The Capitol Corridor is a 168-mile passenger train route operated by Amtrak between San Jose and Auburn, California. Most trains operate between San Jose and Sacramento parallel to Interstate 880 and Interstate 80. One round trip per day runs from Oakland through the eastern Sacramento suburbs to Auburn, in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada, while a single weekend round trip runs all the way from San Jose to Auburn. Capitol Corridor trains started in 1991. Like all regional trains in California, the Capitol Corridor is operated by a joint powers authority; the Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority is governed by a board that includes two elected representatives from each of eight counties the train travels through. The CCJPA contracts with the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District to provide day-to-day management, Amtrak to operate and maintain the rolling stock; the California Department of Transportation provides the funding and owns the rolling stock. The First Transcontinental Railroad was completed to Oakland from the south in 1869.
Following the completion of the California Pacific Railroad in 1879, most long-distance service of the Southern Pacific reached Oakland from the north. Long-distance service from the south ran to San Francisco via the Peninsula; the Western Pacific Railroad and Santa Fe Railroad ran long-distance service with limited local stops. Commuter service around Oakland was provided by the electric interurban trains of the SP-owned East Bay Electric Lines and Key System. By the end of the 1930s, the SP operated five daily local round trips plus a number of long-distance trains between Oakland and Sacramento; the Oakland Lark and an unnamed local train provided local service between Oakland and San Jose on the Coast Line. The inland Niles Subdivision was served by a daily Oakland–Tracy local and a commute-timed Oakland–San Jose local; the Oakland–San Jose trip on the Niles Subdivision was discontinued on September 29, 1940, followed by the Oakland–Tracy trip in 1941. The two Oakland–San Jose trips on the Coast Line were discontinued on May 1, 1960.
The last local service between Oakland and Sacramento was the Senator, discontinued by the SP on May 31, 1962. At the start of the 1990s, three Amtrak intercity trains operated in the Bay Area: the long-distance California Zephyr and Coast Starlight, the regional San Joaquin. Of the three lines, only the Coast Starlight ran between San Jose and Sacramento—once a day in each direction, at inconvenient times. In 1990, California voters passed two ballot propositions providing $105 million to expand service along the route; the new service, named Capitols, debuted on December 12, 1991 with three daily round trips between San Jose and Sacramento. Of these, a single round trip continued to an eastern Sacramento suburb. One of the ballot propositions, Proposition 116, provided the name Capitol Corridor—so named because it links the location of California's first state capitol, San Jose, with the current location, Sacramento; the service was known as the Capitols until April 29, 2001, when Amtrak renamed it the Capitol Corridor.
The Capitols ran via the Coast Line from Elmhurst to Santa Clara, with no stops between Oakland and San Jose. In 1992, after the completion of track and signal work, the Capitols were rerouted onto the Niles Subdivision further inland between Elmhurst and Newark; the new route allowed the addition of infill stations at Fremont in 1993 and Hayward in 1997. The Oakland Central station, damaged by the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, was closed in 1994, replaced by new stations at Emeryville in 1993 and Oakland-Jack London Square in 1995. Additional infill stations were added at Santa Clara – Great America in 1993, Oakland Coliseum in 2005, the existing Caltrain station in Santa Clara-University in 2012, at Fairfield–Vacaville in 2017. One daily round trip was extended east to Colfax via Rocklin and Auburn on January 26, 1998; the trip was cut back to Auburn on February 27, 2000. Service was increased from the original three daily round trips; the fifth round trip was added in November 1998, followed by the sixth in February 1999.
Installation of positive train control along the route was completed by November 2018. Additional stations have been proposed along the route at Hercules and Dixon; the Capitol Corridor Vision Implementation Plan is a long range outline of possible improvements to the service. Near term suggested improvements include double tracking between San Jose and a realignment to the Coast Subdivision and a new station at the Ardenwood Park-and-Ride followed by track improvements between Emeryville and Richmond. Goals include tunneling under Jack London Square to eliminate the street-running section there, rerouting freight traffic over another right-of-way between Sacramento and Martinez, eventual electrification of the line. Funding for Capitol Corridor upgrades in the amount of $93 million was allocated by Senate Bill 1 in 2018, part of which are being used to plan the realignment to the Coast Subdivision and the new station from the Vision Plan; this project lays the grou
Manuel Herz is an architect with his own practice in Basel and Cologne, Germany. He was educated at the Architectural Association in London, he has received numerous prizes and awards, published on Jewish architecture in Germany and has taught at the Bartlett School of Architecture in London and KTH Stockholm. He is the head of research and teaching at ETH Studio Basel: Contemporary City Institute and teaches at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design with Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. Herz has published extensively on issues of architecture, he is researching planning strategies of refugee camps and the dilemma of humanitarian action."He presented an academic paper at the Holcim Forum for Sustainable Construction 2007, organized by the Holcim Foundation for Sustainable Construction. Housing and Creche Lyon, France Synagogue and Jewish Community Center, Germany Wohn- und Geschäftshaus Cologne, Germany Herz, Institutionalized Experiment: The Politics of "Jewish Architecture" in Germany, Jewish Social Studies - Volume 11, Number 3, Spring/Summer 2005, pp. 58–66 Herz, Making sense of Darfur Herz, Manuel with Herzog, Jacques and de Meuron, Pierre: MetroBasel - The Model of a European Metropolitan Region Herz, From Camp to City - Refugee Camps of the Western Sahara, Lars Müller Publishers Herz and Rahbaran, Shadi: Nairobi: Migration Shaping the City, Lars Müller Publishers Herz, Manuel: African Modernism - The Architecture of Independence, Park Books // award: FILAF D'OR 2015
"Charlotte Sometimes" is a song by English rock band the Cure, recorded at producer Mike Hedges' Playground Studios and released as a non-album single on 5 October 1981 by Polydor Records, following the band's third studio album Faith. The titles and lyrics to both sides were based on the book Charlotte Sometimes by Penelope Farmer; the single reached No. 44 in the UK Singles Chart. The song "Charlotte Sometimes" was based on Charlotte Sometimes, a children's novel by English writer Penelope Farmer, published in 1969. According to Cure frontman Robert Smith: "There have been a lot of literary influences through the years. Many lines in the song reflect lines directly from the book, such as "All the faces/All the voices blur/Change to one face/Change to one voice" from the song, compared to the first sentence of the book, "By bedtime all the faces, the voices, had blurred for Charlotte to one face, one voice"; the song continues: "Prepare yourself for bed/The light seems bright/And glares on white walls", the book continues, "She prepared herself for bed...
The light seemed too bright for them, glaring on white walls". The title of the single's B-side, "Splintered in Her Head", was taken from a line in the novel; the Cure released another song based on the novel, "The Empty World", from their 1984 album The Top. The mood of B-side "Splintered in Her Head" is overall more disquieting, with metallic, distorted vocals and heavy percussion, foreshadowing the sound and feel of the band's next studio album, Pornography; the 10-minute live version of "Faith" on the B-side of the 12" version of the single was recorded at the Sydney Capitol Theatre in August 1981 by the then-Australian Broadcasting Commission's youth radio station 2JJJ. This version was included on the second disc of the deluxe reissue of the album Faith; the cover of the single is a distorted picture of Mary Poole, Smith's then-girlfriend and wife. The same picture was used again as the cover of the Cure's 1990 single "Pictures of You", but with the picture clear and undistorted; the single was recorded over 16 and 17 July 1981 at Mike Hedges' Playground Studio, named by Robert Smith, in between European festival dates and an upcoming North American tour.
Production was overseen by Hedges and the band themselves. On advice by Fiction label owner Chris Parry, the music video for "Charlotte Sometimes" was filmed at Holloway Sanatorium, it features the character of Charlotte recreating scenes from the story in the presence of the band, while Smith mimes the words of the song. The video has been called "a major mistake" by biographer Jeff Apter, denouncing it as "ranking among the worst of the band's small-screen career"; the song reached No. 44 in the UK Singles Chart. Live takes were included on the Paris albums; the book The Rough Guide to Cult Pop called the song "a goth masterpiece of doomed beauty and ruined elegance". 7" vinyl All tracks are written by The Cure.12" vinyl Robert Smith – vocals, electric guitar and synthesizer, harmonica on "Splintered in Her Head" Simon Gallup – bass guitar Lol Tolhurst – electronic drums Charlotte Sometimes at Discogs Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics