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Claude Cloutier

Claude Cloutier is a Quebec film animator and illustrator who has to date made seven short films with the National Film Board of Canada. Cloutier began his animation career with the 1988 short The Persistent Peddler, in competition at the Cannes Film Festival, his 2007 short Sleeping Betty is a humorous Sleeping Beauty adaptation that received numerous international and Canadian awards including a Genie Award and Jutra Award. His most recent film, the 2015 short Carface, received the Prix Guy-L.-Coté Best Canadian Animation Film at Sommets du cinéma d'animation in Montreal and had been shortlisted for a possible Academy Award nomination. Cloutier has said that in his youth, it had been his dream to become an animated filmmaker and that when he began working as an illustrator, he did so with the hope of being able to transition into animation, he worked most notably as an illustrator with the now-defunct Quebec satirical magazine Croc, with two comic book-style series La légende des Jean-Guy and Gilles la Jungle contre Méchant-Man.

His hoped-for entry into animation came when an NFB producer asked him if he wished to adapt La légende des Jean-Guy into an animated short, which resulted in The Persistent Peddler. The summer of 2015, Cloutier did a two-week "Frame x Frame" exhibition at the Musée de la civilisation in Quebec City, during which the public could watch him working on his next film. Cloutier has said his animation technique involves working first with paper and ink: "I draw on paper with brush, India ink and water, for nuance and half-tones. After that, it's colored by computer. I like to draw on paper. I'm old-school." Claude Cloutier on IMDb Watch films by Claude Cloutier at NFB.ca

Erlach, Switzerland

Erlach is the capital municipality of the Seeland administrative district in the canton of Berne in Switzerland. The nearby Jolimont hills, a 4 km long range of hills, have been nearly inhabited for thousands of years. In 1847, three grave mounds from the Middle Bronze Age were excavated; the graves contained numerous grave goods and weapons. Other graves have been discovered from the Hallstatt era, around 500 BC. A Roman road runs along the town of Petinesca. Erlach is first mentioned in 1185 in 1274 as Cellie. In French it is called Cerlier. In 1264/66 Erlach received a Handfeste or document of rights from Count Rudolf II of Neuchâtel-Nidau; the village of Sunkort's church was consecrated in the 11th Century. Around 1100 the Benedictine Erlach Abbey was founded on Saint Peter's Island. During the 14th Century, the city walls were built; the only remaining city gate part of the Rathaus or town hall, is from this era. Towers were added to the walls in the 15th Century. In 1455 the citizens of Erlach founded a hospital.

Based on the rights granted by Rudolf II, Erlach had a mayor and until 1798 a 12-member town council with a 6-18 member advisory body. Portions of Erlach Castle were built in the Middle Ages, but the western main tower was built around 1500. In 1848, during the foundation of the Federal State, Erlach Castle became the district seat. However, thirty years in 1874, it became a school. Erlach became a market town in 1367, when it was granted the right to hold a weekly market along with two yearly fairs. During the 19th century the number of yearly fairs increased to four; the town's economy was diverse and included agriculture, vineyards on the sunny south-facing hill sides and transportation on Lake Biel. During the 19th century, the watch industry provided many jobs; the Jura water correction projects of 1874-82 and 1962-72 lowered the water level in the lake and expanded Erlach's shoreline. Erlach has an area of 3.49 km2. Of this area, 1.54 km2 or 43.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.97 km2 or 27.6% is forested.

Of the rest of the land, 0.53 km2 or 15.1% is settled, 0.01 km2 or 0.3% is either rivers or lakes and 0.4 km2 or 11.4% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 8.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 2.8%. While parks, green belts and sports fields made up 2.8%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 33.0% is used for growing crops and 5.7% is pastures, while 5.1% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in lakes. Erlach is located on Lake Biel at 433 m above sea level; the highest point in Erlach is Jolimont, 603 m above sea level. The municipality includes the castle as well as the old city, the market, part of St. Peter's Island, the newer city along the lake shoreline, the village Sunkort and the exclave Wald on Jolimont mountain. Erlach was the capital of the Amtsbezirk Erlach until 31 December 2009 when the district was dissolved. On the following day, 1 January 2010, it joined the newly created Verwaltungskreis Seeland.

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules an Alder Tree eradicated Or leaved Vert between a Crescent and a Mullet of the second. Erlach has a population of 1,385; as of 2010, 12.6% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 14%. Migration accounted for 13.3%, while births and deaths accounted for 0.6%. Most of the population speaks German as their first language, French is the second most common and Albanian is the third. There are 8 people; as of 2008, the population was 52.0 % female. The population was made up of 78 non-Swiss men. There were 7 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality, 278 or about 24.8% were born in Erlach and lived there in 2000. There were 433 or 38.6% who were born in the same canton, while 198 or 17.6% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 162 or 14.4% were born outside of Switzerland. As of 2010, children and teenagers make up 20.6% of the population, while adults make up 61.8% and seniors make up 17.6%.

As of 2000, there were 485 people who never married in the municipality. There were 68 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 152 households that consist of only one person and 28 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 463 apartments were permanently occupied, while 80 apartments were seasonally occupied and 36 apartments were empty; the vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2011, was 1.56%. The historical population is given in the following chart: The highest point in Erlach is Jolimont, 603 m above sea level; the mountain provides an excellent view of the lake. The Sankt-Petersinsel a peninsula, can be reached from Erlach by foot or by bicycle. While Erlach Abbey on the Island is not technically part of the Erlach it can be reached from Erlach. However, it is now a detention centre for male adults; the Ulrich Church in Sunkort, is supposed to have been consecrated by Saint Ulrich of Zell in the 11th Century. It was the private church o