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Canadian Museum for Human Rights

The Canadian Museum for Human Rights is a Canadian Crown Corporation and national museum located in Winnipeg, adjacent to The Forks. The purpose of the museum is to "explore the subject of human rights with a special but not exclusive reference to Canada, to enhance the public's understanding of human rights, to promote respect for others and to encourage reflection and dialogue." It held its opening ceremonies on 19 September 2014. Established in 2008 through the enactment of Bill C-42, an amendment of the Canadian Museums Act, the Canadian Museum for Human Rights is the first new national museum created in Canada since 1967, it is the first new national museum to be located outside the National Capital Region. On 17 April 2003, the 21st anniversary of the signing of Canada's Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the establishment of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights was announced as a joint partnership of the Asper Foundation, the Government of Canada, the Province of Manitoba, the City of Winnipeg and The Forks North Portage Partnership.

The Asper Foundation donated $20 million. Israel Harold Asper, known as Izzy Asper, is credited with the idea and vision to establish the CMHR, he was a Canadian lawyer and founder of the now-defunct media conglomerate Canwest Global Communications. Asper hoped it would become a place where students from across Canada could come to learn about human rights, he saw it as an opportunity to revitalize downtown Winnipeg and increase tourism to the city, as well as to raise understanding and awareness of human rights, promote respect for others, encourage reflection and action. After Izzy's death in 2003, his daughter Gail Asper spearheaded the project. On 20 April 2007, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the Government of Canada's intention to make the CMHR into a national museum. On 13 March 2008, Bill C-42, an Act amending the Museums Act and making consequential amendments to other Acts, received Royal Assent in Parliament, with support from all political parties, creating the Canadian Museum for Human Rights as a national museum.

By the middle of 2008, a government-funded opinion research project had been completed by the TNS/The Antima Group. The ensuing report—based on focus group participants—listed the following: which the CMHR might cover topics. 19 December 2008 marked the groundbreaking ceremony at the site of the CMHR, official construction on the site began in April 2009. Construction was expected to be completed in 2012; the chair of the board resigned before his term was up, a new interim chair was appointed. The base building has been complete since the end of 2012, the Museum's inauguration took place in 2014; the museum's official opening on 19 September 2014, was protested by several activist groups, who expressed the view that their own human rights histories had been inaccurately depicted or excluded from the museum. The First Nations musical group A Tribe Called Red, scheduled to perform at the opening ceremony, pulled out in protest against the museum's coverage of First Nations issues. Funding for the capital costs of the CMHR is coming from three jurisdictions of government, the federal Crown, the provincial Crown, the City of Winnipeg, as well as private donations.

The total budget for the building of the exterior of the CMHR and its contents was $310 million as of February 2011. At the time of its opening in September 2014, the cost of the museum was $351 million. To date, the Government of Canada has allocated $100 million, the Government of Manitoba has donated $40 million, the City of Winnipeg has donated $20 million; the Friends of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, led by Gail Asper, have raised more than $130 million in private donations from across Canada toward a final goal of $150 million. These private sector pledges include $4.5 million from provincial crown corporations in Manitoba and $5 million from the government of Ontario. The Canadian Museum for Human Rights has requested an additional $35 million in capital funding from the federal government to cover shortfalls. In April 2011, the CMHR received an additional $3.6 million from the City of Winnipeg, taken from a federal grant to the city in lieu of taxes for the museum. The CMHR's operating budget is provided by the government of Canada, as the CMHR is a national museum.

The estimated operating costs to the federal government are $22 million annually. In December 2011, the CMHR announced that due to rising costs for the interior exhibits of the museum, the total construction cost had increased by an additional $41 million to a new total of $351 million. In July 2012, the federal and provincial governments agreed to further enhance the capital funding to the CMHR by up to $70 million, through a combination of a federal loan and a provincial loan guarantee; this newest funding was essential for the completion of the interior exhibits so that the museum could open in 2014 two years behind schedule. In 2003, the Friends of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights launched an international architectural competition for the design of the CMHR. 100 submissions from 21 countries worldwide were submitted. The judging panel chose the design submitted by Antoine Predock and Chris Beccone, architects from Albuquerque, New Mexico, his vision for the CMHR is a journey, beginning with a descent into the earth where visitors enter the CMHR through the "roots" of the museum.

Visitors are led through the Great Hall a series of vast spaces and ramps, before culminating in the Tower of H

Alexandria City Jail

Federal Detention Center Alexandria is an administrative federal prison in Northern Virginia serves several courts and police agencies, including the U. S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. Defendants involved in proceedings there are housed in the jail, including: Lyndon LaRouche, Presidential candidate, served 6 years of a 15-year sentence for fraud Aldrich Ames, CIA officer sentenced to life for espionage William Aramony, United Way of America CEO, served 6 years of a 7-year sentence for fraud Harold James Nicholson, CIA officer twice convicted of espionage, sentenced to total of 33½ years Robert Hanssen, FBI agent serving 15 consecutive life sentences for espionage Zacarias Moussaoui, French citizen, "20th hijacker" of 9/11 plot John Walker Lindh, "American Taliban" John Allen Muhammad, "Beltway sniper" John Lee Malvo, "Beltway sniper" Seifullah Chapman, U. S. Marine sentenced to 65 years in "Virginia Jihad" case, exonerated in 2018 Iyman Faris, a.k.a. Mohammad Rauf, Ohio truck driver sentenced to 20 years for plotting to destroy the Brooklyn Bridge with blowtorch Dr. Ali al-Timimi, biologist convicted in "Virginia Jihad" case Judith Miller, N.

Y. Times reporter jailed for refusing to name her source in Plame affair criminal investigation Ahmed Omar Abu Ali, Saudi national sentenced to 30 years for plotting to assassinate George W. Bush Marcel Lazăr Lehel, Romanian national sentenced to 52 months for hacking Paul Manafort Maria Butina Chelsea Manning American activist and whistleblower in addition to being a former U. S. Army Soldier The facility is located at 2001 Mill Road, Alexandria, Va. 22314, is formally known as the William G. Truesdale - Alexandria Adult Detention Center, it is ½-mile east of the Eisenhower Ave. Metro station, just inside the Capital Beltway between exits 176 and 177, it is a half mile south of the Alexandria federal courthouse formally called the Albert V. Bryan United States Courthouse

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga is a Latvian politician who served as the sixth President of Latvia and the first female President of Latvia. She was elected President of Latvia in 1999 and re-elected for the second term in 2003. Dr. Vaira Freiberga is a professor and interdisciplinary scholar, having published eleven books and numerous articles and book chapters in addition to her extensive speaking engagements; as President of the Republic of Latvia 1999–2007, she was instrumental in achieving membership in the European Union and NATO for her country. She is active in international politics, was named Special Envoy to the Secretary General on United Nations reform and was official candidate for UN Secretary General in 2006, she remains active in the international arena and continues to speak in defense of liberty and social justice, for the need of Europe to acknowledge the whole of its history. She is a well-known pro-European, as such, in December 2007 she was named vice-chair of the Reflection group on the long-term future of the European Union.

She is known for her work in psycholinguistics and analysis of the oral literature of her native country. Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga serves as the President of Club of Madrid, the world's largest forum of former Heads of State and Government, she is a member of the International Programme Board of the Prague European Summit. Vaira Vīķe was born in Latvia. At the end of 1944, as the second Soviet occupation of Latvia began, her parents escaped to Nazi Germany. There she received her first education in Latvian primary school at a displaced persons camp in Lübeck, where her baby sister died, her family moved to Casablanca in French Morocco in 1949. In Morocco she attended French primary school at Daourat hydroelectric dam village where she learned the French language, she went on to attend Collège de jeunes filles de Mers-Sultan in Casablanca. In 1954 her family moved to Toronto, Canada, where she completed high school. Vaira Vīķe attended Victoria College of the University of Toronto, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts in 1958 and a Master of Arts in 1960, in psychology.

She worked at the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce as a teller and part-time as a supervisor in Branksome Hall Boarding School for Girls. In 1958, being fluent in English, Latvian and German, she worked as a translator and the next year went on to work as a Spanish teacher for grades 12 and 13 at Ontario Ladies' College. Upon completion of her master's degree, Vīķe became a clinical psychologist at the Toronto Psychiatric Hospital in late 1960, she left in 1961 to resume her education at the McGill University in Montreal while lecturing part-time at Concordia University. She earned her PhD in psychology from McGill University in 1965 with a dissertation supervised by Dr. Virginia Douglas, entitled "Concept Learning in Normal and Hyperactive Children." From 1965 to 1998 Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga pursued a professorial career at the Department of Psychology of the French-speaking University of Montreal, where she taught psychopharmacology, psycholinguistics, scientific theories, experimental methods and cognitive processes.

Her experimental research focused on memory processes and language, the influence of drugs on cognitive processes. At the same time she did scholarly research on semiotics and the structural analysis of computer-accessible texts from an oral tradition—the Latvian folksongs. During this period she authored ten books and about 160 articles, essays or book chapters and has given over 250 speeches and scientific communications in English, French or Latvian, gave numerous radio, TV and press interviews in various languages. During that period Dr. Vīķe-Freiberga held prominent positions in national and international scientific and scholarly organizations, as well as in a number of Canadian governmental, institutional and interdisciplinary committees, where she acquired extensive administrative experience, she is the recipient of many medals and honours for distinguished work in the humanities and social sciences. In June 1998 she was elected Professor emerita at the University of Montreal and returned to her native land, where on 19 October the Prime Minister named her Director of the newly founded Latvian Institute.

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga became President of Latvia in 1999. Although not a candidate in the first ballot, she was drafted by the Saeima and was elected to the office of President of Latvia on 20 June, she was sworn in on 8 July. Her approval rating ranged between 70% and 85%, in 2003 she was re-elected for a second term of four years with 88 votes out of 96, she exercised the powers conferred on the President by the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. She played a leading role in achieving Latvia's membership in NATO and the European Union, she was an invited speaker at numerous international events, as well as an outspoken pundit on social issues, moral values, European historical dialogue, democracy. During her presidency she visited towns and villages to meet her constituents in person, received many thousands of letters yearly from Latvians. In April 2005, the United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan named Vīķe-Freiberga as a member of his team of global political leaders helping to promote his comprehensive reform agenda.

In September 2006, the three Baltic States announced her candidacy for the post of United Nations Secretary-General. Since the end of her presidency in July 2007, Dr. Vīķe-Freiberga has been participating as an invited speaker at a wide variety of international events, she is a founding member and curren