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Campo Grande

Campo Grande is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul in the Center-West region of the country. The city is nicknamed Cidade Morena because of the reddish-brown colour of the region's soil, it has a population of 796,252, according to a 2011 IBGE estimate, while its metropolitan area is home to 991,420 people. The region where the city is located was in the past a waypoint for travellers who wanted to go from São Paulo or Minas Gerais to northern Mato Grosso by land. In the early 1900s a railway was completed connecting Campo Grande to Corumbá, on the Bolivian border, to Bauru, São Paulo. In the beginning of the 20th century, the Western Brazilian Army Headquarters was established in Campo Grande, making it an important military center. With a population growth from 140,000 people in 1970 to 750,000 people in 2008, Campo Grande is the third largest urban center of the Center-West region, the 23rd largest city in the country. In 1977, the State of Mato Grosso was split into two, Campo Grande became the capital of the new state of Mato Grosso do Sul, comprising the southern portion of the former state.

By that time, Campo Grande had long surpassed the latter's capital city of Cuiabá in population, unusual in Brazil, where most capitals are the states' largest cities. Today, the city has its own culture, a mixture of several ethnic groups, most notably immigrants from the Japanese prefecture of Okinawa, Middle Easterners, Portuguese people, Italians and Paraguayans mixed with Asian and White Brazilians from the Brazilian Southern and Southeast regions, its native Amerindian peoples and Afro-Brazilians. Campo Grande started as a small village founded in 1877 by farmers José Antônio Pereira and Manoel Vieira de Sousa, who came from Minas Gerais just after the end of the Paraguayan War, they founded the village, known at that time as Santo Antônio de Campo Grande, near the Serra de Maracaju cliffs, at the confluence of two streams named Prosa and Segredo, whose courses now coincide with two of the city's most important avenues. In the end of 1877, the founder built the village's first church.

The aligned houses formed the first street, known as Rua Velha, today Rua 26 de Agosto. This street ended where today one finds a square in honor of the immigrants that came to the city; the city started to develop fast because of its privileged climate and location. These factors drew people from other regions of the country the South, the Southeast and the Northeast regions; the settlement was recognized as a municipality by the State Government on August 26, 1899 and renamed Campo Grande. The vegetation in Campo Grande and Central Brazil is a tropical savanna called "Cerrado" that varies from pure grassland to a nearly closed canopy of medium height trees overlying grass. Since forest is the expected climax vegetation there, several theories have been given to explain the types of grassland present; the most promising of these involve differences in soil properties, but only a few sites have been used for evaluation. The 1960s marked the beginning of the expansion of large-scale agriculture across the Cerrado.

The state is one of the largest producers of soybeans in the world. The municipality contains the 178 hectares Matas do Segredo State Park, created in 2000 to protect an area of cerrado forest, it contains the 135 hectares Prosa State Park, created in 2002. Campo Grande has a tropical savanna climate, with a mild appearance of cold air masses on the southern edge of the tropics, it has semi-humid, hot summers, notably seasonal, with a dry winter season from June through September, but without major irregularities. In the precipitation, its altitude a few hundred meters higher than in the surrounding swamps and its location in the interior of South America, gives a much more extreme climate than several Brazilian cities, although still moderate. In addition, the flood is one of the problems seen in the city, the result of intense rains that occur in a short period. Annual rainfall averages 1,465 millimetres. January is the warmest and rainiest month, with mean highs of 29 °C and lows of 20 °C. July brings on sunny days but cooler temperatures, with mean highs of 25 °C and lows of 14 °C.

Occasional near-freezing temperatures can occur on winter's coldest nights. Most of the city's active labor is absorbed by the tertiary sector. In spite of that, the primary and secondary sectors agribusiness, still play an important role in the local economy; the farming of bovine livestock supplies local slaughterhouses, which in turn allows Campo Grande to export meat to other states in Brazil and abroad. In addition to food processing and agribusiness and non-metallic mineral processing are important; the area's most important crops are soy and manioc. Sugar cane is becoming important as well. According to IBGE, Campo Grande has a total of 11,657 1,300 industrial enterprises; the city's GDP was R$20,7 billion in 2013, ranks as the richest city in the state, the third in the Central-West region of the country, the 33rd richest in Brazil. Per capita income was R$24.839 in 2013. Portuguese is the official national language, thus the primary language taught in schools, but English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

The city has several universities. The most notable ones are: Uni

From the Wrong Side of the Aperture

From the Wrong Side of the Aperture is the second studio album of the Serbian metal band Draconic. The album was recorded in 2008, released in 2009 through Austrian label Noisehead Records; the album marked the band's shift from symphonic black metal towards progressive metal. All songs performed by Draconic. "Through Escape" - 5:34 "Opaque" - 5:20 "The Amnesia Transmissions" - 4:27 "This Time There Would be No Witnesses" - 4:42 "Bleak Future Trauma" - 2:09 "The Imbecile" - 7:23 "Murder The Distance" - 4:11 "Of the Pulse and the Iris" - 5:11 "Laudanum" - 12:04 The album was well received by the Serbian reviewers. Vladimir Ninčić of Popboks stated that From the Wrong Side of the Aperture presents the first world-class metal record from Serbia. On the other hand, German Stormbringer gave this album 2.5/5 stars, praising the band's technicality and will to break through the autistic Serbian metal scene, but criticized the band with the statement that the album was not a unique piece of metal, musically speaking.

David Lazar Galić - bass guitar, vocals Miloš "MC Mike" Kovačević - drums Branislav Stanković - keyboards, vocals Marjan Mijić - vocals, producer Uroš Andrijašević - guitar Vanja Dušan Andrijašević - guitar Nikola Mijić - recording, producer Marko Galić - keyboards Valter Cijan - album art Popboks Review Interview with David Lazar Galić on Popboks

Rue Winterbotham Carpenter

Luritia "Rue" Winterbotham Carpenter, was an American art collector and philanthropist, who co-founded the Arts Club of Chicago. She was born Rue Winterbotham, the daughter of Joseph Humphrey Winterbotham, a Chicago manufacturer, bank director, Chicago Art Institute benefactor and Michigan state senator, his wife Genevieve Winterbotham, née Baldwin. Carpenter was an interior decorator. Carpenter was one of the founders of the Arts Club of Chicago in 1916, was its president from 1918 until her death in 1931, her niece Rue Winterbotham Shaw became president in 1940. In 1901, Carpenter married the composer John Alden Carpenter, they had one daughter Genevieve Baldwin Carpenter Genevieve Carpenter Hill. In 1929, they lived at Chicago. On December 7, 1931, Carpenter died in Illinois, she was 55 years old. Carpenter is buried at Grand View Cemetery in Vermont. Carpenter's 1920 portrait, painted by Arthur Ambrose McEvoy, is held in the Art Institute of Chicago, it was gifted to them by Genevieve Carpenter Hill

The A – Z Recordings

The A – Z Recordings is an eight-volume live album by Australian rock musician, Paul Kelly, released on 24 September 2010 on Gawd Aggie Records in Australia and Universal Import in North America. It had been recorded from a series of performances from 2004 to 2010 on Kelly's A – Z Tours in various locations; the tours led to Kelly writing his memoir, How to Make Gravy in September 2010. Kelly's A – Z Tours continued until March 2012. Rolling Stone's Jason Cohen described the release as "a 106-track, eight-CD boxed set culled from Kelly's now-trademark A to Z live performances" and, with the associated memoir, Kelly "might be creating the world's longest CD liner notes" at 568 pages; the A – Z Recordings originate from a series of acoustic concerts by Australian rock musician, Paul Kelly starting in December 2004 with 100 songs performed alphabetically over four nights at The Famous Spiegeltent in Melbourne. In November–December 2006 Kelly undertook his A – Z Tour at the Brisbane Powerhouse, Melbourne's Spiegeltent, at the Sydney Opera House.

On his A – Z Tours, over subsequent years to 2010, Kelly was accompanied by his nephew, Dan Kelly, on guitar and vocals and sometimes by his then-girlfriend, Sian Prior, on clarinet and vocals. For some of his North American shows, he cut back his performance to only one or two nights, "the speed-dial version". Kelly would provide anecdotes or background for each song, which led to his writing a memoir, How to Make Gravy, issued in September 2010; the book contains a chapter per song with the lyrics supplied followed by Kelly's description of varied topics. According to Rolling Stone's Jason Cohen, Kelly "might be creating the world's longest CD liner notes" at 568 pages, it was released in "tandem with The A to Z Recordings, a 106-track, eight-CD boxed set culled from Kelly's now-trademark A to Z live performances". The boxed set was issued on 24 September 2010 by Gawd Aggie Records in Australia and Universal Import in North America. In October that year, the book and boxed set were packaged together and issued as How to Make Gravy: The A – Z Recordings.

In January 2011 The Sydney Morning Herald's Bernard Zuel caught the first two nights of a four night set, he disputed the "accepted wisdom that acoustic performances were the test of a song's lasting quality" and preferred when Kelly's nephew Dan "add colour guitar or extra vocals to particular songs" or when Prior "provided scattered'furnishings', playing clarinet bringing some operatic vocals to the party and noticeably brightening proceedings". Zuel felt the first night was "lacking some energy and physical" and that "the show's highlights came in the purely solo songs about or from the perspective of women". Kelly's A – Z Tours continued until March 2012. In November 2011, The A – Z Recordings were featured in two parts on The Weekend Planet program on Radio National with Doug Spencer presenting tracks "beside another artist's utterly different take on the same subject, or related theme". Spencer described some of the collection's tracks: "Adelaide" is a "21st century'live' version of a song Paul wrote early in the 1980s, when his former home-city was a fresher'wound'".

For the song Kelly "sings and strums acoustic guitar, with nephew Dan Kelly's electric guitar". "Cities of Texas" is "spare – Paul's voice and harmonica – in the persona of the wind". Kelly's inspirations are seeing Dallas from the front of a tour bus in 1987 and reading Percy Bysshe Shelley's sonnet Ozymandias. "Don't Explain" is "a deliciously wry song, in persona of an older woman, brushing off her'toy boy'. Kelly, solo – voice and guitar", it was written as an answer song to Billie Holiday's 1946 track of the same name. "Lately" is "as close to'croon-ville' as Paul Kelly gets", is inspired by Frank Sinatra's songbook. Kelly's singing and chordal acoustic guitar, is joined by Sian Prior's clarinet. "If I Could Just Start Today Again" is regarded by Kelly "as his'most precise', most proportioned song. He says he has no idea how he wrote it,'without thought or struggle'". For the track he fingerpicks his guitar. On "I Can't Believe We Were Married" he is joined by Dan on harmony vocal. Spencer finds "Dumb Things" is a "very exuberant version,'live' with vocal and whooping and guitar, with playing up a storm on ripe guitar".

The second program showcased "Winter Coat" which Spencer declared was "a superbly written, bittersweet song, in which the coat lives on, long after the departure of the lover who bought it for him" with Kelly playing solo. While "You Can Put Your Shoes Under My Bed" addresses "a somewhat errant longtime friend/ former flame" with Kelly providing vocals and harmonica, his rendition of "Maralinga" is a "ery good performance of an extraordinary song. It adopts the personae of two of the indigenous Australians who were irradiated when Britain dropped atomic bombs into South Australia's desert country in 1957 and 1958". Kelly is joined by Dan on electric backing vocals. "Shane Warne" is perceived as a "nicely silly calypso-cricket song about Shane Warne. Plays the clarinet. Borrowed the tune from Lord Kitchener's "London is the Place for Me". "Smoke Under the Bridge" tells the story of its protagonist,'Banjo' Clark, "a young black man in mid-century rural Australia... was well-known respected and much loved".

It was delivered as an "intimate, quiet song, performed solo". "Meet Me in the Middle of the Air" was performed a capella with the title "common to various blues and spiritual songs. The other words come from Psalm 23". "My Way Is to You

Disposable camera

A disposable or single-use camera is a simple box camera meant to be used once. Most use fixed-focus lenses; some are equipped with an integrated flash unit, there are waterproof versions for underwater photography. Internally, the cameras use an APS cartridge. While some disposables contain an actual cartridge as used for loading normal, reusable cameras, others just have the film wound internally on an open spool; the whole camera is handed in for processing. Some of the cameras are i.e. refilled with film and resold. The cameras are returned for "processing" in the same fashion as film cameras. In general the one-time-use camera represents a return to the business model pioneered by Kodak for their KODAK camera, predecessor to the Brownie camera. A company called Photo-Pac produced a cardboard camera beginning in 1949 which shot eight exposures and, mailed-in for processing. Cameras were expensive, would have been left safely at home when lovely scenes presented themselves. Frustrated with missing photo opportunities, H. M. Stiles had invented a way to enclose 35mm film in an inexpensive enclosure without the expensive precision film transport mechanism.

It cost $1.29. Though similar to the familiar single-use cameras today, Photo-Pac failed to make a permanent impression on the market. In 1966, a French company called FEX introduced a disposable bakelite camera called "Photo Pack Matic", featuring 12 photos; the familiar disposable camera was developed by Fujifilm in 1986. Their Utsurun-Desu or QuickSnap line used 35 mm film, while Eastman Kodak's 1987 Fling was based on 110 film. Kodak released a 35 mm version in 1988, in 1989 renamed the 35 mm version the FunSaver and discontinued the 110 Fling. In Japan, the Utsurun was released in 1986 for 1380 yen and became accepted; because of the immediate appeal, companies like Konica and Nikon soon produced their own models. To stay competitive, Fuji introduced advanced features to its original model such as panoramic photography and the inclusion of a flash; some cameras have a manual zoom feature which works by shifting two lenses in front of the shutter. By 2005 disposable cameras were a staple of the consumer film camera market and flash-equipped disposables were the norm.

Disposable cameras are popular with tourists and people traveling around the world to save pictures of their adventures. Since the late 1990s, disposable cameras have become popular as wedding favors, they are placed on tables at wedding receptions to be used by guests to capture their unique perspective of the event. More they are available in colors to match the wedding theme such as ivory, white, etc. So-called "accident camera kits" containing film-based disposable cameras are being carried in vehicles to take images as evidence after an accident; the absence of batteries allows instantaneous usage after extended storage, for example in a glove compartment. They have cheap plastic lenses, questionable film quality, fixed focal lengths but quick and'point and shoot' ease make the disposable camera popular with many photographers who enjoy the'less than perfect' style these cameras provide, in a move away from digital imagery, which can be seen in the rise in popularity of'lomography'; this has led to a number of'lost art' type projects where disposable cameras are left in public spaces with a message for anyone finding the camera to take some images and post the camera back, or pass it on to another person.

The low cost of the cameras makes them a perfect tool for these sorts of projects. Digital one-time-use cameras are available in some markets. Digital disposables have not had the success of their film based counterparts from the expense of the process and the poor quality of the images compared to either a typical digital camera, or a disposable film camera; the display shows the number of shots remaining, once this is completed, the camera is returned to the store. The digital files are extracted from the camera, in return for keeping the camera, they are printed out or stored to CD for the customer. All digital'single use' cameras have been hacked to eliminate the need to return them to the store; the motivations for such hacking include saving money and, more the challenge of overcoming artificial impositions. The high-voltage photo flash capacitors in some cameras are sometimes extracted and used to power devices such as coil guns, stun guns, homemade Geiger counter projects and "RFID zapper" EMP devices.

Planned obsolescence Science Channel's The Making Series: #11 Recycling of Single-Use Cameras The Kodak Fun Collection, single use cameras page by Remy Steller The Collection, single use cameras page by Christophe DUCHESNE

Harold Sherman

Harold Morrow Sherman was an American author and psychical researcher. Sherman was born on July 1898, in Traverse City, Michigan, he studied at the University of Michigan for a brief time relocated to Detroit to work for the Ford Motor Company. During 1921, Sherman worked as a reporter for the Marion Chronicle in Indiana, he relocated to New York City during 1924 to write several popular boys' sports and adventure books and to produce two plays on Broadway. During 1941 Sherman wrote a play titled Mark Twain, after being granted exclusive dramatic rights by the Twain Estate, he was hired by Hollywood producer Jesse L. Lasky to write a treatment of the play for Lasky’s upcoming movie The Adventures of Mark Twain, released during 1944. Sherman married Martha Bain on September 26, 1920. Sherman and his family spent the 1950s and early 1960s living in Hollywood, writing for television and lecturing on his most recent work. Sherman and his family relocated to Arkansas, where he lived until his death.

He died on August 19, 1987. Sherman with the explorer Hubert Wilkins performed their own experiment in telepathy for five and a half months starting October 1937; this occurred when Sherman was in New York City and Wilkins was in the Arctic. The experiment consisted of Sherman and Wilkins at the end of each day relaxing and visualizing a mental image or "thought impression" of the events or thoughts they had experienced during the day and recording those images and thoughts in a diary; the results at the end when comparing Sherman's diary to Wilkins' were claimed to be more than 60 percent agreement. The full results of the experiments were published during 1942 in a book by Sherman and Wilkins titled Thoughts Through Space. In the book both Sherman and Wilkins had written they believed they had demonstrated that it was possible to send and receive thought impressions from the mind of one person to another; the magician John Booth wrote the experiment was not an example of telepathy as a high percentage of misses had occurred.

Booth wrote it was more that the "hits" were the result of "coincidence, law of averages, subconscious expectancy, logical inference or a plain lucky guess."A review of their book in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry cast doubt on their experiment noting that the fact that "the study was published five years after it was conducted, arouses suspicion on the validity of the conclusions. Sherman's personal papers are archived at the University of Central Arkansas in Conway: Your Key to Happiness Thoughts Through Space Your Key to Married Happiness Your Key to Youth Problems Your Key to Romance You Live After Death You Can Stop Drinking Know Your Own Mind Adventures In Thinking TNT, the Power Within You How To Turn Failure into Success How to Use the Power of Prayer How To Make ESP Work For You How to Solve Mysteries of Your Mind and Soul Wonder Healers of the Philippines Your Mysterious Powers Of ESP How to Foresee and Control Your Future How to Take Yourself Apart and Put Yourself Back Together Again The Harold Sherman ESP Manual Your Power To Heal You Can Communicate with the Unseen World How to Know What to Believe How to Picture What You Want The Dead Are Alive!

Cameron McBain, Backwoodsman Ding Palmer, Air Detective The Land of Monsters Let Freedom Ring! Tahara Among the African Tribes Tahara: Boy King of the Desert Tahara: Boy Mystic of India Tahara in the Land of the Yucatán Call of the Land Fight'Em Big Three Block That Kick! Hit By Pitcher Over The Line It's A Pass! Strike Him Out Interference Under the Basket Down The Ice Double Play The Tennis Terror Captain of the Eleven The Green Man All Aboard for the Moon The Green Man Returns This Way To Heaven Works by Harold Sherman at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Harold Sherman at Internet Archive