Capcom Co. Ltd. is a Japanese video game developer and publisher known for creating numerous multi-million selling game franchises, including Mega Man, Street Fighter, Resident Evil, Devil May Cry, Dino Crisis, Dead Rising, Sengoku Basara, Ghosts'n Goblins, Monster Hunter, Breath of Fire, Ace Attorney as well as games based on Disney animated properties. Established in 1979, it has become an international enterprise with subsidiaries in North America and Japan. Capcom's predecessor, I. R. M. Corporation, was founded on May 1979 by Kenzo Tsujimoto. Tsujimoto was still president of Irem Corporation when he founded I. R. M. Tsujimoto worked concomitantly in both companies until leaving the former in 1983; the original companies that spawned Capcom's Japanese branch were I. R. M. as well as its subsidiary Japan Capsule Computers Co. Ltd. both of which were devoted to the manufacturing and distribution of electronic game machines. The two companies underwent a name change to Sambi Co. Ltd. in September 1981, while Capcom Co. Ltd. was first established on June 11, 1983 by Kenzo Tsujimoto, for the purpose of taking over the internal sales department.
In January 1989, the old affiliate company Capcom Co. Ltd. merged with Sambi Co. Ltd. resulting in the current Japanese branch. The name Capcom is a clipped compound of "Capsule Computers", a term coined by the company to describe the arcade machines it manufactured in its early years, designed to set themselves apart from personal computers that were becoming widespread at that time; the word capsule alludes to how Capcom likened its game software to "a capsule packed to the brim with gaming fun", as well as to the company's desire to protect its intellectual property with a hard outer shell, preventing illegal copies and inferior imitations. While Capcom's first product was the coin-operated Little League from July 1983, its first real video game, the arcade title Vulgus, was released in May 1984. Beginning with a Nintendo Entertainment System port of 1942 published in December 1985, the company started to venture into the market of home console video games, which became its main business segment a few years later.
Its division Capcom USA had a brief stint in the late 1980s as a video game publisher for the Commodore 64 and IBM PC DOS computers although the development of these arcade ports were handled by other companies. Capcom has created 15 multi-million-selling game series, the most successful of, Resident Evil. Capcom has been noted as the last major publisher to be committed to 2D games, though this was not by choice; the company's commitment to the Super Nintendo Entertainment System as its platform of choice caused them to lag behind other leading publishers in developing 3D-capable arcade boards. In addition, the 2D animated cartoon-style graphics seen in games such as Darkstalkers: The Night Warriors and X-Men: Children of the Atom proved popular, leading Capcom to adopt it as a signature style and use it in more games. In 1994, Capcom adapted its Street Fighter series of fighting games into a film of the same name. While commercially successful, it was critically panned. A 2002 adaptation of its Resident Evil series faced similar criticism but was successful in theaters.
The company sees films as a way to build sales for its video games. Capcom partnered with Nyu Media in 2011 to publish and distribute the Japanese independent games that Nyu localized into the English language; the company works with the Polish localization company QLoc to port Capcom's games to other platforms, notably examples are DmC: Devil May Cry's PC version and its PlayStation 4 and Xbox One remasters, Dragon's Dogma's PC version released in January 2016, Dead Rising's version on PlayStation 4, Xbox One and PC released on September 13, 2016. On August 27, 2014, Capcom filed a patent infringement lawsuit against Koei Tecmo Games at the Osaka District Court for 980 million yen in damage. Capcom claimed Koei Tecmo Games infringed a patent it obtained in 2002 regarding a play feature in video games. In the first few years after its establishment, the Japanese branch of Capcom had three development groups referred to as "Planning Rooms", led by Tokuro Fujiwara, Takashi Nishiyama and Yoshiki Okamoto, respectively.
Games developed internally used to be created by several numbered "Production Studios", each assigned to different games. Starting in 2002, the development process was reformed to better share technologies and expertise, all of the individual studios were restructured into bigger departments responsible for different tasks. While there are self-contained departments for the creation of arcade and pachislo, mobile games, the Consumer Games R&D Division instead is an amalgamation of subsections in charge of various game development stages. Capcom has three internal divisions; those are Consumer games division 1 with Resident Evil, Devil May Cry, Dead Rising, other worldwide franchises, Consumer games division 2 with Street Fighter, Marvel vs. Capcom, other online focused franchises, Consumer games division 3 with Monster Hunter, Ace Attorney, other franchises with more traditional IP. In addition to these internal teams, Capcom commissions outside development studios to ensure a steady output of titles.
However, following poor sales of Dark Void and Bionic Commando, the company's management has decided to limit outsourcing to sequels and newer versions of installments in existing franchises, reserving the development of original titles for its in-house teams. The production of games and platform
The Rumph House is a historic house at 717 Washington Street in Camden, Arkansas. In 1874 a single-story Victorian house was built, in which Dr. Junius Bragg, a Confederate Army surgeon, lived for many years; this house was extensively remodeled in 1925, during Arkansas' oil boom, adding a second floor, restyling the building in the then-popular Craftsman style. This renovation was undertaken by Garland S. Rumph, prominent in local politics, its Craftsman features include wide eaves, stuccoed gable ends, exposed false rafter beams. The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003; the home was purchased in 2008 by Thomas Holt who has continued to contribute to the history of the home. Improvements have been made to the original structure in 2014 by closing in the back porch adding a sunroom and the addition of a deck in the back of the home. National Register of Historic Places listings in Ouachita County, Arkansas
The Senedd known as the National Assembly building, houses the debating chamber and three committee rooms for the National Assembly for Wales in Cardiff. The 5,308-square-metre Senedd building was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 1 March 2006, St David's Day, the total cost was £69.6 million, which included £49.7M in construction costs. The Senedd is part of the National Assembly estate that includes the Pierhead Building. After two selection processes, the decision was taken that the debating chamber would be on a new site, called Site 1E, at Capital Waterside in Cardiff Bay; the Pritzker Prize-winning architect Lord Rogers of Riverside won an international architectural design competition, managed by RIBA Competitions, to design the building. It was designed to be energy efficient; the building was awarded an "Excellent" certification by the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method, the highest awarded in Wales, was nominated for the 2006 Stirling Prize. The Senedd was constructed in two phases, the first in 2001 and the second from August 2003 until it was handed over to the National Assembly in February 2006.
Between phases, the National Assembly changed contractors and the project's management structure, but retained Lord Rogers of Riverside as the scheme architect. The building was nearly six times over budget and four years and 10 months late, compared to the original estimates of the project in 1997. Total costs rose due to unforeseen security measures after the 11 September attacks, because the National Assembly did not have an independent cost appraisal of the project until December 2000, three years after the original estimate. Phase 2 costs rose by less than 6% over budget, that phase was six months late; the Senedd building is in the former Cardiff Docks, about 3 kilometres south of Cardiff Castle. Cardiff Docks had been the largest coal-exporting port in the world, but by the 1980s with the decline of the south Wales coalfield, the area had become derelict. By the 1990s the area was being transformed with the construction of the Cardiff Bay Barrage and was renamed Cardiff Bay; the building faces south west over Cardiff Bay, it has a glass façade around the entire building and is dominated by a steel roof and wood ceiling.
It has three floors, the first and second floors are accessible to the public and the ground floor is a private area for officials. The building was designed to be as open and accessible as possible, the architects, the Richard Rogers Partnership said "The building was not to be an insular, closed edifice. Rather it would be a transparent envelope, looking outwards to Cardiff Bay and beyond, making visible the inner workings of the Assembly and encouraging public participation in the democratic process." The main area in the building is the debating chamber, called the Siambr, including a public viewing gallery. Other areas of the building are the Neuadd, the main reception area on the first floor and the Oriel on the second floor; the three committee rooms and the Cwrt are on the ground floor. The design criteria required sustainability, including a design life of 100 years, the use of local Welsh materials, minimal energy consumption and waste, the use of renewable technologies and for it to be an exemplar in terms of sustainability.
In total, 36% of all materials and labour costs were spent in Wales, with 1,000 tonnes of Welsh slate used. The environmental features of the building have allowed energy savings of between 30% and 50% compared to buildings without these features; the features include 27 pipes that were drilled 100m below ground, so that during cold spells, water is pumped through the pipes and heated to 14 °C by geothermal energy. The hot water is pumped back up to the slate floor to warm the building to a constant temperature. In warm spells, the same system helps to keep the building cool. A biomass boiler was installed to use wood chips from recycled waste wood to heat the building, rainwater is collected from the roof to flush the toilets in the building. Y Siambr is a 610 m2 debating chamber, which holds all 60 Assembly Members in a circular configuration under the cowl; the Siambr can be increased to accommodate 80 AMs in the future, by removing temporary walls. On the level above, is the public viewing gallery, which looks down on the debating chamber and is separated by security glass.
The public gallery holds 128 people on two rows of seats. The AMs' desks and public gallery seating are made of Welsh oak in a circular configuration so that all AMs can see each other, which, it is claimed, makes debating less confrontational. In front of the Presiding Officer's desk is the 1.3 metres ceremonial mace. Melbourne goldsmith Fortunato Rocca was commissioned by the Parliament of New South Wales in 2002 to design it; the mace took 300 hours to craft and is made from gold and brass. In 2006, it was worth around £10,500 and was handed over to the National Assembly during the opening ceremony. All committee meetings are held in three committee rooms; each can accommodate 24 people although committee rooms 1 and 2 can both hold 34 when opened. Members of the public can access the committee room viewing galleries from the Neuadd, which holds 31 people. Members of the public enter the building through Y Neuadd; this first floor level houses the public information area. The reception desk features a canopy.
Stairs to the left of the desk lead to the Oriel on the second floor. Yr Oriel (Galle