New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Skaneateles Lake is one of the Finger Lakes in central New York in the United States. The name Skaneateles means long lake in one of the local Iroquoian languages; the lake is sometimes referred to as "The Roof Garden of the Lakes" because its altitude is higher than the other Finger Lakes. It is 16 mi long and on average 0.75 mi wide, with a surface area of 13.6 sq mi, a maximum depth of 315 ft. The cleanest of the Finger Lakes, its water is so pure that the city of Syracuse and other municipalities use it unfiltered; the City of Syracuse spends about $2.3 million a year to protect lake quality, sixteen people inspecting each of the 2600 properties in the watershed, small, compared to other Finger Lakes. The lake is the second cleanest lake in the United States as measured by dissolved nitrogen, after Crater Lake in Oregon. William Henry Seward called it "The most beautiful body of water in the world." The shores of Skaneateles Lake are in three counties: Onondaga and Cortland. The village of Skaneateles is in Onondaga County.
Summer cottages appeared in 1881, increasing to more than 2000 residences around the lake in 2002. New homes now are built for year-round occupancy rather than summer use and many summer cottages are replaced; the transient and seasonal population of this tourist destination and summer resort surges during the warmer months. Skaneateles is noted for amenities. Skaneateles Lake is separated from two other nearby Finger Lakes and Owasco, by ridges some 600 feet above the waters, affording magnificent prospects on both sides. Much of the highland terrain is forested, with several large public preserves. Once more cultivated, this region was known for the teasel industry until 1930. Teasels were employed commercially by woolen mills to raise the nap on the material. Although some dairy farms remain in the highlands remaining in the same family after many generations, much of the land no longer serves agriculture. There is some experimention with introduction of vineyards, which have proved so successful on the more western Finger Lakes.
Skaneateles Lake, however, at elevation 863 feet, may offer a less salubrious microclimate than larger and lower lakes, like Cayuga Lake, at elevation 382 feet. Landmarks and scenic features appear around the lake. Many historic buildings enhance the village of Skaneateles. Carpenter's Falls are near the hamlet of New Hope about one mile inland from the southwest shore of the Lake, they lie in a nature preserve. The historic New Hope Mill is nearby. Opposite Carpenter Point is a favorite picnic destination; the southern end of the lake, bounded by high hills differs in character from the north. Glen Haven, a hamlet located there, once featured a large resort hotel but now offers smaller visitor accommodations and seasonal dining. On the west side, the high Town of Niles, New York provides scenic prospects. On the east side, the high Town of Spafford, New York offers panoramic views. Between these towns lies deep Glen Haven valley in the Town of Scott, New York, in the third county; the hamlet of Borodino in Spafford retains an 1830 church, little altered, in the Federal style and noted as a center of the abolitionist movement where Frederick Douglass spoke.
The lake has long been popular for recreational sailing. Regattas with yachts from other lakes as well as Skaneateles began in 1847; the Skaneateles Country Club now has a boating center. The Lightning, a racing dinghy, was produced in Skaneateles, as was the Comet. There are other commercial facilities on the lake shore. Controls are stringent. There is a New York state public boat launch site on the lake's west side just south of the Skaneateles Country Club marina. On the west side of the lake, about 6 miles south of the Skaneateles Country Club Marina, in the hamlet Mandana, lies the Skaneateles Marina; the town of Spafford has a public boat launch near Borodino on the east side of the lake about four miles south of the Skaneateles Sailing Club. Glen Haven, at the head of the lake, offers a docking. Cruises are available from the village. A mailboat serving cottages along the lake carries passengers. In its 2012 Angler Diary, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation cites thirteen species of fish that live in Skaneateles Lake.
These species include: rainbow trout, lake trout, lake whitefish, landlocked salmon, smallmouth bass, rock bass, chain pickerel, yellow perch, brown bullhead and common carp. The lake trout are reproducing, while 20,000 rainbow trout and 9,000 landlocked salmon are stocked annually. A large die-off of bass in the spring of 2007 was confirmed to be due to viral hemorrhagic septicema, a virus-caused fish disease that has killed millions of fish in the Great Lakes since its presence was noticed in the region in 2005; this is the second of the Finger Lakes found to be contaminated with the virus, after its presence was detected in the westernmost of the Finger Lakes, Conesus Lake, in 2006. The virus and disease are not a threat to human health, but the state of New York is working to slow its spread to other lakes. New state bait regulations were announced on June 6, 2007, aimed at curbing the spread of VHS. VHS can be spread between bodies of water through live or frozen bait fish, live wells, ballast water, among other ways.
Ontario County, New York
Ontario County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,931; the county seat is Canandaigua. Ontario County is part of NY Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2006, Progressive Farmer rated Ontario County as the "Best Place to Live" in the U. S. for its "great schools, low crime, excellent health care" and its proximity to Rochester. This area was long controlled by the Seneca people, one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee, they were forced to cede most of their land to the United States after the American Revolutionary War. When the English established counties in New York Province in 1683, they designated Albany County as including all the northern part of New York State, the present State of Vermont, and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. On July 3, 1766 Cumberland County was organized, on March 16, 1770 Gloucester County was founded, both containing territory now included in the state of Vermont; the English claims were their assertion.
As New York was more settled in the 18th century, the colonial government organized additional counties, but European settlement did not proceed far west past Little Falls, New York, about halfway through the Mohawk Valley, until after the revolutionary war. This area was ostsenibly part of Montgomery County, renamed after the war for an American officer. Seth Reed, a Colonel in the Battle of Bunker Hill, moved here with his family as a pioneer between 1787 and 1795. See Geneva, New YorkLand-hungry settlers from New England swept into upstate and western New York after the Revolution, as nearly five million acres of new lands were available for purchase since the Iroquois were forced to cede most of their territories to the United States. Four tribes had allied with the British and were resettled in Canada: the Mohawk, Onondaga and Cayuga. Transfer of what is now Ontario County to New York formally took effect in 1789, when native title was extinguished and the county was formally established to govern the lands of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase the year prior.
The territory first organized as Ontario County was much larger than at present and ran south from the shore of Lake Ontario. As the area was settled, new counties were organized; the following counties were organized from this territory in the first decades after the war: Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe, Orleans, Steuben and Yates counties, parts of Schuyler and Wayne counties. In 1796, Ontario County was divided and Steuben County was organized. In 1802, Ontario County was reduced; the new county was very large, including the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Niagara and Wyoming Counties and parts of Livingston and Monroe counties. In 1821, portions of Genesee County were combined with portions of Ontario County to create Livingston and Monroe counties. In 1823, a portion of Seneca County was combined with a portion of Ontario County to create Wayne County; the same year, a portion of Steuben County was combined with a portion of Ontario County to create Yates County. This frontier area was part of the evangelistic activities during the Second Great Awakening of the early 19th century, when Baptist and Congregational preachers traveled and organized revivals and camp meetings.
In addition, independent sects developed in central and western New York during this period, including the Church of Latter Day Saints and the Shakers. Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, lived in Manchester in the 1820s on the border with Palmyra. Several events in the early history of the movement occurred in Ontario County. Hill Cumorah in Manchester is where Smith said he discovered the Golden plates said to contain the writings known as the Book of Mormon. Smith visited the hill each year on the fall equinox between 1823 and 1827, claimed to be instructed by the Angel Moroni. Smith said he was permitted to take the record on September 22, 1827, he published the Book of Mormon in Palmyra in 1830. The 110-foot hill is on the main road toward Canandaigua from Palmyra to Manchester. Since the 1930s The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has held the Hill Cumorah Pageant annually here, it attracts thousands to its performances. The church maintains a visitors' center at the hill, the Palmyra New York Temple, the former Smith property and homes.
The latter property straddles the border between Wayne counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 663 square miles, of which 644 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Ontario County is in western New York State, east of Buffalo, southeast of Rochester, northwest of Ithaca; the county is within the Finger Lakes Region of the state. Wayne County - north Seneca County - east Yates County - south Steuben County - southwest Livingston County - west Monroe County - northwest The county is governed by an elected Board of Supervisors, uses the Board-Administrator system, hiring a professional County Administrator; the Board of Supervisors has twenty-one members: one is elected from each Town, two from the city of Canandaigua and three from the city of Geneva. As of 2004, the county government has over 800 full-time employees, a budget of $136 million; the county is similar in its p
Otisco Lake is the easternmost of New York's eleven Finger Lakes. The 2,048-acre lake is located in southwest of the city of Syracuse. Otisco Lake's name may have been derived from the Iroquois name for the lake's outlet, Nine Mile Creek, Us-te-ke, meaning "bitter-nut-hickory". At least one older map, published in 1825, has the name spelled as "Ostisco"; the name may have been derived from the word ostickney, meaning "waters much dried away", or from the Onondaga word ostick, meaning "the water is low". Prior to European settlement, the lake was used by the Onondaga people for seasonal fishing and hunting, however no permanent settlements were known to exist. After the Revolutionary War, lands surrounding Otisco Lake were given to soldiers as payment for their service in the war; the first house was erected near the head of Otisco Lake by Oliver Tuttle in 1804, in what is today the Town of Otisco. In 1869, Otisco Lake was made larger with the construction of a dam near the lake's outlet, which enabled the lake to be used as a reservoir for the Erie Canal.
The dam's construction raised lake levels by nine feet, flooded a road at the southern end of the lake. To re-build the road, a causeway was built out of hemlock logs; the causeway was damaged by storms and allowed to deteriorate before being reconstructed in 1983. Otisco Lake has been used as a source for public drinking water for residents in the southern and western half of Onondaga County since 1908. In 1909, lake levels were increased by an additional four feet when the dam was raised to increase the lake's capacity. Today, the lake's use as a public water supply is managed by the Onondaga County Water Authority. In 2011, Otisco Lake provided 17,280,000 US gallons of water per day. Otisco Lake is 5.4 miles long and 0.75 miles wide at its widest point. The lake reaches a maximum depth of 66 feet, it can hold 21 billion US gallons of water. The lake's outflow enters first Onondaga Lake via Nine Mile Creek and Lake Ontario via the Seneca and Oswego rivers. Otisco Lake is located within Onondaga County and is bordered by the towns of Marcellus and Spafford.
Its watershed covers 38.7 square miles of rural land. Forty-two percent of the watershed is agricultural, 33% is forested and 9% is shrubland. Wetlands and open water account for 13% of the watershed. Nearly half of the homes within the lake's watershed are located near the lake's shore. According to the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Otisco Lake is affected by nonpoint source pollution from agriculture, residential land use and streambank erosion. Pollution from these sources includes pesticides and fertilizers, sedimentation from erosion and poor tillage practices, runoff from septic systems and construction sites; the lake is experiencing severe problems brought on by zebra mussels which were introduced to the lake water via boaters. Closest of the Finger Lakes to the City of Syracuse, the lake is a popular recreational destination in the summer. On the first day of bass season around the end of the second week in June, an annual fishing derby is held. A county park and a public boat launch are available for public use, two private boat launches are located along the southeastern portion of the lake.
Onondaga County Parks: Otisco Lake Park Onondaga County Water Authority
The Finger Lakes are a group of 11 long, narrow north–south lakes in an area informally called the Finger Lakes region in Central New York, in the United States. This region straddles the northern and transitional edge, known as the Finger Lakes Uplands and Gorges ecoregion, of the Northern Allegheny Plateau and the Ontario Lowlands ecoregion of the Great Lakes Lowlands; the geological term finger lake refers to a long, narrow lake in an overdeepened glacial valley, while the proper name Finger Lakes goes back to the late 19th century. Cayuga and Seneca Lakes are among the deepest in the United States - 435 feet and 618 feet respecitvely - with bottoms well below sea level. Though none of the lakes' width exceeds 3.5 miles, Seneca Lake is 38.1 miles long, 66.9 square miles, the largest in total area. The origin of the name Finger Lakes is uncertain; the oldest known published use of finger lakes for this group of 11 lakes is in a United States Geological Survey paper by Thomas Chamberlin, published in 1883.
This paper was cited and Finger Lakes formally used as a proper name by R. S. Tarr in a Geological Society of America paper published in 1893. Older usage of Finger Lakes in either maps, reports, or any other documents remains to be verified; the 11 Finger Lakes, from east to west, are: Otisco Lake Skaneateles Lake Owasco Lake Cayuga Lake Seneca Lake Keuka Lake Canandaigua Lake Honeoye Lake Canadice Lake Hemlock Lake Conesus LakeOnondaga Lake to the east, although smaller, is sometimes called "the 12th Finger Lake", because it is similar in shape. It is in Appalachian hill terrain, with a historic village linked to other Finger Lakes by US 20, it may have been formed in the same manner as the Finger Lakes, as satellite photos show three valleys similar in character and spacing to the Finger Lakes east of Otisco Lake. The first is the Tully Valley, which includes a chain of small lakes at the south end that could be a "Finger Lake" that never formed because of a terminal moraine; the moraine caused the Tioughnioga River to flow south instead of north, the opposite of the Finger Lakes' waters.
The next two valleys to the east contain Butternut Creek, which flows north, the East Branch of the Tioughnioga River, which flows south. The next valley contains Limestone Creek; the next valley after that contains Cazenovia Lake. Oneida Lake, to the northeast of Syracuse, New York, is sometimes included as the "thumb", although it is shallow and somewhat different in character from the rest. Onondaga Lake, though just north of the Finger Lakes region, is not considered one of the Finger Lakes; as with Oneida and Cazenovia Lakes, it drains into the St. Lawrence River. Chautauqua Lake, Findley Lake and Kinzua Lake to the west are not considered Finger Lakes. Conesus, Canadice and Otisco are considered the minor Finger Lakes. Other, smaller lakes, including Silver and Lamoka lakes, dot this region. Silver Lake, west of Conesus Lake, would seem to qualify because it is in the Great Lakes watershed, but Waneta and Lamoka lakes are part of the Susquehanna River watershed as they drain into a tributary of the Chemung River.
East of Oneida and Cazenovia Lakes are the headwaters of the Susquehanna River and Hudson River watersheds. The 2,000-acre muckland of a valley in Potter, New York, part of Torrey Farms, was a 12th Finger Lake, as the waterline is just below the surface, it lies between Lakes Canandaigua and Seneca, was once a swamp. These glacial finger lakes originated. Around two million years ago, the first of many continental glaciers of the Laurentide Ice Sheet moved southward from the Hudson Bay area, initiating the Pleistocene glaciation; these scouring glaciers widened and accentuated the existing river valleys. Glacial debris terminal moraine left behind by the receding ice, acted as dams, allowing lakes to form. Despite the deep erosion of the valleys, the surrounding uplands show little evidence of glaciation, suggesting the ice was thin, or at least unable to cause much erosion at these higher altitudes; the deep cutting by the ice left some tributaries hanging high above the lakes—both Seneca and Cayuga have tributaries hanging as much as 120 m above the valley floors.
Much of the Finger Lakes area lies upon the Marcellus Shale and the Utica Shale, two prominent natural gas reserves. Due to the recent increase in fracking technology, the natural gas is now accessible to extraction. While some large landowners have leased their lands, a number of small landowners would like to follow suit, many residents of the Finger Lakes oppose the fracking process due to concerns about groundwater contamination and the industrial impact of the extraction related activities; the first direct actions and local legislative actions against fracking occurred in the Finger Lakes bioregion. In December 2014, the government of New York banned all fracking in the state, citing pollution risks; the Finger Lakes region contains evidence of pre-Iroquois habitation, such as The Bluff Point Stoneworks, but little is known about who may have constructed these enigmatic structures. The Finger Lakes region is a central part of the Iroquois homeland; the Iroquois tribes include the Seneca and Cayuga nations, for which the two largest Finger Lakes are named.
The Tuscarora tribe lived in the Finger Lakes region as well, from ca. 1720. The Onondaga and Oneida tribes lived at the
Canandaigua Lake is the fourth largest of the Finger Lakes in the U. S. state of New York. The City of Canandaigua is located at the northern end of the lake and the village of Naples is several miles south of the southern end. Traveling west to east in the Finger Lakes region, it is the first of the major Finger Lakes; the name Canandaigua is derived from the Seneca name spelled variously Kanandarque, Ganondagan, Ga-nun-da-gwa, or in a modern transcription, tganǫdæ:gwęh, which means "the chosen spot", or "at the chosen town". Canandaigua Lake is 15.5 miles long, 1.5 miles wide, has a shoreline of 35.9 miles. Near the northern end is Squaw Island. About fifty percent of the surrounding land is in forest, but most of the remainder is under cultivation. Of 35.9 miles of shoreline, 34.7 miles are private and 1.2 miles are public. Canandaigua Lake is known for its water quality; the lake is the sole source of drinking water for the town and city of Canandaigua, located on the northern end of the lake, in addition to serving the communities of Rushville, Canandaigua and Gorham township as their main public supplier of water.
In April 2013, the drinking water was entered into a competition held by the New York section of American Water Works Association, in which it was voted the best drinking water in New York State. The lake's water is well-oxygenated, allowing fish to live in both deep areas; the water is very clear, allowing visibility of the bottom up to 30 to 50 feet below the surface. Squaw Island is located at the north end of the lake, it is the smallest Fish and Wildlife Management Area in New York State and one of only two islands in the eleven Finger Lakes. The Seneca recall that the island was used to hide the Seneca women and children during the Sullivan Expedition against the Six Nations of the Iroquois in 1779; the island exhibits an rare form of carbonate of lime forms deposits on pebbles. It is a feathery light rock, calcified from algae filtered by sand and pond scum; the rock, locally called "water biscuits", crumbles if allowed to dry out. In recent years the island has been eroding from the forces of ice, water currents and development changing the wave patterns.
In 1977, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation installed a cedar log buffer around the island to help preserve it. Its size two acres in 1853, shrank by 75% in 162 years, to about 0.25 acres in 1971. Today only 55 feet by 145 feet of the island remains. A newly formed group called the Squaw Island Preservation Society has raised citizen support to protect the island and its unique place in science and local history, after state officials said they would no longer maintain it. Work on the preservation was completed in Summer 2001; the first steamboat in the Finger Lakes region was the Enterprise, launched in 1825. Canandaigua Lake's steamboat era ran from 1827 with the launching of the Lady of the Lake and ended in 1935 when the Idler discontinued passenger service. There were fourteen major boats. Today, the Canandaigua Lady, a 19th-century replica of a double-decked paddleboat, continues this tradition; the Native Americans and white settlers signed the Treaty of Canandaigua just north of the lake.
This parchment, in the Memorial Museum, has the names of a number of famous Indian chiefs including Red Jacket, Handsome Lake, Farmer's Brother, Fish Carrier. The lake is a popular second home destination for families from nearby Rochester, New York, as well as other parts of the Northeast; the lake has been well documented as the second most expensive lake front property in the United States. Canandaigua Lake State Marine Park is located in the City of Canandaigua on the lake's north end, it offers a boat launch for powerboats and fishing access from May to mid-October. Sonnenberg Gardens and Mansion State Historic Park is located near the north end of the lake. County Road 12 into Naples, New York at the south end of the lake, known for its views of the lake and is a favorite of fall travelers. Along the road is the new South Bristol Overlook; the Canandaigua Wine Trail, a collection of wineries, bed & breakfasts, attractions and restaurants around Canandaigua Lake. The Canandaigua Lady, a double-decker paddle wheel boat and steamboat replica that offers public cruises on Canandaigua Lake from May through October.
Fishing is popular. The lake is home to a few species of salmonids, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, chain pickerel, panfish, including yellow perch, blue gills, rock bass, black crappie and bullheads. Carp can close to stream beds filtering into the lake. Bowfishing and spearfishing is prohibited on the lake. Fisherman can sometimes be seen hooking mudpuppies, a large member of the salamander family that live their lives underwater and feed on crayfish, small fish, snails, they can grow to up to 16 inches in length and have gills that protrude from outside of their bodies. Four public access points are located on Canandaigua Lake. Five marinas are located on Canandaigua Lake and offer boat storage, sales and provide boat access. Sutter's Marina and Seager Marine are located at the north end, German Brothers Marina on the west side of the lake, Pelican Point Marina on the east side, Smith Boys at the south end. Humphrey Bogart spent several summers at his parents' Canandai