The Capacitance Electronic Disc is an analog video disc playback system developed by RCA, in which video and audio could be played back on a TV set using a special needle and high-density groove system similar to phonograph records. First conceived in 1964, the CED system was seen as a technological success, able to increase the density of a long-playing record by two orders of magnitude. Despite this achievement, the CED system fell victim to poor planning, various conflicts with RCA management, several technical difficulties that slowed development and stalled production of the system for 17 years—until 1981, by which time it had been made obsolete by laser videodisc as well as Betamax and VHS video cassette formats. Sales for the system were nowhere near projected estimates. In the spring of 1984, RCA announced it was discontinuing player production, but continuing the production of videodiscs until 1986, losing an estimated $600 million in the process. RCA had intended to release the SKT425 CED player with their high end Dimensia system in late 1984, but cancelled CED player production prior to the Dimensia system's release.
The format was known as "videodisc", leading to much confusion with the contemporaneous LaserDisc format. LaserDiscs are read optically with a laser beam, whereas CED discs are read physically with a stylus; the two systems are mutually incompatible. RCA used the brand "SelectaVision" for the CED system, a name used for some early RCA brand VCRs, other experimental projects at RCA. RCA began videodisc research in 1964, in an attempt to produce a phonograph-like method of reproducing video. Research and development was slow in the early years, as the development team comprised only four men, but by 1972, the CED team at RCA had produced a disc capable of holding ten minutes of color video; the first CED prototype discs were multi-layered, consisting of a vinyl substrate, nickel conductive layer, glow-discharge insulating layer and silicone lubricant top layer. However, failure to solve the stylus and disc wear and complexity of manufacturing forced RCA to search for simpler solutions to the problem for constructing the disc.
The final disc was crafted using PVC blended with carbon to allow the disc to be conductive. To preserve stylus and groove life, a thin layer of silicone was applied to the disc as a lubricant. CED videodiscs were meant to be sold in jackets and handled by hand similar to audio records, but during testing, it was shown that exposure to dust caused skipped grooves, it was learned that if dust was allowed to settle on the discs the dust would absorb moisture from the air and cement the dust particle to the disc surface, causing the stylus to jump back in a locked groove situation. Thus, an idea was developed in which the disc would be stored and handled in a caddy from which the CED would be extracted by the player so that exposure to dust would be minimized. After 17 years of research and development, the first CED player was released on March 22, 1981. A catalog of 50 videodisc titles was released at the same time; the first title to be manufactured was Race for Charlie Brown. Fifteen months RCA released the SGT200 and SGT250 players, both with stereo sound while the SGT-250 was the first CED player model to include a wireless remote control.
Models with random access hit the market in 1983. Several problems doomed the new CED system before it was introduced. From an early point in the development of the CED system, it was clear that VCRs and home videotape—with their longer storage capacity and recording capabilities—would pose a threat to the system. However, development pushed ahead. Once released, sales for the new CED players were slow; the long period of development—caused in part by political turmoil and a great deal of turnover in the high management of RCA—also contributed to the demise of the CED system. RCA had slated the videodisc system for a 1977 release. However, the discs were still not able to hold more than thirty minutes of video per side, the nickel-like material used to make discs was not sturdy enough to put into manufacturing. Signal degradation was an issue, as the handling of the discs was causing them to deteriorate more than expected, baffling engineers. RCA had hoped that by 1985 CED players would be in close to 50% of American homes, but the sales of players continued to drop.
RCA attempted to cut the prices of CED players and offer special incentives to consumers such as rebates and free discs, but sales only improved. RCA management realized that the system would never be profitable and announced the discontinuation of production of CED players on April 4, 1984. In an unexpected twist, demand for the videodiscs themselves became high after the announcement, so RCA alerted customers that videodiscs would continue to be produced and new titles released for at least another three years after the discontinuation of players. Shortly after this announcement, the sale of discs declined prompting RCA to abandon disc production after only two years, in 1986; the last titles released were The Jewel of the Nile by CBS/Fox Video, Memories of VideoDisc, a commemorative CED given to many RCA employees involved with the CED project, both in 1986. CED players, from an early point in their life, appealed to a lower-income mark
Hans-Günther „Hansi“ Schmidt is a former Romanian-born German handball player. The son of a medical doctor, an athletic prodigy, Schmidt became Romanian national high school champion in the shot put. After playing for Știința Timișoara and Știința Bucharest, he transferred to Steaua Bucharest, the military team. Schmidt defected from Romania to West Germany when he was 21 years old during a match tour with the Romanian national youth team. Being a member of the military, he was sentenced to death for desertion. In seven out of twelve German championships which VfL Gummersbach won in the Handball-Bundesliga, Hansi Schmidt played a crucial role as a goalscorer and playmaker. All in all, he played in ten finals for the German championship. Between 1967 and 1972 he became six times in a row top goalscorer of the Bundesliga's Northern League, the first five times of the Bundesliga itself. In 1975 he became again top goalscorer of the Northern League. In 2008 he was named one of the VfL's "All-Star-Team“.
Considered to be the inventor of the delayed jump shot in handball, he worked as a coach, as a physical education teacher, after retiring from active play. He has two children. 1959–1961 Știința Timișoara 1961 Știința Bucharest 1961–1963 Steaua Bucharest 1964–1976 VfL Gummersbach 1976–1979 TB Wülfrath TV Gelpetal 1981–1982 TuS Derschlag/playing coach 1959 Romanian indoor handball youth champion 1963 Romanian indoor champion with Steaua Bucharest 1966, 1967, 1969, 1973 bis 1976 seven times German indoor handball champion with VfL Gummersbach 1967, 1970, 1971 und 1974 four times EHF Champions League winner with mit dem VfL Gummersbach Seven times top goalscorer of the Bundesliga's Northern League 173 Bundesliga games played, 1066 scored goals 338 goals in 53 EHF Champions League games 18 national team appearances for Romania 98 national games for Germany, 484 goals scored 3 nominations to the World Team Silbernes Lorbeerblatt Sports Badge of Nordrhein-Westfalen Little Gold Medal of Gummersbach, 2006 Johann Steiner, Hansi Schmidt.
Weltklasse auf der Königsposition. Biographie eines Handballers, Verlag Gilde & Köster, Troisdorf 2005, ISBN 3-00-016717-X. Johann Steiner, Handball-Geschichte. Siebenbürger Sachsen und Banater Schwaben ebnen Rumänien den Weg zu sieben Weltmeistertiteln, ADZ-Verlag, Bucharest 2003, ISBN 973-8384-12-5" Hansi Schmidt wird 60
Sollers Point is a 2017 American-French drama film and directed by Matthew Porterfield. It stars Jim Belushi, Zazie Beetz, Tom Guiry and Marin Ireland. McCaul Lombardi as Keith Jim Belushi as Carol Zazie Beetz as Courtney Tom Guiry as Aaron Marin Ireland as Kate Everleigh Brenner as Jessie Imani Hakim as Candace Wass Stevens as Wasp Lynn Cohen as Ladybug Brieyon Bell-El as Marquis Kazy Tauginas as Gary Michael Rogers as Mom Ashley Shelton as Kelsey Grace Doughty as Kelly Carlous Palmer as Graveyard worker In May 2016, it was announced McCaul Lombardi, Jim Belushi, Marin Ireland and Jurnee Smollett-Bell joined the cast of the film, with Matthew Porterfield directing from a screenplay he wrote. Ryan Zacarias, Alexandra Byer, Jordan Mintzer will serve as producers. Principal photography began in Baltimore, Maryland; the film had its world premiere at the San Sebastián International Film Festival on September 26, 2017. Shortly after, Oscilloscope Laboratories acquired U. S. distribution rights. It was released theatrically on May 18, 2018.
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