Portland is a small city in Victoria, is the oldest European settlement in the state. It is the main urban centre in the Shire of Glenelg and is located on Portland Bay; the bay was named in 1800 by the British navigator James Grant, who sailed in the Lady Nelson along the Victorian coast. "I distinguished the Bay by the name of Portland Bay, in honour of His Grace the Duke of Portland", wrote Grant. The bay, the only deep sea port between Adelaide and Melbourne, offers a sheltered anchorage against the wild weather of Bass Strait. By the early 19th century and sealers were working the treacherous waters of Bass Strait, Portland Bay provided good shelter and fresh water, which enabled them to establish the first white settlement in the area. Whaling captain William Dutton is known to have been resident in the Portland Bay area when the Henty clan arrived, is said to have provided seed potatoes for the Henty garden. In 1834, Edward Henty and his family, who had migrated from England to Western Australia in 1829, moved to Van Diemen's Land, ferried some of their stock across the Strait in search of the fine grazing land of the Western District.
After a voyage of 34 days, the Thistle arrived at Portland Bay on 19 November 1834. Edward Henty was only 24 years old, early in December, cultivated the land using a plough he had made himself, he was the first white man to turn a sod in Victoria. The next voyage of the Thistle brought his brother Francis with additional stock and supplies, in a short time houses were erected and fences put up. In his diary entry for 3 December 1834, Henty wrote Arrived at 6p.m. Made the boat fast in the middle of the river, started three days' walk in the bush accompanied by H Camfield, Wm Dutton, five men, one black woman and 14 dogs, each man with a gun and sufficient quantity of damper to last for the voyage. In the 5 December entry Henty wrote, he ran on seeing us. He was busily employed pulling the gums from the wattle trees. By contrast, the capital of Victoria, was founded the following year in 1835 by John Batman. There in Portland the Hentys were "discovered" by the explorer Thomas Mitchell in 1836; the squatter settlement was illegal since, at that time, the British Colonial Office policy was to contain colonial settlements in Australia within geographic limits.
It had been still considering. The Hentys farmed in areas known as "Australia Felix", around Casterton. By 1838, land auctions had been authorised from Sydney and Charles Tyers surveyed the Portland township in 1839. "It was government policy to encourage squatters to take possession of whatever land they chose". A Post Office was opened on 4 December 1841, the third to open in the Port Phillip District after Melbourne and Geelong. Around 1842 a Presbyterian church and school were founded by the Rev. Alexander Laurie, who ran the Portland Herald, his widow Janet Laurie and two sons founded The Border Watch in nearby Mount Gambier. From settlement the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, this gained some administrative status prior to separation from New South Wales and declaration as the Colony of Victoria in 1851; the Gunditjmara are the traditional owners of the south west, taking in. They were present when the early commercial sealers like William Dutton arrived and when the Henty family created what would become Victoria's first permanent European settlement.
It has been argued whether Dutton was first, but he was considered to be somewhat itinerant by the establishment of the era and not the discoverer of this deepwater bay and fertile hinterland. Henty sowed the first Victorian wheat crop on cliff top land, known today as'The Ploughed Field'. One notable incident called the Convincing Ground massacre occurred in Portland Bay in 1833 or 1834 in a dispute about a Beached whale between whalers and the Kilcarer gundidj clan of the Gunditjmara people. Gunditjmara still reside around the district. Physical remains such as the weirs and fish traps are to be found in Lake Condah, to the south of Hamilton; the Gunditjmara were a settled group. The ancestors of the Gunditjmara people lived in villages of weather-proof houses with stone walls a metre high, around eel traps and aquaculture ponds at Lake Condah – on just one hectare of Allambie Farm, archaeologists have discovered the remains of 160 house sites. On 30 March 2007, the Gunditjmara People were recognized by the Federal Court to be the native title-holders of 140,000 hectares of Crown land and waters in the Portland region.
On 27 July 2011, together with the Eastern Maar People, the Gunditjmara People were recognized to be the native title-holders of 4,000 hectares of Crown land in the Yambuk region, including Lady Julia Percy Island, known to them as Deen Maar. Portland was proclaimed a city on Monday 28 October 1985, in the presence of Their Royal Highnesses, The Prince and Princess of Wales. Today, Portland is a town of 11,872 residents. Portland is in the Victorian Legislative Assembly electoral district of South West Coast, the Western Victoria Region of the Victorian Legislative Council and the federal Division of Wannon, its postcode is 3305. Through the 19th century Portland developed to become an important fishing port providing for the town and with the connection of the railway, to the region as far afield as Ballarat and Melbourne. Barracouta, Australian salmon and crayfish were the main catches with many fishermen wo
Gorae West is a locality in south west Victoria, Australia. The locality is in the Shire of Glenelg, 352 kilometres west of the state capital, Melbourne. At the 2016 census, Gorae West had a population of 227. Media related to Gorae West at Wikimedia Commons
The Twelve Apostles (Victoria)
The Twelve Apostles is a collection of limestone stacks off the shore of the Port Campbell National Park, by the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia. Their proximity to one another has made the site a popular tourist attraction. Seven of the original eight Apostles remain standing, after one collapsed in July 2005. Though the view from the promontory by the Twelve Apostles never included twelve stacks, additional stacks are located further west along the coast within the national park; the original name continues to be promoted in the Australian tourism industry. The Twelve Apostles were formed by erosion; the harsh and extreme weather conditions from the Southern Ocean erode the soft limestone to form caves in the cliffs, which become arches that collapse, leaving rock stacks up to 50 m high. The stacks are susceptible to further erosion from waves. In July 2005, a 50-metre-tall stack collapsed. Due to wave action eroding the cliffs, existing headlands are expected to become new limestone stacks in the future.
The stacks were known as the Pinnacles, the Sow and Pigs, as well as the Twelve Apostles. The formation's name was made official as the Twelve Apostles, despite only having had eight stacks. In 2002, the Port Campbell Professional Fishermens Association attempted to block the creation of the Twelve Apostles Marine National Park at the Twelve Apostles site; the association approved of a decision by the Victorian government to prohibit seismic exploration at the site by Benaris Energy, believing such exploration would harm marine life. Gibson Steps London Arch Loch Ard Gorge Official website
Bay of Islands Coastal Park
Bay of Islands Coastal Park is a 32 kilometres long coastal reserve located in Victoria, Australia on the Great Ocean Road between Peterborough and Warrnambool. Lookout areas with parking are provided at the Bay of Martyrs, the Bay of Islands, Three Mile Beach and Childers Cove. Official Website for 12 Apostles Region of Victoria Bay of Islands Coastal Park
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the Australian postal system. Postcodes in Australia are placed at the end of the Australian address. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department and are now managed by Australia Post, are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website. Australian envelopes and postcards have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode; these are used. Postcodes were introduced in Australia in 1967 by the Postmaster-General's Department to replace earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbourne's letter and number codes and a similar system used in rural and regional New South Wales; the introduction of the postcodes coincided with the introduction of a large-scale mechanical mail sorting system in Australia, starting with the Sydney GPO. By 1968, 75% of mail was using postcodes, in the same year post office preferred-size envelopes were introduced, which came to be referred to as “standard envelopes”.
Postcode squares were introduced in June 1990 to enable Australia Post to use optical character recognition software in its mail sorting machines to automatically and more sort mail by postcodes. Australian postcodes consist of four digits, are written after the name of the city, suburb, or town, the state or territory: Mr John Smith 100 Flushcombe Road BLACKTOWN NSW 2148When writing an address by hand, a row of four boxes is pre-printed on the lower right hand corner of an envelope, the postcode may be written in the boxes. If addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before'Australia'. Australian postcodes are sorting information, they are linked with one area. Due to post code rationalisation, they can be quite complex in country areas; the south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with few people. This means that mail for these places is not sorted until it gets to Geelong; some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations in urban areas.
Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for street deliveries and another for post office boxes. For example, a street address in the Sydney suburb of Parramatta would be written like this: Mr John Smith 99 George Street PARRAMATTA NSW 2150But mail sent to a PO Box in Parramatta would be addressed: Mr John Smith PO Box 99 PARRAMATTA NSW 2124Many large businesses, government departments and other institutions receiving high volumes of mail had their own postcode as a Large Volume Receiver, e.g. the Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200. More postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006; the first one or two numbers show the state or territory that the postcode belongs to Sometimes near the state and territory borders, Australia Post finds it easier to send mail through a nearby post office, across the border: Some of the postcodes above may cover two or more states.
For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Three locations straddle the NSW-Queensland border. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a separate territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW, it is just south of the towns of Huskisson, with which it shares a postcode. Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT; the numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the same number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e.g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria, etc. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years. Australia's external territories are included in Australia Post's postcode system. While these territories do not belong to any state, they are addressed as such for mail sorting: Three scientific bases in Antarctica operated by the Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions share a postcode with the isolated sub-Antarctic island of Macquarie Island: Each state's capital city ends with three zeroes, while territorial capital cities end with two zeroes.
Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs and PO Boxes were made available. The last number can be changed from "0" to "1" to get the postcode for General Post Office boxes in any capital city: While the first number of a postcode shows the state or territory, the second number shows a region within the state. However, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other; as an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the southern suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales. Postcodes with a second number of "0" or "1" are always located within the metropolitan area of the state's capital city. Postcodes with higher secon
Loch Ard Gorge
The Loch Ard Gorge is part of Port Campbell National Park, Australia, about three minutes' drive west of The Twelve Apostles. The gorge is named after the clipper ship Loch Ard, which ran aground on nearby Muttonbird Island on 1 June 1878 approaching the end of a three-month journey from England to Melbourne. Of the fifty-four passengers and crew, only two survived: Tom Pearce, at 19 years of age, a ship's apprentice, Eva Carmichael, an Irishwoman emigrating with her family, at 19 years of age. According to memorials at the site, Pearce was washed ashore, rescued Carmichael from the water after hearing her cries for help. Pearce proceeded to climb out of the gorge to raise the alarm to local pastoralists who set into plan a rescue attempt. After three months in Australia Carmichael returned to Europe. Four of her family members drowned that night. Pearce was hailed as a hero, continued his life living until age 49, he is buried in England. The arch of the nearby Island Archway collapsed in June 2009.
The feature now appears as two unconnected rock pillars. They have since been named Tom and Eva after the two teenage survivors of the Loch Ard shipwreck; the gorge is accessed via the Great Ocean Road, 3.5 km northwest of The Twelve Apostles. Stairs allow visitors access to the beach and a pathway allows access to the eastern side of the gorge. There are numerous plaques and a small museum detailing the site's history, as well as a rest area, cemetery housing many of the people that died; this was the location for a number of scenes of the 1982 film The Pirate Movie and the 1999 TV series Journey to the Center of the Earth with Treat Williams. The uncommon rufous bristlebird is observed around the Gorge, it served as the finish line for the third series of the Amazing Race Australia. Great Ocean Road Loch Ard London Arch The Gibson Steps The Grotto Shipwreck Coast Media related to Loch Ard Gorge at Wikimedia Commons Great Ocean Road - Loch Ard Gorge 360 panorama of Loch Ard Gorge
Aireys Inlet is a small coastal inlet and town located on the Great Ocean Road, southwest of Melbourne, Australia. Aireys Inlet is located between Anglesea and Lorne, joined with Fairhaven to the west. Many surfers holiday in Aireys Inlet to take advantage of the popular Fairhaven beach; as the inclination of the beach can change between years, the surf is regarded as unpredictable. Swimmers should take note. Painkalac Creek, which separates Aireys Inlet from Fairhaven, forms a salt lake or inlet behind the sand dunes before it cuts through to the ocean. Due to low water levels in the inlet it is not that the inlet breaks through. There is a horseshoe-shaped reef at Step Beach which forms an excellent swimming hole at low tide; the towns main attraction, the Split Point Lighthouse overlooks the inlet. The lighthouse has made Aireys Inlet an icon along the Great Ocean Road. In the early 19th century, before European settlement, the escaped convict William Buckley lived here in a primitive hut eating fish, wild raspberries and sugar ants.
Aireys Inlet was known to the Aboriginals of the time as Managwhawz. The town takes its current name from John Moore Cole Airey, who settled in the area in 1842; the Post Office opened on 1 April 1893. At the 2016 census, Aireys Inlet had a population of 802. 83.4% of people were born in Australia and 88.3% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 53.9% and Catholic 16.1%. During the early 1950s the Australian crime author Arthur Upfield lived at Aireys Inlet, his novel The New Shoe is based on the lighthouse. Some of the novel's characters drew on local identities. Many scenes from the children's television series Round the Twist were filmed at or around the area of the Split Point Lighthouse. In 2005 the Bollywood movie Salaam Namaste was produced in Melbourne with many scenes being shot around Aireys Inlet and Anglesea. While the coastline at adjacent Fairhaven is a long uninterrupted sand beach, the coast at Aireys Inlet is a series of rock shelves, interrupted by sandy swimming beaches, most of which are secluded.
Each beach has its own character, a result of differing lengths and nearby rock formations. Beaches include Steppy Beach and Sunnymeade. At low tide it is possible to walk around all these rocks and beaches, making it possible to walk along the beach, all the way from Eastern View - the historical start of the Great Ocean Road, all the way to Anglesea. Aireys Inlet was devastated by the infamous 1983 Ash Wednesday bushfires in which a large number of houses were burnt down. However, after a brief lull, interest in the area resumed and has been climbing since. Properties those with an ocean view, are becoming sought after, some going for greater than A$1 million. Aireys Inlet has a number of heritage listed sites, including: Great Ocean Road Split Point Lightstation Complex Morgan, John; the Life and Adventures of William Buckley: Thirty-two Years a Wanderer amongst the Aborigines of the Unexplored Country round Port Phillip. Canberra: Australian National University Press. ISBN 0-7081-1595-0. Media related to Aireys Inlet, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Split Point Lighthouse History at WebCite Australian Places - Aireys Inlet REIV Aireys Inlet Market Insights, Auction & Private Sale Results