Champion Beer of Britain
The Champion Beer of Britain is an award presented by the Campaign for Real Ale, at their annual Great British Beer Festival in early August. Beers can qualify for the Champion Beer of Britain in three ways: CAMRA tasting panels judge the beers in their geographic area of the UK; the recommendations of these panels are put forward to 6 regional panels, with the winners of these qualifying for the finals in August. Votes from CAMRA members via a form in What's the CAMRA newsletter. Winning one of the 150 Beer Of The Festival awards from CAMRA beer festivals held throughout the yearNominated beers are grouped into categories and go through several rounds of blind tasting at the Great British Beer Festival. Category winners are re-judged to determine the supreme champion — the Supreme Champion Beer Of Britain. Up until 2015, the Supreme Champion was to be announced at the GBBF. In 2016, the announcement was made at a special Champion Beer of Britain Awards Dinner held in the evening of 9 August at the Kensington Olympia Hilton Hotel on the first day of the festival.
The change was made to raise the profile of the competition. After an outcry from members the process of announcing the winning beers during the trade day afternoon at GBBF was reinstated; the judges of the competition include professional brewers, beer writers, respected beer enthusiasts. The focus of the judging is whether the judges enjoy the beer, as opposed to the American approach of judging a beer's technical merits. While the award is prestigious, winning has sometimes caused problems for smaller breweries who have been unable to meet the demand for their champion beers caused by the newfound fame and publicity. Beers are split into categories depending on their style or strength The Old Ales & Barley Wines category has been renamed over the years; the award was first presented in 1991. In 1992 the category was split into two - Old Ales and Barley Wines; the new Old Ales category was renamed in 1993 to Old Ales & Strong Milds, changed again to Old Ales & Strong Ales in 1994 reverting to Old Ales & Strong Milds in 1996.
The Strong Ale category was changed in 1991 to Strong Bitter, with the Strong Milds joining the Old Ales category. Since 1996 the Old Ales & Strong Milds, Barley Wines and Porters & Stouts have been judged as part of the Champion Winter Beer Of Britain awards at the National Winter Ales Festival. KeyBlue background indicates beers. From 1990 onwards Gold and Bronze awards were made instead of just having an overall winner. Successor to the Strong Ale category. Strong Milds were transferred to the Old Ales category. "Champion Beer of Britain Results". CAMRA.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-31. "Champion Winter Beer of Britain Results". CAMRA.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-31. "Champion Bottled Beer of Britain Results". CAMRA.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-31
West Midlands (region)
The West Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It covers the western half of the area traditionally known as the Midlands, it contains Birmingham and the larger West Midlands conurbation, the third most populous in the United Kingdom. The City of Coventry is located within the West Midlands county, but is separated from the conurbation to the west by several miles of green belt; the region contains 6 shire counties which stretch from the Welsh Border to the East Midlands. The region is geographically diverse, from the urban central areas of the conurbation to the rural western counties of Shropshire and Herefordshire which border Wales; the longest river in the UK, the River Severn, traverses the region southeastwards, flowing through the county towns of Shrewsbury and Worcester, the Ironbridge Gorge, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Staffordshire is home to the industrialised Potteries conurbation, including the city of Stoke-on-Trent, the Staffordshire Moorlands area, which borders the southeastern Peak District National Park near Leek.
The region encompasses five Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, the Wye Valley, Shropshire Hills, Cannock Chase, Malvern Hills, parts of the Cotswolds. Warwickshire is home to the towns of Stratford upon Avon, birthplace of writer William Shakespeare, the birthplace of Rugby football and Nuneaton, birthplace to author George Eliot; the official region contains the ceremonial counties of Herefordshire, Staffordshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire. There is some confusion in the use of the term "West Midlands", as the name is used for the much smaller West Midlands county and conurbation, in the central belt of the Midlands and on the eastern side of the West Midlands Region, it is still used by various organisations within that area, such as West Midlands Police and West Midlands Fire Service. The highest point in the region is Black Mountain, at 703 metres in west Herefordshire on the border with Powys, Wales; the region contains five Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, including the Shropshire Hills, Malvern Hills and Cannock Chase, parts of the Wye Valley and Cotswolds.
The Peak District national park stretches into the northern corner of Staffordshire. Served by many lines in the urban areas such as the West Coast Main Line and branches; the Welsh Marches Line and the Cotswold Line transect the region as well as the Cross Country Route and Chiltern Line. There are plans to reopen the Honeybourne Line. Numerous notable roads pass with most converging around the central conurbation; the M5, which connects South West England to the region, passes through Worcestershire, near to Worcester, through the West Midlands county, past West Bromwich, with its northern terminus at its junction with the M6 just south of Walsall. The M6, which has its southern terminus just outside the southeast of the region at its junction with the M1, which connects the region to North West England, passes Rugby and Nuneaton in Warwickshire and Birmingham, Stafford and Stoke-on-Trent in Staffordshire; the M6 toll provides an alternative route to the M6 between Coleshill and Cannock, passing north of Sutton Coldfield and just south of Lichfield.
The M40 connects the region through South East England to London, with its northern terminus at its junction with the M42. The M42 connects the M5 at Bromsgrove, passing around the south and east of Birmingham, joining the M40 and M6, passing Solihull and Castle Bromwich, to Tamworth, northeast of Birmingham; the M50 connects the M5 from near Tewkesbury to Ross-on-Wye in the southwest. The M54 connects Wellington in the west, to the M6 near Cannock; the A5 road traverses the region northwest-southeast, passing through Shrewsbury, Cannock and Nuneaton. The longest elevated road viaduct in the UK is the 3 miles section from Gravelly Hill to Castle Bromwich on the M6, opened on 24 May 1972; the section of the A45 in Coventry from Willenhall to Allesley in 1939 was one of the UK's first large planned road schemes. Princes Square in Wolverhampton had Britain's first automatic traffic lights on 5 November 1927. On 13 January 2012, 34-year-old Ben Westwood of Wednesfield, was caught by the police, when speeding at 180 mph, in an Audi RS5 with a Lamborghini engine, from Wolverhampton up to Stafford on the M6, back again.
He was travelling so fast that he was outpacing the Central Counties Air Operations Unit Eurocopter helicopter. He and the vehicle had been in fifteen smash and grab raids and he was jailed for nine years at Wolverhampton Crown Court in August 2012; as part of the transport planning system, the Regional Assembly is under statutory requirement to produce a regional transport strategy to provide long term planning for transport in the region. This involves region wide transport schemes such as those carried out by Highways England and Network Rail. Within the region, the local transport authorities carry out transport planning through the use of a local transport plan which outlines their strategies and implementation programme; the most recent LTP is that for the period 2006–11. In the West Midlands region, the following transport authorities have published their LTP online: Herefordshire, Shropshire U. A. Staffordshire and Wrekin U. A. Warwickshire, West Midlands and Worcestershire; the transport authority of Stoke-on-Trent U.
A. publishes a joint local transport plan in partnership with
Olympia is an exhibition centre, event space and conference centre in West Kensington, England. The venue is home to a range of international trade and consumer exhibitions and events; the nearest railway station is Kensington, a London Overground station, a London Underground station and a mainline rail station. The direct District Line spur to the station only runs on weekends. In 2012, Olympia celebrated 125 years of events by commissioning British artists Peter Blake, Rob Ryan, Sanna Annukka and Paul Hicks to create their interpretations of the venues. In January 2013, a £40 million investment was completed and the company re-launched with a new brand. BBC Good Food Show Olympia London International Horse Show London Chess Classic Pure London Spirit of Christmas International Art & Antiques Fair Marketing Week Live Great British Beer Festival Salon du Chocolat UCAS Design Your Future National Wedding Show Toy Fair The International Motor Exhibition was held annually at Olympia from 1905 to 1936 The 1st World Scout Jamboree was held at Olympia from 30 July to 8 August 1920 Jimi Hendrix Experience on 22 December 1967 Status Quo played on 31 December 1975 Procol Harum played on 1 January 1976 Bad Company played on 2 and 3 January 1977 Rod Stewart performed on 14 and 15 January 1977 Eubank v Stretch at the WBO Middleweight title battle, 18 April 1991 The Cure performed on the 26th,27th,28th,30 November 1992 Smash Hits Awards held at Olympia London on 6 December 1992 Eubank v Holmes at WBO super middleweight class, 20 February 1993 Fairuz played on 11 and 12 March 1994 Eubank v Jose Carlos Amaral at the WBO Super-middleweight Championship, 9 July 1994 Spencer Oliver v Serge Poilblanc at WBO fight, 12 July 1997 ATP tennis held from 3-6 December 1998 3rd Mind Sports Olympiad held 21-30 August 1999 Miss World 49th Pageant held on 4 December 1999 Naseem Hamed v Vuyani Bungu at WBO featherweight title battle, 11 March 2000 MOVE IT annual dance event, first held 2005 Chemical Brothers played on 30 August 2008 Vivienne Westwood hosted a catwalk show for London Fashion Week in Olympia London, 21 February 2009 Bloc Party played at Olympia London on 11 and 12 May 2009 Gavin Rees v Colin Lynes at Prizefighter light-Welterweight battle, 2 December 2009 Primal Scream performed on 26 and 27 November 2010 Got to Dance aired from Olympia London on 29 January 2011 Darren Barker v Domenico Spada in the WBO European Middleweight title, 30 April 2011 Doctor Who Experience was held from 1 January to 22 February 2012 Got to Dance final aired live in March 2012 and 2013 Hatsune Miku Expo 2018 Europe, the first Hatsune Miku concert in the UK, 8 December 2018 Olympia Beauty is an annual beauty event which first was held at Olympia in 2004 Olympia London website Olympia London website Olympia Events Calendar Eat Outs Around Satellite Image Google Maps satellite image of London Olympia
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Cask ale or cask-conditioned beer is unfiltered and unpasteurised beer, conditioned and served from a cask without additional nitrogen or carbon dioxide pressure. Cask ale is sometimes referred to as real ale in the United Kingdom, a term coined by the Campaign for Real Ale now extended to cover bottle-conditioned beer as well. Cask or barrel is a container; the Histories of Herodotus, written in 424 BC, refers to "casks of palm-wood filled with wine" being moved by boat to Babylon, though clay vessels would have been used. Stout wooden barrels held together with an iron hoop were developed by the north European Celts during the Iron Age for storing goods. Over the centuries other methods have been developed for preserving and storing beer but this method is still used in Britain. Bottled beers were commonplace by the 17th century for those. In 1568, Alexander Nowell, the Dean of St Paul's, left his bottled beer by the river bank, upon returning a few days discovered the bottle opened with a bang and that the contents were still drinkable.
But while the middle and upper classes could indulge themselves with such expensive luxuries, the ordinary folk continued to drink their beer served direct from the cask. India Pale Ale, the famous ale, shipped to India, was delivered in casks, only transferred to the bottle for the civilian middle classes, but as beer developed and became paler and lower in alcohol, so it became more difficult to keep it fresh tasting in the cask in countries with warmer climates. By the late 19th century commercial refrigeration and Louis Pasteur's flash heating method of sterilisation prolonged the life of beer. In Britain's cooler climate these methods did not catch on at this time. Traditionally draught beer came from wooden barrels called casks. In the 1950s these began to be replaced by metal casks of stainless steel or aluminium for quality reasons as they could be sterilised and the beer was therefore less to spoil, but for economic reasons. An additional benefit of the switch to metal casks was that staling from oxygen in the air could be reduced.
Subsequently, in the early 1960s a form of metal cask, known as a keg, was introduced which allowed for more efficient cleaning and filling in the brewery. The essential differences between a traditional cask and a keg are that the latter has a centrally located downtube and a valve that allows beer in and gas out when filling and vice versa when beer is dispensed. Kegs have a simple concave bottom whilst the barrel or cask design allows sediment to be retained in the cask; this aspect of keg design means that all the beer in the keg is dispensed, which therefore requires that the beer be processed by filtration, fining or centrifuging, or some combination of these, to prevent sediment formation. Lastly, kegs have straight sides unlike the traditional cask shape. In order to get the beer out of a keg and into a customer's glass, it can be forced out with gas pressure, although if air or gas at low pressure is admitted to the top of the keg it can be dispensed using a traditional hand pump at the bar.
By the early 1970s most beer in Britain was keg beer, filtered and artificially carbonated, most British brewers used carbon dioxide for dispensing keg beers. This led to beers containing more dissolved gas in the glass than the traditional ale and to a consumer demand for a return to these ales. By contrast, in Ireland, where stout was dominant, the use of a mixture of carbon dioxide and nitrogen for dispensing prevented the beer from becoming over-carbonated. Rare examples of natural beers could still be found in the farmhouse beers of Northern Europe and the maize beers of South America for example, in essence the last great stronghold of natural beer was about to be wiped out. In 1971 the Campaign for Real Ale was founded in Britain to save what they came to term "real ale"; the campaign was successful and real ale is now universally available and sought after in British pubs. Many smaller breweries were founded or revived to meet this demand, competing with large conglomerates which had promoted the move towards keg products.
Real ale is the name coined by the Campaign for Real Ale in 1973 for a type of beer defined as "beer brewed from traditional ingredients, matured by secondary fermentation in the container from which it is dispensed, served without the use of extraneous carbon dioxide". The heart of the definition is the maturation requirements. If the beer is unfiltered and still active on the yeast, it is a real ale. Cask ale has finings added which drag the yeast to the bottom. However, if a beer has been filtered, or has been cleared of yeast by using finings, "racked"—transferred to another container—this is "bright" or re-racked beer. Bright beer is unfiltered beer, cleared of yeast and placed in a different container; as such, it can not continue to keep its condition. There is a significant difference between cask ale that has "dropped bright" and "bright beer"; the expression "bright beer" is used by older established breweries, for any filtered and pasteurised beer. However, the expression "re-racked beer" should be reserved for beer, racked off from a cask of cask-conditioned beer before delivery to the venue where i
Great British Beer Festival
The Great British Beer Festival is an annual beer festival organised by the Campaign for Real Ale. It presents other alcoholic drinks from the UK and beyond; the festival is home to the Champion Beer of Britain awards and is held in August of each year. 2017 marked the 40th anniversary of the GBBF. GBBF's sister festival, the Great British Beer Festival Winter concentrates on beer styles such as porter and stout and is held in February each year. GBBF is styled as the "biggest pub in the world" and offers around 900 different beverages, at least 450 of which are beers from British breweries, as well as around 200 foreign beers from countries including Belgium and the USA, as well traditional British cider and perry; the festival is staffed around 1000 of whom work at the festival. The festival is held during the first full week in August and runs from Tuesday to Saturday; the Tuesday afternoon session is only open to the trade and press, with the Champion Beer of Britain award winners being announced mid-afternoon.
The general public are admitted to afternoon and evening sessions from Tuesday evening until Saturday evening. CAMRA figures show that in 2006, over 66,000 people visited the festival over the course of the week and consumed some 350,000 pints of beer — one pint sold in less than half of every open second. Part of the huge improvement on 2005 was attributed by the festival organiser, Marc Holmes, to the move from Olympia to Earls Court, a much larger and accessible venue. Since 2012 the event remains massively popular; as well as the beer, the festival offers entertainment such as live music and traditional pub games, as well as a variety of food stands. The 2018 festival takes place 7-11 August. CAMRA held their first large beer festival in Covent Garden, London in September 1975, it was a 4-day event. Speaking it was not a GBBF, but it has been considered the forerunner of the festival; the first "proper" GBBF was held in 1977 at Alexandra Palace. The venue has moved between cities since it was first established but has settled in London since 1991.
The only year in which a festival was not held was 1984, due to a fire at the venue. 1977: Alexandra Palace, London 1978: Alexandra Palace, London 1979: Alexandra Palace, London 1980: Alexandra Palace 1981: Queens Hall, Leeds. Great British Beer Festival held outside London for the first time. 1982: Queens Hall, Leeds 1983: Bingley Hall, Birmingham 1984: No event 1985: Metropole, Brighton 1986: Metropole, Brighton 1987: Metropole, Brighton 1988: Queens Hall, Leeds 1989: Queens Hall, Leeds 1990: Metropole, Brighton 1991: Docklands Arena, London 1992: Olympia, London 1993: Olympia, London 1994: Olympia, London 1995: Olympia, London 1996: Olympia, London 1997: Olympia, London 1998: Olympia, London 1999: Olympia, London 2000: Olympia, London 2001: Olympia, London 2002: Olympia, London 2003: Olympia, London 2004: Olympia, London 2005: Olympia, London 2006: Earls Court, London 2007: Earls Court, London Celebrated as the 30th Anniversary of the festival 2008: Earls Court, London 2009: Earls Court, London 2010: Earls Court, London 66,900 people attended 2011: Earls Court, London 62,446 people attended 2012: Olympia, London 2013: Olympia, London 2014: Olympia, London 2015: Olympia, London 2016: Olympia, London 2017: Olympia, London 2018: Olympia, London Champion Beer of Britain National Winter Ales Festival Champion Winter Beer of Britain Campaign for Real Ale GBBF website CAMRA, the Campaign for Real Ale Festival of Beer: Search for Beer Festivals around the World GBBF for tourists