Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The city proper covers 48 square miles with an estimated population of 685,094 in 2017, making it the most populous city in New England. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County as well, although the county government was disbanded on July 1, 1999; the city is the economic and cultural anchor of a larger metropolitan area known as Greater Boston, a metropolitan statistical area home to a census-estimated 4.8 million people in 2016 and ranking as the tenth-largest such area in the country. As a combined statistical area, this wider commuting region is home to some 8.2 million people, making it the sixth-largest in the United States. Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States, founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England, it was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Siege of Boston.
Upon gaining U. S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education and culture. The city has expanded beyond the original peninsula through land reclamation and municipal annexation, its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing more than 20 million visitors per year. Boston's many firsts include the United States' first public park, first public or state school and first subway system; the Boston area's many colleges and universities make it an international center of higher education, including law, medicine and business, the city is considered to be a world leader in innovation and entrepreneurship, with nearly 2,000 startups. Boston's economic base includes finance and business services, information technology, government activities. Households in the city claim the highest average rate of philanthropy in the United States; the city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States as it has undergone gentrification, though it remains high on world livability rankings.
Boston's early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine but renamed it Boston after Boston, England, the origin of several prominent colonists. The renaming on September 7, 1630, was by Puritan colonists from England who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest for fresh water, their settlement was limited to the Shawmut Peninsula, at that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River and connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as 5000 BC. In 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colony's first governor John Winthrop led the signing of the Cambridge Agreement, a key founding document of the city. Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history. Over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America. Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century.
Boston's oceanfront location made it a lively port, the city engaged in shipping and fishing during its colonial days. However, Boston stagnated in the decades prior to the Revolution. By the mid-18th century, New York City and Philadelphia surpassed Boston in wealth. Boston encountered financial difficulties as other cities in New England grew rapidly. Many of the crucial events of the American Revolution occurred near Boston. Boston's penchant for mob action along with the colonists' growing distrust in Britain fostered a revolutionary spirit in the city; when the British government passed the Stamp Act in 1765, a Boston mob ravaged the homes of Andrew Oliver, the official tasked with enforcing the Act, Thomas Hutchinson the Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts. The British sent two regiments to Boston in 1768 in an attempt to quell the angry colonists; this did not sit well with the colonists. In 1770, during the Boston Massacre, the army killed several people in response to a mob in Boston.
The colonists compelled the British to withdraw their troops. The event was publicized and fueled a revolutionary movement in America. In 1773, Britain passed the Tea Act. Many of the colonists saw the act as an attempt to force them to accept the taxes established by the Townshend Acts; the act prompted the Boston Tea Party, where a group of rebels threw an entire shipment of tea sent by the British East India Company into Boston Harbor. The Boston Tea Party was a key event leading up to the revolution, as the British government responded furiously with the Intolerable Acts, demanding compensation for the lost tea from the rebels; this led to the American Revolutionary War. The war began in the area surrounding Boston with the Battles of Concord. Boston itself was besieged for a year during the Siege of Boston, which began on April 19, 1775; the New England militia impeded the movement of the British Army. William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe the commander-in-chief of the British forces in North America, led the British army in the siege.
On June 17, the British captured the Charlestown peninsula in Boston, during the Battle of Bunker Hill. The British army outnumbered the militia stationed there, but it was a Py
South Bend, Indiana
South Bend is a city in and the county seat of St. Joseph County, United States, on the St. Joseph River near its southernmost bend, from which it derives its name; as of the 2010 census, the city had a total of 101,168 residents. It is the fourth-largest city in Indiana, serving as the economic and cultural hub of Northern Indiana; the ranked University of Notre Dame is located just to the north in unincorporated Notre Dame, Indiana and is an integral contributor to the region's economy. The area was settled in the early 19th century by fur traders and was established as a city in 1865; the St. Joseph River shaped South Bend's economy through the mid-20th century. River access assisted heavy industrial development such as that of the Studebaker Corporation, the Oliver Chilled Plow Company, other large corporations; the population of South Bend declined after 1960, when it had a peak population of 132,445. This was chiefly due to migration to suburban areas as well as the demise of Studebaker and other heavy industry.
Today, the largest industries in South Bend are health care, small business, tourism. Remaining large corporations include Crowe Horwath, AM General; the city population has started to grow for the first time in nearly fifty years. The old Studebaker plant and surrounding area, now called Ignition Park, is being redeveloped as a technology center to attract new industry; the city has been featured in national news coverage for Mayor Pete Buttigieg, who has achieved recognition for his various economic development projects within the city, his position as the youngest mayor to be elected in a city of more than 100,000 residents, his essay in which he came out as the first gay executive in the state of Indiana. The city attracted further attention when Mayor Buttigieg announced he will run for the Democratic nomination for the 2020 presidential election; the St. Joseph Valley was long occupied by Native Americans. One of the earliest known groups to occupy what would become northern Indiana was the Miami tribe.
The Potawatomi moved into the region, utilizing the rich food and natural resources found along the river. The Potawatomi occupied this region of Indiana until most of them were forcibly removed in the 1840s; the South Bend area was so popular because its portage was the shortest overland route from the St. Joseph River to the Kankakee River; this route was used for centuries, first by the Native Americans by French explorers and traders. The French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, the first white European to set foot in what is now South Bend, used this portage between the St. Joseph River and the Kankakee River in December 1679; the first permanent white settlers of South Bend were fur traders who established trading posts in the area. In 1820, Pierre Frieschutz Navarre arrived, representing the American Fur Company of John Jacob Astor, he settled near. Alexis Coquillard, another agent of the AFC, established a trading post known as the Big St. Joseph Station. In 1827, Lathrop Minor Taylor established a post for Samuel Hanna and Company, in whose records the name St. Joseph's, Indiana was used.
By 1829, the town was growing, with Taylor emerging as leaders. They applied for a post office. Taylor was appointed postmaster, the post office was designated as Southold, Allen County, Indiana; the following year, the name was changed to South Bend to ease confusion, as several other communities were named Southold at the time. In 1831, South Bend was laid out as the county seat and as one of the four original townships of St. Joseph County with 128 residents. Soon after, design began on; the town was formally established in 1835 and grew. In 1856, attorney Andrew Anderson founded May Oberfell Lorber, the oldest business in St. Joseph County, he compiled a complete index of South Bend's real estate records. In 1841, Schuyler Colfax was appointed St. Joseph County deputy auditor. Colfax purchased the South Bend Free Press and turned it into the pro-Whig newspaper, the St. Joseph Valley Register, he was a member of the state constitutional convention of 1850 where he opposed the barring of African American migration to Indiana.
He joined the Republican party, like many Whigs of his day, was elected to Congress in 1855 and became Speaker of the House in 1863 under Abraham Lincoln. In 1868, he was elected Vice President under Ulysses S. Grant. Colfax was buried in the City Cemetery. During the late 1830s through the 1850s, much of South Bend's development centered on the industrial complex of factories located on the two races. Several dams were created, factories were built on each side of the river. On October 4, 1851, the first steam locomotive entered South Bend; this led to a general shift of businesses from the river toward the railroad. In 1852, Henry Studebaker set up Studebaker wagon shop becoming the world's largest wagon builder and the only one to succeed as an automobile manufacturer; the Singer Sewing Company and the Oliver Chilled Plow Company were among other companies that made manufacturing the driving force in the South Bend economy until the mid-20th century. Another important economic act was the dredging of the Kankakee River in 1884 to create farmland.
During this time period there was a great immigration of Europeans, such as Polish, Irish, German and Swedish people to South Bend because the rise of area factories. South Bend benefited f
St. Louis Lambert International Airport
St. Louis Lambert International Airport Lambert–St. Louis International Airport, is an international airport serving St. Louis, United States, it is 14 miles northwest of downtown St. Louis in unincorporated St. Louis County between Berkeley and Bridgeton. Referred to as Lambert Field or Lambert, it is the largest and busiest airport in Missouri with over 259 peak daily departures to 74 nonstop domestic and international locations. In 2018, 15.6 million passengers traveled through the airport. The airport is a focus city for Southwest Airlines and serves as a hub for Air Choice One and Cape Air, was a hub for Ozark Air Lines, Trans World Airlines, American Airlines, it is the largest U. S. airport classified as a medium-sized primary hub and the second busiest after Dallas–Love. Lambert covers 2,800 acres of land. St. Louis Lambert International Airport is the primary airport in the St. Louis area, with MidAmerica St. Louis Airport, about 37 miles east, serving as a secondary metropolitan commercial airport.
The two airports are connected by the Red Line of the city's light rail mass transit system, the MetroLink. Both airports are served by commercial passenger airlines. Named for Albert Bond Lambert, an Olympic medalist and prominent St. Louis aviator, the airport rose to international prominence in the 20th century thanks to its association with Charles Lindbergh, its groundbreaking air traffic control, its status as the primary hub of Trans World Airlines, its iconic terminal. Designed by Minoru Yamasaki, the building inspired terminals at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City and Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France; the airport originated as a balloon launching base called Kinloch Field, part of the 1890s Kinloch Park suburban development. The Wright brothers and their Exhibition Team visited the field while touring with their aircraft. During a visit to St. Louis, Theodore Roosevelt flew with pilot Arch Hoxsey on October 11, 1910, becoming the first U. S. president to fly.
Kinloch hosted the first experimental parachute jump. In June 1920, the Aero Club of St. Louis leased 170 acres of cornfield, the defunct Kinloch Racing Track and the Kinloch Airfield in October 1923, during The International Air Races; the field was dedicated as Lambert–St. Louis Flying Field in honor of Albert Bond Lambert, an Olympic silver medalist golfer in the 1904 Summer Games, president of Lambert Pharmaceutical Corporation, the first person to receive a pilot's license in St. Louis. In February 1925, "Major" Lambert added hangars and a passenger terminal. Charles Lindbergh's first piloting job was flying airmail for Robertson Aircraft Corporation from Lambert Field. In February 1928, the City of St. Louis leased the airport for $1; that year, Lambert sold the airport to the City after a $2 million bond issue was passed, making it one of the first municipally-owned airport in the United States. In the late 1920s, Lambert Field became the first airport with an air traffic control system–albeit one that communicated with pilots via waving flags.
The first controller was Archie League. In 1925, the airport became home to Naval Air Station St. Louis, a Naval Air Reserve facility that became an active-duty installation during World War II. In 1930, the airport was christened Lambert–St. Louis Municipal Airport by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd; the first terminal building opened in 1933. By the 1930s, Robertson Air Lines, Marquette Airlines and Eastern Air Lines provided passenger service to St. Louis, as did Trans World Airlines. In August 1942, voters passed a $4.5 million bond issue to expand the airport by 867 acres and build a new terminal. During World War II, the airport became a manufacturing base for McDonnell Aircraft and Curtiss-Wright. After the war, NAS St. Louis reverted to a reserve installation, supporting carrier-based fighters and land-based patrol aircraft; when it closed in 1958, most of its facilities were acquired by the Missouri Air National Guard and became Lambert Field Air National Guard Base. Some other facilities were retained by non-flying activities of the Naval Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve, while the rest was redeveloped to expand airline operations at the airport.
Ozark Air Lines began operations at the airport in 1950. To handle increasing passenger traffic, Minoru Yamasaki was commissioned to design a new terminal, which began construction in 1953. Completed in 1956 at a total cost of $7.2 million, the three-domed design preceded terminals at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City and Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport. A fourth dome was added in 1965 following the passage of a $200 million airport revenue bond; the April 1957 Official Airline Guide shows TWA with 44 weekday departures. The first jets were TWA 707s in July 1959. In 1971, the airport became Lambert–St. Louis International Airport. In the 1970s St. Louis city officials proposed to replace the airport with a new one in suburban Illinois. After Missouri residents objected in 1977, Lambert received a $290-million expansion that lengthened the runways, increased the number of gates to 81, boosted its capacity by 50 percent. Concourse A and Concourse C were rebuilt into bi-level structures with jet bridges as
Martha's Vineyard Airport
Martha's Vineyard Airport is a public airport located in the middle of the island of Martha's Vineyard, three miles south of the central business district of Vineyard Haven, in Dukes County, United States. This airport is owned by Dukes County and lies on the border between the towns of West Tisbury and Edgartown, it is used for general aviation but is served by four commercial airlines. The call sign has entered into general use as an abbreviation for the island of Martha's Vineyard as well, much like ACK for Nantucket. One of the local radio stations goes by MVY and it is in general use as shorthand for the entire island. Marthas Vineyard Airport covers an area of 688 acres which contains two runways: 6/24 measuring 5,504 x 100 ft and 15/33 measuring 3,297 x 75 ft. For 12-month period ending March 31, 2017, the airport had 40,555 aircraft operations, an average of 111 per day: 53% general aviation, 43% air taxi, 3% commercial, <1% military. In November 2017, there were 72 aircraft based at this airport: 59 single engine, 12 multi-engine, 1 helicopter.
The terminal has passenger holding areas, check-in desks and a small luggage claim. The ramp has the ability to hold up to 50 aircraft with about 15 spots reserved for commercial aviation; the air traffic control tower is open from 6:00 am to 10:00 pm. Along with the TSA, the West Tisbury Police Department is in charge of the security of the airport and the ARFF department is staffed by 10 full-time firefighters; the airport operates several functional emergency response vehicles. The airfield was built in 1942 as Naval Auxiliary Air Facility Martha's Vineyard to support training of naval aviators prior to their deployment to aircraft carriers in the Pacific Theater. Thousands of men received six weeks of intensive training there; the installation was renamed as a'Naval Auxiliary Air Station Martha's Vineyard in 1945, placed in caretaker status in 1946, transferred to Dukes County in 1959. Northeast Airlines served Martha's Vineyard beginning in August 1944, when it acquired Mayflower Airlines.
By the 1950s it was the dominant airline at the airport. Air New England served MVY from the 1970s until 1981. Bridgeport-based Atlantic Air served MVY in the mid-1980s before merging into Business Express Airlines, which continued service to MVY under the Delta Connection brand. Other historical carriers at MVY included Bar Harbor Airlines, Brockway Air, Catskill Airways, Edgartown Air, Executive Airlines, Express Air, Gull Air, Holiday Airlines, Island Airlines, New Haven Airlines, New York Air, NorEast, Northern Airlines, Spectrum Airlines and Trans East Airlines; the new terminal building, constructed in 2001, replaced an older wooden structure, the original base operations building. Historical photos and memorabilia are mounted on the western wall of the main hall, near the entrance to the restaurant, tell the story of the Navy squadrons posted there during the war. Martha's Vineyard Airport FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: AirNav airport information for KMVY ASN accident history for MVY FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart for KMVY FAA current MVY delay information
Barnstable Municipal Airport
Barnstable Municipal Airport known as Boardman/Polando Field, is a public airport located on Cape Cod, one mile north of the central business district of Hyannis, in Barnstable County, United States. This airport is publicly owned by Town of Barnstable, it is Cape Cod's major airport as well as an air hub for the Cape and the Islands. The airport is served by scheduled commercial flights as well as general aviation. Barnstable Municipal Airport served as a hub for Nantucket-based commuter airline Island Airlines until its shutdown in 2015; the airport was founded in 1928. During World War II it was known as Naval Auxiliary Air Facility Hyannis and both the Navy and Army Air Forces flew antisubmarine patrols from the airport, it was renamed Barnstable Municipal Airport - Boardman/Polando Field in honor of Massachusetts aviation pioneers Russell Boardman and John Polando in 1981, the first aviators in history to fly non-stop for a 5,000 mile distance. Barnstable Municipal Airport covers an area of 639 acres.
There are Cessna 402 operated by Cape Air, Beechcraft KingAir 300 operated by Rectrix Aviation, Cessna 208 operated by Wiggins Airways, seasonally Embraer E190 from JetBlue Airways handled as commercial aircraft. Other commercial aircraft that served KHYA have included the NAMC YS-11, Douglas DC-3, McDonnell Douglas DC-9, Boeing 737, Boeing 727, ATR 42, SAAB 340, Bombardier Dash 8. In the summer months, the airport traffic increases commercially and being the main airport for Cape Cod; the fixed-base operators at the airport are Rectrix Aviation, Air Cape Cod, Griffin Avionics. For 12-month period ending April 30, 2017, the airport averaged 262 operations per day: 60% air taxi, 31% transient general aviation, 9% local general aviation, <1% commercial, <1% military. There were 37 aircraft based at this airport: 6 multi-engine; the airport is accessible through MA Route 28 or from US 6 through MA Route 132. Barnstable Municipal Airport is served by local taxi services as well as four major car rental agencies.
The Cape Cod Regional Transit Authority provides public transportation to and from the airport as part of the "Villager"/ Route 132 line. Air New England Flight 248: On June 17, 1979, a commercial airliner that crashed on ILS approach. All of those on the plane survived with the exception of the pilot, killed instantly. Dassault Mystere Falcon 900B: On March 17, 2000, a turbojet aircraft carrying four people skidded off the Barnstable Municipal Airport runway in icy weather while attempting to land, crashed through a fence, crossed Route 28 and stopped in the middle of the TJ Maxx Plaza, causing serious damage to several cars in the parking lot, as well as leaking fuel, which in turn caused the busy plaza to shut down for the night due to safety concerns. Colgan Air Flight 9446: On August 26, 2003 a Beech 1900D operated by Colgan Air for US Airways Express hit the water shortly after taking off from Barnstable Municipal Airport. Both pilots died. Town of Barnstable - Barnstable Municipal Airport FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: AirNav airport information for KHYA ASN accident history for HYA FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart for KHYA FAA current HYA delay information
Nantucket is an island about 30 miles by ferry south from Cape Cod, in the U. S. state of Massachusetts. Together with the small islands of Tuckernuck and Muskeget, it constitutes the Town of Nantucket, the conterminous Nantucket County; as of the 2010 census, the population was 10,172. Part of the town is designated census-designated place; the region of Surfside on Nantucket is the southernmost settlement in Massachusetts. The name "Nantucket" is adapted from similar Algonquian names for the island meaning "faraway land or island" or "sandy, sterile soil tempting no one."Nantucket is a tourist destination and summer colony. Due to tourists and seasonal residents, the population of the island increases to at least 50,000 during the summer months; the average sale price for a single-family home was $2.3 million in the first quarter of 2018. The National Park Service cites Nantucket, designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1966, as being the "finest surviving architectural and environmental example of a late 18th- and early 19th-century New England seaport town."
Nantucket takes its name from a Wampanoag word, transliterated variously as natocke, nantican, nautica or natockete, part of Wampanoag lore about the creation of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. The meaning of the term is uncertain, although it may have meant "in the midst of waters" or "far away island." Wampanoag is an Eastern Algonquian language of southern New England. The Nehantucket were an Algonquin-speaking culture of the area. Nantucket's nickname, "The Little Grey Lady of the Sea," refers to the island as it appears from the ocean when it is fog-bound; the earliest English settlement in the region began on the neighboring island of Martha's Vineyard. Nantucket Island's original Native American inhabitants, the Wampanoag people, lived undisturbed until 1641 when the island was deeded by the English to Thomas Mayhew and his son, merchants from Watertown and Martha's Vineyard. Nantucket was part of Dukes County, New York, until 1691, when it was transferred to the newly formed Province of Massachusetts Bay and split off to form Nantucket County.
As Europeans began to settle Cape Cod, the island became a place of refuge for Native Americans in the region, as Nantucket was not yet settled by Europeans. The growing population welcomed seasonal groups of other Native Americans who traveled to the island to fish and harvest whales that washed up on shore. In October 1641, Earl of Stirling, deeded the island to Thomas Mayhew of Watertown, Massachusetts Bay. In 1659 Mayhew sold an interest in the island to nine other purchasers, reserving 1/10th of an interest for himself, "for the sum of thirty pounds... and two beaver hats, one for myself, one for my wife."Each of the ten original owners was allowed to invite one partner. There is some confusion about the identity of the first twenty owners because William Pile did not choose a partner, sold his interest to Richard Swain, subsequently divided between John Bishop and the children of George Bunker. Anxious to add to their number and to induce tradesmen to come to the island, the total number of shares were increased to twenty-seven.
The original purchasers needed the assistance of tradesmen who were skilled in the arts of weaving, milling and other pursuits and selected men who were given half a share provided that they lived on Nantucket and carried on their trade for at least three years. By 1667, twenty-seven shares had been divided among 31 owners. Nantucket's settlement by the English did not begin in earnest until 1659, when Thomas Mayhew sold his interest to a group of investors, led by Tristram Coffin; the "nine original purchasers" were Tristram Coffin, Peter Coffin, Thomas Macy, Christopher Hussey, Richard Swain, Thomas Barnard, Stephen Greenleaf, John Swain and William Pike. These men are considered the founding fathers of Nantucket, many islanders are related to these families. Seamen and tradesmen began to populate Nantucket, such as Richard Gardner and Capt. John Gardner, sons of Thomas Gardner. Before 1795 the town on the island was called Sherburne; the original settlement was near Capaum Pond. At that time the pond was a small harbor, whose entrance silted up, forcing the settlers to dismantle their houses, move them northeast by two miles to the present location.
In his 1835 history of Nantucket Island, Obed Macy wrote that in the early pre-1672 colony, a whale of the kind called "scragg" entered the harbor and was pursued and killed by the settlers. This event started the Nantucket whaling industry. A. B. Van Deinse points out that the "scrag whale", described by P. Dudley in 1725 as one of the species hunted by early New England whalers, was certainly the gray whale, which has flourished on the west coast of North America in modern times with protection from whaling. Nantucket's dependence on trade with England, derived from its whaling and supporting industries, influenced its leading citizens to remain neutral in during the American Revolutionary War, favoring neither the British nor those supporting revolution. Herman Melville commented on Nantucket's whaling dominance in Moby-Dick, Chapter 14: "Two thirds of this terraqueous globe are the Nantucketer's. For the sea is his; the Moby-Dick characters Ahab and Starbuck are both from Nantucket. By 1850, whaling was in decline, as Nantucket's whaling industry had been surpassed by that of New Bedford.
The island suffered great economic hardships, worsened by the "Great Fire" of July 13, 1846, fueled by whale oil and lumber, devastated the main town, burning som
Barnstable is a city, referred to as the Town of Barnstable, in the U. S. state of Massachusetts and the county seat of Barnstable County. Barnstable is both in land area and population, on Cape Cod. At the 2010 census it had a population of 45,193; the town contains several villages within its boundaries. Its largest village, Hyannis, is the central business district of the county and home to Barnstable Municipal Airport, the airline hub of Cape Cod and the islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Additionally, Barnstable is a 2007 winner of the All-America City Award. Barnstable takes its name from Barnstaple, England; the area was first explored by Bartholomew Gosnold in 1602. It was one of the first towns to be settled in Plymouth Colony, one year behind Sandwich, in 1638, was incorporated on September 4,1639, the same day as the towns of Sandwich and Yarmouth. On the first Tuesday of December, the same year, its deputies took their seats in the general court; the early settlers were farmers, led by the Reverend Joseph Hull, the founder of Barnstable.
A memorial tablet was dedicated there in 1939 marking the site of his home, the rock from which he preached still stands along the highway there. Soon after the town's founding, agriculture and salt works became its major industries. By the end of the 19th century, there were some 804 ships harbored in the town, but the role of sailing ships declined with the rise of ocean-going steamships and the railroad, which had arrived in 1854. By the late 19th century, Barnstable was becoming world-renowned as the tourist destination it still is to this day. Many prominent Bostonians spent their summers on the Cape shores, as did presidents Ulysses S. Grant and Grover Cleveland; the most well-known family of the 20th century to summer in the town was, remains, the Kennedy family. They still inhabit the Kennedy Compound in Hyannis Port; this was the summer home of President John F. Kennedy during his administration, it was the home of Senator Ted Kennedy until his death. Today, tourists come in droves to the town during the summer months.
Hyannis has numerous shops. Other attractions include several other museums. Significant sites and renowned historic houses listed on the National Register of Historic Places include the Ancient Burying Ground and Gideon Hawley House, representing the town's colonial history; the town's many beaches are popular tourist destinations as well. Barnstable is located at 41°39′33″N 70°21′11″W, about halfway along the "biceps" of the Cape Cod "arm". According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 76.3 square miles, of which 59.8 square miles is land and 16.5 square miles, or 21.66%, is water. It is bordered by Cape Cod Bay on the north, Nantucket Sound on the south and Mashpee on the west and Yarmouth on the east. Barnstable is 70 miles southeast of Boston; the Town of Barnstable contains several villages, which are not defined entities. Between seven and eleven are enumerated, listed below with ZIP codes: The village of Barnstable, including Cummaquid Centerville, including Craigville Cotuit Hyannis, including Hyannis Port and West Hyannisport Marstons Mills Osterville West Barnstable To the north of Barnstable lie the dunes of Sandy Neck along Barnstable Harbor, tipped by the Sandy Neck Light.
The central part of the town is dominated by the oaks around Wequaquet Lake. The south is where the bulk of the population lives, many along the beaches of Centerville and Hyannis Harbors. Hyannis is the biggest village in Barnstable by population; as of the census of 2000, there were 47,821 people, 19,626 households, 13,012 families residing in the town. The population density was 796.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 25,018 housing units at an average density of 416.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 91.85% White, 2.74% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, 2.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population. 24.2% were of Irish, 13.3% English, 9.3% Italian and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.1 % spoke 3.4 % Portuguese, 1.6 % Spanish and 1.0 % French as their first language. There were 19,626 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families.
27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $46,811, the median income for a family was $54,026. Males had a median income of $41,494 versus $30,442 for females; the per capita income for the town was $25,554. About 6.3% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Barnstable has a council–manager government, it was created in 1989, when the Town rewrote its charter and changed from a selectmen-town mee