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Canadian Expeditionary Force

The Canadian Expeditionary Force was the designation of the field force created by Canada for service overseas in the First World War. The force fielded several combat formations on the Western Front in France and Belgium, the largest of, the Canadian Corps, consisting of four divisions; the Canadian Cavalry Brigade and the Canadian Independent Force, which were independent of the Canadian Corps fought on the Western Front. The CEF had a large reserve and training organization in England, a recruiting organization in Canada. In the stages of the European war after their success at Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele, the Canadian Corps was regarded by friend and foe alike as one of the most effective Allied military formations on the Western Front. In August 1918, the CEF's Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force travelled to revolution-torn Russia, it reinforced an anti-Bolshevik garrison in Vladivostok during the winter of 1918–19. At this time, another force of Canadian soldiers were placed in Archangel, where they fought against Bolsheviks.

The Canadian Expeditionary Force was volunteers. In all, 24,132 conscripts had been sent to France to take part in the final Hundred Days campaign; as a Dominion in the British Empire, Canada was automatically at war with Germany upon the British declaration. Popular support for the war was found in English Canada. Of the first contingent formed at Valcartier, Quebec in 1914, about two-thirds were men, born in the United Kingdom. By the end of the war in 1918, at least half of the soldiers were British-born. Recruiting was difficult among the French-Canadian population, many of whom did not agree with supporting Canada's participation in the war. To a lesser extent, several other cultural groups within the Dominion enlisted and made a significant contribution to the Force including Indigenous people of the First Nations, Black Canadians as well as Black Americans. Many British nationals from the United Kingdom or other territories who were resident in Canada joined the CEF. A sizeable percentage of Bermuda's volunteers who served in the war joined the CEF, either because they were resident in Canada or because Canada was the easiest other part of the Empire and Commonwealth to reach from Bermuda.

As several CEF battalions were posted to the Bermuda Garrison before proceeding to France, islanders were able to enlist there. Although the Bermuda Militia Artillery and Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps both sent contingents to the Western Front, the first would not arrive there until June 1915. By many Bermudians had been serving on the Western Front in the CEF for months. Bermudians in the CEF enlisted under the same terms as Canadians, all male British Nationals resident in Canada became liable for conscription under the Military Service Act, 1917; the CEF raised 260 numbered infantry battalions, two named infantry battalions, 17 mounted regiments, 13 railway troop battalions, five pioneer battalions, four divisional supply trains, four divisional signals companies, a dozen engineering companies, over 80 field and heavy artillery batteries, fifteen field ambulance units, 23 general and stationary hospitals, many other medical, forestry, tunnelling and service units. Two tank battalions did not see service.

Most of the infantry battalions were broken up and used as reinforcements, with a total of fifty being used in the field, including the mounted rifle units, which were re-organized as infantry. The artillery and engineering units underwent significant re-organization as the war progressed, in keeping with changing technological and tactical requirements. Another entity within the Canadian Expeditionary Force was the Canadian Machine Gun Corps, it consisted of several motor machine gun battalions, the Eatons and Borden Motor Machine Gun Batteries, nineteen machine gun companies. During the summer of 1918, these units were consolidated into four machine gun battalions, one being attached to each of the four divisions in the Canadian Corps; the Canadian Corps with its four infantry divisions comprised the main fighting force of the CEF. The Canadian Cavalry Brigade served in France. Support units of the CEF included the Canadian Railway Troops, which served on the Western Front and provided a bridging unit for the Middle East.

The 1915 Battle of Ypres, the first engagement of Canadian forces in the Great War, exposed Canadian soldiers and their commanders to modern war. They had experienced the effects of shellfire and participated in aggressive trench raiding despite a lack of formal training and inferior equipment, they were equipped with the malfunctioning Ross rifle, the older and less reliable Colt machine gun and an inferior Canadian copy of British webbing equipment that rotted and fell apart in the wet of the trenches. In April 1915, they were introduced to yet another facet of gas; the Germans employed chlorine gas to create a hole in the French lines adjacent to the Canadian force and poured troops into the gap. The Canadians, operating for the most part in small groups and under local commanders, fi

2011 Ulsan Hyundai FC season

The 2011 season was Ulsan Hyundai FC's twenty-eighth season in the K-League in South Korea. Ulsan Hyundai FC will be competing in League Cup and Korean FA Cup. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Statistics accurate as of match played 4 December 2011 5 July 2011 – Vinicius – Primeira Camisa 21 July 2011 – LúcioGyeongnam FC 28 July 2011 – Lee Gi-DongPohang Steelers 21 September 2011 – Oh Chang-Sik – Sangju Sangmu Phoenix 21 September 2011 – Kim Young-Sam – Sangju Sangmu Phoenix 21 September 2011 – Kim Min-O – Sangju Sangmu Phoenix 21 September 2011 – Byun Woong – Sangju Sangmu Phoenix 5 July 2011 – Song Chong-GugTianjin Teda F. C. 14 July 2011 – Lee Dong-WonBusan I'Park 21 July 2011 – Jung Dae-Sun – Gyeongnam FC 21 July 2011 – Naji MajrashiAl-Shabab 25 July 2011 – Magnum – Free Agent July 2011 – Kim Hyo-GiUlsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard July 2011 – Choi Dong-Il – Free Agent July 2011 – Shin Hyo-Sup – Free Agent July 2011 – Kwon Oh-Sung – Free Agent July 2011 – Lee Kyung-Sik – Free Agent July 2011 – Byun Sung-Won – Free Agent July 2011 – Park Byung-Gyu – Released 12 August 2011 – Moon Dae-Seong – Dropped out of the club 30 September 2011 – Lee Gi-Dong – Free Agent 30 September 2011 – Oh Chang-Sik – Free Agent 30 September 2011 – Kim Min-O – Free Agent

The Bulletin (Bend)

The Bulletin is the daily newspaper of Bend, United States. The Bulletin is owned by EO Media Group, which prior to January 2013 was named the East Oregonian Publishing Company. Over the years, a number of well-known journalists have been associated with the newspaper. To start a newspaper in Bend, a printing press and other publishing equipment items were brought overland from the railhead at Shaniko by freight wagon; the Bend Bulletin was first published as a weekly newspaper on March 27, 1903. At the time, Bend was a mere hamlet in what was part of Crook County; the newspaper's first publisher was Max Lueddemann with Don P. Rea serving as the first editor; when it began, the newspaper's only other employee was a printer named A. H. Kennedy; the newspaper office was located in a rustic cabin on the east bank of the Deschutes River. In the summer of 1904, the newspaper was sold to J. M. Lawrence, he moved the newspaper to an office building in downtown Bend. In that year it consolidated with the Deschutes Echo, launched in 1902 in the neighboring hamlet of Deschutes.

In 1910, George P. Putnam bought the Bend Bulletin from Lawrence. While he was the newspaper's editor for only four years, Putnam continued as publisher for several more years. During his tenure, Putnam was active in local and state politics and the newspaper began promoting Central Oregon outside the local area. In 1916, Deschutes County was carved out of Crook County. On December 6, 1916 the paper switched from daily to weekly publication. Robert W. Sawyer purchased Putnam's interest in the newspaper in 1919, he hired Henry Fowler, who owned a minority share as editor. Sawyer was a conservationist, who used his influence as a newspaper publisher to help preserve Oregon's natural resources. In addition to publishing the Bend Bulletin, he served as president of the National Reclamation Association, a director of the American Forestry Association, a member of the Oregon Highway Commission, he championed the establishment of numerous state parks as well as leading the effort to preserve key portions of the John Day Fossil Beds.

Sawyer continued as publisher of the Bend Bulletin for 34 years. In 1953, Sawyer put the newspaper up for sale, he received offers from several large newspaper chains, but sold the newspaper to Robert Chandler. To make the purchase affordable, Sawyer only required a $6,000 down payment. Chandler ran the newspaper for the next 43 years, first as The Bend Bulletin and after 1963 as The Bulletin. During his tenure, Chandler brought new technology into the newspaper's operation. Soon after he bought the paper, he expanded the photoengraving facilities. In 1956, he replaced the paper's flatbed press with a new rotary press that printed 13,000 32-page sections per hour; the new press allowed the paper to print photographs in color. In 1966, The Bulletin moved to a new building on Hill Street in the southern part of Bend; as part of the move, a new offset press was installed. The new press ended the need to produce hot-lead cast type, it improved the quality of the newspaper's photographs. That same year, The Bulletin began using wire service photos to supplement photographs taken by the paper's staff photographers.

In the 1970s, the newspaper installed video display terminals to receive electronic feeds from the wire services. The video displays were replaced with computers a few years later. A new Goss Urbanite offset press was installed in 1980; this new system could print 20,000 sections an hour. In 1988, three reporters were arrested for criminal trespass for attempting to get the records of hotel-motel taxes from the Deschutes County Commissioners; the Commissioners denied access to the records and the reporters were never prosecuted. The Bulletin created its website, bendbulletin.com, in 1996. In 2014, the newspaper's circulation was 26,986 for the Monday–Friday edition, 27,253 for Saturday, 27,599 for Sunday; the Bulletin’s former parent company, Western Communications, went through an initial Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2011-2012. Western Communications filed for a second round of Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection again in January 2019. Western Communications filed documents in U.. S. Bankruptcy Court in Portland in June 2019 that it would sell The Bulletin and Redmond Spokesman to Rhode Island Suburban Newspapers for just over $2 million.

Instead of being sold directly to Rhode Island Suburban Newspapers, the Bulletin and its sister publication, the Redmond Spokesman were sold at auction on July 29, 2019 to EO Media Group, an Oregon-based newspaper publishing company, for a total of $3.65 million. Purchase of the real estate held by former owners Western Communications was to be disposed of in a separate transaction, with EO Media declaring itself uninterested in the sales. A group of private investors based in Bend maintain a minority stake in ownership of the two Bend-area publications. Since its founding, The Bulletin has had a number of distinguished publishers, including George P. Putnam, Robert W. Sawyer, Robert W. Chandler. All three of these newspapermen are honored in the Oregon Newspaper Hall of Fame. Putnam and Sawyer were inducted in 1980, shortly after the Hall of Fame was created by the Oregon Newspaper Publishers Association. Chandler was inducted in 2006. Phil Brogan was another well-known journalist associated with The Bulletin.

He was hired by Sawyer in 1923, worked as a reporter and editor for the next 44 years, earning numerous awards for his work. He was a distinguished historian, paleontologist, meteorologist and outdoorsman. In 1964, Brogan wrote East of the Cascades, an important source of information on the geology