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Camp Funston

Camp Funston was a U. S. Army training camp located on southwest of Manhattan, Kansas; the camp was named for Brigadier General Frederick Funston. It was one of sixteen such camps established at the outbreak of World War I. Construction began during the summer of 1917 and encompassed 1,400 buildings on 2,000 acres. During World War I, nearly 50,000 recruits trained at the camp, commanded by Major General Leonard Wood. Notable units who received training at Camp Funston include the 89th Division, deployed to France in the spring of 1918, the 10th Division and black soldiers assigned to the 92nd Division. Among those trained at Camp Funston was Texas State Representative George Peddy, who managed to obtain a permit to return to Austin for the impeachment proceedings against Governor James E. Ferguson. During World War I, Camp Funston served as a detention camp for conscientious objectors many of which were Mennonite in faith. Since it was compulsory, Hutterites sent their young men to military camps, but they did not allow them to obey any military commands or wear a uniform.

In March 1918, some of the first recorded American cases of what came to be the worldwide influenza pandemic known as "Spanish flu", were reported at Camp Funston. Prior to 1 October 1992, Camp Funston was the home of the United States Army Correctional Activity whose mission was to prepare prisoners for transition to civilian life as useful citizens or, in a few select cases, for return to duty; the Correctional Brigade environment was unique in that prisoner control was maintained by military discipline, instead of walls and bars for most of the typical prisoners’ stay. The Correctional Brigade doctrine was that the minimum custody/military discipline environment when coupled with correctional treatment, educational programs and vocational training best prepared the typical first-time prisoner for a crime-free life after prison as either a productive soldier or a useful citizen in civilian life. Moreover, this correctional system was asserted to be less expensive to establish and operate than the traditional prison.

Camp Funston was the location where the training of all military transition teams for service in Iraq and Afghanistan takes place. Transition teams had been trained at several U. S. Army installations, most notably Fort Carson, Colorado. However, in early 2006, the U. S. Army decided to consolidate all training at Fort Riley, Kansas, in order to standardize and improve training for that critical mission; the first teams began training on June 1, 2006. The 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division took over command and control of the TT mission in October 2006; the brigade is responsible for the training of the TT teams. This mission shifted to Fort Polk, Louisiana in 2009. 1918 flu pandemic Triplet, William S.. Ferrell, Robert H.. A Youth in the Meuse-Argonne. Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press. Pp. 4, 18–19, 267. ISBN 0-8262-1290-5. LCCN 00029921. OCLC 43707198. Http://griff-wjg.blogspot.com/2009_03_01_archive.html http://www.angelfire.com/ny5/msgfisher/ww1pic.htm

David B. Dusenbery

David B. Dusenbery is a biophysicist with a central interest in how information influences the behavior of organisms. In years, he considered the physical constraints hydrodynamics imposes on microorganisms and gametes, he received his Bachelor of Arts in Physics from Reed College in 1964 and his PhD in Biophysics from the University of Chicago in 1970. Dusenbery was a postdoc at the California Institute of Technology 1970-1973, he was on the faculty of the Georgia Institute of Technology from 1973 to 2002 in Biology, with a joint appointment in Physics to 1978. Most of Dusenbery's research deals with. At Caltech and the early years at Georgia Tech, Dusenbery focused on experimental studies of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans because of its small nervous system and favorable genetics; these experimental studies inspired the development of several innovative techniques: Countercurrent separation for isolating mutant individuals altered in their tendency to swim toward a chemical. A method for applying controlled stimulation to an individual nematode and recording its responses.

A method using computer analysis of live video to track many individuals and record changes in their locomotion. The video tracking method was used as a detector of sensory stimuli emanating from a gas chromatograph. Dusenbery had several students who developed a variety of techniques employing nematodes for inexpensive testing of samples for several kinds of toxicity. Dusenbery was attempting to understand the flow of information in the nervous system of this simple animal, he turned to the flow of information outside the organism, how physics constrains how organisms behave. More he has considered hydrodynamic constraints on small organisms, which can only swim at low speeds, where viscosity is far more important than inertia. From physical analysis, Dusenbery predicted that the long-held belief that bacteria were too small to employ spatial sensing mechanisms to follow chemical gradients was erroneous and predicted that bacteria following steep gradients of chemicals at high concentrations would benefit from using a spatial mechanism.

In 2003, a new bacterial species was discovered that swim sideways and respond to differences in oxygen concentration at the two ends of the cell, allowing them to follow steep gradients of oxygen. Similar considerations have been applied to the behaviors of gametes, leading to an explanation of why the sperm/egg and thus the male/female distinctions exist. Dusenbery, David B.. Sensory Ecology: How Organisms Acquire and Respond to Information. W. H. Freeman, New York. ISBN 0-7167-2333-6. Dusenbery, David B.. “Life at Small Scale: The Behavior of Microbes”. Scientific American Library. ISBN 0-7167-5060-0. Dusenbery, David B.. “Living at Micro Scale: The Unexpected Physics of Being Small”. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-03116-6. Dusenbery, D. B.. Information is. Biol. Bull. 191:124-128. Dusenbery, D. B.. Minimum size limit for useful locomotion by free-swimming microbes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:10949-10954. Dusenbery, D. B.. Fitness landscapes for effects of shape on other behaviors of bacteria. J. Bacteriol.

180:5978-5983. Dusenbery, D. B.. Selection for high gamete encounter rates explains the success of male and female mating types. J. Theoret. Biol. 202:1-10. Dusenbery, D. B.. Ecological Models Explaining the Success of Distinctive Sperm and Eggs. J. Theoretical Biol. 219:1-7. Dusenbery, D. B.. Selection for high gamete encounter rates explains the evolution of anisogamy using plausible assumptions about size relationships of swimming speed and duration. J. Theoretical Biol. 241:33-8. A more complete list of David Dusenbery’s research papers. David Dusenbery’s website

Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics

The Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics is a laboratory of the Defence Research & Development Organization. Located in Bangalore, involved in the Research & Development of high quality Secure Communication and Control, Intelligent Systems. CAIR is the primary laboratory for R&D in different areas of Defence Information and Communication Technology. CAIR was established in October 1986, its research focus was in the areas of Artificial Intelligence and Control systems. In November 2000, R&D groups working in the areas of Command, Communications & Intelligence systems and Networking, communication secrecy in Electronics and Radar Development Establishment were merged with CAIR. CAIR, operating from different campuses across Bangalore has now moved. DRDO NETRA, software to intercept online communications. SecOS, Secure Operating System Muntra - unmanned ground vehicle manufactured at the Ordnance Factory Medak. CAIR Home Page Robot soldiers

Geology of Pennsylvania

The Geology of Pennsylvania consists of six distinct physiographic provinces, three of which are subdivided into different sections. Each province has its own economic advantages and geologic hazards and plays an important role in shaping everyday life in the state, they are: the Atlantic Coastal Plain Province, the Piedmont Province, the New England Province, the Ridge and Valley Province, the Appalachian Plateau Province, the Central Lowlands Province. A majority of the rocks in Pennsylvania exposed at the surface are sedimentary and were deposited during the Paleozoic Era. All of the metamorphic and igneous rocks are confined to the southeast portion of the state. A total of four orogenies have affected the rocks of the Commonwealth including the Grenville orogeny, the Taconic orogeny, the Acadian orogeny, the Appalachian orogeny; the Appalachian event has left the most evidence and has continued to shape the landscape of the state. The Pennsylvania terrain has been affected by continental rifting during the Mesozoic era.

Pleistocene glaciers have repeatedly visited the state over the last 100,000 years. These glaciers have left some evidence and carved out much of the landscape of the northern tier of the state. A rock with high economic value from Pennsylvania is Anthracite coal. Before mining began, there was an estimated 22.8 billion tons of anthracite in Pennsylvania. In 2001, 12 billion tons still remained in the ground, most of, not economically feasible to mine. American geologists recognized the importance of Pennsylvania's coal region and named the Upper Carboniferous Period the Pennsylvanian Period because of the abundance of coal in the state. Despite this, Celestine was proposed as the state mineral in 2002; the proposal however, was not approved by the state legislature. Pennsylvania is home to the famous Drake Oil Well in Titusville which helped give rise to the modern oil industry and two brand name motor oils, Quaker State and Pennzoil. Pennsylvania has reserves of natural gas from both buried source rocks and coal-bed areas.

One of the smallest physiographic provinces in the state is confined to Philadelphia and Bucks counties along the Delaware River. Local relief is less than 200 feet and much of the bedrock is buried under recent alluvial deposits. On the geologic map, "Trenton Gravel" is used to describe most of these sediments. However, much of the alluvial sediments that exist here are sand and clays; the traditional boundary of the coastal plain is the Fall Line. The coastal plain in Pennsylvania was once home to thousands of acres of fresh water tidal marsh; this was important in the early development of Chester. Many of the small tributaries to the Delaware have cut small but impressive gorges into the bedrock, including the Ridley Creek, the Chester Creek, the Wissahickon Creek. Flash floods are becoming a local problem in the province; the Piedmont in Pennsylvania is divided into three distinct sections: the Piedmont Uplands, the Piedmont Lowlands, the Gettysburg-Newark Lowlands. Much of the Piedmont is becoming developed.

Some of the best farmland in the state is in this region Lancaster and Chester counties. This section is characterized by the metamorphic rocks that provide much of the bedrock for this area; the oldest exposed rocks in Pennsylvania consist of the Baltimore Gneiss. These rocks have a vast array of different minerals, they are similar in many respects to their cousins in northern and central Maryland to the south. Much of the rock was altered during the formation of Rodinia during the Grenville orogeny; these rocks provided the platform for the deposition of sediment that would become the Wissahickon Formation during a rifting of Rodinia. Sea floor spreading continued until a passive margin developed along the new Iapetus Ocean and a beach strandline developed; these sediments became the Chickies Formation. Siliclasitc and carbonate deposition continued into the Ordovician period. During the Taconic orogeny, more igneous intrusions and metamorphism occurred as the ancestral Taconic Mountains were pushed up.

The sediments that were deposited in a sea between an island-arc and the Iapetus were squeezed and deformed along a subduction zone. The sediments deposited; the sediments placed from the rifting of Rodinia became the roots of the ancestral Taconics and went through their first wave of metamorphism during the Taconic orogeny. Additional waves of metamorphism continued up until the Alleghanian orogeny; the lowlands are underlain by more eroded rocks such as limestone and phyllite. These rocks are younger in age than the surrounding uplands and are the result of a quiet stretch of shallow sea deposition; some of the rocks deposited during this time are found in the Great Valley section but have been separated by the Gettysburg-Newark Lowland section. Relief is low and never rises above 700 feet. Karst terrain is problematic in this section; this section is a bit misleading. It is separated from the rest of the Piedmont sections. Called the Triassic Basin, most of the bedrock are red sandstone and shale.

A few formations are black. The sediment accumulated during the rifting of Pangea in the Triassic age. A basaltic igneous rock called diabase formed dykes and sills in the Jurassic as the Atlantic Ocean began to form. Much of the ro

Johann Conrad Dannhauer

Johann Conrad Dannhauer was an Orthodox Lutheran theologian and teacher of Spener. Dannhauer began his education in the gymnasium at Strasburg and was the master of a thorough philosophical training before he commenced his theological work in 1624, he continued his studies at Marburg and Jena, lecturing at the same time on philosophy and linguistics and winning recognition at Jena by his exegesis of the Epistle to the Ephesians. Returning to Strasburg in 1628, he entered upon an active career as administrator and theologian. Made seminary inspector in 1628, he became in the following year professor of oratory, in 1633 professor of theology, pastor of the cathedral, president of the ecclesiastical assembly. Although the judgment of his contemporaries, Bebel and others, placed him in the front rank of the theologians of the time, Dannhauer has received scant justice at the hands of posterity; the influence exerted upon Spener by his teacher must not be underestimated because of the formal tone of the poem dedicated by the founder of the Pietists to his teacher's memory.

Their relations were not characterized by the warmth of personal friendship, but were rather in the nature of an intercourse based on common interests. Dannhauer ordained Spener, in all probability secured for him the post of private tutor at the court of the elector palatine. Spener, in return, seems to have been connected with the preparation of the second edition of the Hodosophia for the press and to have acted as critic of another work of Dannhauer's which has not yet been identified; the estrangement between the two was caused by Dannhauer's nephew, Balthasar Bebel, in control of the theological faculty at Strasburg at the time of the publication of Spener's Pia desideria. Dannhauer was a prolific writer, his principal works being as follows: Hodosophia christiana sine theologia positiva; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Jackson, Samuel Macauley, ed.. "article name needed". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls

Clyde Hurley

Clyde Lanham Hurley, Jr. was a trumpeter during the big band era. He was born in Esther Brown. Scott Yanow describes Hurley as "a fine trumpeter with a fat tone and a hard-driving style", he died of a coronary occlusion in Fort Worth leaving a former wife. Self-taught, he learned to play the trumpet by playing along with Louis Armstrong records, he studied music at the Texas Christian University in Fort Worth from 1932 to 1936 where he participated in the school's jazz band. He began his career working with territory bands. In 1937, while drummer/band-leader Ben Pollack was touring through Texas he heard Hurley and invited him to join his orchestra where Hurley soloed on "So Unexpectedly". After a year with Pollack, while on tour in Los Angeles, Hurley left to become a studio musician. Hurley was playing with Paul Whiteman when Glenn Miller sent for him to join the Miller band on its Glen Island Casino opening in May 1939, the year following fellow Fort Worthian Tex Beneke joining Miller's band.

Beneke recommended Hurley to Miller. During the time he was with Miller, Hurley was one of the key soloists, he appeared on the band's studio recordings and live performances throughout America, including Carnegie Hall, Cafe Rouge in Hotel Pennsylvania and the Paramount Theatre, New York. He shared trumpet solo honors with John Best, with Hurley taking the "hot" solos and Best taking the rest. Hurley played the trumpet solo on Glenn Miller's "In The Mood", "Slip Horn Jive" and "Tuxedo Junction." After a difference of opinion with Miller over the style of music the band was playing, Hurley left Miller in May 1940 to work with Tommy Dorsey and joined Artie Shaw in 1941. After his stint with Shaw, he did freelance work for the movie studios. In 1941 he played the trumpet track for the classic Walter Lantz cartoon "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy of Company B." He worked for MGM from 1944 to 1949 and for NBC from 1950 to 1955. During the late 1950s, Hurley played in Dixieland groups, recording with Matty Matlock's Rampart Street Paraders.

In 1954, he recorded live with Edmond Hall at the Club Hangover. His studio work in the 1950s included sessions with Paul Weston, he played solo on "Memories of You" on Weston's "Solo Flight" album. On April 20, 1940, Hurley was listed in the census as living with his wife, Katherine Ann Foster at 4114 Prescott Ave. Dallas, the house of his in-laws. Flower, John. Moonlight Serenade: a bio-discography of the Glenn Miller Civilian Band. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House. ISBN 0-87000-161-2. Simon, George Thomas. Glenn Miller and His Orchestra. New York: Da Capo paperback. ISBN 0-306-80129-9. Schuller, Gunther; the Swing Era, Volume 2: The Development of Jazz, 1930–1945. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-507140-9. Big Band Database Plus: Born On This Day - September 3 Calendar editor: Ron Hearn. 1979–2005. Last Updated August 20, 2005