The Canadian War Museum is Canada's national museum of military history. Located in Ottawa, the museum covers all facets of Canada's military past, from the first recorded instances of death by armed violence in Canadian history several hundred years ago to the country's most recent involvement in conflicts, it includes major permanent exhibitions on wars that have been fought on Canadian soil, the total wars of the twentieth century, the Cold War and peace support operations abroad, Canada's history of honouring and remembrance. There is an open storage area displaying large objects from the Museum's collection, from naval guns to tanks, from motorcycles to jet aircraft; the exhibits depict Canada's military past in its personal and international dimensions, with emphasis on the human experience of war and the manner in which war has affected, been affected by, Canadians' participation. Much of the Museum's public exhibition space is devoted to its Canadian Experience Galleries; these displays demonstrate the effect that war has had on Canada's development and the role Canadians have played in international conflicts.
Their content is a mixture of about 2,500 objects from war art to armoured vehicles, as well as audio-visual displays and many hands-on activities. As well as the permanent galleries, the museum provides a changing program of temporary or focused exhibitions, plus public programs and special events; the CWM houses the Military History Research Centre, a leading library and archival research facility, a collection of about 500,000 artifacts, including uniforms, weapons, war art, military vehicles and artillery. Besides exhibitions, the Museum supports educational outreach such as Lest We Forget Project; the CWM originated in 1880. Its current building opened in May 2005 and is located less than 2 km west of Canada's Parliament Buildings; the building's architecture has received public acclaim. The CWM is part of the Canadian Museum of History Corporation, which operates the Canadian Museum of History, the Canadian Children's Museum, the Canadian Postal Museum, the Virtual Museum of New France.
The Museum originated in 1880 as a collection of military artifacts in the possession of the Canadian federal government, organized by militia officers of the Ottawa garrison. Its first facility was a series of rooms in the Cartier Square Drill Hall; the collection was adopted by the Public Archives of Canada. The Canadian War Museum was established in 1942; the collection of war artifacts gained its own dedicated facility in 1967 when it moved to the former Public Archives building on Sussex Drive in Ottawa. That location was too small for the Museum's growing post-war collection, most of, stored at a west-end Ottawa warehouse known as Vimy House. In the 1990s, the federal government made plans to relocate the War Museum to a new site east of central Ottawa, near the Canada Aviation Museum; the proposed site was criticized for its distance from the downtown core, a more prominent location on the Ottawa River was selected on LeBreton Flats, just west of Parliament Hill. The new location allowed for ceremonial processions between the National War Memorial and the new War Museum, was situated in an urban space soon to begin redevelopment.
The new facility, designed by a joint venture of Moriyama & Teshima Architects of Toronto and Griffiths Rankin Cook Architects of Ottawa, opened on 8 May 2005, the 60th anniversary of the end of the Second World War in Europe, or V-E Day, with new permanent exhibitions designed by Ottawa's Origin Studios and England's Haley Sharpe Associates. The new, modern building emerges from the ground just west of Booth Street and rises progressively higher at its eastern end, closest to Parliament Hill, its textured concrete walls and roof are somewhat reminiscent of a bunker, while a grass-covered roof is consistent with the Museum's theme of regeneration and its environmentally friendly design. The building rises in the east to a large fin, clad in copper that matches the rooftops of other prominent public buildings in the national capital; the small windows on the fin spell out in Morse code "Lest we forget" and its French equivalent, "N'oublions jamais". The copper used on the interior of the building was recovered from the Library of Parliament during refurbishment of the Library's roof in 2004.
On May 6 2005, Canada Post issued a 50¢ stamp, designed by Tiit Telmet and Marko Barac, honouring the opening of the new museum. In its first year of operation the museum attracted 500,000 visitors and in 2010 there were 470,000 visitors; the Canadian War Museum contains other important display spaces. This gallery explores the history of war on Canadian soil and the way in which armed conflict affected the evolution of the country and its peoples, it includes First Peoples warfare, the alliances and conflicts that marked the relationship between First Peoples and Europeans, the imperial rivalries that marked most of North America's early history. Content includes the Seven Years' War, the American Revolution, the War of 1812, conflicts in the Canadian West in 1870 and 1885. Canadian forces went abroad in 1899 and again in 1914 to fight in wars as part of the British Empire; this gallery covers the South African War and the First World War, ends with the Statute of Westminster, which granted Canada and the other dominions political autonomy within the Empire.
Clarence Alfred Gilyard Jr. is an American actor, college professor, author, featured in movies and regional theatre since 1980. He is sometimes credited as Clarence A. Gilyard. Gilyard is known for his roles as second private investigator and right-hand man Conrad McMasters to Ben Matlock on the legal drama series Matlock from 1989 to 1993. Clarence Alfred Gilyard Jr. was born into a military family in Moses Lake, Washington, on Christmas Eve, in 1955, the son of Clarence Gilyard Sr. a U. S. Air Force officer, his family was from New Orleans, Louisiana but Gilyard grew up on Air Force bases in Hawaii and Florida. Raised as a Lutheran, he became Catholic in the 1990s. During his young adulthood, Gilyard lived in the San Bernardino suburb of Rialto and attended Eisenhower High School, he was an excellent student, graduating in 1974, afterward spent a year as an Air Force Academy cadet before leaving the service to attend Sterling College. In college, he played football and he is a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity.
He received a tennis scholarship but dropped out of school before completing his studies. Gilyard is the second of six children, he has a younger brother who graduated from the Air Force Academy in 1985. Another brother, suffers from a moderate developmental disability and resides in an assisted-living residence. While living with his parents in his high school years, Gilyard was preoccupied with women and drugs, his parents urged him to move out and he relocated to Long Beach, California with a friend. He attended California State University, Long Beach, majored in acting, worked as a waiter while continually seeking acting opportunities, he would complete his bachelor's degree at California State University, Dominguez Hills. Gilyard worked with a housemate at a clothing store, where he was soon promoted to manager but, despite this success, he quit and found another job selling industrial chemicals, he has said. In 2003, Gilyard returned to school, receiving a Master of Fine Arts in theatre performance at Southern Methodist University.
He is an Associate Professor in the College of Fine Arts – Department of Theatre at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. In 1979, Gilyard moved to Los Angeles to become an actor, he became the first black actor to undertake the role of the cheerleader in the play Bleacher Bums before he segued into television roles. As a character actor, Gilyard has made guest appearances on TV shows such as Diff'rent Strokes, The Facts of Life, 227, Simon & Simon and Riptide. In 1982–1983, Gilyard was cast in the final season of the NBC TV series CHiPs as Officer Benjamin Webster, opposite Erik Estrada, he co-starred with Jim Carrey in The Duck Factory. He appeared in a commercial for McDonald's in 1987. Gilyard's movie debut in 1986 was as an F-14 Tomcat Radar Intercept Officer, LTJG Marcus "Sundown" Williams, in Top Gun, he was a military man in the 1986 film The Karate Kid Part II. He appeared in the 1988 action film Die Hard as a computer expert and thief, he appeared as Reverend Bruce Barnes Left Behind: The Movie and its sequel, Left Behind II: Tribulation Force.
He played the role of Ben Matlock's private investigator, Conrad McMasters, on Matlock, opposite Andy Griffith, from 1989 to 1993. He replaced Kene Holliday, fired for his dependency on drugs and alcohol. Gilyard appeared in every Matlock episode during his first three seasons on the show; when the show moved from NBC to ABC for the series' seventh season, production moved from Los Angeles, California to Wilmington, North Carolina. Andy Griffith suggested to Gilyard that he move there, which he did, before departing to work on a pilot for another series at CBS the following year. In 1993, he began another long-time co-starring role opposite Chuck Norris on Texas Ranger. Gilyard portrayed fellow Texas Ranger and best friend of James "Jimmy" Trivette; the show proved to be a big hit. Gilyard again enjoyed the chance to perform stunts; the chemistry between Norris & Gilyard made for memorable 1990s television and included Noble Willingham, who played C. D. Parker in the show's six seasons. All three actors were good friends off the set, esp.
Sheree J. Wilson. During a 2005 interview with A&E Biography, Gilyard said that Norris's Walker character was a cult-classic Western hero. Gilyard recalled that when he and Norris were growing up, other Westerns they watched had characters that served as surrogate father figures, he noted apart. Near the end of the Walker series, Norris's character married his longtime girlfriend, an assistant district attorney, while Gilyard's character was given a girlfriend. Gilyard remained in the Trivette role for the entire run of the series. Gilyard appeared in the 2005 television movie, Texas Ranger: Trial by Fire, but only had a cameo appearance because the filming schedule conflicted with a long-planned family vacation. On August 17, 2005, he gave his last interview. In 2012, Gilyard began appearing in films once again in independent projects. In 2014, Gilyard appeared in the religious film, "A Matter of Faith," which began releasing in theaters in the fall of 2014. In 2016, Gilyard began performing in the role of Hoak Colburn in
The Lower Saxony State Museum is a museum in Hanover, Germany. It is located opposite the New City Hall; the museum comprises the State Gallery, featuring paintings and sculptures from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, plus departments of archaeology, natural history and ethnology. The museum includes a vivarium with fish, amphibians and arthropods; the museum's forerunner was the Museum of Art and Science, inaugurated in 1856 in the presence of George V of Hanover. Based in the present-day Hanover Künstlerhaus, it was renamed the Museum of the Province of Hanover or Provincial Museum; the museum soon ran out of space for its art collections, prompting the construction of the current building, on the edge of the Maschpark, in 1902. It was designed by Hubert Stier in a Neo-Renaissance style; the building's relief frieze, titled "Key Moments in the Evolution of Humanity", was created by the Hanoverian artist Georg Herting in partnership with Karl Gundelach and Georg Küsthardt. It was renamed the State Museum in 1933, the Lower Saxony State Museum of Hanover in 1950.
The cupola above the central risalit was destroyed by Allied bombs during the war. Extensive renovations and modernisations were carried out in the building's interior from 1995 to 2000; the reopening took place on 13 May as part of Expo 2000. The State Gallery features art from the 11th to the 20th centuries; the collection includes German and Italian works from the Renaissance and the Baroque, 17th-century Flemish and Dutch paintings, Danish paintings from the 19th and 20th centuries, a print room featuring old German masters, Dutch drawings, 19th-century printworks, drawings by German Impressionists. Some of the best-known artists include Rembrandt and Albrecht Dürer; the gallery's other strengths include German and French Impressionist paintings, works by Max Liebermann, Lovis Corinth and Max Slevogt, major works from members of the Künstlerkolonie Worpswede group, such as Bernhard Hoetger, Fritz Overbeck, Otto Modersohn and Paula Modersohn-Becker. Caspar David Friedrich's four-piece Tageszeitenzyklus is the only complete such series by Friedrich in a single museum.'Der Tageszeitenzyklus' by Caspar David Friedrich The natural history department features, among other things, a life-sized model of a dinosaur, a vivarium with more than 2,000 native and exotic fish and reptiles.
The model dinosaur, an iguanodon, is not an accurate reconstruction by the standards of modern palaeontology, but has been integrated into an exhibition which shows the changing reconstructions of this species over time. The department has zoological, anthropological and geological exhibits on the primeval history of Lower Saxony's regions, including the Harz mountains, the heathlands, the North Sea coast; the Lower Saxony State Museum has a major archaeological collection, containing some unique finds. With over a million artifacts showing the economic and technological development of human settlement, the display covers 500,000 years of history, spanning the Early Stone Age to the late Middle Ages, from the early hunter-gatherer cultures to the blossoming of metropolitan life; the archaeology department is supported by the Lower Saxony State Society of Prehistory, its working group "Arbeitskreis... STEINZEIT"; the ethnological collection is among the oldest in German-speaking territory, includes around 20,000 artworks and everyday artefacts from all parts of the world.
A wide range of religions and cultures in America, Africa and Asia is displayed through the findings of explorers and ethnologists. The Lower Saxony State Museum hosts temporary exhibitions on changing themes; the museum offers its own pest control facility for infested artworks and artefacts, for use by private citizens. Heide Grape-Albers: Das Niedersächsische Landesmuseum Hannover 2002. 150 Jahre Museum in Hannover – 100 Jahre Gebäude am Maschpark. Festschrift commemorating the 100th anniversary of the Maschpark building. Lower Saxony State Museum, Hanover, 2002. ISBN 3-929444-29-1. Frühes Gold. Ur- und Frühgeschichtliche Goldfunde aus Niedersachsen. Lower Saxony State Museum, Oldenburg, 2003. ISBN 3-89995-066-6. Official website