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Canada Post

Canada Post Corporation, trading as Canada Post, is a Crown corporation which functions as the primary postal operator in Canada. Known as Royal Mail Canada, rebranding was done to the "Canada Post" name in the late 1960s though it had not yet been separated from the government. On October 16, 1981, the Canada Post Corporation Act came into effect; this abolished the Post Office Department and created the present day Crown corporation which provides postal service. The act aimed to set a new direction for the postal service by ensuring the postal service's financial security and independence. Canada Post provided service to more than 16 million addresses and delivered nearly 8.4 billion items in 2016 and consolidated revenue from operations reached $7.88 billion. Delivery takes place via traditional "to the door" service and centralized delivery by 25,000 letter carriers, through a 13,000 vehicle fleet. There are more than 6,200 post offices across the country, a combination of corporate offices and private franchises that are operated by retailers, such as drugstores.

In terms of area serviced, Canada Post delivers to a larger area than the postal service of any other nation, including Russia. As of 2004, nearly 843,000 rural Canadian customers received residential mail delivery services. Canada Post operates, it employs 64,000 full and part-time employees. The Corporation holds an interest in Purolator Courier, Progistix-Solutions and Canada Post International Limited. In 2000, Canada Post created a company called Epost, allowed customers to receive their bill online for free. In 2007, Epost was absorbed into Canada Post. Canada Post is the Federal Identity Programme name; the legal name is Société canadienne des postes in French. During the late 1980s and much of the 1990s, the short forms used in the corporation's logo were "Mail" and "Poste", rendered as "Mail Poste" in English Canada, "Poste Mail" in Québec, although English-language advertising still referred to the corporation as "Canada Post". On August 3, 1527, in St. John's, the first known letter was sent from present day Canada.

While in St. John's, John Rut wrote a letter to King Henry VIII about his findings and planned voyage. Mail delivery within Canada first started in 1693 when the Portuguese-born Pedro da Silva was paid to deliver between Québec City and Montréal. Official postal services began in 1775, under the control of the British Government up to 1851; the first postage stamp went into circulation in Canada that same year. It was not until 1867 when the newly formed Canada created the Post Office Department as a federal government department headed by a Cabinet minister, the Postmaster General of Canada; the Act took effect on April 1, 1868, providing uniform postal service throughout the newly established dominion. The Canadian post office was designed around the British service as created by Sir Rowland Hill, who introduced the concept of charging mail by weight and not destination along with creating the concept of the postage stamp; the new service traded under the name The Royal Mail Canada. Prior to rural mail delivery, many Canadians living outside major cities and towns had little communication with the outside world.

On 10 October 1908, the first free rural mail delivery service was instituted in Canada. The extension of residential mail delivery services to all rural Canadian residents was a major achievement for the Post Office Department; the Post Office Department was an early pioneer of airmail delivery, with the first airmail flight taking place on June 24, 1918, carrying mail from Montreal to Toronto. A modern plaque at the site of Leaside Aerodrome reads: "At 10:12 a.m. on June 24, 1918, Captain Brian Peck of the Royal Air Force and mechanic Corporal C. W. Mathers took off from the Bois Franc Polo Grounds in Montreal in a JN-4 Curtiss two-seater airplane, they had with them the first bag of mail to be delivered by air in Canada. Wind and rain buffetted the small plane and forced it to make refuelling stops at Kingston and Deseronto. At 4:55 p.m. Peck and Mathers landed at the Leaside Aerodrome; the flight had been arranged by a civilian organization, the Aerial League of the British Empire, to demonstrate that aviation was the way of the future."

A regular air express service began in 1928. The 1970s was a tough decade for the Post Office, with major strikes combined with annual deficits that had hit $600 million by 1981; this state of affairs made. It resulted in two years of public input into the future of mail delivery in Canada; the government sought to give the post office more autonomy, in order to make it more commercially viable and to compete against the new threat of private courier services. On October 16, 1981, the Federal Parliament passed the "Canada Post Corporation Act", which transformed Canada Post into a Crown corporation to create the Canada Post Corporation; the legislation includes a measure that guarantees basic postal service to all Canadians. It stipulates that all Canadians have the right to expect mail delivery, regardless of where they live. Several historical sites related to the history of the Post Office Department of Canada can be visited today. In Ontario, the first Toronto Post Office is still in oper

José del Carmen Marín Arista

José del Carmen Marín Arista was born on March 2, 1899 in the department of Amazonas. He went to the Military academy in 1917 and on the following year, he went to the top division from which he graduated with honours in 1922. In 1927, he graduates as Bachelor in Mathematical Sciences in the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos and as a military engineer in the École Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Versailles, France, he graduates here with the second place of honour of his class. When he returns, he founds the Service of Transmissions. From 1929 to 1933, he was successively an instructing captain, the studies principal and commander of the Officer Candidate School. In 1934 he is promoted to major, he goes into the Escuela Superior de Guerra and he graduates obtaining the espada de España, always being the first place of honour in his class. In the above-mentioned School, he was a pupil at the same time. In 1937, he was sent to France to the Escuela Superior de Guerra in Paris, where he graduated with an honorable mention and the highest grades.

When he returned to Peru, he was appointed as commander-in-chief of the general army staff, post in which he remained during the conflict with Ecuador in 1941. In December, 1952 he is promoted to colonel and with this grade he runs the Escuela de Aplicación de Ingeniería, he founds the Leoncio Prado Military School and he is appointed as director of the Military Academy, post in which he was promoted as a sergeant major. In 1947 he took an oath to fulfil the post of Secretary of War during the government of José Luis Bustamante y Rivero. In 1948, as a member of the Top Council of the Army, he presided the commission of the armed institutes that were in charge of proposing the new projects of fundamental laws to prepare the national defense and the Peruvian armed forces. Due to one of these laws, the Centro de Altos Estudios Militares - was created, its organization and direction were entrusted to him in 1950. In December, 1956, he is promoted to General of Division, it was when he was in this rank that he decided to retire in 1957, but he continues as an academic adviser for the CAEM, for three years more.

He was the principal professor in the Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria. He taught here for 32 years, he was an emeritus professor of this university and an honorary professor Universidad San Luis Gonzaga in Ica, on request of the pupils. He has been a professor of the Escuela de Alto Mando of the FAP, since its foundation, of the Academia Diplomatica del Peru, he was a member of the Academia Nacional de Ciencias Matemáticas y Físicas and president of the Instituto de Lenguas Aborigenes. He died on December 6, 1980. A state school located in the facilities of the ex-barracks of Santa Catalina, in Lima, is named after him

Interpreter officer

An interpreter officer or army interpreter is a commissioned officer of an armed force, who interprets and/or translates to facilitate military operation. Interpreter officers are used extensively in multinational operations in which two or more countries that do not share a common language are undertaking a joint operation, or expeditionary missions in which the communication with the local population is crucial but limited by lack of language proficiency among the expeditionary force personnel. Interpreter officers work in the intelligence gathering and analysis though in many countries, civilian analysts are used instead of the officers in active duty. Interpreting services are provided by personnel from 223rd Military Intelligence Battalion; the United States Military have used the Arabic linguists in the war in Iraq for example. The Republic of Korea has a history of continuous presence of United States forces; because the military personnel of both countries lack proficiency in each other’s language, a corps of interpreter officers were trained to facilitate communication.

Each service branch has its own group of interpreter officers. They participate in meetings, high level conferences or day-to-day informal discussions to offer simultaneous or consecutive translation between English and Korean. During the military drills such as RSOI and Ulchi-Freedom Guardian, the demand for rapid translation of the communications among the forces of the combined command peaks and the interpreter officers play a crucial role in the seamless operations of the drills; the majority of the interpreter officers work in English to Korean interpretation. A minor of interpreter officers are available in Chinese, Japanese and German though far fewer than those of English. Many but not all of the interpreter officers have spent many years abroad in the English speaking countries. Serving as interpreter officer is a popular way for the Korean nationals studying in North America to do the mandatory military service because of the prestige and networking opportunity despite the length of the service, less than two years, at 21 months.

The camaraderie among the interpreter officer is strong compare to the class of the officer candidate school because the group is small and culturally homogeneous. The interpreter officers as a group are western oriented, for the qualification exam requires considerable level of fluency in English and Korean as mandatory languages. Many interpreter officers pursue careers in the financial services or law after discharge

Annibaldi family

The Annibaldi were a powerful baronial family of Rome and the Lazio in the Middle Ages. It began to rise to prominence in the 13th century with the favour of Popes Gregory IX and Alexander IV, in the hollow left by the Counts of Tusculum. In the late years of the same century they were however overwhelmed by the Caetani; the family's most outstanding figure was Riccardo Annibaldi, created cardinal in 1237 by Gregory IX, bought the fief of Molara. Other family lines than that originated by Riccardo where those of Monte Compatri, Castel Zancato and of the Colosseum. Riccardo was the first protector of the Augustinian Order. Another cardinal of the family was Annibaldo degli Annibaldi, OP, who completed his preliminary studies at the Santa Sabina studium conventuale, was sent to the studium generale of the Dominican Order at Paris c. 1255. Annibaldo was an associate of Thomas Aquinas. Thomas dedicated his Catena aurea, written while he lived at the Santa Sabina studium, to Annibaldo Annibaldi. Annibaldo was named Master of the Sacred Palace by Pope Innocent IV in 1246.

He was named a cardinal in the Consistory of May, 1262, died in 1272. Tor Fiscale Park, Rome Fedele Savio, SJ, "Gli Annibaldi di Roma nel secolo XIII," Studi e documenti di storia e diritto 17 353-363. Francis Roth, OESA, "Il Cardinale Riccardo Annibaldi, Primo Prottetore dell' Ordine Agostiniano," Augustiniana 2 26-60. Francis X. Roth, Cardinal Richard Annibaldi, first protector of the Augustinian Order, 1243-1276: a study of the order before and after its Great Union in 1256. Robert Brentano, Rome Before Avignon: A Social History of Thirteenth Century Rome. Marc Dikmans, "D' Innocent III à Boniface VIII. Histoire des Conti et des Annibaldi," Bulletin de l' Institut historique belge de Rome 45 19-211. Sandro Carocci, Baroni di Roma: Dominazioni signorili e lignaggi aristocratici nel Ducento e nel primo Trecento. Mathias Thumser, Rom und der römische Adel in der späten Stauferzeit. Sandro Carocci, La nobiltà romana nel medioevo. Valter Lori, Storia di famiglie romane

The View from the Bottom

The View from the Bottom is the fifth studio album by the American rock band Lit, released on June 19, 2012, by Megaforce Records. It was the band's first new album in eight years, after the release of the Lit album in 2004 and the death of their drummer Allen Shellenberger in 2009; the album is dedicated to Shellenberger's memory. In addition to being dedicated to Shellenberger, the album features a track called "Here’s to Us", a tribute to him, it is the first album with the rhythm guitarist Ryan Gillmor and the only one with Nathan Walker on drums. After the band released their fourth album, Lit in 2004, the band was hit with a number of hardships. A. Jay and Jeremy Popoff's stepfather died in a motorcycle crash that severely injured their mother. While the band continued touring in 2008, the band's drummer, was diagnosed with a brain tumor and died the following year. After his death, Lit was unsure; the remaining members, during New Year's Eve in 2009, met at the bar they run, "The Slidebar", decided to continue as a band and to make a fifth album.

The album features a track called "Here’s to Us", a tribute to Shellenberger. This version is a re-recorded and reworked version of the same song, featured in a slideshow on the band’s YouTube page; the pictures in the slideshow featured Shellenberger. The band began writing new material in various sessions in 2010 and 2011, they chose Nathan Walker, both a close friend to the band and their drum tech, to fill in on drums. Ryan Gilmor was brought in as a new, fifth band member, to "round out the band's sound" as a rhythm guitarist and keyboard player. In late 2011, the band began recording with the producer Butch Walker, they extensively demoed songs and wrote many more than would appear on the album, both firsts for the band in the recording process. The album was recorded live in the studio. "Same Shit, Different Drink" was made available for free download on Rolling Stone's website in April 2012. The first single, "You Tonight", was released on iTunes on May 1, 2012, the album was released on June 19, 2012.

To promote the album's release, the band went on the Summerland Tour with Everclear, Sugar Ray, Gin Blossoms and Marcy Playground."Miss You Gone" was released to radio on August 7, 2012. A video for the single "The Broken" was released on August 16, 2012, a video for "Miss You Gone" was released on June 13, 2013; the album received mixed reviews. Matt Collar at AllMusic praised the album, giving it a 3.5 out of 5 rating, stating " gets the sense that Lit are re-engaged here both and creatively... While the album may be about the band's View from the Bottom, as the title of the rousing set closer implies, Lit got it "Right This Time." However, Chuck Eddy of Rolling Stone was less enthusiastic, giving it only 2 out of 5 stars, claiming that the "riffs sound re-purposed for sports and strip bars."Emily Kearns from Rock Sound, while only awarding it 6 out of 10, praised the album for being "polished fare awash with slick harmonies, clean guitars, heavy drumbeats, giant hooks and an unadulterated wall of gleaming pop – much of, laced with a sense of melancholy".

A. Jay Popoff – lead vocals Jeremy Popoff – lead guitar, backing vocals Kevin Baldes – bass guitar, backing vocals Nathan Walker – drums Ryan Gillmor – rhythm guitar, backing vocals

Blaise Hazelwood

Blaise Hazelwood, a Republican strategist and consultant in the United States, is the owner of Grassroots Targeting, LLC, a microtargeting and digital branding company. Hazelwood first came to prominence as the driver behind the “72-Hour Task Force” in 2001, the party’s last major revision to its tactical campaign playbook, credited with revolutionizing the Get Out the Vote efforts. Hazelwood has led and managed political operations, high-profile grassroots programs and political campaigns, including multiple winning campaigns for Chairman of the Republican National Committee, she received praise for her work as Political Director at the Republican National Committee in 2002 and 2004, spearheading their online Team Leader program and the construction of Voter Vault, the RNC’s voter file database. She went on to serve as the Director of Media and Political operations for the National Republican Senatorial Committee during the 2006 cycle under Senator Elizabeth Dole. In 2008, Hazelwood managed Michael Steele's successful campaign for Chairman of the Republican National Committee.

Hazelwood followed the new Chairman to the RNC and served as his Chief of Staff through the transition until March 2009. She returned full-time to her company in Alexandria, Virginia but continued consulting as a top advisor to Chairman Steele and the RNC until she left in mid-2010, she now serves as an advisor to the RNC under Chairman Reince Priebus. Hazelwood's whole life has been politics, she is a fifth-generation Arizonan. She was president of Teen Republicans in Arizona as well as an intern on Capitol Hill and at the White House. Despite her Arizona lineage, she was born in Washington because her father was working at the Interior Department during the Nixon administration, she was named for St. Blaise; the name was chosen by her mother, who wrote a dissertation on the Roman Catholic saint while studying for a doctorate in early Christian art at Georgetown University. Hazelwood has admitted that being named after a little-known male saint caused confusion when she was younger. Hazelwood began door-to-door canvassing as a 10-year-old in Arizona when her father was running for Precinct Committeeman, she learned firsthand the value of human contact, meticulous organization and volunteer muscle in political campaigns.

Her grandmother was a campaign volunteer in the days before computers, when voter files were kept on index cards. She told the Washington Post in 2003, "I always heard stories about my grandmother, it was all personal contact, it worked." After graduation from Vassar College, Hazelwood's first job was staff assistant at the RNC. Her career since has been a succession of campaigns and grassroots organizing across the country anchored by positions at the Republican National Committee, she worked for Bob Dole's 1996 presidential campaign and for James S. Gilmore III's successful 1997 gubernatorial campaign in Virginia. After those campaigns, she joined Curt Anderson's political consulting firm. In the summer of 2001, moved back to the RNC to help the Bush team manage its outreach to parts of the conservative coalition. "Blaise Hazelwood is credited with bringing back the culture of grassroots campaigns into the Republican Party." Hazelwood worked as Political Director at the RNC in 2002 & 2004. Matthew Dowd, Senior Advisor at the time said, "She's got good intuition, she's exceptionally well organized.

She'll do. She's not concerned about being the last person to leave the office or getting on an airplane to get the job done." "When the history of the Republican Party's midterm election victories of 2002 is written, President Bush will get the headline and much of the credit, but a large footnote will go to a young political operative named Blaise Hazelwood." -The Washington Post, 2003 Hazelwood, only 31 at the time, was serving as political director of the Republican National Committee, it was her responsibility to coordinate the party's "72-Hour Program," an 18-month effort designed to put shoe leather back into politics and beat the Democrats in turning out the vote in the final three days, 72 hours, of the campaign. The 72-Hour Project was born of necessity after the 2000 election, when Republicans discovered that Democrats had done a better job of getting their voters to the polls in one of the tightest presidential races in history. With prodding from White House senior adviser Karl Rove, White House political director Ken Mehlman and RNC Deputy Chairman Jack Oliver, the party undertook a top-to-bottom review of its get-out-the-vote operation, poured more than $1 million into more than 50 experiments to test how best to reach out to voters and methodically set about implementing their findings in the midterm campaigns.

"I'm confident from the testing and from human life experience that making a volunteer telephone call or knocking on someone's door makes much more impact than just doing it paid," Hazelwood said. Her work paid big dividends on Election Day, when a surge of Republican voters in states such as Florida, North Carolina and Missouri overwhelmed the Democrats and turned what many had called one of the most competitive midterm campaigns in history into a substantial Republican victory. In addition to implementing the 72 hour program, Hazelwood is credited with creating Voter Vault, the Republican Party's voter file database, used by campaigns all over the country. In 2005, Hazelwood moved over to become Elizabeth Dole's right-hand-woman, serving as campaign and media director for the National Republican Senatorial Committee through the 2006 election cycle. Hazelwood founded Grassroots Targeting in 2005, turning her expertise in the practice of microtargeti