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Canadian nationality law

Canadian nationality is regulated by the Citizenship Act since 1977. The Act determines, eligible to be, a citizen of Canada; the Act replaced the previous Canadian Citizenship Act in 1977 and has gone through four significant amendments, in 2007, 2009, 2015 and 2017. Canadian citizenship is obtained by birth in Canada on the principle of jus soli, or birth abroad when at least one parent is a Canadian citizen or by adoption by at least one Canadian citizen under the rules of jus sanguinis, it can be granted to a permanent resident who has lived in Canada for a period of time through naturalization. Immigration and Citizenship Canada is the department of the federal government responsible for citizenship-related matters, including confirmation, grant and revocation of citizenship. On 19 June 2017, the Act has been amended for a fourth time by the 42nd Canadian Parliament. A set of changes has taken effect throughout 2017 and 2018 as a result with regard to naturalization requirements and citizenship deprivation procedures.

After Canadian Confederation was achieved in 1867, the new Dominion's "nationality law" closely mirrored that of the United Kingdom and all Canadians were classified as British subjects. Section 91 of the British North America Act, 1867, passed by the British Parliament in London, gave the Parliament of Canada authority over "Naturalization and Aliens"; the Immigration Act, 1910, for example, created the status of "Canadian citizen". This distinguished those British subjects who were born, naturalized, or domiciled in Canada from those who were not, but was only applied for the purpose of determining whether someone was free of immigration controls; the Naturalization Act, 1914, increased the period of residence required to qualify for naturalization in Canada as a British subject from three years to five years. A separate additional status of "Canadian national" was created under the Canadian Nationals Act, 1921, with the immediate purpose of securing Canadian participation in the newly created Court of International Justice, but with the broader aim "to define a particular class of British subjects who, in addition to having all the rights and all the obligations of British subjects, have particular rights because of the fact that they are Canadians".

Its purpose was "to recognize, a Canadian and, not". Canadian independence from Britain was obtained incrementally between 1867 and 1982. In 1931, the Statute of Westminster provided that the United Kingdom would have no legislative authority over Dominions without the request and consent of that Dominion's government to have a British law become part of the law of the Dominion; the law left the British North America Acts within the purview of the British parliament, because the federal government and the provinces could not agree on an amending formula for the Canadian constitution. When, in 1982, the British and Canadian parliaments produced the mutual Canada Act 1982 and Constitution Act 1982, which included a constitutional amendment process, the UK ceased to have any legislative authority whatsoever over Canada. By the 1930s and the outbreak of World War II, Canada's naturalization laws consisted of a hodgepodge of confusing acts, which still retained the term "British subject" as the nationality and citizenship of "Canadian nationals".

This conflicted with the nationalism that arose following the First and Second World Wars, the accompanying desire to have the Dominion of Canada's sovereign status reflected in distinct national symbols. This, plus the muddled nature of existing nationality law, prompted the enactment of the Canadian Citizenship Act, 1946, which took effect on 1 January 1947. On that date, Canadian citizenship was conferred on British subjects who were born, naturalized or domiciled in Canada. Subsequently, on 1 April 1949, the Act was extended to Newfoundland, upon the former British Dominion joining the Canadian confederation as the province of Newfoundland; the 1947 Act was revised again on 15 February 1977, when the new Citizenship Act came into force. From that date, multiple citizenship became legal. However, those who had lost Canadian citizenship before that date did not automatically have it restored until 17 April 2009, when Bill C-37 became law; the 2009 act limited the issuance of citizenship to children born outside Canada to Canadian ancestors to one generation abroad.

Bill C-24 in 2015 further granted Canadian citizenship to British subjects with ties to Canada but who did not qualify for Canadian citizenship in 1947. There are four ways. Among them, only citizenship by birth is granted automatically with limited exceptions, while citizenship by descent or adoption is acquired automatically if the specified conditions have been met. Citizenship by grant, on the other hand, must be approved by the Minister of Immigration and Citizenship. In general, persons born in Canada on or after 1 January 1947 (or 1 April 1949

William Juxon

William Juxon was an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death. Juxon was the son of Robert Juxon and was born in Chichester, educated at the local grammar school, The Prebendal School, he went on to Merchant Taylors' School, St John's College, where he was elected to a scholarship in 1598. Juxon studied law at Oxford, but afterwards took holy orders, in 1609 became vicar of St Giles' Church, where he stayed until he became rector of Somerton, Oxfordshire in 1615. In December 1621, he succeeded his friend, William Laud, as President of St John's College, in 1626 and 1627 he was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford. Juxon soon obtained other important positions, including that in 1632 of Clerk of the Closet to King Charles I. In 1627, he was made Dean of Worcester and in 1632 he was nominated to the See of Hereford and resigned the presidency of St John's in January 1633. Though he became Bishop of Hereford by the confirmation of his election in late July 1633, he never took up duties at Hereford, as in October 1633 he was consecrated Bishop of London in succession to Laud.

In March 1636 Charles I entrusted Juxon with important secular duties by making him Lord High Treasurer of England as well as First Lord of the Admiralty. He resigned the treasurership in May 1641. During the Civil War, the bishop, against whom no charges were brought in parliament, lived undisturbed at Fulham Palace, his advice was sought by the king, who had a high opinion of him. The king selected Juxon to be with him on the scaffold and to offer him the last rites before his execution. Juxon was deprived of his bishopric in 1649 and retired to Little Compton in Gloucestershire, where he had bought an estate, became famous as the owner of a pack of hounds. At the restoration of Charles II, letters missive were issued naming Juxon Archbishop of Canterbury; the congé d'élire was issued the next day and the chapter of Canterbury duly elected him on 13 September. The king's assent to the election was given on 15 September and the confirmation of Juxon's election was held in the Henry VII Chapel of Westminster Abbey on 20 September 1660.

He was enthroned at Canterbury on 25 September. Juxon, as Archbishop of Canterbury took part in the new king's coronation, but his health soon began to fail and he died at Lambeth in 1663. By his will the archbishop was a benefactor to St John's College. Juxon House, which stands north-west of St Paul's Cathedral at the top of Ludgate Hill in London and forms part of the Paternoster Square development, is named after him. Juxon Street on land at Walton Manor owned by St John's College in the inner-city suburb of Jericho, Oxford, is named after him as is another Juxon Street at Lambeth Walk, close to Juxon's former residence at Lambeth Palace; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Juxon, William". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15. Cambridge University Press. P. 618. Hutton, William Holden. "Juxon, William". Dictionary of National Biography. 30

Before Obscurity: The Bushflow Tapes

Before Obscurity: The Bushflow Tapes is a 2009 album/CD by the Ohioan experimental rock band music Tin Huey. It was released by the independent record label Smog Veil Records and consists of unreleased studio live material that date between 1974 and 1979. A few of the songs on it were featured on their last two albums, but the version of these on here is live. Another song would also be performed by The Waitresses and "The Comb" features Chris Butler and the late Patty Donahue. "Bushflow" in the title refers to the late Mark Price's Akron-based Bushflow Studio where these recordings were made. The liner notes were written by Robert Christgau, a longtime fan of Tin Huey, his wife. "Heat Night" 3:42 "Slide" 3:11 "The Comb" 3:46 "Right Now, Betty White" 7:05 "Sister Rose" 2:17 "Ice 9 Hop" 2:14 "Pink Berets" 3:15 "Jazz Tune" 3:11 "Reml" 1:57 "Armadillo" 2:42 "Closet Bears" 2:45 "The Farm" 3:04 "Hoseanna" 3:52 "I Wanna Be Your Dog" 4:52 "Zebra Operation" 5:02 "Socks Up" 5:59 "Von Kleist and The Blimp" 2:55 "Return Engagement" 6:35

Aunt Trude from Buxtehude

Aunt Trude from Buxtehude is a 1971 West German comedy film directed by Franz Josef Gottlieb and starring Rudi Carrell, Ilja Richter, Theo Lingen. It was one of several German films in the wake of Some Like It Hot that used cross-dressing as a comic theme; the film's sets were designed by Eberhard Schröder. Some of the film was shot in the Austrian city of Salzburg, it featured a number of songs performer by leading singers of the era. A group of friends try to recover a safety deposit box key, sewn into some old clothes and sold, they track down the clothes to a ski resort but are unsure who has the key. Tante Jutta aus Hans-Michael; the Concise Cinegraph: Encyclopaedia of German Cinema. New York: Berghahn Books. ISBN 978-1-57181-655-9. Aunt Trude from Buxtehude on IMDb Aunt Trude from Buxtehude is available for free download at the Internet Archive

Timberlane, Louisiana

Timberlane is a census-designated place in Jefferson Parish, United States. The population was 10,243 at the 2010 census, it is part of the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area. Timberlane is located at 29°52′49″N 90°1′46″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,405 people, 4,017 households, 3,101 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 5,340.4 people per square mile. There were 4,159 housing units at an average density of 1,947.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 65.71% White, 23.49% African American, 0.72% Native American, 4.57% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.12% from other races, 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.68% of the population. There were 4,017 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.8% were non-families.

18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.20. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $49,278, the median income for a family was $55,573. Males had a median income of $38,714 versus $25,370 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,674. About 7.2% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over. Residents are assigned to schools in the Jefferson Parish Public Schools system. Schools that serve Timberlane for elementary school are Solis. Schools that serve Timberlane for middle school are Gretna Livaudais.

Portions of Timberlane are within the zones of West Jefferson High School. In regards to advanced studies academies, residents are zoned to the Gretna Academy

Friedrich August Wolf

Friedrich August Wolf was a German Classicist and is considered the founder of modern Philology. He was born near Nordhausen, his father was organist. In grammar school, he studied Latin and Greek as well as French, Italian and music. In 1777, after two years of independent study, at the age of eighteen, Wolf went to the University of Göttingen. Legend has it that he chose to enroll in the department of "philology", despite the fact that the university had none, his enrollment was nonetheless accepted as submitted. At the time Christian Gottlob Heyne was a member of the faculty. Heyne excluded Wolf from his lectures, criticized Wolf's views on Homer. Wolf was pursued his studies through the university's library. From 1779 to 1783, he taught at Osterode, he published an edition of Plato's Symposium, in 1783, he was awarded a chair at the University of Halle in Prussia. It was in Halle, with the support of ministers serving under Frederick the Great, that Wolf first laid down the principles of the field he would call "Philology".

He defined philology as the study of human nature. Its methods include the examination of the history, writing and other examples of ancient cultures, it combines the study of history and language, through interpretation, in which history and linguistics coalesce into an organic whole. This was the ideal of Wolf's philological seminarium at Halle. During Wolf's time at Halle he published his commentary on the Leptines of Demosthenes, which influenced his student Philipp August Böckh, he published The Public Economy of Athens, Prolegomena ad Homerum. The publication of the latter led to accusations of plagiarism by Heyne; the Halle professorship ended after the French invasion of 1806. He relocated to Berlin, he died on the road to Marseille, was buried there. Hermeneutics Reinhard Markner, "Friedrich August Wolf. Eine Bibliographie."