Candlestick Park

Candlestick Park was an outdoor sports and entertainment stadium on the West Coast of the United States, located in San Francisco's Bayview Heights area. The stadium was the home of Major League Baseball's San Francisco Giants, who played there from 1960 until moving into Pacific Bell Park in 2000, it was the home field of the San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League from 1971 through 2013. The 49ers moved to Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara for the 2014 season; the last event held at Candlestick was a concert by Paul McCartney in August 2014, the demolition of the stadium was completed in September 2015. As of 2019, the site is planned to be redeveloped into office space; the stadium was situated at Candlestick Point on the western shore of San Francisco Bay. Candlestick Point was named for the "Candlestick birds". Due to Candlestick Park's location next to the bay, strong winds swirled down into the stadium, creating unusual playing conditions. At the time of its construction in the late 1950s, the stadium site was one of the few pieces of land available in the city, suitable for a sports stadium and had space for the 10,000 parking spaces promised to the Giants.

The surface of the field for most of its existence was natural bluegrass, but for nine seasons, from 1970 to 1978, the stadium had artificial turf. A "sliding pit" configuration, with dirt cut-outs only around the bases, was installed in 1971 to keep the dust down in the breezy conditions. Following the 1978 football season, the playing surface was restored to natural grass; when the New York Giants arrived in San Francisco in 1958, they played their home games at the old Seals Stadium at 16th and Bryant Streets. As part of the agreement regarding the Giants' relocation to the West Coast, the city of San Francisco promised to build a new stadium for the team. Most of the land at Candlestick Point was purchased from a local contractor. Harney purchased the land in 1952 for industrial development, he made a profit of over $2 million. Harney received a no-bid contract to build the stadium; the entire deal was the subject of a grand jury investigation in 1958. Ground was broken in 1958 for the stadium and the Giants selected the name of Candlestick Park, after a name-the-park contest on March 3, 1959.

Prior to the choice of the name, its construction site had been shown on maps as the generic Bay View Stadium. It was the first modern baseball stadium, as it was the first to be built of reinforced concrete. Then-Vice President Richard Nixon threw out the ceremonial first pitch on the opening day of Candlestick Park on April 12, 1960, the Oakland Raiders played the final three games of the 1960 season and their entire 1961 American Football League season at Candlestick. With only 77 home runs hit in 1960, the fences were moved in, from left-center to right-center, for the 1961 season. Following the 1970 season, the first with AstroTurf, Candlestick was enclosed, with grandstands around the outfield; this was in preparation for the 49ers in 1971, who were moving from their long-time home of Kezar Stadium. The result was that the wind speed dropped marginally, but swirled irregularly throughout the stadium, the view of San Francisco Bay was lost. Candlestick played host to two Major League Baseball All-Star Games in its life as home for the Giants.

The stadium hosted the first of two games in 1961 and hosted the 1984 All-Star Game. The Giants played a total of six postseason series at Candlestick; the 49ers hosted eight NFC Championship games during their time at Candlestick. The first was in January 1982 when Dwight Clark caught a game-winning touchdown pass from Joe Montana to lead the 49ers to their first Super Bowl by defeating the Dallas Cowboys. Clark's play went down as one of the more famous in football history, was dubbed "The Catch"; the last of these came in January 2012, when Lawrence Tynes kicked a field goal in overtime to defeat the 49ers and send the New York Giants to their fifth Super Bowl. The most recent postseason game hosted by the 49ers at Candlestick was the Divisional Playoff matchup between the 49ers and the Green Bay Packers, won by the 49ers by a score of 45-31; the 49ers' record in NFC Championship games at Candlestick was 4-4. Their losses came against the Cowboys in 1992, the Giants in 1990 and 2011, the Packers in 1997.

In addition to Clark's famous touchdown catch, two more plays referred to as "The Catch" took place during games at Candlestick. The play dubbed "The Catch II" came in the 1998 Wild Card round, as Steve Young found Terrell Owens for a touchdown with eight seconds left to defeat the two-time defending NFC Champion Packers; the play called "The Catch III" came in the 2011 Divisional Playoffs, when Alex Smith threw a touchdown pass to Vernon Davis with nine seconds remaining to provide the winning margin against the New Orleans Saints. On October 17, 1989, the Loma Prieta earthquake struck San Francisco, minutes before Game 3 of the World Series was to begin at Candlestick. No one within the stadium was injured. Al Michaels and Tim McCarver, who called the game for ABC credited the stadium's design for saving thousands of lives. An ESPN documentary about the earthquake revealed that the local stadium authority demanded that Candlestick Park undertake a major engineering project t

Southwell, Dorset

Southwell is a small coastal village in Tophill on the Isle of Portland, Dorset. As Portland and Dorset's southern-most village, it lies between Portland Bill and the villages of Easton and Weston. Though close to the Bill, the village is sheltered by hills on three sides, it is the only village on Portland not to be designated a conservation area. The Great Southwell Landslip, named after the village, remains Britain's second largest recorded historical landslide on the east side of Portland, occurring in 1734, between Durdle Pier and Freshwater Bay, at a distance of one and a half miles. Southwell has medieval origins, was established around a natural watercourse and various springs, it is that the Romans developed the village water sources. The various archaeological finds around the village include Iron Age earth defences and Roman stone sarcophagi; the village grew with agricultural industry, was surrounded by strip fields known as lawnsheds. From the 1840s onwards Portland saw a large increase within its population, due to the construction of Portland Harbour's Breakwaters.

The island's wells and ponds could not cope, so in 1890 work began on the digging of a deep shaft at Southwell for a new water supply. The work continued until May 1895, however the shaft was dug too deep, the water turned brackish, the scheme has to be abandoned; the shaft, 200 feet deep, still remains underground today. Southwell retained its small community throughout the 19th century. In 1879, the Avalanche Memorial Church known as the Church of St Andrew, was built within the village. At the turn of the 20th-century, some of the village's surrounding fields would be destroyed by inland quarrying. Despite this there are remaining examples between the village, Portland Bill. With the outbreak of World War II, a number of heavy anti-aircraft batteries were constructed to protect Portland's naval base, Portland's HAA "C Battery" was built to the western outskirts of the village, at Barrow Hill. Following the war, the battery was retained as an Off-Site Nucleus Force Battery, though it was demolished a few years later.

At the beginning of the Cold War, the Admiralty selected Barrow Hill to build a new Admiralty Gunnery Establishment. In 1959 it became part of the Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment; the establishment became infamous for the discovery of a Soviet spy ring that operated from the late 1950s until 1961 when the core of the network was arrested by the British security services. The establishment closed in the 1990s when the navy left Portland, it became the Southwell Business Park in 1997. Throughout the 20th-century Southwell continued to remain a rural community, until the 1960s when major expansion saw many large housing and bungalow estates established. In the 1980s hundreds of starter homes were built in the village. During 2002-03, both the Sweethill estate and the fields north of Southwell Business Park were developed. Like many of the other villages on Portland, Southwell has commercial businesses, namely within the Southwell Business Park. Aside from the park, the Eight Kings pub remains the only commercial business within the village.

The village had Southwell County Primary School. In the south of the village remains the sewerage pumping station, built in the late 1980s; the Southwell Business Park is located to the south-west of Southwell village. Once the AUWE site was closed in the 1990s, it became the successful Southwell Business Park, used for commercial purposes; the park provided employment for 500 people and became home to over 100 businesses. In 2010, the park was under new ownership, where Compass Point Estates bought the park from KPMG after going into administrative receivership. In September 2016, part of the site will be home to the Isle of Portland Aldridge Community Academy's £14 million campus, after an appeal overturned the decision of Weymouth and Portland Borough Council's planning committee to refuse permission for the build at Maritime House; the park is the site of the Ocean Hotel, once known as the Portland Hotel, the Venue Hotel and the Ocean Hotel and Spa. Southwell has a wide array of architecture and buildings.

23 Southwell Street, the garden wall attached to the west of 47 Southwell Street are Grade II listed. The Avalanche Memorial Church has Grade II Listed, along with its boundary wall, since September 1978. A small Methodist Chapel, named Southwell Methodist Chapel, dating from 1849, is Grade II listed; the surrounding fields between Portland Bill and Southwell are made up of an ancient strip field system. These particular fields remain untouched from quarrying. Aside from the fields attached to the Culverwell Mesolithic Site near Portland Bill, two separate open fields have been been scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. One of these is located just south of Southwell village

Hamburg Mitte (electoral district)

Hamburg Mitte is one of the 299 single member constituencies used for the German parliament, the Bundestag. Located in central Hamburg, the district was created for the 1965 election. All elections to date have been won by the Social Democratic Party of Germany; the constituency contains most of the borough of one of the seven boroughs of Hamburg. The exception is the Wilhelmsburg district; the constituency includes the districts of Barmbek-Nord, Barmbek-Süd, Dulsberg and Uhlenhorst from the Nord borough, the Eilbek district from the Wandsbek borough and a small part of the borough of Altona. The current MP is Johannes Kahrs of the SPD, who has represented the district since the 1998 election; the district's MPs have been