SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Canwest

Canwest Global Communications Corporation, which operated under the corporate name, was a major Canadian media company based in Winnipeg, with its head offices at Canwest Place. It held radio, television broadcasting and publishing assets in several countries in Canada. Canwest entered bankruptcy protection in late 2009. Canwest's newspaper arm was sold to a group of creditors led by National Post CEO Paul Godfrey, through a newly formed company named Postmedia Network; the sale of the company's broadcasting arm to Shaw Communications closed on October 27, 2010, after CRTC approval for the sale was announced on October 22. Following the sale of assets, the company was renamed 2737469 Canada Inc. ceased to carry on business, commenced bankruptcy proceedings under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act before being dissolved on May 27, 2013. As of April 2009, Canwest owned, in whole or part, a variety of Canadian media assets, including: Global Television Network, a primary Canadian television network which reaches over 94% of the English-speaking population of Canada.

The "E!" Name was licensed by the American channel of the same name, which supplies the majority of its programming outside of local news and regional programming and primetime shows from the American broadcast networks. Canwest was Canada's largest newspaper publisher. Canwest previously owned broadcasting operations in Australia, New Zealand, the Republic of Ireland. In 1974, a group led by Israel Asper bought the assets of Pembina, North Dakota television station KCND-TV from broadcaster Gordon McLendon, moving the station to Winnipeg as independent station CKND-TV. Asper, through his company, Canwest bought out his partners in the Winnipeg station. A few months the Asper group joined a consortium that bought CIII-DT, a network of six simulcasting transmitters across Ontario that carried many of CKND's programs and was known on-air as the Global Television Network. Canwest bought controlling interest in 1985, thus becoming the first western-based owner of a major Canadian broadcaster. Canwest subsequently acquired other independent TV stations across Canada.

His station group became known as the "Canwest Global System." In 1997, Canwest bought controlling interest in CKMI-TV, the owned CBC affiliate in Quebec City. Canwest set up CKMI rebroadcasters in Montreal and Sherbrooke. With this move, Canwest's stations now had enough coverage of Canada that on August 18—the day CKMI disaffiliated from CBC—Canwest rebranded its station group as "The Global Television Network." Throughout the 1990s, Global held Canadian rights to hit U. S. series such as Cheers and Frasier. Canwest bought broadcasting assets internationally, including outlets in New Zealand, the Republic of Ireland, Australia, although all were sold off. In 1991, Canwest issued a successful initial public offering on the Toronto Stock Exchange. In June 1996, Canwest was listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Lacking a presence in Alberta, the company set its sights on Western International Communications, which owned three independent stations in that province that carried Global programming.

It bought that company's broadcasting assets in 2000. This not only boosted Global's coverage in western Canada, but prompted the establishment of a second over-the-air service known as CH, since in some areas the combined company had duplicate over-the-air coverage through multiple stations; that year, Canwest announced its acquisition of the Southam newspaper chain from Conrad Black, in order to pursue a media convergence strategy. Canwest was slow to invest in specialty channels due to the strength of its terrestrial network. In 1999, seeking to change this, the company announced a deal to buy out the Canadian partners of NetStar Communications, owner of TSN, but was stymied by U. S. partner ESPN, which had veto power over such a sale. ESPN instead came to terms with Canwest's main rival CTV, a longtime business partner of ESPN's parent company Disney, as an acceptable buyer, which the selling partners agreed to. In October 2005, CanWest's Canadian newspapers were sold into an IPO trust. Sold 25.8% of Canada's newspapers for C$550 million.

Attached to the Canadian newspaper IPO was $850 million in long term debt. CanWest bought back the 25.8% Newspaper Trust IPO in November 2008, for cash considerations of $495 million. The company was one of the largest owners of Canadian local TV stations, when Canwest and Goldman Sachs in 2007 announced they would jointly acquire Canadian producer and broadcaster Alliance Atlantis Co

Susannah Noon

Susannah Noon was the first known female convict emancipist from New South Wales to settle in the South Island of New Zealand. Noon was about 12 years old when she was convicted of the theft of four pairs of stockings by fraudulent means from a hosiers shop in Colchester, England, she was convicted at the Essex Quarters Sessions on 30 April 1810 and sentenced to seven years’ transportation. Noon left England on the Friends convict ship bound for New South Wales in April 1811. At the age of about 14, Noon married fellow convict William Docwra on 25 November 1811 at St Matthews, Windsor, NSW. About 1820, the couple moved to Sydney. Dockerell died on 22 January 1824. On 15 October 1825, Noon married Samuel Cave at St James, despite the fact that he was a newly arrived convict transported for bigamy, they had a son. Their third daughter Eliza, born in 1831, died as an infant. Cave was an absentee husband detained for further misdemeanours in the colony and as a cooper, working offshore in the whaling industry.

During his absence, Noon lost the shop in George Street and was declared insolvent. Cave gained his certificate of freedom on 17 May 1834. On 9 December 1837, Noon and her children left New South Wales with Cave on the Vanguard to go and live in a shore-based whaling station in Ocean Bay, Port Underwood, in the South Island of New Zealand. On 24 June 1843, Noon and her husband gave a deposition to the magistrates investigating the Wairau Affray between Māori led by Te Rauparaha and the Nelson colonists led by Captain Arthur Wakefield. Te Rauparaha and his warriors had stopped at her house in Ocean Bay en route to the Wairau. Noon and her family remained in Port Underwood until 1847. Noon died in Nelson on 30 June 1852, her age was given as 52 but this conflicts with the Sydney records. It is known only that she was born somewhere between 1797 and 1800, her husband remarried and died at Richmond in 1872 aged 75. A non fiction account of Noon’s story and those of the other women of the convict ship Friends was written by Elsbeth Hardie and published in 2015 as The Girl Who Stole Stockings

Agnes Wilhelmine von Wuthenau

Agnes Wilhelmine von Wuthenau, Countess of Warmsdorf was a German noblewoman and the first wife of Augustus Louis, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen. Agnes Wilhelmine von Wuthenau was born on 4 December 1700 in Plötzkau into an ancient noble family, she served as a lady-in-waiting to Gisela Agnes of Rath. She became engaged to Gisela Agnes's son, Prince Augustus Louis of Anhalt-Köthen, on 18 November 1721, she was created Countess of Warmsdorf by Holy Roman Emperor. Agnes and Augustus Louis married on 23 January 1722 in Dresden; as the marriage was considered morganatic, she did not obtain the style of princess. They had two children, who were recognized as princesses of Anhalt: Gisela Henriette. Agnes Leopoldine. Agnes died on 14 January 1725, three years before her husband succeeded his brother as the Prince of Anhalt-Köthen