Khulna is the third-largest city of Bangladesh. It is the administrative seat of Khulna Division; as of the 2011 census, the city has a population of 663,342. The encompassing Khulna metro area had an estimated population of 1.022 million as of 2014. Khulna is an old river port located on the Bhoirob river, it hosts many national companies. It is served by Port of the second largest seaport in the country, it is one of the two principal naval command centres of the Bangladesh Navy. Navy base BNS Titumir is located in the city. A colonial steamboat service, including the fleet Tern and Lepcha, continues to operate on the river route to the city, it is regarded as the gateway to the Sundarbans, the world's largest tidal forest and home of the Bengal tiger. Khulna is situated north of the Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Khulna was part of the ancient kingdoms of Samatata. In the 12th century, it came under the Sena dynasty during the reign of Ballal Sena and formed part of the Bagri division of Bengal.
The previous name of this region was Jalalabad. During the 14th century, Shamsuddin Firoz Shah became the first Muslim ruler to arrive in the city; the Muslim settlements in the city increased during the time of Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah. Subsequently, many mosques and shrines began to be established. In the 15th century, a Muslim saint named Khan Jahan Ali acquired a jagir comprising a large part of the greater Khulna Division from the king of Gauḍa, he started to exercise full rights of sovereignty and continued to do so till his death in 1459. After the death of Khan Jahan Ali, the city again became a part of the Sultanate of Bengal. During the reign of Daud Khan Karrani in the 16th century, one of the chief ministers of the ruler, obtained a grant in the southern Bengal including Khulna when the ruler was busy fighting the Mughals, he established a sovereign kingdom, having the capital at Iswaripur in Jessore District. Vikramaditya was succeeded by his son Pratapaditya who gained preeminence over the Baro-Bhuyans, holding strong possession of Southern Bengal.
He was defeated by Man Singh I, a Hindu general of the Mughal emperor Akbar, in 1611 AD. Khulna remained under the rule of autonomous nawabs of Bengal till 1793, when the British East India Company abolished Nizamat and took control of the city. In 1842, the city became a part of Khulna subdivision of Jessore District. In 1882, it became the headquarters of Khulna District, comprising the Khulna and Bagerhat subdivisions of Jessore district, Satkhira subdivision of 24 Parganas district and the Sundarbans. Khulna was declared as a Pouroshava / Municipal council in 1884 and promoted to a Municipal corporation in 1984 on the platinum jubilee of Khulna Pouroshava. In 1990 Khulna has been declared as a City Corporation. Khulna is the 3rd largest city after Chittagong. Khulna is located in south-western Bangladesh at 22°49′0″N 89°33′0″E, on the banks of the Rupsha and Bhairab river, it covers a total area of 59.57 km2, while the district itself is about 4394.46 km2. It lies south of Jessore and Narail, East of Satkhira, West of Bagerhat and North of the Bay of Bengal.
It is part of the largest delta in the world. In the southern part of the delta lies the Sundarban, the world's largest mangrove forest; the city of Khulna is in the northern part of the district, is an expansion of trade centres close to the Rupsha and Bhairab rivers. The Mayur River forms the western boundary of the metropolitan area. Khulna is humid during pleasant in winter. Khulna has an annual average temperature of 26.3 °C and monthly means varying between 12.4 °C in January and 34.3 °C in May. Annual average rainfall of Khulna is 1,809.4 millimetres. 87% of the annual average rainfall occurs between May and October. Khulna Municipal Council was founded on 12 December 1884, promoted to a "municipal corporation" in 1984, it has declared a "city corporation" in 1990. Khulna City Corporation is a self-governing corporation run by an elected Mayor, which runs the affairs of the city. There are 31 wards in the City Corporation area. Khulna Metropolitan Police controls law and order as well as traffic movements within the metropolitan area.
The area has been divided by eight police stations: Khulna Kotwali Thana, Sonadanga Thana, Khalishpur Thana, Daulatpur Thana, Khan Jahan Ali Thana, Aarongghata Thana, Horintana Thana and Labonchora Thana. The Metropolitan Magistrate Court looks after the legal issues around the city. A governing body called Khulna Development Authority plans the infrastructure development of the city and coordinates development-related work. Khulna Water Supply & Sewerage Authority operates sewerage system of the city. There are two parliamentary constituencies within the city: Khulna-02 and Khulna-03. Khulna District and Khulna Division have their administrative headquarters in the city; as of the 2011 census, the population of the city was 663,342. The city, in combination with localities forming the wider metropolitan area, is home to an estimated 1.022 million as of 2014. Density of population is about 19,000 per km2; the literacy rate among the urban people of Khulna is 59.1%, higher than the national average of 56.5%.
Most of the people in Khulna are the Bengali people. The long-standing inhabitants of the city are known as Khulnaiya. Apart from them, the city population is composed of people from the neighbourin
A barracks is a building or group of buildings built to house soldiers. The English word comes via French from an old Catalan word "barraca" referring to temporary shelters or huts for various people and animals, but today barracks are permanent buildings for military accommodation; the word may apply to separate housing blocks or to complete complexes, the plural form refers to a single structure and may be singular in construction. The main object of barracks is to separate soldiers from the civilian population and reinforce discipline and esprit de corps, they have been called "discipline factories for soldiers". Like industrial factories, some are considered to be shoddy or dull buildings, although others are known for their magnificent architecture such as Collins Barracks in Dublin and others in Paris, Madrid, Vienna, or London. From the rough barracks of 19th-century conscript armies, filled with hazing and illness and differentiated from the livestock pens that housed the draft animals, to the clean and Internet-connected barracks of modern all-volunteer militaries, the word can have a variety of connotations.
Early barracks such as those of the Roman Praetorian Guard were built to maintain elite forces. There are a number of remains of Roman army barracks in frontier forts such as Vercovicium and Vindolanda. From these and from contemporary Roman sources we can see that the basics of life in a military camp have remained constant for thousands of years. In the Early Modern Period, they formed part of the Military Revolution that scholars believe contributed decisively to the formation of the nation state by increasing the expense of maintaining standing armies. Large, permanent barracks were developed in the 18th century by the two dominant states of the period, France the "caserne" and Spain the "cuartel"; the English term ‘barrack’, on the other hand, derives from the Spanish word for a temporary shelter erected by soldiers on campaign, barraca. Early barracks were multi-story blocks grouped in a quadrangle around a courtyard or parade ground. A good example is Berwick Barracks, among the first in England to be purpose-built and begun in 1717 to the design of the distinguished architect Nicholas Hawksmoor.
During the 18th century, the increasing sophistication of military life led to separate housing for different ranks and married quarters. The pavilion plan concept of hospital design was influential in barrack planning after the Crimean War; the first large-scale training camps were built in the Kingdom of France and the Germany during the early 18th century. The British Army built Aldershot camps from 1854. By the First World War, infantry and cavalry regiments had separate barracks; the first naval barracks were old wooden sailing vessels. These were inadequate for the enormous armies mobilized after 1914. Hut camps were developed using variations of the eponymous Nissen hut, made from timber or corrugated iron. In many military forces, NCOs and enlisted personnel will be housed in barracks for service or training. Junior enlisted and sometimes junior NCOs will receive less space and may be housed in bays, while senior NCOs and officers may share or have their own room; the term "Garrison town" is a common expression for any town that has military barracks, i.e. a permanent military presence nearby.
Barracks blockhouses were used to house troops in forts in Upper Canada. The Stone Frigate, completed in 1820, served as barracks in 1837–38, was refitted as a dormitory and classrooms to house the Royal Military College of Canada by 1876; the Stone frigate is a large stone building designed to hold gear and rigging from British warships dismantled to comply with the Rush–Bagot Treaty. The Portuguese Army bases is referred as a quartel. In a barracks, each of the dormitory buildings is referred as a caserna. Most of them are regimental barracks, constituting the fixed component of the Army system of forces and being responsible for the training and general support to the Army. In addition to the regimental administrative and training bodies, each barracks can lodge one or more operational units. Although there are housing blocks within the perimeter of some regimental barracks, the Portuguese current practice is for the members of the Armed Forces to live out of the military bases with their families, inserted in the local civilian communities.
Many of the Portuguese regimental barracks are of the CANIFA model. These type of barracks were built in the 1950s and 1960s, following a standardized architectural model with an area of between 100,000 and 200,000 square metres, including a headquarters building, a guard house, a general mess building, an infirmary building, a workshop and garage building, an officer house building, a sergeant house building, three to ten rank and file caserns, fire ranges and sports facilities. In the 17th and 18th centuries there were concerns around the idea of a standing army housed in barracks.
Cox's Bazar is a city, fishing port, tourism centre and district headquarters in southeastern Bangladesh. The beach in Cox's Bazar has a gentle slope, it is located 150 km south of the divisional headquarter of Chittagong. Cox's Bazar is known by the name Panowa, which translates as "yellow flower". Another old name was "Palongkee"; the modern Cox's Bazar derives its name from Captain Hiram Cox, an officer of the British East India Company. Cox was appointed Superintendent of Palongkee outpost after Warren Hastings became Governor of Bengal, he embarked upon the task of settlement of the Arakanese refugees in the area. Captain Cox died in 1799. To commemorate his role in rehabilitation work, a market was established and named Cox's Bazar after him. Unlike many locations in the Indian Subcontinent where place names dating from the colonial period have been changed, Cox's name is still retained in the city he founded. Today, Cox's Bazar is one of the most visited tourist destinations in Bangladesh, although not a major international tourist destination.
In 2013, the Bangladesh Government formed the Tourist Police unit to protect local and foreign tourists better, as well as to look after the nature and wildlife in the tourist spots of Cox's Bazar. Cox's Bazar Town was constituted in 1869 becoming a B-grade municipality in 1989. Located along the Bay of Bengal in South Eastern Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar Town is a health resort, but it is famous for its long natural sandy beach. The municipality covers an area of 6.85 km2 with 27 mahallas and 9 wards and has a population of 51,918. Cox's Bazar is connected by air with Chittagong; the greater Chittagong area, including Cox's Bazar, was under the rule of Arakan kings from the early 9th century until its conquest by the Mughals in 1666 AD. When the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja was passing through the hilly terrain of the present-day Cox's Bazar on his way to Arakan, he was attracted to its scenic and captivating beauty, he commanded his forces to camp there. His retinue of one thousand palanquins stopped there for some time.
A place named Dulahazara, meaning "one thousand palanquins," still exists in the area. After the Mughals, the place came under the control of the Tipras and the Arakanese, followed by the Portuguese and the British; the name Cox's Bazar originated from the name of a British East India Company officer, Captain Hiram Cox, appointed as the Superintendent of Palonki outpost. He succeeded Warren Hastings, who became the Governor of Bengal following the British East India Company Act in 1773; the Captain rehabilitated many refugees in the area, but died in 1799 before he could finish his work. To commemorate him, a market was established and named after him, called Cox's Bazar. Cox's Bazar was first established in 1854 and became a municipality in 1869. After the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857, the British East India Company was criticised and questioned on humanitarian grounds, specially for its opium trade monopoly over the Indian Sub-Continent. However, after its dissolution on 1 January 1874, all of the company's assets including its Armed Forces were acquired by the British Crown.
After this historic takeover, Cox's Bazar was declared a district of the Bengal Province under the British Crown. After the end of British rule in 1947, Cox's Bazar became part of East Pakistan. Captain Advocate Fazlul Karim, the first chairman of Cox's Bazar Municipality, established the Tamarisk Forest along the beach, he wanted to attract tourists as well as to protect the beach from tsunami. He donated much of his father-in-law's and his own lands as sites for constructing a public library and a town hall, he was inspired to build Cox's Bazar as a tourist spot after seeing beaches of Bombay and Karachi, was a resort pioneer in developing Cox's Bazar as a destination. He established a maternity hospital, the stadium and the drainage system by procuring grants from the Ford Foundation and Rockefeller Foundation through correspondence. T. H. Matthews, the principal of the Dacca Engineering College, was a friend who had helped him in these fundraising efforts. Engineer Chandi Charan Das was the government civil engineer.
In 1959 the municipality was turned into a town committee. In 1961 the Geological Survey of Pakistan initiated investigation of radioactive minerals like monazite around the Cox's Bazar sea-beach area. In 1971, Cox's Bazar wharf was used as a naval port by the Pakistan Navy's gunboats; this and the nearby airstrip of the Pakistan Air Force were the scene of intense shelling by the Indian Navy during the Bangladesh Liberation War. During the war, Pakistani soldiers killed many people in the town, including eminent lawyer Jnanendralal Chowdhury; the killing of two freedom fighters named Farhad and Subhash at Badar Mokam is recorded in history. After Bangladesh's independence, Cox's Bazar started to receive administrative attention. In 1972 the town committee of Cox's Bazar was turned into a municipality. In 1975, The Government of Bangladesh established a pilot plant at Kalatali. In 1984 Cox's Bazar subdivision was promoted to a district, five years the Cox's Bazar municipality was elevated to B-grade.
In 1994 the Marine Fisheries and Technology Station was established at Cox's Bazar. MFTS is a research station of Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute headquartered in Mymensingh; the station contains five laboratories. In April 2007 Banglad
Bangladesh the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a sovereign country in South Asia. It shares land borders with Myanmar; the country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country as well as its most densely-populated, to the exclusion of small island nations and city-states. Dhaka is largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Bangladeshis include people from a range of ethnic religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population; the politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh. Most of Bangladesh is covered by the largest delta on Earth; the country has 8,046 km of inland waterways. Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country.
Bangladesh has a coral reef. The longest unbroken natural sea beach of the world, Cox's Bazar Beach, is located in the southeast, it is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including endangered Bengal tigers, the national animal; the Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical Indian subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia; the Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries. The region was home to many principalities; as the Mughal Empire's wealthiest province, Bangladesh as part of the Bengal Subah was worth 12% of the world's GDP, larger than the entirety of western Europe. It was a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade.
As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; the region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between 1975 and 1990, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy; the country continues to face challenges in the areas of poverty, education and corruption. Bangladesh is a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 43rd in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity, it is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, India, Japan and Singapore. With its strategically vital location between South and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation.
It is a founding member of SAARC, BIMSTEC, the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation and the Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative. It is a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Commonwealth of Nations, the Developing 8 Countries, the OIC, the Indian-Ocean Rim Association, the Non Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and the World Trade Organization. Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces; the etymology of Bangladesh can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh Momo by Kazi Nazrul Islam and Aaji Bangladesher Hridoy by Rabindranath Tagore, used the term. The term Bangladesh was written as two words, Bangla Desh, in the past. Starting in the 1950s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan; the term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengali language. The earliest known usage of the term is the Nesari plate in 805 AD; the term Vangaladesa is found in 11th-century South Indian records.
The term gained official status during the Sultanate of Bengal in the 14th century. Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah proclaimed himself as the first "Shah of Bangala" in 1342; the word Bangla became the most common name for the region during the Islamic period. The Portuguese referred to the region as Bengala in the 16th century; the origins of the term Bangla are unclear, with theories pointing to a Bronze Age proto-Dravidian tribe, the Austric word "Bonga", the Iron Age Vanga Kingdom. The Indo-Aryan suffix Desh is derived from the Sanskrit word deśha, which means "land" or "country". Hence, the name Bangladesh means "Land of Bengal" or "Country of Bengal". Stone Age tools found in Bangladesh indicate human habitation for over 20,000 years, remnants of Copper Age settlements date back 4,000 years. Ancient Bengal was settled by Austroasiatics, Tibeto-Burmans and Indo-Aryans in consecutive waves of migration. Archaeological evidence confirms that by the second millennium BCE, rice-cultivating communities inhabited the region.
By the 11th century people lived in systemically-aligned housing, buried their dead, manufactured copper ornaments and black and red pottery. The Ganges and Meghna rivers were natural arteries for communication and transportation, estuaries on the Bay of Bengal permit
Rangamati is the administrative headquarters of Rangamati Hill District in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh. It is a capital city of Chittagong Hill Tracts; the town has an altitude of 14 metres. The district is administered by an office named as Rangamati. From Chittagong a 77 kilometres road leads to Rangamati; the township is located on the western bank of the Kaptai lake. Rangamati is a holiday destination because of its landscape, scenic beauty, indigenous groups and fauna, indigenous museum, hanging bridge etc
Singapore the Republic of Singapore, is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. It lies one degree north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%; the country is known for its transition from a developing to a developed one in a single generation under the leadership of its founder Lee Kuan Yew. In 1819, Sir Stamford Raffles founded colonial Singapore as a trading post of the British East India Company. After the company's collapse in 1858, the islands were ceded to the British Raj as a crown colony. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan, it gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining Malaysia along with other former British territories, but separated two years over ideological differences, becoming a sovereign nation in 1965.
After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce. Singapore is a global hub for education, finance, human capital, logistics, technology, tourism and transport; the city ranks in numerous international rankings, has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation, top International-meetings city, city with "best investment potential", world's smartest city, world's safest country, second-most competitive country, third least-corrupt country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, the second-busiest container port. The Economist has ranked Singapore as the most expensive city to live in, since 2013, it is identified as a tax haven. Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, one of 11 worldwide. Globally, the Port of Singapore and Changi Airport have held the titles of leading "Maritime Capital" and "Best Airport" for consecutive years, while Singapore Airlines is the 2018 "World's Best Airline".
Singapore ranks 9th on the UN Human Development Index with the 3rd highest GDP per capita. It is placed in key social indicators: education, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing. Although income inequality is high, 90% of homes are owner-occupied. According to the Democracy Index, the country is described as a "flawed democracy"; the city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 39% of whom are foreign nationals, including permanent residents. There are four official languages: English, Mandarin Chinese, Tamil, its cultural diversity is reflected in major festivals. Pew Research has found. Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, continues to shape national policies in education, politics, among others. Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government; the People's Action Party has won every election since self-government began in 1959. As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events.
It is a member of the East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth of Nations. The English name of Singapore is an anglicisation of the native Malay name for the country, in turn derived from Sanskrit, hence the customary reference to the nation as the Lion City, its inclusion in many of the nation's symbols. However, it is unlikely that lions lived on the island. There are however other suggestions for the origin of the name and scholars do not believe that the origin of the name is established; the central island has been called Pulau Ujong as far back as the third century CE "island at the end" in Malay. Singapore is referred to as the Garden City for its tree-lined streets and greening efforts since independence, the Little Red Dot for how the island-nation is depicted on many maps of the world and Asia, as a red dot. Singapore is referred to as the "Switzerland of Asia" in 2017 due to its neutrality on international and regional issues; the Greco-Roman astronomer Ptolemy identified a place called Sabana in the general area in the second century, the earliest written record of Singapore occurs in a Chinese account from the third century, describing the island of Pu Luo Chung.
This was itself a transliteration from the Malay name "Pulau Ujong", or "island at the end". The Nagarakretagama, a Javanese epic poem written in 1365, referred to a settlement on the island called Tumasik. In 1299, according to the Malay Annals, the Kingdom of Singapura was founded on the island by Sang Nila Utama. Although the historicity
Bandarban, is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, a part of the Chittagong Division. It is one of the three hill districts of Bangladesh and a part of the Chittagong Hill Tracts, the others being Rangamati District and Khagrachhari District. Bandarban city is the headquarter of the Bandarban district. Bandarban district is not only the most remote district of the country, but is the least populous. There is an army contingent at Bandarban Cantonment. Bandarban town is the hometown of the Bohmong Chief, the head of the Bohmong Circle. Of the other hill districts, Rangamati is the Chakma Circle, headed by Raja Devasish Roy and Khagrachari is the Mong Circle, headed by Raja Sachingprue Marma. Bandarban is regarded as one of the most attractive travel destinations in Bangladesh, it is the administrative headquarters of Bandarban district, which has turned into one of the most exotic tourist attractions in Bangladesh. The three highest peaks of Bangladesh – Tahjindong, Mowdok Mual, Keokradong – are located in Bandarban district, as well as Raikhiang Lake, the highest lake in Bangladesh.
Heights measured with Garmin GPSMAP60CSX GPS are - Tahjindong, Mowdok Mual, Keokradong. Chimbuk peak and Boga Lake are two more noted features of the district; the Sangu River, the only river born inside Bangladesh territory, runs through Bandarban. The other rivers in the district are Bakkhali. Parts of Kaptai Lake, the biggest lake in, Bangladesh fall under the district; the newly reported highest peak of Bangladesh – Saka Haphong is here in Thanchi upazila. Though most Bangladesh sources cite Keokradong as the highest peak in the country, but Tazing Dong lying further east is recognised both by government and expert sources as a taller peak. Measurements taken by English adventurer Ginge Fullen shows that an unnamed peak near the Myanmar border is the highest point in Bangladesh. A team from Nature Adventure Club took part in an expedition in the mowdok range and agreed with the ginge fullens statement, they got the height of this peak as 3488 feet with GPS accuracy of 3-metre. The unnamed summit is known as'Saka Haphong' to the local Tripura tribes.
The following is a list of mountain ranges in the area and the tallest peaks of each range: Bandarban Sadar, Lama, Ali kadam and Ruma are the administrative sub-districts of Bandarban. Major road routes are: Bandarban-Rowangchhari-Ruma Bandarban-Chimbuk-Thanchi-Alikadam-Baishari-Dhundhum Chimbuk-Ruma Chimbuk-Tangkabati-Baro Aoulia Aziznagar-Gojalia-Lama and Khanhat-Dhopachhari-Bandarban A nearly 52 km² hill-town housing about 32,000 people, of which the majority are Marma. There is a Tribal Cultural Institute here, which features a museum; the town features Bandarban Town Hospital, the District Public Library, Bandarban Government College, the District Stadium, the solitary cinema, the royal cemetery, and, of course, the Royal Palace. Apart from the numerous kyangs and mosques, there is a temple dedicated to Kali, the most revered goddess of Hindus is Bangladesh, as well as a centre maintained by ISKON. There ia, it is led by the Congregation of Bangladesh Holy Cross Fathers. In the early days of 15th century, the Arakanese kingdom, where Mrauk U was the capital, expended its territories to the Chittagong area of Bengal.
After the victory of Arakan on Burma's Pegu kingdom in 1599 AD, the Arakanese king Min Razagyi appointed a Prince of Pegu, Maung Saw Pru as the governor of newly established Bohmong Htaung by giving the title of "Bohmong" Raja. That area was populated by the Arakanese descendants and ruled by the Burmese noble descendants who started to call themselves in Arakanese language as Marma. Marma is an archaic Arakanese pronunciation for Myanmar; as the population of the Bohmong Htaung were of Arakanese descendants, these Myanmar-descendants Bohmong chiefs of the ruling class took the titles in Arakanese and speak a dialect of the Arakanese language. Bandarban Hill District was once called Bohmong Htaung since the Arakanese rule. Once Bohmong Htaung was ruled by Bohmong Rajas. Ancestors of the present Bohmong dynasty were the successor of the Pegu King of Burma under Arakan's rule in Chittagong. In 1614, King Khamaung, the king of Arakan appointed Maung Saw Pru as Governor of Chittagong who in 1620 repulsed the Portuguese invasion with great valour.
As a consequence, Arakanese king, Khamaung adorned Maung Saw Pru with a title of Bohmong meaning "Great General." After the death of Maung Saw Pru two successors retained Bohmong title. During the time of Bohmong Hari Gneo in 1710, Arakanese King Sanda Wizaya recaptured Chittagong from the Mughals. Bohmong Hari Gneo helped King Sanda Vijaya in recapturing Chittagong and as a mark of gratitude the conferred on Bohmong Hari Gneo the grand title of Bohmong Gree ) which means "great Commander-in-Chief." During the British reign in 1690 The Raide of Frontier Tribes Act −22 was passed which among other things envisaged the creation of Chittagong Hill Tracts District comprising the entire hilly region along the south eastern border of present-day Bangladesh, stretching right from Tripura in the north