Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. The number of species within the genus is disputed. Three species may be recognized: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, Cannabis ruderalis; the genus is accepted as being indigenous to and originating from Central Asia, with some researchers including upper South Asia in its origin. The plant is known as hemp, although this term is used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, as a recreational drug. Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber. To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol, the principal psychoactive constituent; some strains have been selectively bred to produce a maximum of THC, the strength of, enhanced by curing the fruits.
Various compounds, including hashish and hash oil, are extracted from the plant. In the US, "industrial hemp" is classified by the federal government as cannabis containing no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. This classification was established in the 2018 Farm Bill and was refined to include hemp-sourced extracts and derivatives in the definition of hemp. Globally, in 2013, 60,400 kilograms of cannabis were produced legally. In 2014 there were an estimated 182.5 million cannabis users. This percentage did not change between 1998 and 2014. Cannabis is an annual, flowering herb; the leaves are palmately digitate, with serrate leaflets. The first pair of leaves have a single leaflet, the number increasing up to a maximum of about thirteen leaflets per leaf, depending on variety and growing conditions. At the top of a flowering plant, this number again diminishes to a single leaflet per leaf; the lower leaf pairs occur in an opposite leaf arrangement and the upper leaf pairs in an alternate arrangement on the main stem of a mature plant.
The leaves have a peculiar and diagnostic venation pattern that enables persons poorly familiar with the plant to distinguish a cannabis leaf from unrelated species that have confusingly similar leaves. As is common in serrated leaves, each serration has a central vein extending to its tip. However, the serration vein originates from lower down the central vein of the leaflet opposite to the position of, not the first notch down, but the next notch; this means that on its way from the midrib of the leaflet to the point of the serration, the vein serving the tip of the serration passes close by the intervening notch. Sometimes the vein will pass tangent to the notch, but it will pass by at a small distance, when that happens a spur vein branches off and joins the leaf margin at the deepest point of the notch; this venation pattern varies among varieties, but in general it enables one to tell Cannabis leaves from superficially similar leaves without difficulty and without special equipment. Tiny samples of Cannabis plants can be identified with precision by microscopic examination of leaf cells and similar features, but that requires special expertise and equipment.
All known strains of Cannabis are wind-pollinated and the fruit is an achene. Most strains of Cannabis are short day plants, with the possible exception of C. sativa subsp. Sativa var. spontanea, described as "auto-flowering" and may be day-neutral. Cannabis is predominantly dioecious, having imperfect flowers, with staminate "male" and pistillate "female" flowers occurring on separate plants. "At a early period the Chinese recognized the Cannabis plant as dioecious", the Erya dictionary defined xi 枲 "male Cannabis" and fu 莩 "female Cannabis". Male flowers are borne on loose panicles, female flowers are borne on racemes. Many monoecious varieties have been described, in which individual plants bear both male and female flowers. Subdioecy is widespread. Many populations have been described as sexually labile; as a result of intensive selection in cultivation, Cannabis exhibits many sexual phenotypes that can be described in terms of the ratio of female to male flowers occurring in the individual, or typical in the cultivar.
Dioecious varieties are preferred for drug production. Dioecious varieties are preferred for textile fiber production, whereas monoecious varieties are preferred for pulp and paper production, it has been suggested that the presence of monoecy can be used to differentiate licit crops of monoecious hemp from illicit drug crops. However, sativa strains produce monoecious individuals as a result of inbreeding. Cannabis has been described as having one of the most complicated mechanisms of sex determination among the dioecious plants. Many models have been proposed to explain sex determination in Cannabis. Based on studies of sex reversal in hemp, it was fi
Tualaulelei Mauri was a Western Samoan chief and politician. He served as a member of the Legislative Council and Legislative Assembly between 1943 and 1961, as Minister of Lands and Minister of Agriculture between 1957 and 1961. Mauri was born on 12 June 1903. From the villages of Siumu and Vaito'omuli, he attended school in Suva in Fiji, he was appointed as a chief in 1938. In 1943 Mauri was appointed to the Legislative Council by Administrator Alfred Clarke Turnbull, was reappointed following the 1944 elections. In the 1948 elections to the new Legislative Assembly, he was elected in the Palauli constituency, he was re-elected in 1951 and 1954. When the Legislative Assembly was expended prior to the 1957 elections, he was re-elected in Palauli East. Following the 1957 elections, ministerial government was introduced and Mauri was appointed Minister of Lands. In February 1959 he was convicted in the High Court of assault and had to give up his seat and ministerial position. However, in the subsequent by-election he was returned unopposed.
When the office of Prime Minister was created in the year, he was one of three candidates for the post, but was defeated by Fiame Mata'afa. He was appointed Minister for Agriculture, Avele College and Marketing Division in Mata'afa's new government. In the 1961 elections he lost to Afoafouvale Misimoa in the Palauli East constituency by 46 votes to 42, he submitted a petition to the high court to have the result overturned, claiming that a death oath had been placed on voters by a local chief if Misimoa was not elected. However, his case was dismissed due to contradictory evidence. Mauri died at his home in Apia on 8 September 1961
Jaroslav Řídký was a Czech composer, conductor and music teacher. Řídký was born at Reichenberg, now Liberec. From 1919 to 1923 he studied at the Prague Conservatory with Josef Bohuslav Foerster, Karel Boleslav Jirák, Jaroslav Křička. Besides teaching at the Conservatory from 1924 to 1949, he played the harp for the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra between 1924 and 1938, conducted the Philharmonic choir from 1925 to 1930. In 1928 Řídký attended as a conductor the premiere of Leoš Janáček´s chamber composition Capriccio, he died at Poděbrady. He composed seven symphonies and one sinfonietta, one string serenade, concertos for violin and cello, chamber music, pieces for piano and prepared his own arrangements of folk songs, his work is composed rather in traditional style, first compositions are influenced by romanticism he composed in traditional, neo-classical style. His oeuvre contains 47 numbered opuses, both in chamber and orchestral instrumentation. Řídký composed violin and two violoncello concertos.
In 1954 he was awarded National Prize for his Piano Concerto Op. 46. OrchestralSymfonietta in C minor, Op. 1 Symphony No. 1 in C♯ minor, Op. 3 Symphony No. 2 in D minor for orchestra with obbligato cello, Op. 4 Symphony No. 3 in A♭ major, Op. 8 Symphony No. 4 in A major, Op. 10 Předehra, Op. 11 Symphony No. 5 in E minor, Op. 17 Malá suita, Op. 18. 6, Op. 35. 7, Op. 47 Smuteční fanfára Dvě suity z hudby k filmu „Mánes“ Wind orchestraSlavnostní pochod Milada ConcertanteConcerto for violin and orchestra, Op. 7 Concerto No. 1 in F♯ minor for cello and orchestra, Op. 14 Nocturne for cello and orchestra, Op. 19 Concerto No. 2 for cello and orchestra, Op. 36 Concerto for piano and orchestra, Op. 46. 2, Op. 9 Serenata appasionata in C♯ minor for violin and piano, Op. 12 Adagio for cello and piano. Polka pro Jarušku Polka in CChoralZimní pohádka for chorus and orchestra, Op. 33 Rodnému kraji, Cantata for mixed chorus and orchestra, Op. 38. Praha: Panton, 1985 Commemorative website
Otoconcha is a genus of small air-breathing semi-slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs in the family Charopidae. Otoconcha is the type genus of the subfamily Otoconchinae. Frederick Wollaston Hutton firstly defined this genus in 1884. Hutton's diagnosis reads as follows: Species within the genus Otoconcha include: Otoconcha dimidiata - type species Otoconcha fiordlandica Otoconcha oconnori Otoconcha roscoei Climo, 1971 This article incorporates public domain text from the reference Baker H. B. "The Endodont genus Otochoncha". Journal of Molluscan Studies 23: page 89-91. Dell R. K.. "Otoconcha and its allies in New Zealand". Dominion Mus. Rec. Zool. Wellington 1: 59-69, 8+8 figures. Suter H.. Manual of the New Zealand Mollusca. Wellington, 1120 pp. page 620. Suter H.. Manual of the New Zealand Mollusca. Atlas of plates. John Mackay, Government printer, Wellington. Plate 25, figure 2, 2a
Jon Sholle was an American guitarist, multi-instrumentalist, musician who played jazz, rock, roots music, folk music. Sholle was born in 1948 in New York City. While he started playing professionally as early as high school, over his 40+ year career, Sholle worked with such musicians as Vassar Clements, David Grisman, Peter Rowan, Tony Rice, Larry Campbell, Keith Carradine, Allen Ginsberg, Bela Fleck, Bette Midler. In 1969, Sholle played a number of string instruments for beat poet Allen Ginsberg's 1970 LP Songs of Innocence and Experience, a musical adaptation of William Blake's poetry collection of the same name. From 1984 to 1986 he was a member of the David Grisman Quintet and was featured on their album Acousticity, which made No. 6 on Billboard's Jazz chart. Sholle released two solo albums with Rounder Records, Catfish for Supper and Out of the Frying Pan, he was featured on Andy Statman's 2011 release on the Shefa label, "Old Brooklyn", playing Guitar, Guitar and Lap Steel Guitar. Working with film director Ethan Wiley, Sholle produced Wiley's instrumental CD "Take a Stand" and composed and performed two instrumental songs for the soundtrack to the 2001 horror movie Jason X and Don Knowlton's 2000 short "Bad Assassin".
He contributed music to the "Elf-Man" soundtrack directed by Wiley. He compiled and wrote the liner notes for the 1996 Rounder Records compilation Rounder Bluegrass Guitar, as well as self-producing the two albums he released through Rounder. Sholle appeared in the 1979 film The Rose as a member of Midler's band, as well appearing on-screen and playing on the soundtrack for the Peter Bogdanovitch-directed Audrey Hepburn movie "They All Laughed," and playing dobro on the soundtrack for Disney's The Rookie, starring Dennis Quaid, he has appeared in several Broadway shows, including The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas and Big River. Sholle won both the 1967 and 1968 "World Champion Guitar" at the Union Grove Fiddler's convention in North Carolina. Jonsholle.com
Fiksu is a provider of mobile marketing technology that helps app and brand marketers reach their target audiences on mobile and CTV. The company's mobile-first platform targets users across an array of channels including social and video networks, real-time bidding exchanges, traditional mobile ad networks, mobile web. Device-level data collections are from the actions mobile app users take, including launches and purchases, their accumulation of data now includes billions of app downloads, trillions of mobile marketing events, profiles of nearly 60 percent of the world's mobile devices. Fiksu works with more than 1,000 clients, including Disney, Coca-Cola, Dunkin Donuts, EA, Groupon. Fiksu, which means “smart” in Finnish, was founded in 2008 by Micah Adler as Fluent Mobile, a news-aggregating mobile app. In early 2011, faced with mounting marketing costs, Fluent developed a set of algorithmic tools for lowering the cost of mobile app user acquisition; the company pivoted their focus to become a mobile marketing technology provider, using that core technology to help others market their apps and acquire loyal app users.
Fiksu reached annual revenues of more than $100 million in 2014. Fiksu is headquartered in Massachusetts; the company has key offices in San Francisco, CA, Northampton, MA, London. The company worked with 40 of the 50 top-grossing apps in the Apple App Store in 2013; the Fiksu Indexes were introduced in July 2011 to provide insight into industry trends related to app downloads and the costs associated with acquiring new users. They include the App Store Competitive Index, which shows data about the top 200 free iPhone apps downloaded, the Cost Per Loyal User Index, which shows how much it marketers are spending to generate each loyal app customer, as defined by the company as someone who opens the app three times. In March 2014, Fiksu introduced two new indexes that measure costs on both iOS and Android – the Cost per Install Index and the Cost per App Launch Index. Fiksu launched FreeMyApps in December 2011; the solution was aimed at helping developers and marketers of paid iOS apps drive mobile app downloads.
The platform, which launched an Android version in December 2012 shifted to a model that rewarded its users with gift cards for exploring and sharing free apps. FreeMyApps had 1.6 million monthly active users in June 2015. Official website