wagon, a LMS General Utility Van used for storing permanent way tools, a BR Lomac well wagon, a tube wagon, a Wickham trolley and a Smith-Rodley Diesel Rail Crane. Milton of Crathes is home to the former Aberdeen Gas Works steam locomotive: 0-4-0 "Bon Accord", stopped for repair. Attractions: Crathes Castle, various heritage rolling stock items. Website of the Royal Deeside Railway Preservation Society RAILSCOT on Deeside Railway
The Spotsylvania Towne Centre is a mall located in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, on Virginia State Route 3, less than a mile west of Interstate 95, directly across from the Central Park shopping and dining complex. The mall is developed by Cafaro Company; the property was renamed as "Spotsylvania Towne Centre" at the beginning of a $12 million renovation project. The project, completed in 2009, included an extensive remodeling of the mall's interior and exterior. At the same time, construction was begun on an outdoor lifestyle center called "The Village." Mall anchor stores include Belk, Dick's Sporting Goods, JCPenney, Macy's with one vacant anchor left by Sears. The Splitsville Bowling Alley is connected to a movie theater; the mall houses over 150 specialty stores and restaurants. Spotsylvania Mall opened in 1980 with Leggett, JC Penney and Montgomery Ward as its anchor stores, as well as an F. W. Woolworth Company dime store as a junior anchor. Hecht's was added in the same year in which Woolworth closed.
JCPenney opened an auxiliary store in the former Woolworth space. Montgomery Ward was demolished to make way for a Costco a year later. A Dick's Sporting Goods was added in 2002. On November 7, 2019, it was announced that Sears would be closing this location a part of a plan to close 96 stores nationwide; this store closed on February 2, 2020. Coincidentally with the remodeling of the mall, Cafaro announced plans to develop 200,000 square feet of outdoor retail space on vacant land adjoining Spotsylvania Towne Center. On October 22, 2008, Cafaro announced that eight tenants had signed agreements to lease space in The Village. Development plans for The Village included the Muviville Entertainment Complex which will feature a "theater, bowling alley and electronic gaming complex". While the movie theater was part of early plans for The Village, its construction appeared doubtful when, in 2009 the developer, Muvico Theaters, was unable to make payments on a $55 Million debt; the center has since opened as Splitsville and Paragon Village 12.
Hepworth Pictures was a British film production company active during the silent era. Founded in 1897 by the cinema pioneer Cecil Hepworth, it was based at Walton Studios west of London. In February 1909 the company took part in the Paris Film Congress, a failed attempt by leading European producers to form an organisation similar to the MPPC cartel established in the United States. Around the time of the First World War, the company switched from traditional short films to the feature films that dominated the world market, it developed many early stars of British cinema, including Alma Taylor, Stewart Rome, Violet Hopson, Chrissie White, Henry Edwards and Gerald Ames. The company attempted to expand as part of a wider boom in the British industry. Many of the company's most popular works were directed by Edwards. In 1923 the company went bankrupt and Hepworth retired from filmmaking; the studios were used by other producers. Explosion of a Motor Car Alice in Wonderland Rescued by Rover Oliver Twist The Cloister and the Hearth David Garrick Shadows of a Great City The Vicar of Wakefield The Chimes Brown, Simon David.