Cape Moreton

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Cape Moreton from sea

Cape Moreton is a rocky headland at the north eastern tip of Moreton Island in South East Queensland, Australia. The surrounding area is part of the Moreton Island National Park. Flinders Reef is 5 kilometres (3 mi) north-west of Cape Moreton.

The outcrop is mostly composed of sandstone, but also some conglomerate, siltstone and shale;[1] the whole of Moreton Island was formed by sand caught on and built up behind these rocks.

History[edit]

Moreton Bay

On the 17 May 1770, James Cook sighted and named the point Cape Morton. By 1959 the island's second settlement begin at Cape Moreton. At one point a school was operating at Cape Moreton with a total of 15 children;[1] until 1952 when it was abandoned, a telegraph line reached the point, via Amity on North Stradbroke Island.[1]

On 24 February 1894, the Aarhus sank about two nautical miles from the cape after striking Smith's Rocks; the hospital ship Centaur was sunk close to Cape Moreton in 1943 when a Japanese submarine torpedoed the ship, taking the lives of 268 people. The wreck was found on the 20 December 2009 in a steep walled gulley, 2,059 m below the ocean surface.

The MV Pacific Adventurer lost containers in high seas created by Cyclone Hamish and caused the 2009 southeast Queensland oil spill; the containers were located after a 10-day search, about 7 kilometres (4 mi) off the coast of Cape Moreton.[2]

Lighthouse[edit]

An aerial view of the lightstation

Cape Moreton Light was the first lighthouse established in Queensland; the 23 metres (75 ft) tall structure was constructed of locally quarried sandstone, and was built in 1857.[3] 35 "good conduct" prisoners were used for labour.[1]

A pilot station was established at Bulwer on the northern end of the island in 1848.[1] At one time there was a total of seven lighthouses in operation on the island.[1]

Cape Moreton Lighthouse Complex, consisting of the lighthouse, three keepers' cottages and associated structures, was registered on the Register of the National Estate in 1981.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Horton, Helen (1983). Islands of Moreton Bay. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarong Publications. pp. 103–114. ISBN 0-908175-67-1.
  2. ^ Andrew Wight (28 March 2008). "Navy locates missing containers". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 28 March 2008.
  3. ^ Nolan, Carolyn; Robert Longhurst (1996). Brisbane's Moreton Bay:Our heritage in focus. South Brisbane, Queensland: State Library of Queensland. p. 52. ISBN 0-7242-7176-7.
  4. ^ "Cape Moreton Lighthouse Complex (Place ID 17189)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment.

External links[edit]