Canton is a city in and the county seat of Stark County, United States. It is located 60 miles south of Cleveland and 20 miles south of Akron in Northeast Ohio; the city lies on the edge of Ohio's extensive Amish country in Holmes and Wayne counties to the city's west and southwest. Canton is the largest municipality in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Stark and Carroll counties; as of the 2010 Census, the population was 73,007, making Canton eighth among Ohio cities in population. Founded in 1805 alongside the Middle and West Branches of Nimishillen Creek, Canton became a heavy manufacturing center because of its numerous railroad lines. However, its status in that regard began to decline during the late 20th century, as shifts in the manufacturing industry led to the relocation or downsizing of many factories and workers. After this decline, the city's industry diversified into the service economy, including retailing, education and healthcare. Canton is chiefly notable for being the home of the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the birthplace of the National Football League.
25th U. S. President William McKinley conducted the famed front porch campaign, which won him the presidency of the United States in the 1896 election, from his home in Canton; the McKinley National Memorial and the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum commemorate his life and presidency. Canton was chosen as the site of the First Ladies National Historic Site in honor of his wife, Ida Saxton McKinley. Canton is experiencing an urban renaissance, anchored by its growing and thriving arts district centrally located in the downtown area. Several historic buildings have been rehabilitated and converted into upscale lofts, attracting hundreds of new downtown residents into the city. Furthering this downtown development, in June 2016, Canton became one of the first cities in Ohio to allow the open consumption of alcoholic beverages in a "designated outdoor refreshment area" pursuant to a state law enacted in 2015. Canton was founded in 1805, incorporated as a village in 1822, re-incorporated as a city in 1838.
The plat of Canton was recorded at New Lisbon, Ohio, on November 15, 1805, by Bezaleel Wells, a surveyor and devout Episcopalian from Maryland born January 28, 1763. Canton was named as a memorial to Captain John O'Donnell, an Irish merchant marine with the British East India Trading Company whom Wells admired. O'Donnell named his estate in Maryland after the Chinese city Canton as he had been the first person to transport goods from there to Baltimore; the name selected by Wells may have been influenced by the Huguenot use of the word "canton," which meant a division of a district containing several communes. Through Wells' efforts and promotion, Canton was designated the county seat of Stark County upon its division from Columbiana County on January 1, 1809. Canton was the adopted home of President William McKinley. Born in Niles, McKinley first practiced law in Canton around 1867, was prosecuting attorney of Stark County from 1869 to 1871; the city was his home during his successful campaign for Ohio governor, the site of his front-porch presidential campaign of 1896 and the campaign of 1900.
Canton is now the site of the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum and the McKinley National Memorial, dedicated in 1907. On June 16, 1918, Eugene V. Debs delivered the keynote speech at the annual Ohio Socialist Convention held in Canton's Nimisilla Park. At the time, Debs had been a four-time candidate for President and was considered the country's leading socialist and labor organizer. During his speech he decried America's involvement in the First World War, saying, “They have always taught you that it is your patriotic duty to go to war and slaughter yourselves at their command. You have never had a voice in the war; the working class who make the sacrifices, who shed the blood, have never yet had a voice in declaring war.”Among Debs' audience at Nimisilla Park were agents of the U. S. Department of Justice; the year before his speech, a month following the American entry into the First World War, President Woodrow Wilson signed the Espionage Act of 1917 into law. This Act made it a federal crime to interfere with, among other things, the Selective Service Act or military draft.
On June 30, 1918, Debs was arrested and charged with, among other things, “unlawfully and feloniously cause and attempt to cause and incite and attempt to incite, disloyalty and refusal of duty, in the military and naval forces of the United States.” Debs' trial began on September 10, 1918, in the U. S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. On September 12, 1918, a jury found Debs guilty, he was sentenced to ten years in prison. On March 10, 1919, the U. S. Supreme Court affirmed the constitutionality of Debs' conviction in United States. Debs began serving his prison sentence on April 13, 1919, he remained incarcerated until September 25, 1921, when he was released after President Warren Harding commuted his sentence to time served. The U. S. Supreme Court's decision affirming Debs' conviction was criticized by legal scholars at the time and is regarded as a low-point in First Amendment jurisprudence. While Debs’ speech in Canton and subsequent conviction aided Debs in delivering the Socialist Party's antiwar platform, his age and the deleterious effects of prison exhausted his ability as an orator.
Debs died of heart failure on October 20, 1926. In June 2017 Canton applied for and received a historic marker from the Ohio History Connection the Ohio Historical Society, to commemorate Debs' speech at Nimisilla Park an
Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Bioreserve is a peatland area in Riau Province of Sumatra, covering 705,271 hectares and large parts of Bengkalis Regency and Siak Regency. It supports a sustainable timber industry, it is home to two wildlife reserves, namely Giam Siak Wildlife Reserve and Bukit Batu Wildlife Reserve. The bioreserve is located in a province. Extensive logging has led to a decline in forest cover from 78% in 1982 to 33% in 2005. Deforestation has left the region vulnerable to intensifying flooding and landslides and has supported the highest of Indonesia's provincial population growth rates due to migration. Cleared land for palm oil and paper has led to not only perennial haze over the province, but in Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia; the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Reserve was created in 2009. The reserve houses an estimated 189 species of plants, 29 of which are classified as endangered under CITES, Appendix 1 and 3. Peat swamp forest flora are dominant. Several species of animals found in the reserve are classified as endangered under CITES Appendix 1 including the Sumatran elephant and Sumatran tiger, two species of birds, one fish.
Other flagship species include the sun bear, clouded leopard, marbled cat, Malayan tapir, hairy-nosed otter. 162 species of moth are an important "indicator" of forest condition. Haze due to forest burning and general land clearance is common. Despite establishment of the biosphere reserve in 2009, some 22% of the fires were still burning within it some months later. Again in February 2014, some 1,200 hectares of the reserve were burned. CB-GSK-BB was initiated by private parties in cooperation with the government through BBKSDA; the company marked Earth Day 2012, the reserve has won accolades and acclaim from the press and United Nations, among other groups, yet issues of air quality in the surrounding area as well as in Kuala Lumpur in neighbouring Malaysia are unresolved. Deforestation in Indonesia The Burning Season UNESCO Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Industry preserves globally recognized conservation site Large-scale forest destruction in Sumatra undermines Indonesia's deal with Norway NASA image of forest fires in June 2012
Napoleón Calzado is a former Major League Baseball player for the Baltimore Orioles. He won the bronze medal in the 2000 Pan American Championship where this national team qualified for the 2001 Baseball World Cup. Calzado played for the Orioles in the 2005 season. In four games, he had one hit in five at bats, he threw right-handed. He spent his entire career, except for a portion of 2004 with the Atlanta Braves, with the Orioles after being signed as an amateur free agent in 1996. In December 2008, Calzado and 8 teammates on the dMedia T-Rex were accused of throwing games from the Chinese Professional Baseball League. On June 26, 2009, Calzado signed with the Long Beach Armada, Golden Baseball League in Long Beach, California, he played with the national team in the 2010 Central American and Caribbean Games played in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, winning the tournament's gold medal. During this tournament, Calzado was scouted and signed by the Nicaraguan team Indios del Bóer to play the 2010–11 Nicaraguan Professional Baseball League season, helping his team to win the championship.
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