1947 Cannes Film Festival
The 2nd Cannes Film Festival was held from 12 to 25 September 1947. The new building, meant to host the festival, the Palais du Festival, was still not ready, the festival was held amid many technical and financial problems. In 1947, the entire jury of the Festival were French. Six awards were given to films of different categories; the following persons were selected as the jury for the feature and short films: Georges Huisman Jury President Raymond Borderie Georges Carriere Jean-François Chosson Joseph Dotti Escoute Jean Grémillon Maurice Hille Robert Hubert Alexandre Kamenka Jean Mineur Henri Moret Jean Nery Maurice Perisset Georges Raguis René Jeanne Georges Rollin Régis Roubin Marc-Gilbert Sauvajon Segalon René Sylviano The following feature films competed for the Grand Prix: The following short films competed for the Grand Prix du court métrage: The following films and people received the 1947 awards:Feature Films Best Musical Comedy: Ziegfeld Follies by Vincente Minnelli Best Psychological and Love Film: Antoine et Antoinette by Jacques Becker Best Animation Design: Dumbo by Walt Disney, Ben Sharpsteen Best Social Film: Crossfire by Edward Dmytryk Best Adventure and Crime Film: The Damned by René Clement Short Films Best Short Film: Inondations en Pologne by Jerzy Bossak, Wacław Kaźmierczak Institut National de l'Audiovisuel: Opening of the 1947 Festival INA: Stars at the 1947 Festival INA: Construction of the Palais des festivals Official website Retrospective 1947 Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1947 at Internet Movie Database
George Orson Welles was an American actor, director and producer who worked in theatre and film. He is remembered for his innovative work in all three: in theatre, most notably Caesar, a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. While in his twenties Welles directed a number of high-profile stage productions for the Federal Theatre Project, including an adaptation of Macbeth with an African American cast and the political musical The Cradle Will Rock. In 1937 he and John Houseman founded the Mercury Theatre, an independent repertory theatre company that presented a series of productions on Broadway through 1941. Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells's novel The War of the Worlds performed for his radio anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air, it caused widespread panic because many listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was occurring. Although some contemporary sources say these reports of panic were false and overstated, they rocketed Welles to notoriety.
His first film was Citizen Kane, which he co-wrote, produced and starred in as Charles Foster Kane. Welles followed up Citizen Kane with twelve other feature films, the most acclaimed of which include The Magnificent Ambersons, The Lady from Shanghai, Touch of Evil, The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and F for Fake. With a development spanning fifty years, Welles' final film, The Other Side of the Wind, was released in 2018. Welles was an outsider to the studio system and directed only thirteen full-length films in his career, he struggled for creative control on his projects early on with the major film studios in Hollywood and in life with a variety of independent financiers across Europe, where he spent most of his career. Many of his films were either edited or remained unreleased, his distinctive directorial style featured layered and nonlinear narrative forms, uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots and long takes. He has been praised as "the ultimate auteur".
In 2002 Welles was voted the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics. Known for his baritone voice, Welles was an actor in radio and film, a Shakespearean stage actor and magician noted for presenting troop variety shows in the war years. George Orson Welles was born May 6, 1915, in Kenosha, son of Richard Head Welles and Beatrice Ives Welles, he was named after his paternal great-grandfather, influential Kenosha attorney Orson S. Head, his brother George Head. An alternative story of the source of his first and middle names was told by George Ade, who met Welles's parents on a West Indies cruise toward the end of 1914. Ade was traveling with a friend, Orson Wells, the two of them sat at the same table as Mr. and Mrs. Richard Welles. Mrs. Welles was pregnant at the time, when they said good-by, she told them that she had enjoyed their company so much that if the child were a boy, she intended to name it for them: George Orson. Welles's birth announcement and a picture of him as a young boy are among George Ade's papers at Purdue University.
Despite his family's affluence, Welles encountered hardship in childhood. His parents separated and moved to Chicago in 1919, his father, who made a fortune as the inventor of a popular bicycle lamp, became an alcoholic and stopped working. Welles's mother, a pianist, played during lectures by Dudley Crafts Watson at the Art Institute of Chicago to support her son and herself. Beatrice died of hepatitis in a Chicago hospital on May 10, 1924, just after Welles's ninth birthday; the Gordon String Quartet, which had made its first appearance at her home in 1921, played at Beatrice's funeral. After his mother's death, Welles ceased pursuing music, it was decided that he would spend the summer with the Watson family at a private art colony in Wyoming, New York, established by Lydia Avery Coonley Ward. There he played and became friends with the children of the Aga Khan, including the 12-year-old Prince Aly Khan. In what Welles described as "a hectic period" in his life, he lived in a Chicago apartment with both his father and Dr. Maurice Bernstein, a Chicago physician, a close friend of both his parents.
Welles attended public school before his alcoholic father left business altogether and took him along on his travels to Jamaica and the Far East. When they returned they settled in a hotel in Grand Detour, owned by his father; when the hotel burned down and his father took to the road again."During the three years that Orson lived with his father, some observers wondered who took care of whom", wrote biographer Frank Brady."In some ways, he was never a young boy, you know," said Roger Hill, who became Welles's teacher and lifelong friend. Welles attended public school in Madison, enrolled in the fourth grade. On September 15, 1926, he entered the Todd Seminary for Boys, an expensive independent school in Woodstock, that his older brother, Richard Ives Welles, had attended ten years before until he was expelled for misbeha
Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson was an American actor of stage and screen during Hollywood's Golden Age, he appeared in 40 Broadway plays and more than 100 films during a 50-year career and is best remembered for his tough-guy roles as gangsters in such films as Little Caesar and Key Largo. During the 1930s and 1940s, he was an outspoken public critic of fascism and Nazism, which were growing in strength in Europe leading up to World War II, his activism included contributing over $250,000 to more than 850 organizations involved in war relief, along with cultural and religious groups. During the 1950s, he was called to testify at the House Un-American Activities Committee during the Red Scare, but was cleared of any Communist involvement. Robinson's roles included an insurance investigator in the film noir Double Indemnity, Dathan in The Ten Commandments, his final performance in the science-fiction story Soylent Green. Robinson received an Honorary Academy Award for his work in the film industry, awarded two months after he died in 1973.
He is ranked number 24 in the American Film Institute's list of the 25 greatest male stars of Classic American cinema. Robinson was born as Emanuel Goldenberg to a Yiddish-speaking Romanian Jewish family in Bucharest, the son of Sarah and Morris Goldenberg, a builder. After one of his brothers was attacked by an anti-semitic mob, the family decided to immigrate to the United States. Robinson arrived in New York City on February 21, 1904. "At Ellis Island I was born again", he wrote. "Life for me began when I was 10 years old." He grew up on the Lower East Side, had his Bar Mitzvah at First Roumanian-American Congregation, attended Townsend Harris High School and the City College of New York, planning to become a criminal attorney. An interest in acting and performing in front of people led to him winning an American Academy of Dramatic Arts scholarship, after which he changed his name to Edward G. Robinson, he was never sent overseas. He began his acting career in the Yiddish Theater District in 1913 and made his Broadway debut in 1915.
He made his film debut in the Man. In 1923 made his named debut as E. G. Robinson in the silent film, The Bright Shawl, he played a snarling gangster in the 1927 Broadway police/crime drama The Racket, which led to his being cast in similar film roles, beginning with The Hole in the Wall with Claudette Colbert for Paramount. Paramount cast him in a comedy, The Kibitzer. One of many actors who saw his career flourish in the new sound film era rather than falter, he made only three films prior to 1930, but left his stage career that year and made 14 films between 1930 and 1932. Robinson went to Universal for Night MGM for A Lady to Love directed by Victor Sjöström. At Universal he was in Outside the Law and East Is West he did The Widow from Chicago at First National. Robinson was established as a film actor. What made him a star was an acclaimed performance as the gangster Caesar Enrico "Rico" Bandello in Little Caesar at Warner Bros. Robinson signed a long term contract with Warners, they put him in Smart Money, his only movie with James Cagney.
He was reunited with Mervyn LeRoy, director of Little Caesar, in Five Star Final, playing a journalist, played a Tong gangster in The Hatchet Man. Robinson made a third film with LeRoy, Two Seconds did a melodrama directed by Howard Hawks, Tiger Shark. Warners tried him in a biopic, Silver Dollar, where Robinson played Horace Tabor, a comedy, The Little Giant and a romance, I Loved a Woman. Robinson was in Dark Hazard, The Man with Two Faces, he went to Columbia for The Whole Town's Talking, a comedy directed by John Ford. Sam Goldwyn borrowed him for Barbary Coast, again directed by Hawks. Back at Warners he did Bullets or Ballots he went to Britain for Thunder in the City, he made Kid Galahad with Humphrey Bogart. MGM borrowed him for The Last Gangster he did a comedy A Slight Case of Murder. Again with Bogart in a supporting role, he was in The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse he was borrowed by Columbia for I Am the Law. At the time World War II broke out in Europe, he played an FBI agent in Confessions of a Nazi Spy, the first American film which showed Nazism as a threat to the United States.
He volunteered for military service in June 1942 but was disqualified due to his age at 48, although he became an active and vocal critic of fascism and Nazism during that period. MGM borrowed him for Blackmail he played Paul Ehrlich in Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet and Paul Julius Reuter in A Dispatch from Reuter's, both biographies of prominent Jewish public figures. In between, he and Bogart were in Brother Orchid. Robinson was teamed with John Garfield in The Sea George Raft in Manpower, he went to MGM for Unholy Partners and made a comedy Larceny, Inc.. Robinson was one of several stars in Flesh and Fantasy, he did war films: Destroyer at Columbia, Tampico at Fox. At Paramount he was in Billy Wilder's Double Indemnity with Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck and at Columbia he was in Mr. Winkle Goes to War, he performed with Joan Bennett and Dan Duryea in Fritz Lang's The Woman in the Window and Scarlet Street. At MGM he was in Our Vines Have Tender Grapes did Orson Welles' The S
1949 Cannes Film Festival
The 3rd Cannes Film Festival was held from 2 to 17 September 1949. The previous year, no festival had been held because of financial problems. Like in 1947, the entire jury for this festival was made up of French persons, with historian Georges Huisman as President of the Jury; the Grand Prix du Festival de Cannes went to The Third Man by Carol Reed. The festival opened with L'Arroseur Arrosé by Louis Lumière, an 1895 French comedy short-film, paying tribute to cinema's first comedy film; the following persons were selected as the jury for the feature and short films: Georges Huisman Jury President Jules Romains Mme. Georges Bidault Georges Charensol Paul Colin Roger Désormière Jacques-Pierre Frogerais Étienne Gilson Paul Gosset Georges Raguis Rene-Jeanne Carlo RimSubstitute members Jean Benoît-Lévy Guy Desson Alexandre Kamenka Paul Verneyras Paul Weill The following feature films competed for the Grand Prix: The following film was selected to be screened out of competition: Passport to Pimlico directed by O. H. Cornelius The following short films competed for the Grand Prix du court métrage: The following films and people received the 1949 awards:Feature Films Grand Prix: The Third Man by Carol Reed Best Director: René Clément for The Walls of Malapaga Best Screenplay: Eugene Ling and Virginia Shaler for Lost Boundaries Best Actress: Isa Miranda for The Walls of Malapaga Best Actor: Edward G. Robinson for House of Strangers Best Cinematography: Milton R. Krasner for The Set-UpShort Film awards Prize for Best Subject: Palle Alene i Verden by Astrid Henning-Jensen Prize for Best Editing:Pacific 231 by Jean Mitry Prize for Best Filmed Coverage:Seal Island by James Algar Prize for Best Cinematography:Bialy Redyk by Stanislas Mozdenski Prize for Best Colour:Images Médiévales by William Novik FIPRESCI Prize The Set-Up by Robert Wise British Pathé: Cannes Film Festival 1949 footage Institut National de l'Audiovisuel: Opening of the 1949 Festival INA: 1949 - Fireworks at the Eden Roc 1949 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1949 Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1949 at Internet Movie Database
Bad Day at Black Rock
Bad Day at Black Rock is a 1955 American thriller film, directed by John Sturges and starring Spencer Tracy and Robert Ryan, that combines elements of the western genre with that of film noir. The supporting cast includes Anne Francis, Dean Jagger, Walter Brennan, Lee Marvin, Ernest Borgnine; the film tells the story of a mysterious stranger who arrives at a tiny isolated town in a desert of the southwest United States in search of a man. The film was adapted by Don McGuire and Millard Kaufman from the short story "Bad Time at Honda" by Howard Breslin; the original story had appeared in The American Magazine in January 1947, with full-color illustrations by Robert Fawcett. In 2018, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant." In late 1945, one-armed John J. Macreedy gets off a passenger train at the isolated desert hamlet of Black Rock, it is the first time in four years. Macreedy is looking for a man named Komoko.
The young hotel desk clerk, Pete Wirth, claims. Macreedy is threatened by Hector David. Reno Smith informs Macreedy that Komoko, a Japanese-American, was interned during World War II. Certain that something is wrong, Macreedy sees the local sheriff, Tim Horn, but the alcoholic lawman is afraid of Smith and is impotent to help; the veterinarian and undertaker, Doc Velie, advises Macreedy to leave town but lets slip that Komoko is dead. Pete's sister, rents Macreedy a Jeep, he drives to nearby Adobe Flat, where he finds a homestead burned to wildflowers. On the way back, Coley Trimble tries to run him off the road. Macreedy goes to the garage to again rent the jeep from Liz. Macreedy sits down outside the garage to consider his situation. Smith comes by, ostensibly to fill his car with gas. Smith asks and Macreedy discloses that he lost his left arm fighting in Italy. Macreedy says. Smith reveals. Macreedy tries to telephone the state police from Doc Velie's office, but Pete refuses to put the call through.
Doc Velie admits that something terrible happened four years ago and that Smith has everyone too terrified to speak up. Velie offers Macreedy his hearse to leave town. Hector spark plug wires. Macreedy goes to Hastings' telegraph office and writes a telegram addressed to the state police. At the town diner, Trimble picks a fight with Macreedy, but Macreedy uses martial arts to beat him up. Macreedy tells Smith that he knows Smith killed Komoko and that he was too cowardly to do it alone, so he involved Hector and Coley; when Macreedy goes to the hotel lobby and his henchmen are there, as are Doc Velie and Sheriff Horn. Hastings arrives and tries to give Smith a piece of paper, but Macreedy snatches it away and discovers that it is his own unsent telegram. Macreedy and Doc Velie demand; when Horn tries, Smith pins it on Hector. Hector tears up the telegram form. After Smith and Hector leave, Macreedy reveals that the loss of his arm had left him wallowing in self-pity, but Smith's attempt to kill him has reinvigorated him.
Macreedy reveals why he is there: Komoko's son died in combat while saving Macreedy's life. Macreedy intended to give his posthumous medal to Komoko. In turn, Macreedy learns that the elder Komoko had leased some farmland from Smith, sure there was no water there. Komoko had dug a well and found water. After Smith was turned down for enlistment after Pearl Harbor, he and the other men spent the day drinking decided to scare Komoko; the old man barricaded himself inside his home. When Komoko emerged ablaze, Smith shot him. Pete sets in motion a plan, involving Liz and Doc Velie, to help Macreedy escape under cover of darkness. Hector is standing guard outside the hotel. Liz stops in a canyon. Macreedy realizes; when Smith starts shooting at him, Macreedy barricades himself behind the Jeep. Liz rushes to Smith despite Macreedy's warning. Smith tells her. Liz attempts to run away. Macreedy fills it with gasoline from the jeep, creating a Molotov cocktail; when Smith climbs down for a better shot, Macreedy throws it, setting Smith on fire.
Macreedy drives into Liz's body. The state police are called in; as Macreedy is leaving, Doc Velie requests Komoko's medal to help Black Rock heal. Macreedy gives it to him just before boarding the train. Spencer Tracy as John J. Macreedy Robert Ryan as Reno Smith Anne Francis as Liz Wirth Dean Jagger as Sheriff Tim Horn Walter Brennan as Doc Velie John Ericson as Pete Wirth Ernest Borgnine as Coley Trimble Lee Marvin as Hector David Russell Collins as Mr. Hastings Walter Sande as Sam, the diner
1966 Cannes Film Festival
The 19th Cannes Film Festival was held from 5 to 20 May 1966. To honour the festival's 20th anniversary, a special prize was given; the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film went to the Signore & Signori by Pietro Germi, in tie with Un homme et une femme by Claude Lelouch. The festival opened with Modesty Blaise, directed by Joseph Losey and closed with Faraon, directed by Jerzy Kawalerowicz; the following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1966 film competition:Feature films Sophia Loren Jury President Marcel Achard Vinicius de Moraes Tetsuro Furukaki Maurice Genevoix Jean Giono Maurice Lehmann Richard Lester Denis Marion André Maurois Marcel Pagnol Yuli Raizman Armand Salacrou Peter Ustinov Short films Charles Duvanel Charles Ford Marcel Ichac Jean Vivie Bo Widerberg The following feature films competed for the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film: The following short films competed for the Grand Prix: The following feature films were screened for the 5th International Critics' Week: The following films and people received the 1966 Official selection awards: Grand Prix du Festival International du Film: The Birds, the Bees and the Italians by Pietro Germi A Man and a Woman by Claude Lelouch Prix spécial du Jury: Alfie by Lewis Gilbert Best Director: Sergei Yutkevich for Lenin in Poland Best Actress: Vanessa Redgrave for Morgan: A Suitable Case for Treatment Best Actor: Per Oscarsson for Sult Best First Work: Răscoala by Mircea Mureșan 20th Anniversary Prize: Chimes at Midnight by Orson WellesShort films Short Film Gran Prix: Skaterdater by Noel Black Technical Grand Prize: Skaterdater by Noel Black FIPRESCI FIPRESCI Prize: Young Törless by Volker Schlöndorff Special Mention: Chimes at Midnight by Orson WellesCommission Supérieure Technique Technical Grand Prize: Chimes at Midnight by Orson WellesOCIC Award A Man and a Woman by Claude LelouchOther awards Special Mention: Totò, for his acting performance 1966 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1966 Cannes Film Festival:1966 at Internet Movie Database
Cannes is a city located on the French Riviera. It is a commune located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, host city of the annual Cannes Film Festival and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity; the city is known for its association with the rich and famous, its luxury hotels and restaurants, for several conferences. On 3 November 2011 it played host to the G20 organisation of industrialised nations. By the 2nd century BC, the Ligurian Oxybii established a settlement here known as Aegitna. Historians are unsure; the area was a fishing village used as a port of call between the Lérins Islands. In 69 AD, it became the scene of violent conflict between the troops of Vitellius. In the 10th century, the town was known as Canua; the name may derive from "canna," a reed. Canua was the site of a small Ligurian port, a Roman outpost on Le Suquet hill, suggested by Roman tombs discovered here. Le Suquet housed an 11th-century tower which overlooked swamps. Most of the ancient activity protection, was on the Lérins Islands and the history of Cannes is tied to the history of the islands.
An attack by the Saracens in 891, who remained until the end of the 10th century, devastated the country around Canua. The insecurity of the Lérins islands forced the monks to settle at the Suquet. Construction of a castle in 1035 fortified the city by known as Cannes, at the end of the 11th century construction was started on two towers on the Lérins islands. One took a century to build. Around 1530, Cannes detached from the monks who had controlled the city for hundreds of years and became independent. During the 18th century, both the Spanish and British tried to gain control of the Lérins Islands but were chased away by the French; the islands were controlled by many, such as Jean-Honoré Alziary, the Bishop of Fréjus. They had many different purposes: at the end of the 19th century, one served as hospital for soldiers wounded in the Crimean War. Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux bought land at the Croix des Gardes and constructed the villa Eleonore-Louise, his work to improve living conditions attracted the English aristocracy, who built winter residences.
At the end of the 19th century, several railways were completed, which prompted the arrival of streetcars. In Cannes, projects such as the Boulevard Carnot and the rue d'Antibes were carried out. After the closure of the Casino des Fleurs, a luxury establishment was built for the rich winter clientele, the Casino Municipal next to the pier Albert-Edouard; this casino was demolished and replaced by the new Palace in 1979. In the 20th century, new luxury hotels such as the Carlton, Martinez, JW Marriott Cannes were built; the city was modernised with a sports centre, a post office, schools. There were fewer German tourists after the First World War but more Americans. Winter tourism gave way to summer tourism and the summer casino at the Palm Beach was constructed; the city council had the idea of starting an international film festival shortly before World War II. The first opened on 20 September 1946. Cannes has a Mediterranean climate and the city enjoys 11 hours of sunshine per day during summer, while in winter the weather is mild.
Both seasons see a low rainfall and most rain occurs during October and November, when 110 mm falls. Cannes summers are long and warm, with summer daytime temperatures hitting 30 °C, while average temperatures are about 25 °C. Temperatures remain high from June to the busiest time of the year. Mean temperatures drop below 10 °C for only three months of the year; the spring and autumn are warm, although more suited to those who prefer cooler weather. The area around Cannes has developed into a high-tech cluster; the technopolis of Sophia Antipolis lies in the hills beyond Cannes. The Film Festival is a major event for the industry which takes place every year during the month of May. In addition, Cannes hosts other major annual events such as the MIPIM, MIPTV, MIDEM, Cannes Lions, the NRJ Music Awards. There is an annual television festival in the last week in September; the economic environment is based on tourism, business fairs and aviation. Cannes has 6,500 companies, of which 3,000 are traders and service providers.
In 2006, 421 new companies were registered. Cannes hosts the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center, headquarters of Thales Alenia Space, the first European satellite manufacturer; the Promenade de la Croisette is the waterfront avenue with palm trees. La Croisette is known for picturesque beaches, cafés and boutiques. Le Suquet, the old town, provides a good view of La Croisette; the fortified tower and Chapel of St Anne house the Musée de la Castre. A distinctive building in Cannes is the Russian Orthodox church; the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Provence houses artifacts from prehistoric to present, in an 18th-century mansion. The Musée de la Castre has objects from Peruvian relics and Mayan pottery. Other venues include the Musée de la Marine, Musée de la Mer, Musée de la Photographie and Musée International de la Parfumerie. Cannes of the 19th century can still be seen in its grand villas, built to reflect the wealth and standing of their owners and inspired by anything from medieval castles to Roman villas.
They are not open to the public. Lord Brougham's Italianate Villa Eléonore Louise was built between 1835 and 1839. Known as the Quartier des Anglais, this